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Philosophical Thought
Reference:

From the History of the Concept of Differences: Scholastic Stage

Medova Anastasiya Anatol'evna

PhD in Philosophy

assistant professor of the Philosophical Department at Siberian State Technological University

660049, Russia, Krasnoyarsk Region, Krasnoyarsk, str. Mira, 82, room No. 321

amedova@list.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 
Naumov Oleg Dmitrievich

post-graduate student of the Department of Philosophy at Siberian State Technological University

660049, Russia, Krasnoyarsk Region, Krasnoyarsk, Mira prospect 82, room No. 321

Naumoff-on@mail.ru

DOI:

10.7256/2409-8728.2015.3.14838

Review date:

29-03-2015


Publish date:

06-04-2015


Abstract: The object of the study in this article supports one of the key concepts of modern philosophy - the idea of differences that is traditionally opposed to the idea of identity. This opposition is expressed in the opposition of the two major traditions of European philosophy: postmetaphysical modern philosophy and classical metaphysical philosophy. The subject of the research in this article is one of the historical stages of development of the idea of differences, the period of medieval scholastic philosophy. In particular, the authors analyze the ideas of John Duns Scotus and Richard of Middletown. The ideas of differences represented in the works of scholastic philosophers are being viewed from the perspective of the modal theory. The authors also refer to the ideas introduced by representatives of modern philosophies such as genology and Russian neo all-encompassing entity. The main results of the study include categorical analysis of the concept of differences in the discourse of medieval scholastic philosophy involving a detailed classification of differences. Thus, the novelty of the research is caused by the fact that based on the analysis of scholastic texts, the authors have proposed and substantiated the idea that the idea of differences refers to the actual existence of many differences. In other words, the difference in nature varies. Thus, the traditional history of the European philosophical dispute between difference and identity, the One and the Much, can be viewed from a new angle - the position of the modal theory interpreting these principles as mutually complementary ontological and epistemological principles. 


Keywords: identity, difference, modus, scholasticism, genology, being, Johannes Duns Scotus, modal theory, the One, the Much
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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