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Philosophical Thought
Reference:

Ancient Greece: the idea of gender equality

Markhinin Vasiliy

Doctor of Philosophy

Professor, the department of Philosophy and Law, Surgut State University of of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug

628400, Russia, Surgut, Energetikov Street 22, office #614

Markhinin@yandex.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2409-8728.2016.7.19628

Review date:

03-07-2016


Publish date:

17-07-2016


Abstract.

This article poses the problem of establishment of the prerequisites for future female emancipation in Ancient Greece. The author examines the status of a woman formed by the classical period of Ancient Greece, which in essence was close to the status of a household slave. Nevertheless, we can observe that the woman’s position in Sparta was a lot better than in other poleis. It is explained by the high level of archaism of the Spartan social order and lower level of development of the commodity-financial relations; as well as a certain type of slave ownership, which required a strong consolidation of free citizens in face of danger of the Helots uprising. This work demonstrates that the comparison of women’s status in Sparta and Athens becomes one of the two foundations for the two contradictory solutions of a “women’s issue” by Plato on one hand, and Aristotle on the other. The author analyzes Aristotle’s justification of the class and gender slavery, as well as interprets Plato’s argumentation of the idea of equality between a man and a woman by their nature and his project of liberation of women in the utopian fair state. The historical-genetic and sociocultural origins of gender equality are being determined. The role of Plutarch as a theoretician-“feminist” and a successor of Plato’s idea of gender equality is being demonstrated. The scientific novelty of this research consists in the fact that unlike the ideology of the modern feminist authors, which mainly includes the unmasking of the “patriarchy” of the ancient culture, it reflects the emergence and gradual progress of the idea of gender equality within the patriarchal and overall antiquated culture.

Keywords: Plutarch’s feminism, Woman’s dignity, Spousal Eros, Utopia of the Ancient Greek comedy, Primeval Communism, Plato’s social utopia, Project of female emancipation, Woman’s nature, Idea of gender equality, Gender slavery
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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