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State reforms and legal language of the Russian Empire of the XVIII century
Akishin Mikhail Olegovich

Leading Scientific Associate, Laboratory of the humanitarian researches, Scientific Research Center of the Novosibirsk State University

630090, Russia, Novosibirskaya oblast', g. Novosibirsk, ul. Pirogova, 2

Akishin-MO@yandex.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

Abstract.

This article examines the impact of state-legal reformations upon the development of the legal language of the Russian Empire of the XVIII century. The author performs an analysis of the Romano-Germanic doctrines of the Renaissance era with regards to the development of the state and law of Russia through the prism of the language borrowings. The article reviews the state-legal policy in the area of language relations, changes in the language of legislation, establishment of the conceptual apparatus of law, language of the official clerical correspondence and judicial procedures, as well as the influence of legal science upon the development of the theory of legal language in the Russian Empire. It is determined that the establishment of the enlightened absolutism and the state of the early New Times had impact upon the development of Russian language. The law in the modern essence becomes the essential source of law. Certain requirements to the language are being formulated in the lawmaking process. The author highlights the establishment of terminology and terminological system of legal language; the legal notions attain the legal definitions. The formation of legal science led to the development of the theory of legal language; the dictionaries of the XVIII century were comprised by the renowned Russian scholars and public figures. It is noted that Russia has formed the tradition of the doctrinal definitions of legal concepts, which were endowed with substantial authority.

Keywords: legal definition, language of the official proceedures, judicial language, language of the law, conceptual apparatus of law, legal language, state reforms, The Russian Empire, doctrinal definition, legal science

DOI:

10.7256/2409-868X.2016.4.20072

Article was received:

15-08-2016


Review date:

13-08-2016


Publish date:

31-08-2016


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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