Статья 'Битва за опыт: феноменология vs. эмпиризм' - журнал 'Философская мысль' - NotaBene.ru
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Philosophical Thought

Battle for the experience: phenomenology vs. empiricism

Chubatov Andrey

Post-graduate student, the department of Logic, Saint Petersburg State University

199034, Russia, g. Saint Petersburg, ul. Mendeleevskaya Liniya, 5

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The ultimate source of knowledge is the experience. Habitualness of this reasoning disturbs to think it over to the end. Being faithful to the experience in form of ἀρχή means for the philosophy the inability to find reliance in one or another theory. This leads to debunking of a myth, according to which the philosophy based on experience is empiricism (particularly, is thematized the mythology of “eternal subjects” and “sensations”). At the baseline of empiricism lies a certain theory of experience, rather than experience. The only breakthrough towards life experience within the framework of empiricism was realized by George Berkeley, but at the end, he also drowned in its personalistic metaphysics. In turn, philosophy faithful to experience, which preceded all of its theories, manifests in form of phenomenology, not only rejecting the composition of theories, but meticulously exfoliating the intergrown into the experience theoretical constructs, disaffiliating from the authority innumerous unconscious theories that silently predetermine our knowledge before we start using it. Namely such step allows heading from an opinion towards vision, from the theory in a modern sense of word towards the Greek θεωρία – contemplation. This turn received the most capacious reflection in the famous slogan “Back, to the things themselves”. Give things the ability to talk for themselves – that is what the philosophy is outlived by. Particularly the faithfulness to experience as the contact point with the world allows the things themselves to manifest for narration. Again, namely the ultimate faithfulness to the experience represents the key feature of phenomenology. Thus, this article can be considered as introduction to phenomenology.

Keywords: sensations, empiricism, θεωρία, theory, ἀρχή, experience, doubling of the world, phenomenology, lifeworld, things themselves
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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