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Philosophical Thought
Reference:

Constructivism in philosophy and mathematics: Pro and contra
Iashin Boris Leonidovich

Doctor of Philosophy

professor of the Department of Philosophy at Moscow State Pedagogical University

117571, Russia, Moscow, str. Vernadsky prospekt 88, room No. 812

jabor123@rambler.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

Abstract.

The subject of this research is constructivism, the interest to which, in the author’s opinion, is caused by the discontent with classical epistemology, awareness of its limitation, and also the fact that such variety as "epistemological constructivism" not only expresses a number of features of modern anthropological sciences and contemporary culture in general, but also gives answers to the questions, which encourage the understanding of opportunities and limits of human cognition and what is the role of the cognizing subject in cognitive activity. This article makes actual the problems of dispute between realists and antirealists, which have direct relation to the fundamental grounds of scientific knowledge. Based on the analysis and comparison of the ideas of certain representatives of epistemological, social, and radical constructivism, constructivism in mathematics, works associated with discussion of the problems of the effect of sociocultural factors upon the development of mathematics (particularly works in the area of ethnomathematics)  and science as a whole, as well as works of the Russian philosophers dedicated to the questions of constructivism in philosophy and science, the author makes the following conclusion: the results of modern science (including cognitivistics) provide fairly weighty arguments which confirm the realistic interpretation of cognitive process and its result – the knowledge. It is underlined that this interpretation contributes into more detailed understanding and more adequate explanation of the scientific factors, opens opportunities for development of the research programs, which in the context of antirealistic epistemology would be impossible.

Keywords: sociocultural context, social constructivism, realism, radical constructivism, predictive constructivism, cognition, mathematical constructivism, constructivism, epistemological constructivism, ethnomathematics

DOI:

10.7256/2409-8728.2016.8.19737

Article was received:

13-07-2016


Review date:

13-07-2016


Publish date:

31-08-2016


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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