Philosophical Thought - rubric Characteristics of society
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Philosophical Thought" > Rubric "Characteristics of society"
Characteristics of society
Loktionov M. - Empiriocriticism of A. A. Bogdanov and its importance in modern science pp. 11-22


Abstract: The subject of this research is the biography and creative work of A. A. Bogdanov – the brightest representative of the early XX century, prominent participant of the revolutionary movement in Russia, interesting philosopher-empiriocriticist, creator of the universal organization science Tektology, famous interpreter and speculative fiction writer, and founder of the idea of proletarian culture. The article demonstrates his role in formation of the modern scientific ideas about the natural and humanitarian sciences, as well as his importance as a forerunner of the existing understanding of the ideas of dynamical equilibrium and self-development. The main conclusion of the conduced research consists in undeservingly forgotten contribution of this scholar into the development of Russian science and culture, as well as establishment of such scientific disciplines, as cybernetics, general theory of systems, synergetics, equilibrium theory, theory of autopoiesis, and dynamical systems theory.
Koptelova T.I. - Interpretations of digital economy in mechanistic and organic philosophy pp. 34-42


Abstract: This article analyzes the concept of digital economy and the prospects of its development from the perspective of mechanistic and organic philosophy. The author examines such components of digital economy as the information communication technologies and NeuroWeb, “complemented” reality and “virtual” market. A danger of creating the abstract economy in Russia under the guise of digital and its negative features, namely deception and manipulation for the purpose of increasing exploitation, are being considered. The article explores the prospect of digital economy in terms of multicultural unity of Russia, as well as analyzes the possibility of establishment of digital infrastructure in the country, role of the government and creative participation of citizens in creation of economy of the future. The applied method of historical-philosophical reconstruction allows viewing the digital economy though referring to its historical evolution and possible interpretation as a phenomenon of social life, while the comparative analysis juxtaposes the various intellectual traditions and philosophical paradigms. The phenomenological methods within the framework of organic philosophy allow understanding the ideal essence of digital economy and include it to the context of national and universal traditions. The scientific novelty lies in the comparative examination of digital economy through the prism of mechanistic and organic philosophy. The paradigm of organic philosophy helps to realize the need for creativity as an intrinsic part of human existence and full-fledged economic activity. Spiritual creativity imparts the spontaneity and pliability of economy that encourages adaptation of the society (ethnos or nation) to the new circumstances and preserves the integrity of economic system, which is the foundation of the constructive, human and nature oriented digital economy.
Leushkin R.V. - Virtual social space: conceptual framework of the research pp. 54-63


Abstract: This article deals with the concepts and terms necessary for understanding the virtual social space. It is considered as a new dimension for existence of social communication. The virtual social space is comprehended as an ontological horizon generated by the refraction of the anthropological structures in social communication systems. The structures of human existence with their natural impulses and "vectors" inevitably adapt to the tough conditions of virtual communication systems. As a result of this process, the work explicates such existential and notional form as a virtual social construct. This study is based on the theoretical foundation of structuralism, concept of social constructivism, and actively applies the concepts of poststructuralist philosophy. During the course of the research, the author developed a categorical apparatus, which allows a theoretical conceptualization of the virtual social space alongside the variety of phenomena associated with it. The author also describes the prospects and limits of the presented socio-ontological research, as well as determines the existential condition of its existence, such as the expression of communicative invariant structures in the virtual social construct.
Antipov M.A. - Sociality and Socialization in the Context of Digitalization of Society pp. 61-72



Abstract: The subject of the study is the impact of digitalization on social reality and the socialization of the individual. The author examines in detail such aspects of the topic as the ratio of mental and physical in social life and social interactions, the features of social interactions in virtual digital spaces, the specifics of socialization in the information society and the development of digital technologies. Particular attention is paid to the phenomenon of metauniverses, the essence of this concept is revealed, and the technologies used in their development and implementation are described. The concept of an avatar as a digital self of the user is revealed. The advantages and disadvantages of metauniverses as a fundamentally new form of social reality and the sphere of socialization are considered. The scientific novelty of the study lies in considering the impact of digitalization and metauniverses as one of its leading trends on social reality and socialization. The main conclusions of the study are the following: digitalization, a significant trend of which is the development of metauniverses, leads to the formation, along with social reality, of virtual hyperreality with new forms of the social; socialization in the context of the virtualization of society is also transforming, which is manifested in its division into offline and online; the construction of a single metauniverse in the future should take into account that despite all its advantages, this is an additional sphere of social relations and everyday life, which should not replace social reality.
Goncharov V.V. - Political philosophy of the global constitutionalism pp. 83-111


Abstract: This article is dedicated to the examination of political philosophy of the global constitutionalism. The author conducts the analysis of the view of socio-philosophical concept of the global constitutionalism upon the political system of society. The work explores the relation of the aforementioned concept to the system of law. The author pursues correlation between the legal regulation and political violation in the socio-philosophical concept of global constitutionalism. The article substantiates the need for preservation of the democratic values and principles in organization and functioning of the state mechanism of the Russian Federation as the necessary condition of preservation of its independence and territorial integrity. The author believes that there is an actual risk of the forfeit of democratic beginnings in organization of the socio-political, state-legal, and financial-economic structure on the level of national government, with the final slide of human civilization into the liberal totalitarianism fraught with the dismantlement of the system of human and citizen rights and liberties in the core countries of the global capitalist system, as well as periphery countries.
Serdyuk E.A. - Russian Revolutionary Terrorism: Cultural, Symbolic and Ideological Guidelines pp. 126-145


Abstract: The present article is devoted to consideration of cultural sources of the Russian revolutionary terrorism. The interrelation and historical value of liberating terrorism in the modern terrorist movement is analyzed. The special attention is paid to the ideological and symbolical bases of action of the fighting organizations and justification of historical, political, economic and social feasibility of terror. The author describes principles of conducting fight and the organization of groups of revolutionary terrorists in the second half of XIX – at the beginning of the XX century and modern terrorists of early XXI century. The symbolical role of the tsar and the imperial power in formation of ideas of the Russian revolutionary terror is revealed. Elements of symbolization and supersymbolization of ideology of the modern terrorist movement are shown. The main methods used in the research are the historical and comparative analysis. In justification of dependence of influence of acts of terrorism on consciousness of people on the general level of instability in society the methodology of philosophical anthropology is used. The Russian revolutionary terrorism is presented as the culture mechanism which arose in response to long stagnation in civilization development of the Russian Empire. Are suggested concerning communication of a symbolical role of institute of the imperial power and historical destiny of House of Romanovs. Theoretical views of various ideologists of revolutionary terror on the purposes and methods of fight are compared.
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