Philosophical Thought - rubric Social philosophy
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Social philosophy
Kuchukov M.M. - Historicity of History as a Phenomenon of Social Life pp. 1-16


Abstract: At the turn of the late XXth — the early XXIth, the age of the processes of choatization of the world order, history appeared to be the necessary prerequisite of destructive activity of various type of social subjects. There was a problem of definition of a social role of history, existence of different type of functionality in a context of social processes. The history, exists and as set of specific and various actions of certain people, the human groups being in interrelation and forming planetary society and as a clot of information of having impact on public life. This second form also is an analysis subject. The article is based on the principles of systemacity and historicism, unity historical and logical. More specifically, the method of the comparative-historical analysis is used. Initial in research is the analysis of judgments of F. Nietzsche about emergence and history existence in human life, about the reasons and forms of negative influence of history on outlook and activity of the person. The method of comparative-historical research revealed features of occurring transformations with history in the present. Scientific novelty is defined by creation of the concept of change of a social role, the contents and a history form in time, feature of manifestation of its historicity in active existence of society.
Ryskel'dieva L.T., Korotchenko Y.M. - Textual component in the modern socio-philosophical research pp. 1-10


Abstract: The modern socio-philosophical research comprise the objective field of this work. The subject of the research is the textual component in the existing socio-philosophical knowledge. The authors suggest enriching and complementing the object field of the modern socio-cultural research by reflection of the socio-philosophical implications of the results of analysis of the textual culture. Thus, the authors examine the phenomenon of public text as a whole, as well as publicist texts in particular. At the same time, they believe that the valuative analysis of public text allows noticing the textual nature of the object of study of the social philosophy. This work is carried out within the limits of the interpretational paradigm of the modern socio-philosophical knowledge, which suggests the examination of social reality as the object of conceptualization, understanding, and evaluation. This in turn, allows speaking about the social text as the space of reconstruction of social reality, as well as the tool of cognition of society. The proposed valuative analysis implements the key methodological orientations in the modern socio-philosophical knowledge: upon the socio-cultural interpretation of social phenomena, as well as the interdisciplinary character of their study. The scientific novelty of the acquired results is associated with the introduction into the area of socio-cultural research of such object as textual culture, which is understood as the combination of ways of production, preservation, and translation of texts. The authors offer an analytical, clarified, and reflexive language of perception of the social text, which is structured on the basis of the valuative dictionary. Social text is defined as the authorial text, consciously published and containing the author’s relation, position, and program of actions regarding the establishment of commonness.
Kachulin A.G. - Network mass media and information society: socio-philosophical analysis of the process of formation of new hierarchies pp. 1-12


Abstract: This article analyzes the data of the economic rating of the largest world companies Financial Times Global 500 for the II quarter of 2017. It is demonstrated that seven out of the ten largest world companies deal with the technologies of mass communication. Based on the data from the financial reports of the corporation and public information about their activity, the article introduces a socio-philosophical interpretation of the process of a rapid increase capitalization of these companies. It is shown that these companies held the key positions in the rating under the influence of the global trend established after the world crisis of 2008. Leaning on the interdisciplinary approach that combines the methods of philosophy and sociology of mass communications alongside mediaecology and mediatheory, the article explores the nature of the aforementioned trend.  It is underlined that it relates to the distribution of the network technology of mass communication. The author researches the impact of network technology upon the social structure, and reveals that the network mass media simultaneously produce the two opposite effects. As the means of communication, it has a decentralized effect upon the society, which deconstructs the strict hierarchies and creates the networks of coordination as the new organizational structures. However, the very process of decentralization in the context of network interaction serves the goals aimed at establishing of the new hierarchical system, within which the network mass media become the new centers of world influence as the organizers of functionality of the social processes.
Tyugashev E. - Philosophy as a sociocultural phenomenon pp. 1-8


Abstract: The object of this research is the philosophical phenomenon, which within the social philosophy is traditionally described as a form of public consciousness, and lately – as self-consciousness of the culture. It is suggested to identify these descriptions as sociocentrism and culturocentrism in interpretation of the phenomenon of philosophy. Culturocentric interpretation of philosophy is viewed as problematic due to the fact that often perceives the emergence of philosophy only in separate cultural centers; as well as using the definition of culture as a system of programs, does not reveal the mechanism of establishment of self-consciousness within such system of programs. Thus, is relevant the critical reflection of culturocentrism and its alignment with the position of sociocentrism in describing philosophy as a sociocultural phenomenon. The dilemma of sociocentrism and culturocentrism is resolved based on using the sociocultural approach in its reflective interpretation. Such interpretation leans of the public historical understanding of culture as a specific historical version of evolution of the society, as well as proposes considering the society as an ensemble of interacting cultures; while sociocultural – as a social in the cultural diversity. The conducted analysis of the concept of philosophy as the culture’s self-consciousness allows concluding that the establishment of self-consciousness of such subject requires realization within the framework of external reflection of cultures, in other words, among the interacting ethno-social organisms. The practical, ordinary philosophy emerges in practice of sociocultural mediation. For the complex of social organisms that comprise a civilization, the professional philosophers fixate in abstract general form of establishment of the world structure in such form as they are grasped in the civilizational experience. Professional philosophy manifests as self-consciousness and reflection not of just local culture, but rather cultures that claim to achieve the scale of world civilizations. This circumstances explains the existence of the centers of origin of philosophy, namely the institutionalized professional philosophical activity within the contact zones of the largest civilizations.
Yusupov R.N. - N. A. Berdyaev’s method of cognition of history in light of possible socio-philosophical interpretations of modernity pp. 1-12


Abstract: The subject of this research is the methods of philosophical-historical cognition developed in the writings of N. A. Berdyaev, his triadic scheme of subject’s relation to history. The first period of direct, cohesive presence in some conventional historical structure does not portend the emergence of historical reflection. The second period, which Berdyaev associates with the era of “Enlightenment”, is characterized by disintegration in the historical life and human consciousness, contraposition of historical object and subject. However, the actual formation of the philosophy of history is possible only on condition of the transition into the third state of human spirit, which invokes acuity of mind, propensity to reflection and comprehension, which allows to return and in a new way, deliberately tap into the sanctuaries of historical life. The scientific novelty consists in interpretation of the method of cognition of history, developed by Berdyaev through the prism of such methodological capabilities that has the modern social philosophy. It is concluded that the main difference between the first and third levels of subject’s relation to history in Berdyaev’s scheme consists in the change of the object of cognition, when the object is not just an empirical givenness, but a special, superordinate reality. Such reorientation allows to predetermine a situation of the first period in a new way, which opens additional opportunities for correlating the active development of existence with the standards of everyday experience, as well as reinterpret the nature of the second period, when in can be perceive not as a crisis, but a routine question, an essential condition for transition into the third, most productive period.
Minnullina E.B. - Communicative aspects of social time pp. 1-9


Abstract: The subject of this research is the communicatively substantiated social continuance. Particular attention is given to the reversible and irreversible processes of social development associated with the transformation of communicative environment. The author carefully examines the link between social time and communication processes; temporality of socio-communicative space in synchronic and diachronic aspects; time peculiarities of communication as a system on one hand, and as an action – on the other; as well as reversible and irreversible processes common to the communicatively mediated social interaction. The article conducts a phenomenological analysis of social communication, considering a number of positions from synergetics, concepts of the time of G. Deleuze and plural temporality of I. Wallerstein and F. Braudel. The conclusion is made that communication represents a temporal synthesis of social events, when in terms of the communicative maximum, the historical diachrony “reverts” to synchrony. The author underlines that communication temporally correlates the social events, arranging the order (syntagma); the individual’s interpretation of the past and the future defines the image of the social present.
Kuchukov M.M. - Polysubject ethnicity as a phenomenon of civilizational specificity of the Russian society pp. 1-12


Abstract: The interest to this topic is sparked by transformation of the role of ethnicity in modern world; ambiguity in interpretation of its content and transformation prospects; interest to the phenomenon of civilizational-imperial practices of structuring the ethnicity that allowed crisis-free coexistence of ethnoses for multiple centuries (Russian civilization); need for creation of a holistic picture of existence of the Russian ethnic space, coming to determination of the local peculiarities (North Caucasus). The research is focused on the problem of formation of tolerant ethnicity; the subject of analysis is the civilizational-imperial sociality that established conditions for the formation of consensual system for coexistence of ethnoses. This solves the problem of conceptualization of the possible social-historical subjectivity based on the ethnic phenomena and processes. The scientific novelty consists in the content and distinctness of the reviewed problems and acquired results: analysis of civilizational methods and tradition of coexistence of ethnoses in the conditions of uniform territorial organization of society; creation of the model of sociality when the ethnic phenomena exist being functional; acquired results in analysis of the system of coexistence of ethnoses emerged within the framework of civilizational-imperial paradigm of the organization of social life.
Salimgareev D.I. - Mediation as an efficient means for ensuring stability of geopolitical communication processes pp. 1-9


Abstract: This article covers one of the priority geopolitical problems – disruption of communication. Mediation that possesses necessary parameters for identification of a conflict and, its further processing and levels the destructive results, is called to serve as innovative mechanism for protection of social harmony and restoration of communication. The subject of this research is the international disruption of communication. The goal consists in studying the boundaries of mediation as a regulatory instrument in international relations; as well as public need in forecasting of the emergence of conflict in atypical social relations and prompt localization of a conflict. The scientific novelty consists in theoretical understanding of applicability of mediation in solution of the complicated social tasks and integration into social processes, as well as in formation of recommendatory measures on improving conflict-free social communication processes. In the course of this work, the author determines the following correlations: 1) changeability of conflict by its functions is proportional to the impact of external factors and terms of relations; 2) link between language limitations and actions of subjects of international communication; 3) reconciliation techniques is a crucial condition of modern international communication. The conclusion consists in the detected connection between mediation and social conflict, as well as in recommendation on development of mechanism aimed at prevention of social tension on the example of linguistic aggression.
Kannykin S.V. - Sacred and profane in the Olympic running event of Antiquity pp. 1-10


Abstract: Stadion (running race) is the first and for a long time the only type of Olympic Agon, the “founder” of sports in its modern sense. The sociocultural background related to the emergence, development and modification of running sport of Antiquity is the spiritual foundation of the athletic competitiveness of modernity (“Olympism”), which underlines the philosophical importance and the relevance of research. The dualism of sacred and profane permeated not only athletic Agons, but Antiquity as w whole, being its Zeitgeist – 0 “spirit of the time’”. Through the prism of this binary opposition, running race is viewed as the original type of Olympic competitions. The acquired results can be applies in social philosophy, philosophical anthropology, and philosophy of sports. The novelty of this article consists in determination of attributes of the sacred (gratitude to the gods, obedience to their will, fear of their anger, and being rewarded by the deity), as well as attributes of the profane (cultivated “sprint” race as a symbol of a higher stage of development of the society, professionalization of running, running as a means of upbringing, health promotion and social dynamics, an indicator of civic maturity, etc.) components of the Olympic running race of Antiquity. The author also conducts their dialectical correlation within the framework of explanation of the straight trajectory of Olympic running, unity of the peacekeeping and military-applied significance of the Agons, as well as the pursuit of God-likeness and channeling of the socially dangerous energy of ambitiousness in running competitions of the athletes.
Pakhar L.I. - Changes in collective consciousness of modern society pp. 1-16


Abstract: This article is dedicated to the analysis of collective consciousness and transformations it has experienced for the past century. Collective consciousness as spiritual fiber of a considerable part of citizens is c crucial indicator of the stability of country’s political system. It contains the most common representations, moods, feelings, and emotions that ideally reflect the actual processes taking place in social life. Collective consciousness in Western democracies marks prevalence of the distortion of moral and family values, selfishness, euphoria of superiority over other nations, comfort oversaturation, exaggerated perception of human rights, etc. This indicates a dead end for further development of the Western civilization. The analysis of social reality of modern Russia allows concluding that collective consciousness has been severely affected by the bourgeois ideology. However, the life circumstances force the Russians to take a critical at the bourgeois priorities, reconsider their past and turn to the native roots. Currently, the majority of Russians experience nostalgic feelings towards the missing social justice and equality. They constantly feel anxiety, fear and uncertainty about tomorrow. This circumstance should serve as an alert for the country’s authorities and make them seek the solutions adequate to the people’s aspirations
Volkova A.A., Karelin V.M. - Overcoming the Semiotic Boundary through Translation Strategies pp. 1-11


Abstract: The possibilities of implementing the intermediary function of translation from one language to another in a communicative act are considered in the article. Its functioning can be detected both in cross-cultural communication, and when expanding the meaning of a communicative act, i.e. when including actors of different languages in it. At the same time, in each act of communication, the desynchronization of the semiotic systems of each participant is preserved. Double contingencies and polysemy also serve as obstacles to the work of translator, in the translation mechanism. However, the achievement of mutual understanding seems to be possible due to the various strategies of interpretation of meanings in the act of translation. These strategies are described in the most detail in B.Latour's research devoted to the analysis of the structure of the scientific laboratory. Considering the works of L. Pasteur, Latour concludes that communicative processes expand and go beyond the language. This makes it possible to present the interactions of actors and actors as having a network character. Latour gives the translation a geometric meaning that reflects the specifics of redirecting meanings to achieve mutual understanding. It is here that a special translation function opens up – the possibility of crossing semiotic boundaries and ensuring social relationships. In this regard, translation can be understood as a necessary mechanism aimed at overcoming the boundaries of various semiotic systems. These borders are presented as a special border space where processes of connecting meanings are discovered and the uniqueness of each semiotic system is revealed.
Gurbanov A.G. - "Consumer Society" as an object of Philosophy study: essence and social context pp. 1-12



