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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Philosophical Thought" > Contents of Issue № 12/2014
Contents of Issue № 12/2014
Philosophy of knowledge
Belyaev V.A. - The philosophy of K. Popper and the world postcultural revolution pp. 1-97

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8728.2014.12.1430

Abstract: The aim of this paper is to show the connection between the principles of philosophical positions, K. Popper and the fundamental principles of modern European culture - modern. Art Nouveau can be represented as the deployment of the world postculture-cultural revolution. In this sense, the philosophy of Popper is considered to be one of the clearest expressions of the ideology of the revolution, especially in its postcultural aspect. Modern postcultural aspect can be thought of as the implementation of three basic designs: the "open society", the open nature" and "open theory of knowledge". Popper is in the twentieth century as one of the radical ideologues "open society" and positivist understand science. This gives you the opportunity to show how his philosophy implemented these projects. Postculture-intercultural interpretation of art Nouveau gives the opportunity to see a fundamental connection between the ideologist of the "open society" and ideologist of the "open nature", that is, between "liberal" and "scientists". The philosophical position of Popper demonstrates this connection is especially bright. Popper Evangelist and "open society" and positivist understand the science that interweaves the strategy of "open nature" and "open theory of knowledge". Popper opposes the power of the "conceptual frameworks" cultures over individualistically understand man, "objective reality" and "objective truth". In this you can see the reflection of the overall logic of the "critique of culture", which expresses postculture-cultural logic of modernity. Popper is a supporter of the "epistemology without a knowing subject". It expresses the modern logic of the movement to "objective reality", located on the other side of "God" and "man". Work is being completed by the analysis of philosophical positions And. of Lakatos, who considers himself to developing epistemological logic of Popper. It appears dialectical scheme infinite "opening" of the world, which expresses the dialectic Mature art Nouveau detecting the inability for a man to abandon aspirations to "closed".
History of ideas and teachings
Boltaevskii A.A., Pryadko I.P. - Logos and logic: the doctrine N.O. Lossky and P.A Florensky as an alternative to dialectics and heritage monadology and logic of Leibniz's scholl. pp. 98-122

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8728.2014.12.1429

Abstract: In their works russian scientists pay much attention to logic, but they had different ideas about the problems of this science. Special stumbling block for Lossky and Florensky was the logic and ontology of Leibniz. For the first reference to the creator of the differential calculus is necessary in order to show the inconsistency of the attacks on the fundamental laws of logic on the part of Hegel and his followers. Philosopher considers monadology of German scientist to be fruitful. Florensky counters the metaphysics of Leibniz to Kantianism. In monadology of Leibniz he sees the last of the philosophical systems having support in the Platonic idealism. Both emphasize that the doctrine of Hanover philosopher does not fit into the paradigm of European rationalism. It is not possible to understand without taking into account the Greek tradition of Plato-Aristotle of wisdom.In their work the authors rely on the comparative-historical method in the study of logic and debate around a picture of scientific thinking. Lossky and Florensky, as well as other religious thinkers have been involved in the social debate and this, among other things, promote the development of Russian thinkers in the field of applied logic. The logic in social practice serves as a tool to solve problems and challenges that arise at different stages of development of science, education and culture. It sets the allowable limits within which made discussions and debates. And since social life itself is polemical, it is the essence of the elements in the atmosphere which the decision-making proces. It is the logic and its laws contribute to the definition of design concepts, armed members of socially significant disputes - spiritual authorities XIX-XX centuries. and public figures, historians, linguists, and other representatives of academcial science, journalists and writers.
Political philosophy
Ugrin I.M. - Between the right and the truth: on some peculiarities of the Russian civil culture pp. 123-152

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8728.2014.12.1420

Abstract: This article is concerned with a pressing issue of establishing civil culture. It studies the issue of civic awareness against the backdrop of human development itself and evolution of its material and spiritual nature. The process of establishing civil culture is felt to be unfinished, rather being in its first stages, than in culmination. The peculiarities of establishing civil culture in Russia are analyzed. One of the key values for the Russian civil culture appears a value of the truth. The truth is a special category related to the Russian set of mind, and it includes both the concepts of verity and justice. This category makes it possible to give a positive answer to a question about existence of the Russian civilization and define some of its peculiarities, as well as differentiate it from the Western civilization, having the value of law as its key value.
Theological foundations of being
Mishurin A.N. - On the Interpretation of Genesis pp. 153-184

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8728.2014.12.1427

Abstract: Subjects of the given research are the first two chapters of Genesis. Author offers a new interpretation of the first two chapters of the Book in order to show the logic, which stands behind explicitly illogical biblical account about creation of the world and man by almighty and omniscient God. Since if we are able to understand thoughts ascribed by Bible to God, than man is able to understand God with his own mind. Author use the method of “cautious reading”, which he have created and tested on antique literature and which enables him to explain some logical problems accrued during reading Genesis as a particular and Bible as a whole. Novelty of the research consists in using previously unfamiliar to that material hermeneutic method and its conclusions. The main conclusions of the research are following. First, author succeeds in discovering principles of the order of creation in the biblical account. Second, using the text of the Book, author displays initial position of man from the point of view of the Bible – twofoldnes of man’s nature corresponds with twofoldnes of the account man’s creation. Finally, author draws a conclusion about a goal of the biblical account – depreciation of heaven and heavenly bodies.
The stream of books
Spirova E.M. - Paradoxes of aesthetic experience (New books of the Publishing house «Kanon+») pp. 185-205

DOI:
10.7256/2409-8728.2014.12.1430

Abstract: The article analyzes three research works that permit to expand the idea of what «aesthetic experience» is. The books deals not so much with classical aesthetics, but more with the changes that allow correlation of this aesthetic category with modern creative practice. In particular, a significant influence of the phenomenon of performativity on present-day aesthetics is noted. The article shows that new aesthetic experience, on the one hand, renewed the interest to artistic traditions, and on the other, transformed the understanding of social reality and ways of embodying life processes in art.Methods of analyzing the materials of these research works are related to the «narrative turn» in the philosophy of history, to the «anthropological turn» in historical description. The material also uses methods of aesthetic analysis of new artistic phenomena.The novelty of the article is conditioned by the fact that it discusses the future of historiography and philosophy of art. A wide circle of forms of historical representation is shown General schemes and strategies which in totality could be put together and identified as «historical poetics» have been identified. As is pointed out, these schemes and strategies have always existed in historical novels, in fine arts, performances, historical museums, and in historiography itself.
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