Philosophical Thought - rubric The torment of communication
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Philosophical Thought" > Rubric "The torment of communication"
The torment of communication
Druzhinin A.M. - From dialogue to manipulation: critical analysis of modern media practices pp. 1-16


Abstract:   This article presents the history of emergence of manipulative forms of social management. The correlation between manipulation and dialogical forms of interaction of the individual is determined. The author reveals the essence of manipulations as a destructive phenomenon, within the framework of which the audience of contemporary mass media is views as passive object of influence. The analysis of existing at present stage approaches towards the phenomenon allows conditionally highlighting two directions in its examination: humanitarian-philosophical and engineering. Humanitarian-philosophical approach suggest the ethnical assessment of manipulation, which excludes the application of manipulative technologies of social managements. Engineering approach reviews society as the object of implementation of manipulative communications, and as a result, leads to degradation of the dialogue on all levels. The article initiates discussion with the researchers, who supports the “engineering” views upon the social management. The main method of this research consists in critical analysis. Such approach towards the problem manipulation lies in interconnection of the three levels of examination of this question. Firstly, manipulative communication is the type of social interaction, which generates the abuse of authority. Secondly, it is being realized by means of texts and audiovisual images. Thirdly, this phenomenon must be considered in the context of examination of the cognitive abilities of a human, because it actively forms the image of thinking, mental world, as well as intrudes into the sphere of inexplicit knowledge of a specific individual. The analysis of various phenomena in these three platitudes allows determining the features of manipulative communication in one or another case. The author reviews the transformation of dialogical genres of mass media into the monological expression. It is proposed to metaphorically name such texts as “mono-dialogue”. Imitation of dialogue, which hides the author-creator, is demonstrates as one main instruments of the hidden impact upon the society. Based on M. Bakhtin’s theory about isolation of one or another fragment of text (discourse), and Gadamer’s ideas regarding the questions of interpretation, the author detects the mechanism of control over the information, cognitive, and social space of the mass media dialogical genres, and interview in particular.  
Yashina A.V. - Platform solutions and public spaces as fabrics of the distributed production of knowledge pp. 1-13


Abstract: This article is dedicated to examination of approaches towards production of knowledge in the conditions of development of the digital methods of communication. The development of technologies and Internet concept Web 3.0 form a request for collective, interdisciplinary and “civil” character of research activity, emergence of new practices of working with knowledge, focused on confluence of the virtual and real space, transformation of the essence and role of “information” in the context of building the “society of knowledge”. The modern scientific knowledge represents a synthesis of various aspects of science and social life. Within the framework of pilot research, the author analyzes the case of confluence of the digital and real activity in production of knowledge: “public space of collective work ‘the pivotal point’” and digital platform Leader-ID. The article considers the hypothesis that the modern scientific knowledge represents a synthesis of social, culturological, and technological aspects of science and social life. The “distributed knowledge”, forming as a result of cooperation of scholars and various communities, becomes common through the formation of “cluster” and crowdsourcing format of the production of knowledge. Such social interaction is based on the network platform model and generated new zones of exchange and production of knowledge: online platforms (forums, crowdsourcing, scientific network platforms such as ResearchGate, simulators, etc.) or offline platforms (public spaces) that discuss and formulate the requests of scholars to each other, formulate hypothesis, and test the studies.
Katunin A.V. - Inappropriate arguments as a communication technology: types, peculiarities, and countering mechanisms pp. 15-32


Abstract: This article is dedicated to such type of communication technology as inappropriate arguments. Special attention is given to clarification of the key concepts of the topic – “argumentation”, “appropriateness”, “inappropriateness”, and “context”. The original classification is provided to the types of inappropriate arguments. The author reveals the contextual peculiarities of using different types of inappropriate arguments; analyzes the specificity of using inappropriate arguments; as well as offers possible countering mechanisms. Particular examples of using incorrect arguments are confirmed by links to recorded live dialogues. The article employs the methods of intent analysis and comparative analysis. The Russian tradition of studying the theory and practice of argumentation features a number of research that touch upon the problem of inappropriate arguments. However, the study of arguments is just a part of the whole variety of communication technologies. The novelty of this work consists in the centralized, systematized presentation of the assemblage of variations of inappropriate arguments. The types of inappropriate arguments are illustrated on the specific examples from literature, cinematography, cultural -historical, social and political spheres of society. The acquired results can be valuable for the development of lecture courses on the theory and practice of argumentation, students majoring in philosophy, and audience interested in modern research dedicated to communication technologies.
Nikitinskaya A.A. - The phenomenon of social networks as an instrument for the dialogue between the authorities and society (on the example of Severodvinsk) pp. 26-35


