Статья 'Теизм, атеизм и пантеизм в контексте решения основного вопроса философии: антропологический аспект' - журнал 'Философская мысль' - NotaBene.ru
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Philosophical Thought
Reference:

Theism, atheism and pantheism in the context of solution of the central philosophical question: anthropological aspect

Suslov Alexey Viktorovich

PhD in Philosophy

Docent, the department of Philosophy, Russian State Social University; Docent, the department of Social Disciplines and Humanities, Moscow Witte University

123995, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Vil'gel'ma Pika, 4, str. 1, kab. 420

suslov.aleksei@mail.ru
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Gusev Dmitrii Alekseevich

Doctor of Philosophy

Professor, the department of Philosophy, Moscow State Pedagogical University, Moscow Witte University; Institute of Law and National Security of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

115432, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. 2-I kozhukhovskii proezd, 12, str.1, of. 317

gusev.d@bk.ru
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Potaturov Vasilii Aleksandrovich

PhD in History

Docent, the department of Humanities and Social Disciplines, Moscow Witte University

115432, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. 2-Oi kozhukhovskii proezd, 12, str.1, of. 314

vpotaturov@mail.ru
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DOI:

10.25136/2409-8728.2021.8.35837

Review date:

30-05-2021


Publish date:

06-09-2021


Abstract: The object of this research is a centuries-old worldview polemic between the philosophical representations on the world and human associated with theism, atheism and pantheism. The subject of this research is the theoretical and practical attitudes and conclusions of anthropological nature that result from these intellectual models. The authors dwell on the worldview correlations of materialism and idealism with their worldview companions, such as atheism, evolutionism, scientism, anthropological voluntarism  on the one hand, and theism, creationism, antiscientism, providentialism – on the other. Special attention is given to examination of ideological link of atheism and pantheism with the anthropocentric attitude, as well as the questions of life navigation of a human in the context of confrontation and polemics of anthropological voluntarism  and providentialism. The novelty of this research consists in substantiation of authenticity of the philosophical idealism as a model that implies theistic and creationist view of the universe and fundamental incompatibility of the central idealistic thesis on the primacy of spiritual reality with the nature of being from the perspective of pantheism. The novelty also lies in the authors’ statement on the worldview similarity of atheism and pantheism, each of which is a specific substantiation of anthropological voluntarism  that is opposed to theistic providentialism. The conclusion consists in acknowledgment of the fundamental dichotomy of the worldview choice and life orientation of a human between the anthropocentric and providential poles, despite all ideological multifacetedness and diversity of the philosophical and religious representations.


Keywords: atheism, creationism, theism, idealism, materialism, the main question of philosophy, pantheism, anthropological voluntarism, providentialism, scientism
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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