Abstract: The subject of the study is the characteristic of the essence of the social phenomenon "consumer society" through the prism of the views of foreign thinkers of the second half of the XX-early XXI centuries. The philosophical and socio-humanitarian theories of the "consumer society" proposed by European thinkers are considered in detail, their classification is carried out and the conceptual apparatus is characterized. The author substantiates the thesis that, representing a dynamic and self-developing system, the "consumer society" invariably finds its reflection in various, often contradictory conceptual models. These contradictions serve as the basis for the development of alternative philosophical methods and approaches to the development of modern societies and the resolution of problems related to consumption. It is shown that modern theories of "consumer society" make it possible to comprehend not only consumer behavior itself, but also the diverse problems of society fixed by this concept, such as manipulation of consciousness, identity construction, the functioning of mass communication media, the socio-cultural significance of social reality. The author analyzed the evolution of the concept of "consumption" using socio-cultural, socio-economic, socio-philosophical approaches. An attempt is being made to define terms such as "consumer society" and "consumerism" more clearly and to trace the interaction of these terms within the boundaries of socio-economic transformations taking place in the modern world. It is important to conclude that modern concepts of "consumer society" make it possible to comprehend not only consumer behavior itself, but also the variety of social problems that are fixed with the help of this concept: manipulation of consciousness, identity construction, socio-cultural significance of social reality, the functioning of mass communication media, and others.
Zakharov A.D. - The socio-philosophical theory by Jacques Lacan as a metacriticism of the world outlook concept pp. 1-13



Abstract: Social philosophy is a rather young discipline considering philosophy, its methodology and problems often address the extremely general features of social life, the development of society and its structuring models, but individualistic approaches that have noticeably developed in the XIX-XX centuries significantly expanded the range of socio-philosophical categories' application. One of the most outstanding between such methodological approaches is associated with the psychoanalytic tradition and the name of Jacques Lacan. He was able to compile various spheres of social life - from linguistics and mythology to sociology, ethics and maths - considering his theory of the subject and its existence in the vital conditions of social life, which is also the subject of this article. Qualitative analysis of primary empirical data, including the translated seminars of Jacques Lacan, processing of secondary empirical data by foreign and domestic authors, analysis of various interdisciplinary points of view on the topic regarded were used as research methods. This article examines the main concepts and original insights of Lacan's analytical discourse within the framework of the issue under study and also reveals the possibility of conceptual applicability of his theory to worldview issues in the context of psychic and social life. In the course of research, the author comes to the conclusion that the varied, somewhat chaotic view by Jacques Lacan actually allows to conduct a structured, pointwise and thorough criticism on the foundations of socio-ethical worldview peculiarities, and thus can appear to be interesting for philosophers, psychologists, sociologists , teachers, historians, culturologists.
Petrov M. - New Ñommunication Technologies in the Context of Socialization Processes
in the Information Society
pp. 1-15



Abstract: The object of this study is the modern social reality, the appearance of which is formed by the creation, use and improvement of new communicative technologies. The subject of the study is the socio-ontological foundations of the influence of new communication technologies on the processes of socialization of the individual in the information society. The purpose of this work is to identify and comprehend the socio-ontological features of those transformations of communicative reality that are characteristic of the current state of the development of the information society. The methodological foundation of this work is the methods and approaches to considering the communicative specifics of the information society, developed by such researchers as M. Castells, L.Floridi, F. Webster and others, as well as representatives of domestic socio-philosophical studies of this issue. In the course of the research, the author used hermeneutical and analytical-interpretive methods, and involved the means of conceptual analysis. The scientific novelty of the work consists in revealing the socio-ontological content of the influence of new communication technologies on the communication architecture of the developing information society, in assessing the socio-philosophical tasks arising in connection with the ongoing changes. The key conclusion of the study is that the heterogeneity of social and technological transformations that shape the image of a society called information society necessitates a pluralistic approach to the conceptualization of its ontological features and the importance of critical reflection of the conceptual units used.
Rakhinsky D.V., Panasenko G.V., Ravochkin N.N., Morozova O.F., Mineev V.V. - Social Contract: About Approaches to Its Theoretization and Its Philosophical Prospects pp. 10-21



Abstract: The authors raise the question of the content of the concept of “social contract theory”, discuss the key socio-philosophical content of social contract theories and modern views on it. The object of the study is the social contract as a philosophical concept, the subject of the study is the currently developed ways of interpreting and applying this concept. The goal towards which the research presented in the article is aimed is to understand the ways of developing the concept of a social contract and the prospects for its further socio-philosophical use. The significance of the concept of a social contract for discussing the ontological foundations of the norms and obligations implemented in society that arise between the actors of social interaction is revealed. The theoretical and methodological innovations used by modern authors are analyzed to develop the concept of the social contract. In the course of this study, the authors used methods of comparative analysis (in relation to the considered ways of understanding the social contract), analytical and interpretive methods, and a historical-genetic method (in the context of considering ways of developing the concept of a social contract). The scientific novelty of the study lies in the formulation of assumptions regarding the philosophical prospects for the development of the concepts of social contract, as well as in the discussion of the meaning and methods of application of these concepts. Based on the study, the authors conclude that the concept of a social contract is of current importance in the context of reflecting the foundations of norms regulating social interaction.
Danchay-ool A.A., Davaa E.K. - Sociocultural aspect of conflict of generations in the Tuvan society: modernity and prospects pp. 11-23


Abstract: The object of this research is the transformational processes in the Tuvan culture, which take place due to transition from the centuries-old feudal structure to the modern globalized culture. The combination of interpenetrating cultural phenomena creates a unique context for the transformation of worldview, which becomes the basis of social unrest. Special attention is given to the problem of the conflict of generations, which arises due to disruption of the succession of cultural development in the Tuvan society. Drastic change of economic patterns and methods of interaction with nature under the new socioeconomic conditions, forms up the contradictory worldview of the younger generation, who identify themselves with the Tuvan ethnos, but fail to comply in practice. The conclusion is made on the presence of factors that aggravate the conflict of generations in the Tuvan society, which is undergoing the bidirectional influence of globalization. The author indicates the processes of implementation of innovations into social relations and tendency to archaization. The dynamism of socioeconomic development opens various opportunities for adaptation to different generations, which enhances the axiological gap. Moreover, the structure of transformation of social system takes roots in the change of mechanisms of socialization and education. The article reveals correlation between the problem of the conflict of generations and multiple aspects of the development of cultural-historical traditions. This provides a more holistic picture of the long-term development of Tuvan society.
Petrov P.A. - Sociocultural aspect of "unifying" and "traditional" value systems in the context of globalization. pp. 11-17



Abstract: The article analyzes the conflict between global and local socio-cultural systems on the example of the confrontation between fundamentalism and traditionalism in Islam. Religious fundamentalism in the form of Islamism inevitably accompanies the processes of globalization (A. I. Fursov, I. V. Fedyai, A. A. Kuznetsov). The conceptual interpretations of Islamic fundamentalism are investigated as a reaction to the pressure of global forces, when radicalism is considered as a response to Western neoliberalism (S. A. Batchikov), and as a form of modernization of Islamic fundamentalism capable of opposing traditional structures. Based on these interpretations, the conflict between fundamentalism and traditionalism in Islam is analyzed. Questions are raised about whether Islamism is a tool of "globalizers" and a form of mobilization of Muslims to destroy traditional systems, or fundamentalism should be understood as a means of preserving Muslim identity under global pressure.   Conclusions of the study: 1. The conflict between traditionalism and fundamentalism in Islam is an example of a worldwide conflict between "global" and "local" systems. 2. The assessment of the role of Islamism in the modern globalizing world is ambiguous: on the one hand, fundamentalism has really become a response to the global processes of Westernization and unification, on the other hand, its role as a mechanism for ensuring the cultural identity of Muslims and an alternative to the Western civilizational model does not correspond to reality. 3. Fundamentalism in its opposition to traditional Islam is aimed at destroying its cultural and historical heritage and ultimately leads to destabilization in the Muslim world, to the destruction of historical Muslim statehood and culture. 4. Fundamentalism is transformed into anti-traditionalism, which carries the ideas of religious postmodernism, but in reality it has an archaic content and is used in this way by supranational structures to implement the project of a controlled universalist world order.
Zakharov A.D. - Ethical-Psychological Theory by Erich Fromm as a Tool of Social Transformation pp. 12-21



Abstract: Social transformation is an up-to-date concept in current philosophical and social circumstances being considered with problematization and the creation and development of social philosophy several centuries ago. A specific contribution to this problem was made within the framework of improving the quality of human knowledge with the development of psychology as a science and methodology, psychoanalysis and neo–Freudianism in particular. This article is devoted to the problem of society’s ethical transformation using the example of Erich Fromm's radical humanistic psychoanalysis – a neo-Freudian concept that requires clarification and explanation despite the abundance of content covering the topic. Qualitative analysis of primary empirical data, processing of secondary empirical data, analysis of various views on the chosen topic were used as research methods. This article examines the basic concepts of Fromm's humanistic psychoanalysis within the framework of the issue under study, as well as an assessment of the conceptual applicability of his theory to the problem of social transformation. In the course of the research, the author comes to the conclusion that the theoretical constructions by Erich Fromm are not studied scrupulously enough, contain a unique idiographic point of view and have practical applicability for a wide range of users of the provided information – philosophers, psychologists, sociologists, historians, religious scholars.
Kadyrov D. - Return to the “Foundations” of Quentin Skinner pp. 13-23


Abstract: This article provides a brief analysis of the compilation “Rethinking the Foundations of Modern Political Thought”, which under the editorship of Annabel Brett and James Tully, represents an attempt to reconsider the original work of Quentin Skinner “The Foundations of Modern Political Thought”. The authors of the compilation examine such fundamental topics as the context of Q. Skinner’s “Foundations’, his “linguistic” philosophy, rhetoric, late scholastics; upon the questions on Hobbs and democracy. In conclusion, analysis is conducted on this attempt to “reconsider” the ideas and views of Skinner, as well as his response to the remarks. The goal of this article consists in examination of the main theses and criticism of the authors of the compilation. The need for such review is substantiated by the fact that the Cambridge School of Intellectual History gains more relevance for the Russian humanities. For the Russian political science, “Rethinking of the Foundations” remains an important and untranslated source for broader understanding of the Cambridge School of Intellectual History. The author of the article attempts to partially fulfill this gap.
Sizemskaya I.N. - Power and poet in Russia pp. 16-25


Abstract: In the center of author’s attention is the problem of “Poet and power”. Examining this issue in the historical retrospect, the author turns to the history of the Russian intelligentsia as the phenomenon of Russian culture, associating its background with the emergence of “military intelligentsia” of the era of Peter the Great. With the reforms of Peter the Great has appeared an educated social class, which combined spiritual work with government service, in other words the direct cooperation with authorities. The result of the joint efforts and the accomplishment of the reforms became the noble culture, the subject of which was Russian art intelligentsia. The article illustrates that on all stages of its history, art intelligentsia following the ideas of Enlightenment, was its carrier and founder, accumulating the ethical and humanistic values and protecting ideas of freedom and social justice. In a constant opposition to the conservative public powers, it protected the right to freedom of will and spiritual (intellectual and artistic) work. Within the framework of the chosen historical-philosophical analysis, the author focuses attention on the fact that the Russian intellectual in comparison with the European intellectual, felt as “outsider” within his own sociopolitical environment, which justified autocracy and general ignorance. The author concludes that the critical attitude towards reality was a constant of self-consciousness of intelligentsia. The author also examines the history of relationship between the art intelligentsia and the government after the October of 1917. The new political regime escalated the dictate of the government through Stalin upon the spiritual life of society. The new victims of new regime became N. Gumilev, O. Mandelshtam, and A. Akhmatova. Their creative path and opposition to the totalitarian regime became a separate subject of research.
Gryaznova E.V., Afanas'ev S.V. - Individualization of a person in the information socialization pp. 17-29


Abstract: In the information society, social experience cannot be transmitted only by traditional methods. Modern man is forced from an early age to take in information interaction occurring in the field of information reality created by modern information technology. Thus, the second period of socialization – individualization, which is the most active stage of education and upbringing of a person is largely not under the control of real social actors and information quasisurjectivity. The article discusses the possible negative consequences of this individualization. The study of individualization as traditional stage and information of socialization used subject-to-subject approach. The paper used methods of analysis and synthesis. The main findings of the study is justification of the fact that individualization in the information of socialization has both positive and negative consequences. The most dangerous are: the possibility of forming the average, the universal identity, devoid of belonging to a national culture. The reason is not only the transfer of information socialization in reality, the transfer functions of the management of this process information quasispherical.
Khan S.D. - The role of cultural intelligence in modern global world pp. 17-29


Abstract: This article reviews evolution of the concept of cultural intelligence, the relevance of which is substantiated by the complexity of cross-cultural relations in modern globalizing world. It is underlined that the development of such information technologies as the Internet, television, and mobile communication leads to conveyance of cultural patterns are transmitted from one country to another. In this context, special place in globalization processes is held by mass culture, which replaces folk cultures. Therefore, examination of the processes that impede the unification of cultures is relevant. The article examines a number of concepts that preceded the concept of cultural intelligence. Detailed analysis is conducted on the concept of cultural intelligence, introduced to the scientific community by such scholars as Christopher Earley and Soon Ang. Special attention is given to such concepts as cosmopolitanism and tolerance. The author outlines the key areas of application of the concept of cultural intelligence, which includes business, politics, military and diplomatic spheres. The article also considers the paper written by Earley and Mosakowski, which demonstrates the difference of perception of the material objects and social traditions in various countries. The author also reviews the existing models of CQ (cultural development coefficient). The problems and prospects for application of the concept of cultural intelligence in philosophy and in social life are demonstrated.
Ginatulina O.A. - The Social Existence of the Archive in the Light of the Challenges of Modern Society pp. 18-24



