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Philosophical Thought
Reference:

Marxism-Leninism and Christianity: dictatorship of the proletariat and terror

Barinov Nikolai Nikolaevich

Protoiereus, Elder of the Temple in honor of the Holy Royal Martyrs, Ryazan Eparchy of the Russian Orthodox Church

390020, Russia, Ryazanskaya oblast', g. Ryazan', P. Dyagilevo,, ul. Moskovskoe Shosse, 65 B

o.nikolaos@yandex.ru

 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8728.2021.8.35362

Review date:

28-03-2021


Publish date:

06-09-2021


Abstract: This article carries out a historical-theological analysis of compatibility of the theory and practice of Marxism-Leninism with Christianity. The relevance of this topic is substantiate by the ongoing polemic, which is directly pertains to the social structure. The author reviews the historical-theological aspects of this question based on the critical study of historical-philosophical research, as well as historical documents on the matter. In order to conduct comprehensive analysis on this topic, the article explores the dictatorship of the “proletariat” and terror views of opposing sides, as well as describes contrary opinions, texts of Holy Scripture, and views of the Orthodox Church Fathers. The novelty of this research lies in introduction of certain documents in the context of articulated problem for the first time. The author gives a detailed historical-theological overview on the comparison of Marxism-Leninism with Orthodox Christianity. The goal of this work lies in examination of the historical documents and historical-theological writings on the topic at hand. The conclusion is made that despite apparent similarity of certain provisions, Marxism-Leninism and Christianity are by no means compatible. In theoretical terms, socialism could exist in symbiosis with Christianity if the existing contradictions are eliminated. However, such socialism would be no longer based on Marxism-Leninism.


Keywords: terror, anathema of Patriarch Tikhon, dictatorship, izhevsk-votkinsk white division, punitive psychiatry, socialism, The Kronstadt Uprising, marxism-leninism, hristianity, orthodoxy
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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