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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Thefts in the Russian province in the late XIX – early XX century (on the example of Voronezh governorate)

Zherebchikov Dmitriy Pavlovich

PhD in History

Senior Scientific Associate at Tambov State Technical University

392000, Russia, Tambovskaya oblast', g. Tambov, ul. Sovetskaya, 106

ditrich87@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2409-868X.2016.6.20616

Review date:

03-10-2016


Publish date:

15-01-2017


Abstract: The subject of this article is the most widespread type of crime against property in cities and counties of the Russian province of the stated period – theft. Based on the extensive circle of sources, the author reveals the following questions: legal assessment of thievery in the official criminal legislation of the Russian Empire; criminal statistics of thefts in Voronezh governorate; criminalistics characteristics of thefts conducted by the persons of lower urban classes. Special attention is given to thefts, which took place in the provincial cities. The main conclusion consists in the fact that the status of the agricultural Voronezh governorate along with the neighboring Black Earth governorates, on the “periphery” of Russian modernization, decrease the number of grand thefts. The incidence of thievery in urban society exceeded the incidence of thievery in rural society. During the period economic instability, which accompanies modernization in the Russian province, small thefts prevailed over the large thefts in the overall crimes. The lower urban classes, primarily peasants and male commoners, were the main actors of similar criminal acts.


Keywords: Criminalistics characteristic, Criminal statistics, Criminal legislation, Peasants, Commoners, Small theft, Large theft, Counties, Cities, Province
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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