Статья 'Коперниканский поворот И. Канта в контексте концепции субъективации' - журнал 'Философская мысль' - NotaBene.ru
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Philosophical Thought
Reference:

I. Kant's Copernican revolution in the context of the concept of subjectivation

Rusakov Sergei Sergeevich

PhD in Politics

Educator, the department Humanitarian and Socio-Economic Disciplines, S. M. Kirov Military Medical Academy

194044, Russia, g. Saint Petersburg, ul. Akademika Lebedeva, 6

arias456@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8728.2021.3.33650

Review date:

12-08-2020


Publish date:

22-03-2021


Abstract: This article is dedicated to correlation between the concept of subjectivation of M. Foucault and the concept of subject of I. Kant. Due to the fact that the project of studying the forms of subjectivity has not been accomplished, the artistic legacy of the French scholar has left numerous questions still to be answered. One of such questions is the transformation of the subject that took place in Modern Age, and the reasons for the elimination of spiritual practices of subjectivation. The work is of historical-philosophical nature, and employs analytical, critical and comparative methods of research applicable to the texts of Michel Foucault and Immanuel Kant, as well as to a number of foreign (G. Deleuze, A. Renaut, T. Adorno) and domestic (M. Mamardashvili, F. Girenok, S. Khoruzhiy) analytical works. The novelty of this research consists in the analysis of the philosophical concept of M. Foucault in the specific context of transcendental philosophy of I. Kant. The author distinguishes between what the French researcher called the metaphysical subject of Descartes and the transcendental subject of Kant. The following conclusions were formulated: the acknowledgement of irrevocable loss of the elements of subjectivation in the Kantian concept of subject, which were reflected in the doctrine of Cartesius; claim of the autonomy of the Kantian subject, founded on the rejection of metaphysics and exclusion of heteronomy as a characteristic of subjectivity; confirmation of the key role of practical reason as the factor of further development of the concept of subject towards enhancing the autonomy and gnoseocentrism.


Keywords: modern philosophy, social philosophy, history of philosophy, subject, subjectivation, Immanuel Kant, Foucault Studies, Michel Foucault, transcendentalism, idealism
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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