Abstract: This article explores the communication process between the authorities and society via social networks on the example of the municipality of Severodvinsk. Online platforms have become the main source of communication between the government authorities and citizens since 2017. The recently appointed head of the city selected an effective strategy for establishing dialogue with the population; he chose a popular communication channel, published comprehensible texts, and demonstrated quick response to the citizens’ requests. However, having made wrong decisions, from the perspective of the city residents, the administration and the mayor faced a lot of negativity and limited communication in the social networks. The goal of this research is to determine conditions for using social networks as the main communication channel in building dialogue between the government and society on the example of the municipality of Severodvinsk due to the fact that in the course of implementing information policy, it demonstrated two different models of using social networks. The object of this article is the profile page of the administration of Severodvinsk in the social network “Vkontakte”. The subject is the communication process of the municipal authorities in social networks. The conclusion is made that the administration should take into account the specificity of social networks, such as openness in expressing emotions by the citizens; it is necessary to learn working with online platforms, separate work criticism from personal criticism, and establish the dialogue based on the rule of two-way communication, which implies not only sharing information, but also perceiving the feedback.
Nilogov A.S. - Criticism of the linguistic reason: from cryptophilology to anti-language philosophy (discussion of A. S. Nilogov with V. N. Bazylev) pp. 54-95


Abstract: The conversation of A. S. Nilogov with V. N. Bazylev is recorded within the framework of publishing projects “Who makes the Russian philosophy today” and is dedicated to the modern problems of the Russian linguistics and language philosophy. It discusses the works of V. N, Bazylev in such linguistic directions as cryptolinguistics (cryptophilology) and sublogic analysis of language. A separate attention is given to the interrelation between the Russian linguistic and philosophical knowledge in the early XXI century. This research clarifies the Russian tradition of language philosophy, the continuation of which can become a developed by A. S. Nilogov philosophy of the anti-language. V. N. Bazylev is one of the first scholars within the Russian philology who suggests an important sphere of research that can collect, describe, analyze, and interpret the ethnogenetic narratives that are created within the framework of the spiritual-practical knowledge.     
Emel'yanova N.N. - Scientific Communication: On the Problem of Demarcation of Publicity Borders pp. 72-85


Abstract: Object of this research is the modern system of scientific communications. An object of research – changes of modern scientific communications in the conditions of the new information and media environment. Stable development of science as social institute is impossible without broad public support which inquiries change with development of communication and media technologies. However cardinal changes in development of communication opportunities and alternatives led to prompt changes in information space of modern science. A reverse side of this process was almost exponential growth manipulative the practician which are actively used in generation of the information streams connected with scientific knowledge that, without exaggeration, is the real call to the scientist and their activity. The presented scientific question is in area of interdisciplinary researches (on a joint the nauchnofilosofskikh, the naukovedcheskikh, political and historical disciplines), demands complex use of a number of the methodological principles. Among them: analysis and synthesis, and also principles of historicism and systemacity. Novelty of research is that in this article the perspective directions of development of the scientific communications connected with rehabilitation of the original bases of publicity in modern society are planned.The conclusion that the unique way of development of scientific community in Russia in its relationship with media Wednesday is defined by fight for finding of subjectivity in media is drawn.
Zaitsev A.V. - Dialogics of Jurgen Habermas: Definition and Description pp. 75-98
Abstract: The article describes the communicative philosophy and dialogics of Jurgen Habermas. The author of the article defines Jurgen Habermas' dialogics as the intention to overcome conflicts, aggression and contradictions in the form of discussion, i.e. not by force but by the means of rhetorical persuasion, argument and influence through dialogue that allows to reach mutual understanding and consensual approval of certain rules or regulation. 
Koren' R.V. - Grimaces of Mediaphilosophy: Brave Sense, 'Mediablisses' and Living Cell pp. 134-211


Abstract: As a free observer, the author of the article shares his own perception of the mass media, media discourse, media philosophy and other media phenomena and explains them from the point of view of systems science. The author provides translations and interpetations of basic terms in media philosophy and carries out a system analysis. The results of the analysis show that semantics of media philosophy is close to enthropic philosophy or 'funeral march in major'. The author anayzes the definition of the philosophical concept of 'transcenence' and demonstrates advantages of the Russian language in the course of this analysis. Living cell is presented as a fractal, a functional model and natural media preventing from the transformation of brave sense into damn eternity.     
Belyaev V.A. - Interculture by Advantage pp. 475-513


Abstract: This article is another step to introducing the theory of interculture developed by the author. At this point the author focuses on the term ' interculture by advantage'. Based on the author, the United States of America is such interculture by advantage. There are certain grounds for making  USA the core of interculture. USA have come a unique path to what it is now and the founders of America already set the intercultural core of a new European culture, purified from the old traditions. Introducing USA as the interculture by advantage, the author also tries to describe the basic terms of the theory of interculture that are necessary for the readers to better understand  the article. For instance, the term 'interculture by advantange' can be viewed both as the draft ideal interculture and the real culture implementing ideal forms as much as possible. The author tries to reveal this term from both sides and to show how the real culture can be far from the ideal. As the starting point of discussion, the author quotes N. V. Zlobin's book 'America - What a Life!". The article will be of interest for all those who concern with philosophical anthropology.
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