Abstract: The subject of this research is the socio-ontological foundation of the archive as a social institution in modern society. The purpose of the article is to study the challenges of modern society that affect the activities of the archive in connection with the interformational transition to a post–industrial society. The methodology used was a concrete universal theory of the development of the historical process, based on the modern scientific form of dialectics. The archive acquires the relevance of preserving mnemic images of society in connection with radical transformations in society. The information society, opening up new perspectives, does not always facilitate the process of preserving information, but on the contrary introduces new threats. In this regard, the role of the archive as a guarantor of objective truth is greatly increasing. The novelty of the research lies in the fact that the objective laws of the functioning of historical memory and the role of the archive in this regard are shown. The significance of the archive as a social institution lies in the fact that it is able to manifest the objective basis of history in the collective consciousness. The less the mnemic images differ from the social being, the more effectively society as a whole will function. Also, the archive should become one of the links in carrying out a "historical policy" aimed at preserving the mnemic images of society, capable of fighting back in a consentient war that destabilizes the population by distorting the historical memory of the people.
Melikov I.M., Khrapov S.A. - The phenomenon of "Russian religious socialism": N. Berdyaev about the specifics of socialism and the Soviet reality pp. 21-33


Abstract: The subject of the article is that socialism as a specific historical form of existence spiritual and social reality. The research urgency is caused by the significance of the socialist period of Russian history, as well as the 100th anniversary of the 1917 revolution. The aim of the study is a comprehensive understanding of the phenomenon of socialism, it really is historical manifestations and idealistic nature in the context of the religious philosophy of N.. Berdyaev, by means of social-philosophical and theological analysis. The subject of the research is concretized in the following sections of the article: "problem", "the transformation of the ideas of Marxism in "religious socialism", "a"Religious socialism" and the Soviet reality". The research methodology is based on the principles of comparativism, systematic and interdisciplinary. The authors used historical-philosophical, socio-philosophical, socio-cultural, socio-theological approaches to the analysis of socialism as a specific historical form of existence spiritual and social reality. The novelty of the research is reflected in the following conclusions: 1. The transformation of the ideas of Marxism in Russian "religious socialism", is one of the most important paradoxical social and cultural processes of the Russian history of the XX century, largely reflecting ambivalence of the Russian national character and contradictory nature of the "soul" of the Russian people. A theocratic form of socialism in our country was inevitable, because of her religious-transcendental civilizational grounds. That is why socialism is so quickly became the ideal and the real spheres of social life. 2. An extremely important feature of the theocratic nature of Russian socialism is its bearer - the Soviet people – a phenomenon quite unique in history. It characterized, in our view, three main feature.First, it's ideological. Not ideological, and ideology. It is not about political ideology, and psychological characteristics. Ideas for Soviet people was more important than life itself. Ideas for him was the ideal life, and therefore become a kind of idols. The Soviet people were looking for a lofty ideal, strive for it and your life necessarily correlated with it. Communism was presented to the Soviet man ideal, but only because he is set to ideal. Otherwise, any ideal becomes a mere phraseology.Secondly, romanticism. Without him, the Soviet people simply would not have survived the stresses of everyday life in socialist reality. Thirdly, morality, bordering on religiosity. Soviet morality, values which did not differ from the universal-religious, in fact was the basis, if I may say so, the Soviet religion.3. The Soviet system was a theocracy, because above all he proclaimed not only spiritual, but even of religious values, imbuing socialism with transcendental meanings. Socialism was based on the romance of the soul, he displaces the soul of man from material and social life in areas of significantly elevated, more spiritual, being in which she can find romanticism. Socialism does not allow the human soul to fall to the ground, because for him it means death. That is why in the years of socialism there have been many brilliant creations of culture. The Soviet system, in fact, ceased to exist, when this exalted qualities came down to earth realism and the basest pragmatism.
Avakyan-Forer A.G. - Philosophical problems of economics in the Modern Era pp. 21-28



Abstract: The economy has been an integral part of the life of all mankind since the most ancient times. The development of this science is directly related to the activities of people in a particular historical period. Various spheres and areas of life have undergone numerous changes under the influence of numerous factors, such as the formation of states, changes in political regimes, scientific discoveries and many others. Very few works are devoted to philosophical issues of Modern economics. As a result, the main concepts of socio-economic issues in the philosophical thought of the Modern era became the subject of the study. The author examines in detail the reasons and prerequisites for the formation of economic science. In Modern times, it is being formed into an autonomous system. Special attention is paid to the transformation of such basic economic categories as economy, labor, interests, and need. Economic problems during this period are permeated with a new philosophical meaning. The main conclusions of the philosophical analysis are the identification of new human relationships, both to himself and to society. There are new attitudes to man, to nature, to work, to trade, to wealth. Analyzing their contents, the author reveals a general idea of the nature of economic activity of this era. As a result, it turns out that the economic ideas of the philosophers of this period, in particular T. Hobbes, A. Smith and B. Mandeville, affect a number of very important aspects of the essence of man and influence the further development of economic theory as a whole. The novelty of the research lies in the fact that generalizing the ideas of philosophers about economic issues, the author combines them into three approaches.
Gusev D.A. - Liberalism, Orthodoxy and the National Idea in the Context of Transition and Crisis of the Modern Russian Society pp. 25-62


Abstract: The search for a new national idea in the era of transition and crisis of the modern Russian society is a burning question. The national idea is the "tower of Babel", in the collective construction of which a certain General social supertask or supergoal is realized, and that is why it can become a cementing foundation of society. Given the growing political and cultural influence of the role of the Orthodox Church, we can assume that Orthodoxy could become the basis for a new national idea. Orthodox Christianity is not likely to become a new national idea. It is not so much due to the multinational character of the Russian state as because due to the fact that one of the foundations of religious worldview is the idea of personal salvation that is inherently anti-collectivistic or individualistic. However market and liberal values as well as values of religious nature are all based on the same idea of "personal salvation", understood not only in mystic and supernatural measurement, buy in purely secular mental coordinates: personal career, personal enrichment, personal success; therefore the search for an adequate and effective system of values which could form a new national idea still remains a matter of future.
Plyusnin L.V., Petrova G.I. - Ecosystem rationality is a philosophical discourse of thinking about the modern world and its future pp. 27-40



Abstract: This article considers the search for a specific form of rational thinking about the future to be the subject of research. The object of research, in this regard, is rational thinking in the specifics of its essential characteristics and historical and philosophical forms of manifestation. Ecosystem rationality is proposed and substantiated as a relevant rationality as the methodological position. This study uses the following research methods: system analysis, which provides a holistic vision of a person from the perspective of his activities. This method proposes the concept of ecosystem rationality. System analysis is supplemented in the article by a comparison method, when different types of rationality (classical, non-classical and post-non-classical) are considered in the potential possibilities of their forms to think about the social reality of the future. Based on the generalization of literature, the article captures the tendency of the formation of ecosystem rationality as the form of modern post-non-classical rational thinking that meets the specifics of the study of modern social reality and its future manifestations. The concept is developed, the main characteristics are given, the specific purpose of ecosystem rationality is determined, which, while remaining scientific (that is, showing a rational path to truth), goes beyond the scope of science alone and, based on its epistemological criteria, offers rational ways of thinking about sociality in general. This rational thinking has the ability to be directed to the multi-vector and non-linear nature of social development, the facet nature of a theoretical view that can grasp the network state of the present as a harbinger of the future.
Gusev D.A., Potaturov V.A. - Three Levels of Perception of Socio-political Conflict, or Another Damage to Human Nature pp. 29-56



Abstract: Major socio-political changes, as a rule, split society into their supporters and opponents. Each side creates its own humanitarian picture of the world, declaring it true, and the opponents' ideas as a delusion. In the minds of representatives of each of the parties to the conflict, a kind of segregation appears on the "right" and "wrong", which is one of the manifestations of damage to human nature, which brings suffering to a person, and disasters to society. The relevance of the topic is determined by the search for the causes of this damage and ways to overcome it – for the harmonization of both human and social life. The object of the study is universal generic damage, and the subject is its segregational manifestation during periods of major social conflicts. The novelty of the conducted research consists in an attempt to synthesize scientific and theological discourses in the conditions of modern post-secularism and substantiating the fact that in the coordinates of purely secular consciousness it is impossible to find the real causes of human damage and effective ways to overcome it, as everyone can see empirically by the example of their own life path. One of the main conclusions of the study is that a person's attitude to the socio-political split can be represented as three-part hierarchically, where the emotional, theoretical-methodological and metaphysical, or religious, or Christian level are distinguished. The first is characterized by misanthropic segregation and separation, the second by skepticism and ideological neutrality, where there is no division, but there is no unification, and the third by repentance and humility, healing the damage to our nature and leading to fraternal unification, human happiness and social prosperity.
Goncharov V.V. - The evolution of ontological principles in global constitutionalism pp. 31-47


Abstract: The author substantiates that the social concept of global constitutionalism emerged as a consequence of the generality of the main goals of the social concepts of neoliberalism and neoconservatism that reign in the US and the Western world - ensuring the preservation and development of the world capitalist system. Therefore, the origins of the philosophical principles of global constitutionalism are social concepts of neoliberalism and neoconservatism, which was the basis for the development of the processes of globalization in the world according to the Western model. We use a number of methods of scientific knowledge: epistemological; ontology; formal logic; dialectic; statistical; comparative legal; abstract-idealistic; specifically historical. Further development of the philosophical principles of global constitutionalism as a social concept due to their contradiction with the philosophical principles of alternative social concepts underpinning the globalization of "left" - the alter-globalization; and social concepts of the opponents of globalization, socio-political, state-legal, financial-economic life of societies and nation states as "right" - alter (isolationists, pacifists, anarchists, Marxists, green, animal advocates, human rights activists, hippies, nationalists, etc.), and "left" - modern Marxists, proletarian internationalists.
Igosheva M.A. - Ethnic identity in the conditions of destructive influences and traumatic impacts of the modern world globalization processes pp. 31-43


Abstract: The subject of this research is the question of mainstream of ethnic identity in the modern world. The main threat to cultural security of ethnic communities consists in the global spiritual expansion of Western civilization. This defines the importance of studying the resource potential of ethnic identity in the context of global transformations that destructively influence the livelihood of local communities. The author underlines that in the conditions of controversial globalization processes, risks and threats of the transforming social reality, the protective resources of ethnic identity come to the foreground, serving as the means for resisting social innovations. Methodological framework is comprised of the constructivist paradigm that allows viewing ethnic identity as a way of organization of sociocultural existence of the community on the basis of outlining of its “symbolic” boundaries. The acquired results clarify that in the conditions of uncertainty, the mainstream of ethnic identity is a protective response to the traumatic character of globalization processes. Namely the resource potential of ethnic identity helps to confront risks and threats of the transforming social reality, establishing symbolic boundaries between the “own” and “alien” world.
Shintar T.A. - Archetypal images of modern social mythology pp. 31-40


Abstract: The article is devoted to the problem of reproduction of the archetypes of the collective unconscious in modern social mythology. The question of primordial images in recent years has been the focus of research attention of many social sciences: anthropology, psychology, philosophy. The article presents the prerequisites for the development of social mythology and a brief overview of its research. In the course of the analysis of archetypal images, four major areas of research in modern social mythology are characterized: structuralist, semiotic, phenomenological and psychoanalytic. Mythological images used in various spheres of life are presented as the subject of research: in mass culture, mass media, art, education, etc. 6 archetypes are characterized: Infant, Virgin, Mother, Rebirth, Spirit, Trickster. Their features and specifics are shown. Examples of the use of archetypes in archaic myths of different peoples and in modern socio-mythological creativity are given as illustrations, which demonstrates the viability of archetypal images. The transformation of the images of the characters of archaic myths in popular culture is demonstrated. The article defines the common features of modern social mythology and archaic myths. It is concluded that archetypal images of social mythology play an important role in social life: through modern social myths, society adapts to the changing conditions of its life; archetypal images of modern social mythology perform the function of maintaining a pattern, reproducing the value-normative system of society.
Levikova S.I. - Social Phenomenon of the Informal Youth Subculture (the Case Study of the Rastafari Subculture: History and Sociocultural Importance) pp. 32-123


Abstract: The informal youth subculture as the social phenomenon which held a firm place in structure of the modern industrially developed societies passing to post-industrialism step represents the self-organizing social groups producing own subcultures. Without knowledge and understanding of this phenomenon (detection of its intrinsic characteristics, laws of functioning, dynamics of development, etc. that it is obviously possible to make only by consideration it from positions of the social philosophy displaying a phenomenon in its integrity), adequate display of modern social reality is impossible. In turn the phenomenon of informal youth subculture includes a set of various informal youth subcultures (by the principle: "whole" both "part" or "general" and "private"). There is a lot of similar "private" informal youth subcultures in structure of the modern developed societies, and one of them exist a long time, and others very short period; one of them have the name, and others – no; one of them exist locally in any district (the country, the city), and others extend over many countries of the world and have the international character. One of the international informal youth subcultures is the Rastafari, existing already some tens years and come to Russia in the 1990th where she managed strongly to locate. This subculture is considered in article from the point of view of its historical roots, genesis, dynamics, intrinsic characteristics, the reasons of emergence and distribution on the world, and also her outlooks. And the author carries out accurate distinction between religious sect of the Rastafarian and the informal youth subculture of the same name thanks to what eliminates often practiced to a mistake, connected with an identification of religious sect and informal youth subculture. The social and philosophical analysis of informal youth subculture of Rastafari allows to understand the reasons of why this subculture practically didn't gain distribution to the USA, and, on the contrary, strongly took roots in Russia. The methodological base of research are philosophical methods and the principles of knowledge – objectivity, general communication, integrity and systemacity, causality and a determinism. The solution of the studied problems is carried out also on the basis of general scientific research approaches, first of all – system and general scientific methods: synthesis, the analysis, methods of the logical and historical analysis, induction, deduction, idealization, etc. Besides, dialectic, phenomenological, germenevtichesky, logical, historical methods, and also social and philosophical and comparative analyses are applied. The novelty of research is caused by the fact that the author carried out the social and philosophical analysis of the international informal youth subculture of Rastafari which in the 1990th entered life of the Russian society and strongly took its the place in it. The main contribution of the author to research of a subject is that it considered origin of Rastafari as the national liberation movement and tracked further transformation it at first in religious sect, and then in informal youth subculture, having shown, as meanings, both symbolics and many intrinsic moments of the previous stages of the Rastafarian were included into modern informal youth subculture of the same name. Having carried out the comparative analysis of informal youth subcultures of the Rastafarian, hippie and a gothic style, the author came to the main conclusion that in fact these subcultures are identical, and they differ only with subcultural features. Also the author drew a conclusion that for the best understanding of modern social systems it is necessary to study carefully their structural elements inludig informal youth subcultures such as Rastafari. 
Parkhomenko R.N. - Eurasianism in the modern Russian socio-philosophical thought: reincarnation of one notion pp. 33-45


