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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Change of the model and practices of solution of the problem of child neglect in the early XX century (on the materials of Yeniseysk Governorate)

Kattsina Tatyana Anatolevna

PhD in History

Docent, the department of Theory and Methodic of Social Work, Siberian Federal University

660041, Russia, Krasnoyarsk, Pereulok Svobodnyi 79

katsina@list.ru
Marinenko Lyudmila Evgenevna

PhD in History

Docent, the department of Humanitarian Sciences, Siberian Federal University

660041, Russia, Krasnoyarsk, Pereulok Svobodnyi 79

velichinskaya.lyudmila@mail.ru

DOI:

10.7256/2409-868X.2016.6.20730

Review date:

14-10-2016


Publish date:

17-11-2016


Abstract: The article is dedicated to examination of the model and practical activity of the local leadership of Yeniseysk Governorate in solution of the child neglect problem during the period of 1917-1925. The chronological framework of the research capture the term of establishment of the Soviet authority in the country, as well as the first reforms in the area of protection of childhood. The study of the aforementioned issue on the materials of Yeniseysk Governorate allows formulating an idea about what events took place in the region and the entire country. The scientific novelty consists in introduction into the scientific discourse of the new archive materials that have never been published earlier, which allowed reconstructing the practice of implementation of the Soviet model of solving the problem of child neglect on the example of Yeniseysk Governorate. The conclusion is made about the changes made in providing help to the street children during the first years of Soviet government, when the private initiative of separate individuals was replaced by the state centralized system. The article gives the analysis of the system of government measures on the struggle against neglect in the region; determines and systematizes the factors which formed the children homelessness during the stated historical period; and presents the assessment of the efficiency of work of the local self-governance in solution of this problem.


Keywords: education, social policy, patronage, orphans, children, social care, Yeniseysk Governorate, homelessness, orphanages, children's homes
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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