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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

Legal educational qualification requirements and formation of the association of jurists in government service of the Russian Empire

Serov Dmitry

Doctor of History

Professor, the department of Theory and History of State and Law, Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management

630099, Russia, Novosibirskaya oblast', g. Novosibirsk, ul. Kamenskaya, 56

serov1313@mail.ru
ƒругие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2409-868X.2016.6.20515

Review date:

24-09-2016


Publish date:

15-01-2017


Abstract: The object of this article is the part of Russian bureaucracy, which performed their service in justice agencies during the second and third part of the XIX century. The subject of this article is the processes that lead to the transformation of this part of bureaucracy into the association of jurists in government service of the empire. Due to this fact, special attention is given to the coverage of the history of introduction of the legal qualification requirements for the officials of the justice agencies in Russian legislation, as well as dynamics of the educational level of the judges, prosecutors, and investigators over the period of 1850’s – 1860’s. The work suggests the definition of the notion “professional association”, as well as formulates the conditions required for the emergence of the association of jurists in government civil service. The author substantiates the conclusion about the presence in pre-reform Russia of the deficit of individuals with the higher education in law. Based on the attraction of an extensive circle of legislative acts and normative material, the author carefully examines the history of establishment of the legal educational qualification requirements in the first half of the 1860’s. The article is first to provide the systemic data on the dynamics of the educational level of judges in pre-reform and reformed agencies of justice, prosecutors, and investigators over the period of 1851-1868. It is demonstrated that the conditions necessary for the establishment of the association of jurists have formed in Russian during the course of judicial reform and reform of the investigative bodies, and the graduates of the Imperial School of Jurisprudence comprised the backbone in origination of this association.


Keywords: higher legal education, educational level, prosecutor, judge, Russian bureaucracy , state civil service, association of jurists, Ministry of Justice, Russian Senate, Imperial School of Jurisprudence
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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