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Genesis: Historical research

Traditions of Merchants' and Businessmen's Charity in the 19th and early 20th Century on the Example of Bryanski Region

Kenya Irina Alekseevna

PhD in Law

Associate professor  of the Department of Constitutional and Municipal Law at Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation, chairman of the board of directors at Bryansk regional social charity fund N. A. Mogilevtsev Brothers.  

241035, Russia, Bryanskaya oblast', g. Bryansk, ul. Gor'kogo, 18

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Abstract: The subject of the research is  to find out the background of charity work (mental, spiritual, social and economical) and motivation (mercy and compassion, religion, thirst for education). One of the reasons for the popularity of charity work in the 19th and early 20th centuries is a governmental support and stimulation. The article reviews the forms for such support. The reflection and interpretation of merchants’ and businessmen’s charity work is shown on the example of Bryanski Region represented by the following people: S.I. Maltsov, P.I. Gubonin, the married couple of V.N. and M.K. Tenishevs and the brothers S.S. and P.S. Mogiljovtsevs.  The article researches the contribution of these people not only in the social and cultural development of the region, but also their meaning for the Russian history. Different characteristics of men’s and women’s charity work are shown. The comparative method, method of historic retrospective, method of analysis and synthesis have been used in the course of the research. The methodology of the research is based on the correlation of motivation and background of the charity work. The traditions of merchants’ and businessmen’s charity work are based on the social position of merchants and businessmen, their spiritual needs and aspirations, their wish to be useful for their motherland. These traditions are reviewed in the following aspects: family charity work, men’s and women’s charity work. The following conclusions have been made: personal live principles, religion and family traditions became the foundation for the merchants’ charity work. The governmental support let the merchants’ charity become a unique phenomenon of the Russian history in the second half of the 19th century.

This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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Kenya I.A. Blagotvoritel'nost' v Rossii: traditsii i sovremennost' // NB: Kul'tury i iskusstva. - 2012. - 1. - C. 258 - 275. URL: http://www.e-notabene.ru/ca/article_93.html
Kenya I.A. Blagotvoritel'nost' v kontekste sotsial'no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya Rossii: pravovye i regional'nye aspekty. // NB: Istoricheskie issledovaniya. - 2013. - 3. - C. 149 - 164. DOI: 10.7256/2306-420X.2013.3.789. URL: http://www.e-notabene.ru/hr/article_789.html
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