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Philosophical Thought

The philosophy of history of Arnold J. Toynbee in the context of the global world changes

Zhdanov Vladislav Leonidovich

PhD in Politics

Professor, the School of Philosophy, National Research University “Higher School of Economics”

105066, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Staraya Basmannaya, 21/4




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This article is dedicated to examination of the stages of civilizational development, including the transition from barbarian to ecumenical in accordance with the historical model of A. J. Toynbee, as well as the assessment of the modern globalizational trends. The subject of this research is the philosophy of history of Arnold J. Toynbee and the questions of correspondence of religion and culture in the context of the formation and development of civilizations. Special attention is given to peculiarities and importance of Toynbee’s civilizational conflict in light of the ongoing globalizational processes worldwide. The author explores the dangers that may be caused by Westernization (being the carrier of technocratic principles), as well as globalization overall. Research methodology includes the analysis of specific features of Toynbee’s philosophy of history and determination of the significance of religion and culture in the process of formation of civilization. The main conclusion lies in the statement that the philosophy of history of A. J. Toynbee is a useful theoretical framework that allows assessing tactical and strategic forecasts in the context of globalization. Retention of the inner values along with acceptance of borrowings from foreign cultures for their soft assimilation opens an opportunity for the state to bypass the stage of crisis and raises the chances for preserving the basis of cultural identity.

Keywords: barbaric civilization, society, conflict of civilizations, civilization approach, Toynbee's concept, philosophy of history, philosophy, ecumenical civilization, globalization, westernization
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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