Статья 'Русская Православная церковь в образовательной политике в пореформенной России (1990-е гг.)' - журнал 'Социодинамика' - NotaBene.ru
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Russian Orthodox Church in the Educational Policy of Post-Reform Russia

Koroleva Larisa

Doctor of History

Head of the Department at Penza State University of Architecture and Construction

440028, Russia, g. Penza, ul. Titova, 28

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Korolev Aleksei Aleksandrovich

Doctor of History

senior research assistant at Penza State University of Architecture and Construction

440028, Russia, Penza, ul. G. Titova 28

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Mol'kin Aleksei Nikolaevich

student at Penza State University of Architecture and Construction

440028, Russia, Penza, ul. G. Titova 28

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Abstract: In article Russian Orthodox Church activity in respect of folding of system of orthodox education and education and a condition of orthodox education in Russia in the conditions of religious "revival" is analyzed: dynamics of opening of new orthodox educational institutions of various level, problem of formation of educational system (management decentralization, insufficient financing of educational institutions, lack of necessary legal status of educational institutions, deficiency of teaching structure and theological literature, low level of preparation of scientific theological shots, etc.) . The Teoretiko-metodologichesky basis of research is made by the principles of objectivity, historicism, systemacity, the complex accounting of social and subjective studying in a subject and the greatest possible neutrality of the relation of the researcher to interpretation and an assessment of the actual material. At opportunity the principles of social and psychological approach and a correctness and tactfulness in an assessment of the facts and events were applied. At the end of 1980 - the 1990th there was a mass opening of new spiritual educational institutions that, in turn, generated also new problems. At times open spiritual schools and seminaries had "facultative" character, that is in them there was no regular released person to which duties the organization and control of educational process and an institution as a whole would belong. Reviving the system of the Russian religious education fully was influenced by difficulties of formation, deficiency of teaching structure, an undermanning of libraries, a lack of manuals, shortage of buildings, lack of the necessary status were basic of which. The situation became complicated decentralization as financing of new religious educational institutions and schools was carried out not from Educational committee, and directly from dioceses; some educational institutions at all didn't receive any – neither central, nor local financing, being in self-sufficiency conditions. Only by 2000 in principle the issue of centralization of religious education in Russia was resolved: mass inspection inspections by Educational Committee are carried out, the question of obligatory licensing of spiritual academies, seminaries and schools and the subsequent their accreditation is designated.

Keywords: Russia, Orthodoxy, Russian Orthodox Church, Orthodox education, education, Ecclesiastical Academy, Bishops' Council, Education Commitee, religious school, seminary
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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