Abstract: The subject of this research is the principal ideas of Eurasianism as a large-scale projects in the Russian philosophy, within the framework of which were raised such problems that in many aspects do not lose their relevance until today and are in great demand within the modern Russian philosophical thought and political science. The author thoroughly examines the contemporary variation of Eurasianism, which received a name “Neo-Eurasianism”, and is being actively developed by A. G. Dugin, N. N. Moiseev, A. S. Panarin, F. I. Girenok, and others, and in the opinion of many researchers is able to become a primary way of development for our country. The main conclusion consists in the analysis and assessment of the main ideas of Eurasianism and Neo-Eurasianism within the modern context of the Russian socio-philosophical thought. The author’s main contribution is the thought about the possible economic and cultural rebirth of our country that can be achieved via referring to the very promising ideas of Eurasianism and Neo-Eurasianism on a certain “reincarnation” of the ideas of Eurasianism within the modern philosophy and politics.
Smirnov M.V. - Social being of personality in the context of socio-historical totality of the performative interpretation pp. 33-43


Abstract: The object of this research is the concept of performative interpretation as a discursive-historical hegemony of socio-metaphysical system of thought. The subject is the substantiation of the performative interpretation from the perspective of the principle of totality. The research is structure on the basis of the idea of performative interpretation of M. Foucault, as well as several modern sociological theories of the performative utterance, who assign a central role in formation and perception of social relations, rules and practices to the language. The goal of this article is to signify and adjust the understanding of the subject of research for the social philosophy, its role in the establishment and totalization of comprehension of the social being of personality, and the boundaries of its self-reflection. The study is conducted on the example of socio-philosophical analysis of the meaning of Marxist-Hegelian discourse of continental philosophy – its consideration from the standpoint of the totality of performative interpretation. Using the principle of dialectical complementarity, the author underlines the correlation between the sociological theories oriented towards the feedback, and the dialectical principle of totality. In the course of the research, the author demonstrates the inner contradictions of M. Foucault’s concept of performative interpretation with his epistemological theory; as well as the fact and consequences of neglecting by the theories of peformativity of the Hegelian principle of totality, namely the structural-semiological totality of language of J. Lacan (dimension of the symbolic). It is depicted that personality not only reproduces and follows certain performative act, but remains in the totality of performative interpretation, which reproduces the discourses, ideology and boundaries of their articulation. Application of the principle of totality into the research of social performative utterances will allow establishing the more harmonious feedback with the actants, as well as create the interdisciplinary relations between the idealistic metaphysics and such sociological movements as the actor-network theory and normative sociology.
Fedin A.N., Nikishova N.V. - The views of the historian M. N. Petrov on the problem of social progress pp. 36-45



Abstract: In the present work the concept of social progress in the works of historian M. N. Petrov is considered from the positions of comparativist method, system-historical aspect of systematic approach and B. Russell's principle of individuality. The work describes the theoretical and methodological basis of the concept, its application to the study of historical process and moral education of man. In the work it is pointed out that in spite of the originality of his approach the historian does not go beyond the general problems of Russian philosophical thought on social development, referring to the ethical comparison of the progress of man and humanity, as well as the question of justification of violence for the benefit of the future. The article analyzes similarities and differences with the views of such prominent contemporary historians as V. I. Herier, N. I. Kareev, M. M. Kovalevsky, and I. V. Luchitsky. According to the conclusions of the article, the evolution of historiosophic knowledge in the Russian historical science led to a rapid transition from empirical and metaphysical views to empirical and ethical ones and fading of interest to the concept of M. N. Petrov. The paper proves that the criteria of social progress, developed by the scientist of Kharkov University, formed the basis for the study of progress by Russian religious philosophy and Eurasianism.
Parkhomenko R.N. - Discourse, democracy, political publicity as the components of German normative concept of liberalism pp. 39-49


Abstract: The object of this research is the main definitions of the social theory of one of the most reputable contemporary German philosophers Jürgen Habermas that received a title of “deliberative democracy”. Special attention is given to the examination of liberalism, which tends to exaggerate the role of the negative individual freedoms that in turn, leads to unacceptability of the so-called “Western individualism”, predominantly within the Eastern societies. At the same time, entire legal power of the Western democracies ranges itself on the side of personal interests of an individual. The author thoroughly explores the question on how the instrumentalist understanding of the principles of democracy sharply contradicts the republican “variant” of democratic freedoms. The author’s main contribution consists in an attempt to determine the merits and flaws of the J. Habermas’ theory. The fact that the main positions of the theory of discursive democracy are substantiated fairly convincing id considered a positive side of the social philosophy of Habermas. However, the disadvantage of the concept of deliberative democracy consists in the fact that Habermas as an unconditional prerequisite accepts a postulate that all people are rational creatures, whose behavior is being strictly regulated by the rational principles expressed by the virtue of language.
Spirova E.M. - Conservatism VS Liberalism pp. 40-60


Abstract: The past decades in Russia have seen a sharp confrontation between liberal and conservative values and attitudes. Liberally orientated politicians that came to power in 1991 in many respects determined the social course as well. But the conservative attitudes gradually came to the foreground in the society. The article discusses causes of the change of the previous course, analyses specific conservative values in Russia. The globalist aspect of this phenomenon is pointed out. The novelty of the article is related to an attempt at showing political and sociocultural shifts in the public consciousness of Russia and comparing them with analogous cultural orientations in other large countries, first of all, China and USA. The author demonstrates that despite the similarity of common conservative strivings in modern politics, they have differing aspects associated with the real political and economic situation.
Zheltikova I.V. - Conceptualization of the "image of the future" and the "image of the city" and their mutual heuristic potential pp. 41-51



Abstract: The article is devoted to the consideration of the variants of the meaning of the scientific categories "image of the future" and "image of the city". The subject of the study is the process of forming the conceptual certainty of these stable phrases. Hermeneutical analysis acts as its leading method, aimed at identifying the meanings in which the analyzed phrases are used. Comparative analysis allows us to establish the heuristic potential of the concepts "image of the future" and "image of the city" used in one study. In the article, the author examines the emergence of the analyzed concepts in the second half of the 20th century, their functioning in various scientific contexts. Special attention is paid to their heuristic potential within the framework of social philosophy. The scientific novelty of the study consists in distinguishing four meanings of the concept of "image of the city" – as "image of a real city", in which, based on personal impressions, a generalized representation is formed that captures the uniqueness of a particular urban space, "artistic image of the city" captured in painting, literature, cinema, music, "stereotypical image of the city" as generalized-the normative idea of a well-known, historically significant city, and the "philosophical image of the city" as a speculative model of human settlement, the main parameters of which are socially determined. The main conclusions of the behavioral research concern the possibility of considering the image of the city as an element of the image of the future, capturing ideas about society, its structure, economy, politics, spiritual practices, social expectations of the time in which it is created. The author of the article suggests considering the study of the image of the city as one of the methods of studying the images of the future.
Gonotskaya N. - Mass media in modern social communication space pp. 42-54


Abstract: This article examines the role of mass media in establishment of the modern social communication space. Special attention is given to the socio-philosophical concepts of G. Debord, P. Virilio, N. Postman, J. Baudillard, T. Adorno, M. Horkheimer, and H. Marcuse, which depict mass media as the power that “derealizes reality”, manipulates public opinion, as well as produces a destructive effect on personality. The analysis of ambivalent potential of media industry through referring to the works of the leading scholars in this area allows prudently assessing both – the critical theories that underline the negative impact of mass media; and the apologetic concepts of M. McLuhan and G. Vattimo that indicate the positive impact of mass media, resulting in establishment of a unified global communication space. The research demonstrates that the destructive role of mass media is quite exaggerated. Mass media design the global communication space, but their role lies not in imposing any truths or values upon the audience, but rather create the conditions for mutual understanding the consensus for an extensive circle of the subjects of communication, suggesting various discursive topics and discussion schemes.
Rusakov S.S. - I. Kant's Copernican revolution in the context of the concept of subjectivation pp. 42-50


Abstract: This article is dedicated to correlation between the concept of subjectivation of M. Foucault and the concept of subject of I. Kant. Due to the fact that the project of studying the forms of subjectivity has not been accomplished, the artistic legacy of the French scholar has left numerous questions still to be answered. One of such questions is the transformation of the subject that took place in Modern Age, and the reasons for the elimination of spiritual practices of subjectivation. The work is of historical-philosophical nature, and employs analytical, critical and comparative methods of research applicable to the texts of Michel Foucault and Immanuel Kant, as well as to a number of foreign (G. Deleuze, A. Renaut, T. Adorno) and domestic (M. Mamardashvili, F. Girenok, S. Khoruzhiy) analytical works. The novelty of this research consists in the analysis of the philosophical concept of M. Foucault in the specific context of transcendental philosophy of I. Kant. The author distinguishes between what the French researcher called the metaphysical subject of Descartes and the transcendental subject of Kant. The following conclusions were formulated: the acknowledgement of irrevocable loss of the elements of subjectivation in the Kantian concept of subject, which were reflected in the doctrine of Cartesius; claim of the autonomy of the Kantian subject, founded on the rejection of metaphysics and exclusion of heteronomy as a characteristic of subjectivity; confirmation of the key role of practical reason as the factor of further development of the concept of subject towards enhancing the autonomy and gnoseocentrism.
Kuz'min P.A. - The Semiotic Method as an Aspect of the Methodology of Social Philosophy: the Experience of S.S. Averintsev pp. 42-53



Abstract: The subject of the study is the correlation of the application of the semiotic method by S.S. Averintsev with social philosophy. The aim of the work is to demonstrate how and to what extent S.S. Averintsev applied the semiotic method and to identify the belonging of this method to the socio-philosophical field. The author identifies and concretizes the specifically semiotic features of Averintsev's methodology. The role of the sign in the worldview of early Byzantine society, the formation of this worldview and its adequate presentation, the sign as a reflection of the life of society and at the same time as a factor influencing it is revealed. The problem of the sign's ability to convey philosophical and theological meaning is considered. The material for the study is the work of S.S.Averintsev "Poetics of Early Byzantine literature". As a result of the work, the specifically semiotic features of Averintsev's methodology were identified and concretized. In his research, Sergey Sergeevich uses the terms "semiotics", "sign", "sign system", "structure", "context", "representation", "meaning", the concept of "word function" with varying degrees of intensity, which are characteristic of semiotics as a science. S.S. Averintsev touches on philosophical and ideological themes. It concerns such philosophical concepts and topics as being, ontology, anthropology, goodness, transcendence, otherness, meaning. The novelty of the research is due to the fact that the semiotic aspect of Averintsev's works has not been investigated, and there are also no scientific texts devoted to the relationship of the semiotic method and social philosophy in Averintsev's works. Averintsev reveals the correlation of the existence of society with the iconic universe. Being itself is a philosophical concept. Averintsev's work shows how meanings affect signs and the life of society, and at the same time, how signs themselves create new meanings.The Christian worldview presupposes such a view of man and society, in which a person in his unity with God is thought of as a being with the highest value and dignity in the created world.
Mikhaylov I. - New Transformations of the public Sphere: Contemporary Discussions in Germany pp. 42-52



Abstract: The article discusses the main stages and approaches to analyzing the problem of publicity using the example of the works of Heidegger, Horkheimer, and Adorno. The reasons for the absence of a positive concept of publicity in German philosophy of the first half of the twentieth century are shown, as well as the connection between a negative attitude towards publicity and the global socio-historical pessimism of that time. The significance of the theory of publicity presented in two studies of Habermas, “Structural Changes of the Public Sphere” (1962) and publications 2021–2022, is analyzed, as well as its connection with the political theory of democracy. Habermas interprets the “public sphere” as a special space for the application of critical discourse, emerging in the era of the emergence of capitalism. If in feudal society “publicity” is identified with the state, then in the 18th–19th centuries. a practice of discussions about literature is emerging, gradually expanding to a critical discussion of social processes. With the achievement by the middle of the twentieth century bourgeois society at the stage of “mass democracy” and the intervention of the state, which actively uses manipulative technologies, the rational foundations of the discourse of the public sphere give way to non-rational ones. The area of publicity becomes an area of confrontation and conflict between the interests of various social groups. New structural transformations in the sphere of publicity become noticeable in 2010–2020 and are associated with the emergence of new media, the new role of social networks. One of Habermas’ main critical arguments points out that the media structure changed by digitalization may deepen contemporary problems with contemporary Western democracy and result in deepening of it’s crisis. Habermas’ theory is contrasted against the theories of other media theorists (Marshall McLuhan, Niklas Luhmann and others).
Ganin A.V. - Georg Simmel on the manifestation and restraint of emotions pp. 42-55



