Статья 'Становление юридического языка в Древней Руси IX – XII вв.' - журнал 'Genesis: исторические исследования' - NotaBene.ru
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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

The formation of the legal language in Ancient Rus IX – XII centuries.

Akishin Mikhail Olegovich

Leading Scientific Associate, Laboratory of the humanitarian researches, Scientific Research Center of the Novosibirsk State University

630090, Russia, Novosibirskaya oblast', g. Novosibirsk, ul. Pirogova, 2

Akishin-MO@yandex.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2409-868X.2016.1.17620

Review date:

17-01-2016


Publish date:

22-01-2016


Abstract: The fundamental hypothesis of the article is the theory, formulated in parallel, and V. I. Vinogradov.L. Weisgerber, according to which language is a state – building factor, an essential attribute of the state. The core of the lexico-semantic field of the state language is legal language. The formation of the state language of Ancient Russia was, on the one hand, due to the blurring of the dialects of East Slavic tribes and the formation of a single Russian spoken language; on the other hand, the adoption of Church Slavonic as the language old Russian book-learning. The desire to distance the Prince of statutes for the population of Ancient Russia was determined that Russian spoken language as their basis. However, Church Slavonic language has influenced the texts of the Prince of legitimation, it was carried out translations of Byzantine legislation, including acts of ecclesiastical law, which had legal force in Russia. Therefore, the state language has evolved in the combination of Russian spoken language and Church Slavonic language. A study of the lexico-semantic field of Russian language of the law helped to prove that in Ancient Russia there was a number of terms that are fundamental to modern legal language, including: law, law, customs, Ambassador, Treasury, court, plaintiff, a person, estate, lender, will, murder, witness, etc. Rich lexical composition of the language of the law allowed to borrow from Byzantine law and to formulate abstract rules in the statutes of princes of Ancient Russia.


Keywords: Ancient Russia, official language, legal language, law, custom, Baptism of Russia, Byzantine influence, lexical-semantic field, Old Russian book culture, historical heritage
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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