Philosophical Thought - rubric Theological foundations of being
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Philosophical Thought" > Rubric "Theological foundations of being"
Theological foundations of being
Matyash T.P., Mekushkin A.A., Matyash D.V., Vodenko K.V. - Images of the human within Christian culture pp. 44-52


Abstract: The subject of this research is image of the human within Christian culture. The author examines such aspects as the ideas of Christian theologians and Russian religious philosopher, according to whom formation of image of the human is greatly affected by religion. This implies the inner and in-depth justification by the Christian culture of images (perceptions, representations) of the human. The authors refer to the topic of religious justification of image of the human on the basis of history of the Russian religious philosophy, as well as the representatives of the modern Orthodox theology. The main research method became the hermeneutic reconstruction, when the reference to the texts of religious philosophers allows reconstructing concept of the human. The scientific novelty consists in the analysis of factors, due to which the established in history Christian confessions substantiate the differentiation of specificity of image of the human, content of his spiritual life, namely related to perception of dichotomy “earthlier-heavenlier”. The authors conduct a comparative analysis the stance on earthly prosperity of the representatives of various Christian confessions; as well as analyze why the specificity of such attitude justifies the emergence of the worldview and cultural gaps between the Christian nations.
Vlasova V.B. - Modernization of socio-religious orientation of culture in Biblical texts pp. 99-117


Abstract: This article base on the material of Bible examines the questions that in one or another way align with the globalization and modernization processes, which in the author’s opinion, have been taking place back in the ancient Jewish culture. Moses had given the Commandments to previous generations, which are still followed by the entire civilized humanity. He teaches us how to coordinate the means and goals of social practice in order to make it efficient. As far as Jesus, he discovered for the humanity the new ways of moral and intellectual improvements, as well as indicated the social ideals to the world achieved only through altruism and nonviolence. And most importantly, he is the first out of the thinkers of Ancient East to understand the need for unification of people all over the world on the basis of humanistic principles, which today are applied in globalization politics by both, the believers and atheists. Texts of the Old and New Testaments manifest as the specific examples of reasoning of the socio-philosophical nature. At the same time, the author uses the information accumulated by the historical science. Special attention is given to the examination of the indicated process as a necessary consequence of the religious-political (the times of Moses) and religious-ethical (the era of Christ’s ministry) practice. The article analyzes the similarities and differences of the work of the Prophet and the Messiah. The study of this question was carried out in the aspect of globalization-modernization paradigm.  
Yangutov L. - About the categories of Chinese Buddhism pp. 122-126


Abstract:  This article analyzes the content of categories of the Chinese Buddhism, formed as a result of collision of the categorical apparatus of the Indian Buddhism with the categorical apparatus of the Ancient Chinese philosophy. The author examines the peculiarities of its establishment on Chinese cultural platform in the context of worldview orientations of the Buddhist philosophy and soteriology. The work considers the hermeneutics of Buddhist concepts revealing their semantics, which depends on the gnoseological, ontological, psychological, and soteriological context, as well as affiliation of text that contains these concepts to one or another direction or school. The article provides the analysis of content of the categories of Chinese Buddhism, which reflect the specificity of Buddhism perception of the world base on dialectics of conditional and absolute truth, as well as peculiarities of categorical apparatus of the Ancient Chinese philosophy. The author determines the specificities of these categories characterized by polysemy on one hand, and semantic identity on the other.  
Mishurin A.N. - On the Interpretation of Genesis pp. 153-184


Abstract: Subjects of the given research are the first two chapters of Genesis. Author offers a new interpretation of the first two chapters of the Book in order to show the logic, which stands behind explicitly illogical biblical account about creation of the world and man by almighty and omniscient God. Since if we are able to understand thoughts ascribed by Bible to God, than man is able to understand God with his own mind. Author use the method of “cautious reading”, which he have created and tested on antique literature and which enables him to explain some logical problems accrued during reading Genesis as a particular and Bible as a whole. Novelty of the research consists in using previously unfamiliar to that material hermeneutic method and its conclusions. The main conclusions of the research are following. First, author succeeds in discovering principles of the order of creation in the biblical account. Second, using the text of the Book, author displays initial position of man from the point of view of the Bible – twofoldnes of man’s nature corresponds with twofoldnes of the account man’s creation. Finally, author draws a conclusion about a goal of the biblical account – depreciation of heaven and heavenly bodies.
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