Abstract: One of the key issues of social philosophy of the XX-XXI centuries was the relationship of individual emotions to public life. The "classics" answered this question in different ways. In the opinion of the author of the article, the most interesting and influential approach is that of the German philosopher and sociologist Georg Simmel. The approach is ambivalent and creative. Starting from the need to take into account individual emotions, Simmel at the same time tried to show the specifics of an emotionally self-censoring modern society with its strict restrictions. In this article, based on general scientific methods, an analysis of significant works by Simmel is carried out. Strategies of emotional self-censorship or deterrence have been identified. First, the strategy of urban blasphemy or bluntness of emotions. It has been shown how this way of restraining emotions develops in conditions of cognitive overload in large cities. With the help of general scientific methods, the causes of such a phenomenon of public life, such as "self-defense" of the nervous system and social alienation have been identified. Secondly, the strategy of developing a sense of tact was analyzed. It is pointed out that, according to Zimmel, tact serves as the basis for communication and socialization and imposes a ban on the breakthrough of individual feelings into the sphere of communication. Thirdly, the article describes the strategy of monetary objectification of the emotional sphere, which is the most significant for Zimmel's creativity. Special attention in the study of this issue is paid to the analytical and critical understanding of the philosophical and sociological ideas of the work "Philosophy of Money". The author of the article carried out an independent translation of excerpts from the book, which allowed for a more detailed study of the relationship between money, emotions and desires. The elements of the scientific novelty of the article include the identification of the specifics of "monetary cynicism" as a special variant of the objectification of the emotional sphere.
Efremov O.Y., Mukin V.A. - Religious value foundations in religious culture of Chuvashia pp. 43-52


Abstract: This article provides the search results of the value foundations of religions in their cultural manifestation within the social space of Chuvash Republic, as well as describes their qualitative characteristics. The authors present the results of philosophical analysis of the content, structure, and functional potential of the impact of invariant (or attributive) characteristics of value foundations of the religious outlook upon human consciousness. The article substantiates the principle of interaction between the scientific and religious outlook within the university social space, as well as provides the proof of possibility of their mutual influence without losing the value orientations aimed at construction of human and society. The author show the possibility of regulating relations of the two sociocultural institutions of the regions – religion and education through the social space of the flagship university. The article suggests a mechanism of conjunction and potential integration according to the purpose of building the scientific and religious outlook preserving the identity of each. Socio-philosophical analysis of characteristics of the religious values from the perspective of their compatibility and non-confrontational interaction allowed determining the attributive positions and value foundations for every religious culture. The authors established the hierarchical importance of he identified value foundations:   Private for separate religious organization; For regional religious community; For all regional religions communities as a whole.   The interrelation of various religious communities take place on the basis of the principle of systematicity, manifesting as the subsystems with own differences and functions cooperating within the framework of the more general subsystem of university culture.  
Rusakov S.S. - Conceptual-categorical apparatus in social philosophy of M. K. Mamardashvili pp. 44-49


Abstract: This article is dedicated to the problem of examination and systematization of the separate concepts, notions and categories featured in social philosophy of M. K. Mamardashvili. The author focuses on structuring the analysis of Mamardashvili’s philosophy on the three levels that reflect different topics in his philosophizing: the first level allocates the notions related to the original interpretation of the various social institutions (artefacts); the second level – the categories associated with the types of social cultures or types of society lining up according to the configuration of element from the first level; the third level considers several concepts about the emergence of certain type of people that are the products of various types of society. In the course of this research, the author leans on method of modelling alongside analytical, critical and comparative analysis. The scientific novelty consists in determination of not only the systematics representation on the fundamental categories of M. K. Mamardashvili that can be applied in socio-philosophical analysis of any modern society, but also in revelation of peculiarities of his ideas pertinent to society. Based on the three-level system of the philosopher’s categorical apparatus, the author underlines that his ideas broadly resemble the phenomenological analysis of society, but much more original, without any borrowings from the social philosophy of Husserl or Heidegger.
Zobkov R.A. - Social philosophy, philosophy of politics and ontological status of the concepts of “power” and law” in Rene Guenon’s discourse pp. 44-57


Abstract: This article explores the philosophy of politics, social philosophy and ontological status of the concepts of “power” and “law”. The author reviews the fundamental principles of Rene Guenon’s social philosophy: anthropological inequality, doctrine of “universal human”, methodology of organicism; examines his criticism of the modern bases of the society – egalitarianism, democracy, and equality; as well as analyzes the causes of “social chaos”. The article also discusses the ternary social stratification and its factors, division of society into Brahmans, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Vaishyas and Shudras; analyzes the criteria “Namika” and “Gotrika” as the characteristics of an individual being. The study reviews the ontological essence of the “political” and its boundaries in the metaphysical-ontological system of Rene Guenon’s discourse; archetype “Manu” and its connotations, functions and comparisons. Comparative juxtapositions of the principles Brahatma, Mahatma and Mahanga in Hermeticism and Christianity, and their social dimensions. The use of systemic-structural analysis allowed determining “Purusha” as a sociological dimension of a “universal human”. Ontological method demonstrated the holistic connotations of subject and society within Rene Guenon’s social organicism. Systemic-structural,  metaphysical and comparative analyses allowed comparing the primary duality of Carl Schmitt and Rene Guenon as the founding areas and aspects of the ontological. Analysis is conducted on the ontological essence of “power” and its splitting into “Spiritual Rule” and “Worldly Power”, correlation between metaphysical and ontological with these principles and their sociological manifestation within the Varna system. The author determines the interrelation of the positions of ultimate realism and ontological status of the universalities “political”, “law”, “social”, and “power”.
Avakyan-Forer A.G. - Economic entity in the philosophical thought: retrospect and modernity pp. 45-52


Abstract: The subject of this article is the basic sociocultural determinants of behavior of an economic entity in different historical periods. The goal of this article is consists in identification and socio-philosophical analysis of the model of economic entity and their behavior. The achievement of set goal is promoted by outlining and solution of such tasks as the examination of fundamental scientific paradigms and approaches that explain the logic of behavior of the economic entity in the context of subject matter and problematic of social philosophy; substantiation and demonstration of the mechanism of determination that reveals systemic changes in the economic entity model in the classical and nonclassical socio-philosophical concepts. Currently, the complexity and nonlinearity, multidimensionality and ambiguity of interdependencies between various aspects of economic activity arouse interest not only in the sphere of private scientific research, but also draw heightened attention of the philosophers. Namely, one of the significant aspects of philosophical conceptualization of the problem of behavior of the economic entity consists in correlation between moral norms and reaching financial well-being in the decision-making processes on different levels. The article discusses the socio-philosophical theories, conceptual framework of evolution of the representations on the economic entity and their behavioral practices, as well as indicates their dependence on paradigms of a particular historical period. In the modern conditions of transformational economy, under the influence of globalization, transition towards the knowledge society, examination of the essence and role of economic entity are of crucial relevance. The philosophical approach towards solution of the articulated problem implies examination of the questions related to the rational, partially rational or irrational behavior of the economic entity, as well as detection of anonymity of economic activity within the system of social ties and relations.
Blokhina N.V. - Socio-philosophical understanding of transformation of family in the dynamics of civilization over the period from Middle Ages to Modern Age pp. 45-58


Abstract: Understanding of reasons and consequences of ongoing transformations with modern institution of the family is impossible without gaining insight into the processes, results and concept of changes that rook place with the family in its historically observable past. The subject of this research is the family and transformation of functions of the family in a historical context. The author conducts a socio-philosophical comparative analysis in compliance with the principle of systematicity and value of functions of the family through structural-comparative analysis of a historical type of medieval family with three ideal models of transitional historical periods from Middle Ages to Modern Age. The utopic concepts of T. More, T. Companella and F. Bacon served as the foundation for this research. Having examined the acceptable for philosophers types of family structure at various stages of the indicated historical period, the author determines dominant factors that affected the qualitative and essential changes of internal environment of the family as a small group, as well as structural-functional changes of the family as an institution, which led to transformation of the family and its functions. The author sees family as the basis of harmonious and happy life of an individual and a source of social well-being. The article is written from the perspective of familialism and viewed as a social institution. The scientific novelty lies in analysis of the historical type of family with hypothetical models of family, reflected in philosophical texts of this historical period, in order to determine the dominants that transform family, and establish the peculiarities of emergence of socio-philosophical concepts of studying institution of the family depending on social processes in the historical context of development. Such approach allow identifying the inward nature of structural relationships “individual – family – society – government” in a specific society.
Pakhar L.I. - Alienation: current state and development prospects of the society pp. 46-61


Abstract: The subject of this article is the phenomenon of alienation, which can be interpreted not only from the perspective of interrelation between labor and its outcome, but also in a much broader context. In social theory, the problem of alienation is one of the key in understanding of the mechanism of social development process. Social contradictions manifest through the processes of alienation; and vice versa, contradictions become apparent through the processes of alienation. This article traces the evolution of separate forms of alienation in historical retrospect. An attempt is made to determine the current state of the existing forms of economic, political, social and spiritual alienation in the Western and Russian societies. The author suggests the possible ways to overcome them. The novelty of this work lies in the author's attempt to examine the processes unfolding in modern world as a reflection of the processes of alienation and their modifications. The conclusion is made that if the contradictions are the source of development, the task of government representatives is to take control, manage and mitigate the internal processes of alienation in the society. With the advent of postindustrial era, the globalization processes altered the liberal model of social development. We can witness that capitalism ceases to be a formation that ensures progressive development. Humanity enters a transitional period of its history, similar to the Renaissance Era. Examination of the processes of alienation in the society would contribute to the proper response to challenges of the time.
Ravochkin N.N. - The correlation between politics and law: socio-philosophical analysis pp. 47-60


Abstract: This article carries out a socio-philosophical analysis of interaction between the phenomena of politics and law. The goal of this work consist in the review of the existing correlations between politics and law. The subject of research is the correlations between politics and law. For achieving the set goal, the history of the question is considered. The author presents integral and differential characteristics of the two indicated categories. The definition to the concept of “political-legal institution” is provided alongside the modern classification by various grounds. The novelty is substantiated by the fact that there are virtually no philosophical writings on the analysis of correlations between politics and law. The formulated conclusions have theoretical and practical importance: reflect the characteristics of politics and law; confirm the justification of their institutional realization; underline the duality of nature of the political-legal institutions; propose classification of political-legal institutions for clearer understanding of the vectors of institutional transformations and emergence of neoforms in the context of current global development.
Linde A.N. - F.M. Dostoevsky, L.N. Tolstoy on the relationship of personality, individual and society pp. 47-54



Abstract: The main subject of this article is the relationship of a human as a personality or as an individual and society in the artistic and philosophical creativity of F.M. Dostoevsky and L.N. Tolstoy. The main goal of this work is, in comparison with the structuralist approach, to analyze the main provisions of the approaches of F.M. Dostoevsky and L.N. Tolstoy, which touched upon the problem of the relationship of a human as a personality or as an individual and society. The main objectives of this article: to analyze how the concepts of the personality and the individual differ, and what is the correlation of the personality and the individual with society as a whole. Then it is determined what is the understanding of the individual and his purely functional role in the society of the structuralist approach. Finally, the understanding of a person as a unique personality, created in the image and likeness of God in the works of F.M. Dostoevsky and L.N. Tolstoy. It is determined what is the advantage of such an existential-personalist approach of two Russian thinkers over the structuralist direction and its approach to the individual as just a "cog" of a systemically-functionally regulated society. So, as shown in the article, structuralism presupposes the domination of the general, the whole over the individual, the particular and grades a human as a personality, turning him into only an atomic social individual. In contradiction to structuralism, F.M. Dostoevsky and L.N. Tolstoy develop an approach to man as a person and offer an original model of society as an interconnected community of personalities. As the study proves, thinkers also influenced the personalist philosophy of the 20th century, and their approach as a whole allows a human to realize himself as a genuine, independent personality, and not as an individual governed by a social system, enslaved by the society.
Gribakina T.E. - Creation of female image in Soviet cinematography of the early XX century pp. 50-60


Abstract: This article explores the creation of the image of a Soviet woman within the Soviet cinematography. The subject of this research is the female image formed by the Russian cinematography at certain stages and its dynamics. The author suggest understanding of the image of woman as a combination of sensible images, which include representations on the place, role, functions, traits that are potentially common to her, but are yet to be formed and realized. Detailed analysis of the films of the early XX century allows examining creation of the female image, the expectations, moods, perceptions of the future presented in the films, as well as tracing the correlation between semantic content and its visualization. Due to the fact that the image was designed gradually, the author considered the key social and political factors that affected its creation and found reflection within it. Special contribution of the author into the research of this topic consists in demonstration of a relatively holistic image of a Soviet woman in cinematography, which was comprise bit by bit and transformed, meeting the challenges, demands and needs of society and the state.  
Kannykin S.V. - Running in light of the ideas of Olympism of Pierre de Coubertin pp. 51-65


Abstract: The subject of this research is the sociocultural conditionality of running. The relevance of this work consists in non-inclusion into the philosophical context, which implies reference to the universal and the basic fundamental, running as the most universal cultural form of locomotion of an athlete, as well as the absence of definition of its humanistic importance in both, individual and collective existence. The author sets the three tasks: reveal the foundations of the concept of Olympism of Pierre de Coubertin; determine the content of the values of Olympism interpreted as the key ideas oriented towards implementation in life of a person and society through the Olympic sports; advance the hypothesis of running as the basic physical practice for sports, which essentially implies the transcendent dimension that correlates with the ideological components of Olympism. The novelty of this article lies in the analysis of running through the prism of ideological foundations of Olympism. Being inherent to the universal for sports running practices, these foundations make running, viewed as a component of social environment, a means of preservation and distribution the Coubertin’s ideology of formation of an athlete as a harmonious, spiritually and physically developed personality through the educational sports. Considering the fact that the socially conditioned running motor action contributes to the formation of the structures of human consciousness, the mental world of the subject, formed with involvement of the Olympic oriented running practices, is largely characterized by the values promoted by Pierre de Coubertin.
Lagunova I.S. - The evolution of perception of personality and modern transformation of consciousness pp. 52-60


