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Philosophical Thought
Reference:

Ethnomathematics and ethnologic
Iashin Boris Leonidovich

Doctor of Philosophy

professor of the Department of Philosophy at Moscow State Pedagogical University

117571, Russia, Moscow, str. Vernadsky prospekt 88, room No. 812

jabor123@rambler.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

Abstract.

The subject of this research is the problem of universality (singularity) and uniqueness (plurality) of the “first” or “experienced” mathematics and ordinary logic of reasoning. The article discusses the possibility of application of the sociocultural approach that efficiently functions in ethnomathematics, studying of the logical reasoning within the historical context. The author demonstrates that in modern history and philosophy of mathematics, there are two opposing points of view: supporters of the first one substantiate the singularity, universality of the “first” or “experienced” mathematics, while supporters of the second uphold the idea of plurality of mathematics, explained by the impact of sociocultural factors upon its development. It is underlined, that at present time, a similar situation can be noticed with regards to the problem of universality of the logic of reasoning. The scientific novelty consists on presentation of comparative analysis of the two opposing points of view pertaining to the universality/plurality of the logic of reasoning if compared with the analogous circumstances in mathematics. The following conclusions are made: 1) the question of universality, i.e. singularity for the entire population of the Earth, or uniqueness, plurality, close interconnection of the logic of ordinary reasoning (as the “first mathematics” with the culture that it emerges within and produces significant impact, remains relevant for the modern science and philosophy; 2) such question in many way correlates with the problem of occurrence of the abstract reasoning, as well as reasoning in general; 3) it would be appropriate at present stage to introduce the notion of “ethnologic” for assigning the area of research that examine the role of sociocultural factors in establishment of the ordinary logic in historical development.

Keywords: ethnologic, ethnomathematics, culture, traditional logic, logical reasoning, mathematics, uniqueness, universality, ordinary logic of reasoning, sociocultural factors

DOI:

10.7256/2409-8728.2017.3.22190

Article was received:

06-03-2017


Review date:

03-03-2017


Publish date:

20-04-2017


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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