Philosophical Thought - rubric The lectern
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The lectern
Grevtsev A.V. - The Method of Activating Modern Career Guidance Approaches with the Theses of the Theology of Personality pp. 1-20

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8728.2023.3.39832

EDN: AIYSOV

Abstract: The subject of the work is the theses of the theology of personality. The aim of the study is to develop practical methods of pedagogy of professional counseling based on the provisions of the theology of personality. The work presents a number of theses of the theology of personality, synthesized on the basis of the works of the theologian and historian Vladimir Nikolaevich Lossky; describes principles of career guidance approaches; theoretical positions are combined into practical conclusions; a training case template and a template for working with it are compiled. The main provisions of the developed method are as follows: there cannot be one exact way to determine the interests of a person; the circle of specialties should not be limited by social factors; vocational guidance should be carried out in accordance with the ultimate goal of human activity Ч the perception of perfection; care should be taken to interpret the results of diagnostic tests/tasks that are not able to take into account all aspects of the uniqueness of the individual; professional guidance consultations should be carried out with a deep immersion in the understanding of the individual; through development in an area unfamiliar to a person, he can learn a new competence and show interest in it; through the self-giving of the individual in complete immersion in a cause that brings good to people, one can see the perfection of the individual. The method can be used in teaching various disciplines at different levels of education.
Lenkhoboeva T.R. - Reception of the Ecological Ethics of Buddhism in the Works of Scientists from Buryatia, Kalmykia, Tuva pp. 7-22

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8728.2022.10.38933

EDN: EJOCDE

Abstract: The article presents an overview of research on the ecological ethics of Buddhism. The author examines the works of scientists from the main Buddhist regions of Russia (Buryatia, Kalmykia and Tuva), gives a description of the main methodological directions, and also offers a classification of approaches to the study of environmental ethics of Buddhism. The first scientific approach is historical and philosophical, within which the history of the emergence of Buddhist philosophy is presented, the second scientific approach, social and philosophical, is associated with the basic concepts of the philosophy of Buddhism and the substantiation of solutions to environmental problems offered by Buddhism. This is followed by a sociological one, within the framework of this research vector, an attempt was made to interpret the ritual behavior of the inhabitants of Ulan-Ude within the framework of the ecological ethics of Buddhism. The next research vector can be characterized as historical and literary. Other areas of research are also described. The novelty of the review of studies on environmental ethics in the Buddhist republics of Russia lies in the fact that this is the first attempt to systematize the diversity of the listed scientific approaches, which, in turn, will allow a deeper understanding of the value of Buddhist teaching in the formation of ecological consciousness among the population and identify specific, practical ways to solve the existing environmental problems. The review presents the main names of scientists involved in the environmental ethics of Buddhism, the main works are indicated.
Shimelfenig O.V. - On the Diagnosis and Development of Creativity Based on the Ontology of the Game pp. 22-37

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8728.2022.11.39185

EDN: IRWQOU

Abstract: The subject of the study is to understand the phenomenon of creativity, and the purpose is to provide recommendations for its diagnosis and development of creative abilities. Creativity is currently one of the most sought-after skills according to the forecasts of analysts of the World Economic Forum. The methodological basis of the research is the theoretical and practical results known in science in the psychology of creativity and the story-game concept of reality. Particular attention is paid to the identification in the works on the definition and diagnosis of creativity of their ontological connection with the story-game paradigm, which also intersects meaningfully with studies on situational semantics. A comparative and critical analysis of the basic concepts in these approaches is carried out. The main conclusions of the study are as follows. When teaching any subject, it is useful to diagnose the type of thinking of the audience, periodically offer various tasks that require little time, but develop analytical and creative thinking at the same time, requiring the use of broad categories, synthetics of perception of the environment and a high level of cognitive flexibility, the ability to understand and form metaphors, free association of meanings, interpretations of any text, picture, phenomenon; that is, in fact, it is teaching a creative and playful attitude to various problems. The story-game approach, both in training and in any field of activity, makes it possible to optimally maintain a balance between following the patterns Ц the "rules of the games" of nature and society and original, creative behavior.
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