Abstract: This article indicates the problem of the impact of scientific technical progress upon the modern development of personality and transformation of its values. For formation of the more extensive perception of the depth of human self-consciousness and strive for development, the author refers to the key stages of evolution of the notion of “personality”. The differences in approaches towards definition of personality in the Western, Eastern, and Russian civilizations are highlighted. The author determines the modern directions in understanding of personality, highlighting the most drastic and most acceptable, which contribute into mutual understanding between the people of diverse cultures. The author identifies the essence of negative influence of the modern technologies upon personality, as well as indicates the need for comprehension of the assigned problem by society. The current changes in mass consciousness and “forgetting” of the richness of human personality define the relevance and importance of the problem. In conclusion, the author suggest the possible ways and prospect for resolution of this problem.
Mitrokhin R. - Theoretical analysis of the connection between socialization processes and personal development pp. 52-58


Abstract: This article examines the role of socialization in the process of personal becoming and development, as well as raises the question of whether or not socialization process is an essential condition for personality formation. The author considers and compares the three stages of personal becoming: an individual (natural, genetic-biological aspect), individuality (psychological aspect), personality (social aspect); as well as the three paramount spheres of socialization: activity, communication, self-consciousness. It is determined that the activity forms individuality of a person, and the social activity forms personality. Such sphere of socialization as communication has an equally significant impact upon all stages of personal development. The sphere of self-consciousness forms along with the process of personal becoming. The fundamental principles of dialectics and activity approach, analysis, generalization, and comparison are applied. The study is structured on the basis of apprehension of the activity nature of a person, which is the foundation of his becoming and development in society. The conclusion is made that socialization process at different stages of social development has its peculiarities, which also manifest in the three described spheres: activity, socialization, and self-consciousness. Examination of the specificities of formation of the aforementioned spheres of socialization allows drawing parallels and concluding on the process of personal development at its various stages (individual, individuality, personality) in the context of a particular historical segment.
Petrov V.E. - Negative Aspect of the Definition of Social Space: the Concept of χώρα in Plato's Works and Modern Age pp. 54-81


Abstract: The subject of this article is the logic of concept of χώρα in Plato's philosophy and work of modern post-structuralist philosophers (Jacques Derrida and Yulia Kristeva). χώρα is considered as a way of negative definition of the social space understood within the paradigm set by Henri Lefebvre as "sciences about social space" as 1) the material organization of social being and 2) social reality. In focus of this article of concept of social space from Lefebvre's work "The Production of Space" (1974), the analysis of concept of χώρα in Platon's dialogue "Timaeus", synthesis of the basic theoretical provisions of main modern "horologists" - Derrida and Kristeva, and also the generalizing comparison of concepts of χώρα and social space. As the main method of the real research the comparative-historical method that allowed to mark out essential similarities and distinctions of the concept of social space at Henri Lefebvre  and Plato's concept of χώρα and its modern interpretations. The main conclusions of the present research defining its novelty are the provisions that Plato's χώρα is  definition of space in its most abstract look; this space which isn't possessing anything except ability to contain in itself something. However, at all the abstractness, in Plato's χώρα nevertheless two very essential characteristics are shown: first, χώρα participates in some sort ordering, sorting, and in it it is indirectly shown its active and productive functions; secondly, "illegitimate" – from the point of view of truth – conversation about χώρα can't do without appeal to metaphors, that is, to loan of images of these or those social spaces, subjects or relations from the reality surrounding us. t was found out and for the first time in domestic philosophical science it is recorded that modern conceptualizations platonovsky χώρα found the embodiment in Jacques's theories Derrida and to Yulia Kristeva. Both Derrida, and Kristeva, in our opinion, see in Plato's concept of χώρα model for possibility of opening of new ways of judgment of social space, and take essential steps towards their realization. Both thinkers insist on the need for consideration of space out of its (language) representation, on consideration of space of representation ("in which the object both exists and it is reflected"), which is χώρα. However the space continues to be understood by them or as true negativity, emptiness (Derrida), or as exclusive partial space of the biosocial relations of mother and child (Kristeva).
Przhilenskaia I. - The concept of labor in socio-philosophical discourse of the XIX – XX centuries pp. 55-65


Abstract: This article reviews labor as the socio-philosophical category. Despite certain episodes in history of the antique and medieval philosophical thought, the socio-philosophical understanding of labor as a special phenomenon that characterizes personal and collective life begins in the second half of the XVIII century and gains relevance by the XIX and XX centuries. From this stage up to the present day can be outlined the two main themes of social philosophy directly associated with the concept of labor: the theme of freedom and the theme of justice. Methodologically, both of them are cross-disciplinary from the perspective of editorial classification and categorization of philosophical knowledge: the topic of freedom is developed within the subject-conceptual framework of philosophical anthropology, while the topic of justice also belongs to the sphere of ethical thought. The scientific novelty consists in the analysis of labor through the prism of a philosophical reference to the concepts of freedom and justice. In the context of humanistic discourse, these categories are reflected in the philosophy of culture, political philosophy, philosophy of economics, and philosophy of law, which allows viewing the phenomenon of labor not only in social, but also in anthropological, political, legal, cultural and other contexts. Having examined the ontological questions of labor, the author concludes that the philosophy of labor aims to resolve such key questions as the concept of labor, its purpose for the individual and the society, cultural and ethical principles of labor, and correlation between the concepts labor and freedom.
Ginatulina O.A. - The development of a scientific view of history in the early works of K. Marx pp. 57-66



Abstract: The subject of this study is the dynamics of the ideas of materialism in the views on society and the history of K. Marx. The object of research is the early works of the thinker (the 40s of the XIX century). The author pays special attention to the reconstruction of the method developed by K. Marx for the analysis of history and society. The relevance of this topic lies in the fact that a retrospective look at the method created by K. Marx will allow it to be applied more effectively in modern social research. The methods used are the analysis of primary sources, as well as comparative-historical, analytical-interpretive, hermeneutic methods.   The novelty of the research lies in the fact that historical reconstruction is carried out through the prism of a modern scientific approach to the analysis of society, the essence of which is in the progressive unfolding of human nature. As a result, it is revealed that at the beginning of his creative career K. Marx took the position of dialectical idealism and revolutionary democracy. However, the practical activity of the thinker allowed him to gradually ideologically evolve, which is shown in this article. And already in the Preface to the Critique of Political Economy, we can observe the quintessence of the theory of materialism in views on society and history. This theory is at the same time a method, an analysis tool that has not lost its heuristic value and is applicable to the analysis of modern society.
Popova A.V. - Internet as a network or hierarchical structure: concept of network in postmodern philosophy and social science of the late XX – early XXI centuries pp. 58-67


Abstract: This article is dedicated to philosophical analysis of the phenomena and concepts of network and hierarchy. In philosophy of the postmodern theoreticians, hierarchical structures are subjected to criticism. Thus, one of the brightest images of non-hierarchical organization – rhizome – was suggested by G, Deleuze and F. Guattari in the context of their opposition to the traditional hierarchical image of a tree, which was attributed by the philosophers to the basis of Western culture and civilization. Criticism of hierarchical organization is associated with “dissolution” of a subject. The article analyzes the current state of computer networks and Internet for correspondence to the concept of “network”. The theoreticians of postmodernism associate the promotion of the concept of network with the postmodern reconsideration of a subject, since from now on it does not originate culture, but is originated and inscribed into one of the multiple cultural texts, and none of these texts does not have an advantage over others. The task of retaining integrity of the subject is no longer inherently valued, since any value of the subject simultaneously means establishing the hierarchy of events and occurrences around it. Therefore, the reverse action to integration becomes dissolution, associated with spread of the concept of network. The perception of Internet as a network in philosophy and social sciences is based on the desire to find confirmation to the theoretical model of network. But the Internet in many ways reproduces hierarchical structure within itself, which leaves open the question on the existence of nonhierarchical structures.
Mokrousova E.A. - The problem of metaphorical description of memory in history of philosophical thought pp. 59-66


Abstract: This article examines the problem of metaphorical description of memory in history of philosophical thought in the context of a general discussion about the purposefulness of using the metaphors in scientific and philosophical texts. Metaphors of memory are described and interpreted from the perspective of their ability to represent the essence of the mechanisms and processes of memory. As a generalization of metaphor, the author considers the "archive metaphor", which depicts the phenomenon of memory as a catalogue or reservoirs of recollections that, in turn, are the exact copies of the original experiences. The study emphasizes the need for overcoming the metaphorical description of memory, which should be considered a dynamic, creative process. The analysis of extensive philosophical literature, dedicated to the problem of memory, as well as reference to the interdisciplinary context, allow forming an integral representation of the phenomenon of memory and determine the strong and weak sides of the indicated metaphors. This article describes the phenomenon of memory as a dynamic process of continuous renewing and processing of recollections that cannot be presented as complete, isolated from each other fragments of the past similar to the books in the archive. In the course of analysis, the author acknowledges that metaphors of memory are not sufficient for construing the phenomenon of memory, which misinterpret the nature and essence of the recollections.
Klepikova L. - To the question of the meaning of “containerization” process in humanitarian sciences and social reality pp. 59-65


Abstract: The subject of this research is the process of social “containerization”, which consists in determination of any social group and positioning it as a homogenous social and cultural unity. The author examines such topics as the establishment of social boundaries, the formation of collective identity, as well as the structuring of sociocultural image among those not belonging to the group. Special attention is given to the process of social “containerization” that significantly affects the establishment of collective identity in modern world. The following approaches were used in the course of this work: systemic for analyzing the containerization processes as a complicated social phenomenon; hermeneutic for interpretation of foreign sources; synthesizing for analysis, generalization and comparison with the current reality of the previously introduced concepts of social “containerization”. The scientific novelty lies in application of the results of foreign scholars and expansion of the potential use of the concept of “containerization” within the social and socio-philosophical research. The conclusion is made that the “container” paradigm influences not only the scientific studies of the society, but also the processes in the modern society itself. The materials can be valuable for the works of socio-philosophical, sociological, and culturological character.
Tolkachev P., Davtyan T.A. - Althusser’s turn in Marxism and its meaning for the social theory pp. 59-71


Abstract: Rehabilitation of Marxist thought present in Althusser’s compilation of the articles titled by catching appeal “For Marx” is carried out in two directions: general – when theoretical line of understanding of the society and history is derived out of Marxism as political ideology; specific – when revealing the “ rational kernel” of Marxist philosophy of history or society, Althusser extracts dialectical contradiction rooted it his methodology of basis and superstructure. The subject of this research is the hermeneutic project of Althusser aimed at new interpretation of the Marxist philosophy of history, as well as elucidation of the “absence” of dialectical turn in Marx’s continuity of Hegel’s philosophy. The object of this article is the new methodology of social research oriented towards finding additional meanings of the principle of overdetermination, which allows Althusser to reconsider the Marxist method of basis and superstructure in a structuralistic way. The essence of its rehabilitation criticism (criticism of elimination of false understanding of Marxist philosophy) consists in the fact that the latter contributed to neglecting the superstructure and led the research to acknowledgement of its nature as a nonexistent phantom, illusion, behind which lies the only true reality resembled by the determinant of economic formations.
Karagodina O.A. - Charitable activity and development of the civil society institutions in Russia pp. 62-68


Abstract: This article is dedicated to the analysis of the factors and value-semantic bases of the two interdependent sociocultural phenomena – "charity" and "civil society". The author gives evaluation to theoretical views of the philosophers D. Rawls, P. Bourdieu and F. Fukuyama, who analyze the relations of civil society based on such values as trust, justice, responsibility and social capital. The author believes that it is impossible to perform charity effectively without these values. The author assesses the humanistic potential of charity as a social phenomenon in the context of need for harmonization of public environment and formation of the civil society institutions. .The conclusion is made that currently the social charitable practices play an important role in formation and development of civil society in modern Russia. It is a significant factor of evolution of the Russian super-ethnos. Participation in charitable activities encourages the social mobilization of the society, as well as forms civil activity of an actor based on the principles of solidarity and social justice.
Kanarsh G.Y. - Soviet society as a modernization project pp. 62-100


