Статья 'Вероисповедная политика в отношении ислама СССР. 1940-1960-е гг.: закрытие мечетей (по материалам Среднего Поволжья)' - журнал 'Социодинамика' - NotaBene.ru
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Religious denomination policy towards the Islam in the USSR in 1940s - 1960s: closing of the mosques (materials of the Middle Volga region).

Koroleva Larisa

Doctor of History

Head of the Department at Penza State University of Architecture and Construction

440028, Russia, g. Penza, ul. Titova, 28

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Korolev Aleksei Aleksandrovich

Doctor of History

senior research assistant at Penza State University of Architecture and Construction

440028, Russia, Penza, ul. G. Titova 28

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Mol'kin Aleksei Nikolaevich

student at Penza State University of Architecture and Construction

440028, Russia, Penza, ul. G. Titova 28

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Abstract: The article includes analysis of implementation of one of the key directions of the Soviet policy on religious denominations towards the Islam: limiting the number of mosques, the cult buildings of the Muslims in 1940s - 1960s, taking as an example the Middle Volga region, where the Islam was traditionally widespread in the USSR.  The local state policy on religious denominations was implemented first of all via the Soviet plenipotentiaries on the issues of religious cults (religions), whose activities were aimed on one hand at the closing of the mosques, and on the other hand, on guaranteeing compliance with the Soviet legislation.  The believers actively resisted the closing of the cult buildings. Even after the closing the mosques kept their appearance. The theoretical and methodological basis for the study is formed with the principles of objectivity, historicism, systemic character, full account of the social and subjective elements in the object of study, and the neutral approach of researchers towards interpretation and evaluation of factual materials.  Where it was possible, the authors used the principles of sociological and psychological approach and the principle of correctness and tactfulness in evaluation of facts and events, since the specific feature of the Islamic practice has always been a strong moral and ethical element of its participants. In addition to the methodological principles, the authors applied special historical principles, such as actualization, comparative historical method, diachronic method, problem-oriented chronological method; general scientific methods - statistical, classification, structural systemic. The novelty of the study was due to the fact that for the first time the authors studies the activities of the Soviet administration, acting mostly via the Soviet plenipotentiary on the issues of religious cults (religions) on closing the mosques at the regional level - in the Middle Volga region within the above-mentioned period of time, and many specific archive materials are brought into the scientific turnover for the first time, since earlier they were not used for a variety of reasons.

Keywords: plenipotentiary of the Soviet, religious association, mosque, policy on religious denominations, the Islam, religion, the USSR, Mullah, legislation on the cults, the Middle Volga region
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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