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Genesis: Historical research
Reference:

On the work of the members of municipal estates in the sphere of justice at the end of XVIII – beginning of XIX centuries (from the materials of the Povolzhye, Ural, and Western Siberia governorates)
Voropanov Vitalii

PhD in History

Docent, the department of State Management and Legal Support of State and Municipal Service, Chelyabinsk Branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation

454077, Russia, Chelyabinskaya oblast', g. Chelyabinsk, ul. Komarova, 26, aud. 1209

vvoropanov@yandex.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

Abstract.

The object of this research is the judicial system of the Russian Empire; the subject is the realization of the institution of the judiciary body of the municipal estates of the 1775-1867. The article presents the analysis of the practice of replacement of the post of a “judge” in the courts of the governorates and districts – in 1775-1797 within the governorates and municipal magistrates and town halls, and in 1802-1867 in the chambers of criminal and civil courts, municipal magistrates and town halls, as well as the attitude of the city residents towards the branches of “official” justice, and efficiency of the judicial-legal policy of the Russian executive authority. The scientific novelty of this research consists in the introduction of the previously unused materials of the procedural documentation of local state branches of the end of XVIII – beginning of the XIX centuries, which shed light on the peculiarities of not only the realization of electoral legislation, but also the work of the courts, created during the reform of the local government of 1775-1785 and their role in the regulation of public relations on the territories of Oblasts with mixed urban population. The conclusions made by the author allow us to assess the methods, means, and results of the efforts of the executive authority in strengthening the balance of public relations – both, inter-class and inter-ethnic.

Keywords: Russian Empire, reforms, law, justice, judicial system, estate elections, judicial representation, legal culture, legal consciousness, municipal public government

DOI:

10.7256/2409-868X.2015.4.15629

Article was received:

22-06-2015


Review date:

23-06-2015


Publish date:

17-08-2015


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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