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Philosophical Thought

Synthesis of yoga ideas in the teaching of Sri Ramana Maharshi
Zhirtueva Natalia

Doctor of Philosophy

Professor. the department of Political Science and International Relations, Institute of Social Sciences and International Relations, Sevastopol State University.

299026, Russia, respublika Krym, g. Sevastopol', ul. Universitetskaya, 33

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The subject of this research is the teaching of the Indian sage Sri Ramana Maharshi, which yet did not receive sufficient coverage in the scientific literature. It is viewed in the context of processes of modernization of India’s philosophical-religious thought of the XX century, characterized by the proneness to synthesis of the ideas of various schools of Indian thought. The analysis of the teaching is conducted in accordance with the three vectors: 1) the essence of Absolute reality; 2) correlation between the ideal and material being; 3) methods of mystical psychopractice. The research methodology contains the comparative philosophical-theological analysis; comparative-analytical analysis; synthesis, generalization, individualization, historical narrative. In the teaching of Sri Ramana Maharshi, the author determined the desire to find an answer to spiritual questions of that time through synthesizing such philosophical-religious traditions as Jnana yoga and Bhakti yoga. The teaching of Maharashi is also an immanent (non-theistic) monistic mystical tradition. The basic methods of mystical practice include the meditative contemplation (Vichara, Neti neti), and the love-trust to the Absolute (Bhakti).

Keywords: self-examination, monistic tradition, psychopractice, enlightened consciousness, egocentric consciousness, immanent mysticism, Absolute, bhakti yoga, vichara, jnana yoga
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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