Abstract: This article is based on the project “Modernization as a Megatrend. Vectors of Russian Modernization in the XIX – XXI centuries” within the framework of the target topic “Socio-Philosophical Analysis of Histories and Theories of Modernization” of the sector of social philosophy of the Institute of Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The object of this research is the Soviet Society, while subject is the peculiarities of modernization of the Soviet society at various stages of its evolution. The article analyzes the causes and prerequisites for the Russian revolution (including February of 1905 and October of 1917), historical alternatives of the post-revolutionary development (New Economic Policy, and Stalin’s “revolution from above”), specificities of modernization of the late Soviet society (1950’s – 1970’s). During the course of the research, the author refers to the following approaches and concepts: concept of socialism as a way to industrial development (along with the other option – capitalism); socialism as a “second world” in the context of unified industrial civilization; concept of the Russian revolution as a universal phenomenon, which includes a number of milestones (bourgeois revolutions of 1905 and February of 1917; social revolution in October of 1917);  concept of world systems analysis that considers the Russian events through the prism of economic relations of Russian with the West in terms of the concept “capitalist center – periphery”; concept of the catching up modernization of the overcoming limitations of the latter concept of the “national model of modernization”; concept of “Characterological Creatology” that allows analyzing the peculiarities of social and political life based on the natural characters of people (including characters of the political leaders and heads of states). The scientific novelty consists in the attempt to examine the evolution of Soviet society since its origins (Russian revolution) until the crisis of Soviet system in 1970’s – 1980’s from the perspective of specificities of its modernization. The main conclusion lies in the thesis that the notion of “Soviet project” is conditional. In reality, it is necessary to consider not a single, but certain multiplicity of the modernization projects, which existed at various stages of development of the Soviet society and competed against each other. This implies the two different projects of the Russian revolution (Lenin’s and Plekhanov’s); two development projects in the post-revolutionary era (Lenin’s and Stalin’s); various development projects that existed in the late Soviet period (neo-market and target). In the author’s opinion, the main problem regarding the reforming of Soviet society consisted in the choice of the optimal combination of the target and market starts, which eventually has not been realizes in terms of the “Soviet project”. Although, separate projects development at various stages of the establishment of Soviet society, such as the New Economic Policy, remain relevant at present stage.
Nemtsev I.A. - Obstacles standing in the way of sustainable development of the society pp. 62-67


Abstract: The majority of works of the Russian and  foreign scholars dedicated to sustainable development give particular attention to the conceptual ideas, modelling of social structure, separate components, strategies of transitional period, etc. But usually do not mention the difficulties of practical implementation of this idea. This article attempts to critically analyze the possibilities of implementation of sustainable development of the society in practice. The goal of this work lies in determination of the key problems standing in the way of global sustainable development of the society. It achievement is realized on the basis of geopolitical methodology, grounded on the principles of geopolitical dualism, regulations on humanity as a global interrelated and self-developing system (global evolutionism), as well as the principle of universal connection of the events, principle of development, and others. The author determines and substantiates the three most impactful obstacles impeding the sustainable development: lack of the universal concept; decline in the pace of globalization; and human consciousness as a factor of social development. A conclusion is made that overcoming of these three obstacles allows establishing the “sustainable” society in practice.
Gribakina T.E. - Archetypal Scenarios of the Future in the Images of Modern Russian Cinema pp. 65-77



Abstract: The object of this study is the archetypal scenarios of the future proposed by the American researcher Jim Dator. The subject of the study is the images of the future of modern Russian cinema. The main purpose of the article is to correlate the models of "continued growth", "collapse", "discipline", "transformation" of the Dator with modern Russian films containing social expectations of society regarding the future and ideas about it. To date, the images of the future in general and the images of the future captured in the domestic cinema, in particular, have been little studied, which is the relevance of this study. The image of the future is understood as a holistic picture of the future that exists in a certain society at a certain period of its development. The novelty of the presented material lies in the correlation of archetypal scenarios with modern Russian films devoted to various versions of the future. The article applied its own methodology for the study of feature films, which allowed us to consider not only the content of films, but also their visual and sound series of films. The main conclusion of the study is that the selected J. Yes, archetypal scenarios are reflected to varying degrees in modern Russian films. The most common archetype is "Discipline", more saturated in visual terms, but a less common variant is the "Collapse" scenario, the third most common is the "Transformation" archetype, and the least present in Russian cinema is the "Continued Growth" scenario.
Matveev A.A. - Migration security within the system of global security: mechanisms, principles, actors pp. 66-80


Abstract: This article is dedicated to migration security, which is viewed within the paradigm of sustainable development and as part of the global security system. The author attempts to reveal the mechanisms and principles that define the effect of migration security upon the political and social stability of the countries in the period of migration crisis. The role actors in achieving sustainable development through the discourse of global security is determined. For solving the set tasks, the article employs comparative and systematic approaches. The key factors of the global security system are identified. An assessment is given to migration processes and their impact upon the goals of sustainable development. The author carries out the analysis of the current European migration policy. The relevance and novelty of this article are substantiated by the the philosophical discourse of migration security and synergy, encompassing the global social security system; whereas this question has been previously studied with focus on the legal, demographic, ethnic, or economic aspects. Analysis is also conducted on the the stage-by-stage mechanisms of migration security implemented by the political regimes of majority of the developed democratic countries. Description is given to the three-tier system of interaction of agents in implementation of migration security. The author examines the content and attitude towards migrants in the EU border countries, and the impact of structural violence in society within the “own/alien” discourse. An alternate solution for solving the dilemma of social tension and retaining  the “thread of governance” in the question of mobility of the citizens is offered. The analysis is given to the Global Compact for Migration, its capabilities, and shortcomings. The author also provides a philosophical understanding of migration security.
Belomytsev A. - Conceptualization of the phenomenon of social destructiveness from the perspective of archaization theory within the Russian socio-philosophical discourse pp. 66-76


Abstract: The subject of this article is the attempts of the Russian researchers to interpret the destructive processes in modern Russian society through the prism of development of archaization theory. Due to the lack of semantic definiteness, the concept of social archaization is often attributed to similar ones, such as “traditionalism”, “barbarization”, “patriarchalization”, “New Middle Ages", etc. The diversity of existing approaches substantiates the need to determine a certain theoretical core, which would become the foundation for further hypotheses. Special attention is given to problem of absence of a unified approach towards the definition of archaizing processes, as well as to the need for clarification and further functionality of the concept of social archaization. The novelty of this research consists in the critical overview and determination of flaws in the existing concepts of social archaization. It is demonstrated that the relevant findings of the Russian researchers do not always explain the origin of destructive processes in the Russian society. The effective practical solution to complications related to the phenomenon of social destruction is yet to be developed. The author proposes an alternative approach towards determination of the causes of archaization of the Russian society at the current stage; outlines the promising ways of reflection on archaizing trends; as well as formulates a refined definition of archaization of the modern society. The acquired results aim to lay theoretical foundation for further development and implementation of measures on overcoming destructive consequences of social archaicism.
Lagunova I.S. - What is modernity for a modern person pp. 70-83


Abstract: Man has always been interested in his future, looking for his roots in present day, modernity - the only time in which he could act, change the world and his fate. The Age of Enlightenment initiated the creation of the concepts of "modernity" that determine the state and mission of the society existing in it in the history of mankind. Subsequently, the content of the concept began to expand, acquiring new meanings. However, at whatever angle of view the notion of "modernity" is considered, it has always been used to assess reality and determine the potentials for the development of society (in the case of postmodernism, their absence). The present work is devoted to the study of existing ideas about the concept of "modernity", as well as the characteristics of "our" modernity. In the course of the research of the problem of the present, the evolution of the concept development, the change of its semantic properties is analyzed. Accordingly, the main methods of scientific knowledge used in the article are comparative-historical, specifically sociological, formal-logical. In conclusion, the basic tendencies of understanding of "modernity" are defined, among which there are concepts unacceptable for the development of personality of the society. The work also highlights the most significant, in the author's opinion, global problems and achievements that exist today. The author makes a conclusion about the complexity and interconnectedness of various phenomena and processes of the present and calls for a conscious choice of the future of mankind on the basis of analysis (and not escape from) reality.
Belyaev V.A. - From sociology of philosophies to sociology of marginal theories pp. 73-95


Abstract: On the one hand, this article represents a critical analysis of R. Collins’ positions regarding the philosophy and sociocultural reality, expressed in his monograph "The Sociology of Philosophies". On the other hand, the author suggests a unique version of historical development of the sociology of philosophy, titled the “sociology of marginal theories". The main principles that distinguish the "sociology of philosophies" from "sociology of marginal theories". The main principles that distinguish the “sociology of philosophies” from the “sociology of marginal theories” are historicism and projectivity: philosophy is involved in criticism and projection of sociocultural reality, as well as qualitatively evolves in the process of transformation of such reality. The attempts to demonstrate that the implicit assumptions of Collins’ position are counter-systematicity, counter-historicism and the counter-projectivity. The result of the article is the system of principles of the “sociology of marginal theories" that can serve as an exploratory program for the specific research. In conclusion,  the author formulates the following system of principles for the sociology of philosophies: principle of sociological materialism, principle of systematicity, principle of historicism, principle of projectivity, principle of connectivity with sociocultural processes, principle of symbolic mediation, principle of globality, principle of sociocultural priority, principle of multiplicity and interaction of between the  forms of marginal theorization, principle of the prominence of philosophy among other forms of marginal theorization.
Ismailov N. - The Idea of Social Justice in the Philosophy of Vladimir Solovyov pp. 73-83



Abstract: The article examines the main provisions of the idea of social justice in the philosophy of the famous Russian philosopher Vladimir Solovyov. His interpretation of the idea of justice is studied in the context of his understanding of such concepts as morality, kindness, mercy, altruism, compassion, etc. It is emphasized that in his works V. Solovyov pays special attention to the question of the relationship and interdependence of justice and morality. A socially just and moral society is considered by him as a possible future. The idea of social justice in the philosophy of V. Solovyov is studied as an original teaching in the light of the enrichment of this problem. The author considers the views of V. Solovyov as a reflection of the realities of modern Solovyov society and tries to identify ideas in it that can be used in the implementation of social justice in the conditions of modern realities. The author explores the idea of justice in the philosophy of V. Solovyov in the context of the unity of all spheres of social life, causal and functional relationships, from the point of view of the relationship and interdependence of needs, interests, material and spiritual values. The interpretation of the idea of justice by V. Solovyov seems to the author interesting and original. This interpretation reflects the worldview of certain social strata of society and their wishes. His idea of justice has its absolute merits. The most interesting in the views of V. Solovyov is the provision according to which all the peoples of the world should have freedom of choice in terms of religion and religious orientation, proposals on the need for religious tolerance in society and in relations between peoples are interesting. The idea of social justice in V. Solovyov's philosophy requires further in-depth research in the context of current and subsequent social realities. At the same time, the author does not observe in the views of V. Solovyov the interrelation of the concepts of due and good, the interrelation of needs, interests and moral values.
Pakhar' L.I., Petrova R.A. - Alienation: theoretical comprehension of the problem pp. 78-91


Abstract: The subject of this research is the review of philosophical approaches towards analyzing the processes of alienation in Western European and Russian philosophy, since the formation of the philosophy of Modern Age to the present day. The object of this research is the analysis of articulation of the problem of alienation and its essential characteristics in the concepts of certain representatives of the philosophical thought. The goal is to establish correlation between the process of alienation and contradictions of the object. Special attention is given to the social aspect of this problem, since the escalating disturbances in the sociopolitical life manifest through the processes of alienation. The authors explore the views of the philosophers of Modern Age, who explained the nature of alienation in the light of sociopolitical sphere of being, dialectical-materialistic theory of alienation of K. Marx and F. Engels, idealistic tradition represented by G. Hegel and J. Fichte. Among the representatives of the philosophy of the XX century, emphasis is placed on the views upon the problem of alienation in the philosophy of existentialism, neo-Marxism, personalism, as well as in philosophy of postmodernism. The novelty of this paper consist in gradual study of various interpretations of alienation in the development of philosophical thought, and attempts of comparative analysis of perspectives on the topic. Such approach allows concluding on the need create a holistic system of interrelated forms of alienation that evolve in their content in the course of historical development of society. The author believes that alienation as the main problem of social and spiritual sphere of human existence. In social theory, the problem is alienation is one of the key factors in comprehension of the mechanism of social development.
Kozlova I.V. - Historical and philosophical analysis of the problem of the formation of human dignity pp. 83-90


Abstract: The article presents a historical and philosophical analysis of the category "human dignity", traces the historical connection of philosophical views with the modern understanding of this category. The object of the research is the philosophical category "human dignity", the subject is aspects of the formation of human dignity. The main philosophical approaches to the study of the formation of human dignity are analyzed. The methodology used in the study of this problem is considered. Within the framework of historical and philosophical analysis, the main views in the history of philosophical thought on the understanding of what human dignity is are considered, conceptualization of this category is made. The author, based on the analysis, gives a modern interpretation of the concept of "human dignity". "Human dignity" as a philosophical category that reveals a person's attitude to himself, to other people and to the world as a whole has changed its content throughout the history of mankind, but it should still be noted that over the centuries general trends in the understanding of this category have also been preserved (self-knowledge, self-determination, the formation of one's own "I"). In general, human dignity is a complex, multi-valued, multi-level philosophical category based on the idea of the inner moral value of a person. It can be said that in the modern sense, dignity is a person's awareness of his value, spiritual, cultural and social significance, and an important component of the formation of dignity is demanding of himself, his behavior and actions, which should correspond to the idea of human dignity.
Kryukova Y.E. - Social norms in society as an integral factor in the formation and evaluation of an individual's reputation pp. 87-96



Abstract: One of the problems in the study of reputation, which faces specialists in different fields, is the search for factors of formation and criteria for evaluating the value characteristics of subjects, both individualized and collective. For example, experts in the field of game theory are of the opinion that there are game-theoretic models of reputation and norms of activity, and reputation itself, in their research, is, in a sense, a reflection on the norm of activity. In this article, the task is to consider social norms, firstly, as a factor in the formation of reputation, and secondly, as a factor in the assessment of the subject. During the period of education, there is an interiosis of social norms and the formation of value systems, which affects the activity of the subject. Based on the analysis of the subject's activities, one can judge the reputation. The very concept of "reputation" is polysemantic in nature. This allows us to talk about reputation, on the one hand, as a certain phenomenon, an established system of assessments and value characteristics, on the other, as a process of forming such assessments and characteristics. In the latter case, it turns out that "reputation" as a procedural concept turns to us in the form of a process of searching for the value characteristics of subjects and the results of their activities and the decision-making process on what assessment to give to the activity of the subject.The article will show that the compliance or non-compliance of the subject's activity with generally accepted social norms, as well as the value preferences of the evaluating subject, turns out to be one of the fundamental factors for making a decision regarding the reputation of the evaluated subject, both individualized and collective.
Nemtsev I.A. - Social and philosophical foundations of sustainable development pp. 88-101


Abstract: The concept and strategy of sustainable development becomes more urgent in the world. Problems faced by the international community, can’t be solved by one state, that’s why globalization and the transition to “sustainability”, act as the need of construction of the future in the modern world. Over the last century the rate of production and consumption has risen sharply, which negatively affected the environment. Nowadays mankind spends far more resources than it spent in the previous centuries and than it is permissible for the planet. There is a contradiction between the possibilities of nature in its global scale and the “superneeds” of humanity that have been piled in the model of unsustainable development. At the moment, this contradiction is only increasing, despite the attempts of various organizations around the world to ensure the rejection of the consumption ideology and create the direction of the mankind to protect the environment (co-evolution of humans and nature). Nowadays society placed itself in a situation where it is obliged to coordinate their actions with nature for its further existence. Human attitudes to the nature only as a source of resources must be changed in the XXI century, otherwise humanity will come to disaster.The author examines the social and philosophical foundations of the concept of sustainable development. The article describes the relationship between the constituent components of sustainable development (social, economic and environmental) and basic human needs, as well as highlighted security as meta-component based on the triad component (which makes the concept of a system-integrated). Author discloses a socio-philosophical sense of the idea of sustainable development as a possible global ideas of humanity and the associated formation of a global sustainable human civilization. In domestic social philosophy remains controversial question of Russian identity, about the prospects of Russia in the future, about the national idea in Russia. The author of the article attempts to answer these questions. Providing space security globally and becoming a sustainable global civilization noosphere author regarded as the ultimate goal of the historical development of mankind (on Earth), followed by the conquest of space.
Darchinov E.V. - The features of the "electronic nomad" and the risks in his life pp. 90-100



Abstract: The object of the study is a new type of personality that emerged under the influence of digitalization of society – the "electronic nomad". The purpose of the article is to identify its features and problematize the risks arising in the digital world (including on the Internet, social networks, etc.). Research methods – analytical and interdisciplinary approach. As a result of the analysis of the works devoted to the "electronic nomad", the author identified its characteristics. This type of personality is characterized by the ability to function in a multidirectional way in a digital environment through mobile devices and access to the Network, as well as freedom in their movements and manifestations. Subordination to technical devices allows researchers to call an "electronic nomad" a technohuman. In addition to the many advantages that facilitate the life of the "electronic nomad", the digital environment also carries significant risks. These include computer addiction, alienation, manipulation of information, total control, the possibility of leakage of various, including personal, data and information, immorality of relationships in the digital environment, the competitive war of "nomads". The listed negative factors associated with the functioning of the "electronic nomad" in the digital world actualize the problem of creating digital law and paying attention to the moral education of the individual. The conducted analysis initiates further interdisciplinary studies of the "electronic nomad" by specialists from different scientific fields, and the results obtained will help not only to draw up his portrait, but also to predict behavioral algorithms and minimize possible risks.
Gomboeva L.V. - Genuine authoritarianism: justification, substantiation, and goals pp. 96-106


Abstract:   This article is dedicated to the examination of genuine authoritarianism as a necessary type of social structure and its goals at present stage of development of the country. The author introduces into the politological discourse the notion of “honesty”, as well as substantiates the position that in modern circumstances it is impossible to approach democracy only by the virtue of laws; the authorities need to be taught same as the rest of the people; honesty is the manifestation of an in-depth essence of human consciousness. The following goals of authoritarian power are being named and revealed: material – on ensuring economic growth and wellness of the nation; destructive – on fight against the “corrupted elites”; educational – on establishment of ethnical and healthy psychological atmosphere in the country; self-confining – limitation of authority for the sake of prevention of ethical degradation of society and the power holder themselves. The scientific novelty consists in introduction of the notion of “hones authoritarianism” into the politological discourse and substantiation of its necessity. The conclusion is made that authoritarianism is still required in our society, but the ruling elites must take care of the financial and spiritual wellness of the people, as well as participate in creating and cultivating of circumstances that limit their authority and conduce the development of society and a man.  
Kasatkina S.S. - Semiotic approach towards examination of city as a system pp. 101-110


Abstract:   This article presents the principles of semiotic approach towards examination of the space of a city. The goal of this research implies semiotic analysis of city as a system, which consists in establishment of its conceptual meanings and essences. The characteristic of certain parameters of a city is realized in the context of semiosis of sign system of the urbosphere. Semiotic features of a city, identified sue to determination of the parameters of its concept, structure, and substrate, allowed depicting city as a system with inherent qualities of an open, dialogical, functional and mobile space, autonomous existence, holistic perception of the internal and external purposes, structural conglomerate of environmental components, sustainable development, temporal definition of the existence of a city. Systemic analysis reveals the relevant trends of philosophical cognition of a city in the questions of social relations in city environment, as well as the multiplicity of elements of the substrate state of a city.  
Korolev S.A. - Microstructures in the Russian Space of Power: Archetypes and Mechanisms of Functioning pp. 103-165


Abstract: The article analyzes the mechanisms of functioning of the microstructures located in the Russian space of power. The main attention is focused on a number of typological and/or archetypal structures, the most important of which is dom-dvor. The author concerns the functioning of the regulatory parameters of such a microsocium set out in well-known book of the sixteenth century called "Domostroy" and the real practice of the exercise of power, often going beyond the norms.In the article two types of microsociums existing in global space of the power, – “church” and “sect” are considered. They are based on two types of discipline – authoritative discipline and discipline of indirect regulation. The author investigates a situation of coexistence of authoritative discipline and discipline of self-organizing, on the one hand, and technologies of the power and control mechanisms, with another, naming original balance between them disciplinary balance.The author pays attention to universality of principles of the organization of society on micro- and macrolevel, at this major structurization tool of microsociums of power becomes hierarchization. It is noticed that in the Russian space at macrolevel defining always were rigid, mongolmorphic technologies. But at microlevel within centuries, since the system described in “Domostroy”, autochthonic technologies dominated.
Komissarov I.I. - External analogies in social and philosophical knowledge: prospects and limitations of the approach pp. 121-137



Abstract: The subject of research concerns the social models which are constructed by using external analogies. External social analogies imply a reference to an object that is studied within the framework of a science being external to social knowledge (biology, physics, psychology, etc.). Specifically, biological (organic), biomechanical, as well as psychological and psychoanalytic varieties are analyzed. Biological analogies are represented by the models of H. Spencer and Yu. I. Semenov. Biomechanical models include the concepts of Th. Hobbes, J. O. de La Mettrie, É. Durkheim, N. I. Kareev and A. Fouillée. External psychological and psychoanalytic analogies are approached in the works of G. Tarde, S. Freud, E. Fromm, G. Deleuze and F. Guattari. Particular attention is paid to critical remarks regarding these concepts, which determines the limitations of the considered method. Classification of existing socio-philosophical models is used as method in the research. Classification criterion is the type of external analogies that is used in the construction of these concepts. As a result, prospects and limitations of the considered method were identified. Namely, the effectiveness of external analogies in social and philosophical research objectively depends on how well this “external” science itself corresponds to reality. The other side of the problem lies in the abuse of analogies themselves: introduction of excessive terminology, speculative parallelisms, misusage of special scientific terms, which ultimately leads to difficulties in understanding the social and philosophical model itself. At the same time, the following prospects of the considered method are pointed out. Firstly, in the case of emergence of a new science or revolution in the domain of existing one, their objects or results could be used as sources for external analogies in the construction of a new social model. Secondly, existing external social analogies could be reused in other fields of knowledge.
Sidorova G.P. - The Subject of Soviet Economic Culture in Popular Art in the 1960-1980's: Body Images pp. 126-140


Abstract: The research is devoted to the images of Soviet economic culture of the 1960 - 1980's represented in art of that period. Economic culture is viewed as a form of human activity aimed at acquiring material wealth. The purpose of the present research is to reconstruct the process of interconnection and interdependence of material, spiritual and art elements of Soviet culture based on the analysis of peculiarities, main trends and cultural dynamics of images of Soviet economic culture in popular art. Research methods included system approach, method of historical typology, cultural (diachronic), semiotic and hermeneutic analysis of art work. The results of the research showed that: body images of that period contained typical features of Soviet economic culture of the 1960 - 1980's, in particular, contradictory combination of the dominating administrative-command economy and black market economy as well as combination of the industrial culture and traditional culture. Soviet society was depicted in body images of a Soviet man, too and it was the mixed type of industrial and pre-industrial, traditional and innovative, open and closed, popular and consumer society.  Body images showed a Soviet man of different axiological types,  from 'the builder of communism' to the 'everyman'. Changes in art images of transport since the period 'of thaw' to the 'seventieth' also reflected transformation of values from socialistic values to traditional values and values of the consumer society. Conclusions and research materials can be used for teaching cultural studies, philosophy of culture, history of Russian culture, economy and art history. Some aspects of the research can help to solve particular issues in the field of modern economic culture. Research results can also help to form the system of values of the younger generation.
Markin A.V. - Science of the Future Law pp. 129-140
Abstract: The article describes the logic and values of philosophy as a science about potential law. The author of the article touches on the process of legal evolution and development of the concept of law. The author also studies the mission of philosophy of law as an intellectual tool t of search for the future, desirable right and criterion of the validity of the effective right. The author analyzes the relation between dogmatic and creative initiatives in studies of law. 
Shchuplenkov O.V., Shchuplenkov N.O. - Axiological Understanding of the Idea of Russian Statehood in Terms of the National Character pp. 135-194


Abstract: The general purpose of the article is not only to describe the the philosophy and methods of the discourse about the national character but also to better understand the conceptual side of associated theories. By analyzing the concepts about the Russian national character suggested by B. Bysheslavtsev, N. Berdyaev and N. Lossky, the authors prove their assumption about the 'syncretic' nature of these theories that include empiric, theoretical, axiological, ideological and projective elements derived from the sphere of the philosophy of culture as well as the principles of cultural policy. The authors emphasize the need for application of the differentiated approach to studying these concepts in order to distinguish between the hypothesis to be verified and one's values and outlook. By analyzing the historical and philosophical discussions by K. Kavelin and M. Pogodin, the authors of the article study the relation between the cultural and historical experience of Russian people and philosophical ideas of the mid XX century. The question about special features, axiological value of the phenomenon of statehood and its influence on the culture and society has been traditiionally one of the most topical issues in Russian philosophy. The authors of the present article make an attempt to clarify the reasons of the continued interest towards the phenomenon of statehood.
Ilyin I.V. - Lacan's Signifier in Terms of the Social Space Transformation of Capitalism pp. 135-173


Abstract: The subject of the present research is Jacques Lacan's concept of the signifier in terms of his ideas about identification/alienation of the subject in the concept of the signifier as well as Lacan's references to his teacher Sigmund Freud. In this article Ilyin provides the socio-historical and materialist criticism of Lacan's concept from the marxist perspetive. Contextualization of the psychoanalytical concept of the signifier offered by Lacan allows to shed light on the social space transformation of capitalism (and the problems of the working class) that started in the second half of the XIXth century and the French philosopher involuntary became the theorist of. The methodological basis for this study involves the comparative historical approach that served as an important tool for defining similarities between provisions of Lacan's concept and the discourse of social space transformation of capitalism within the prescribed period. The other essential approach used in the research is the hermeneutical approach that has enabled to view Lacan's texts as the subject of contextualization. The main conclusions and results of the research are the following: lacanian psychoanalytical discourse has been related to the social space transformation of capitalism; the researcher has shown the genealogic relation between the idea of identification/alienation of the subject in the lacanian concept of the signifier and the psychological discourse of recruiting as well as psychologization of alienation at the beginning of the XXth century. 
Liksunova A.S., Taradanov A.A. - On value, dignity, and honor: logics of the notions pp. 139-146


Abstract:   Values are the extremely important components of human culture; they define the past, present, and future of the entire humanity. The existing system of values determine and regulate all human activity. The analysis of any system of values demonstrates that human dignity prioritizes over the other values, because human attempts to cognize and manifest his individual value, his personal dignity. The notion of dignity virtually always is views in connection with the notion of honor. At times, dignity is replaced by honor, or vice versa.  The opinions exists that honor is dignity. However, in all activeness of the use of the notion of value within the socio-humanitarian discourse, the categorical definition of the value in literature is yet to be formulated. Namely the uncertainty, tension, ambiguity, and correlation between the social and personal aspects of the notion of “honor” make its role socially so inconsistent. In the result, honor always has a specific historical content, which varies due to the changes in the corporate norm and “sovereign”. The scientific novelty is associated with the fact that the area of values is defined within the boundaries of the virtue and vice; at the same time, the virtue is defines as harmony – measure between the good and evil, while the vice is disharmony (the extreme of one or another).
Prokhorov M.M. - Truth and Reality pp. 293-387


Abstract: Article is a heel in a cycle begun by article «Being and history: interrelation and definition». In introduction the essence and background of a question on true reveals. Chapter 1 is devoted research of true and the concept of a modality of I.Kant subjected the critic by Hegel, communication of understanding of true with a classical, nonclassical and postnonclassical science, and also the problem of borders of applicability of true is analyzed. In the second chapter the knowledge and true are investigated in the conditions of a modern postnonclassical epoch and an ideal of a postnonclassical science. In the third chapter two main prejudices concerning true in the modern literature reveal, the method of their overcoming by an establishment of borders of action of categories of true, lie and error is offered. In the fourth chapter of article it is analyzed «real concerning being» and true that enters true into a context correlation «being and essence» to which there corresponds the philosophy and science union. In the fifth chapter of article the true is investigated as property of knowledge over which concepts of true and its criteria are built on; their unity and variety reveals. Article comes to the end with the general conclusions.
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