Статья 'Две парадигмы в протестантской библейской герменевтике' - журнал 'Философская мысль' - NotaBene.ru
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Philosophical Thought

Two paradigms in the Protestand Bible hermeneutics.

Arapov Aleksandr Vladilenovich

Doctor of Philosophy

associate professor of the Department of Ontology and the Theory of Knowledge at Voronezh State University

394006, Russia, Voronezh, Universitetskaya ploschad 1

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Abstract: The modern Protestant Bible hermeneutics has two main paradigms: the conservative paradigm and the liberal paradigm. The liberal hermeneutic paradigm was formed in XVIII -XIX centuries under the influence of the ideas of Enlightenment and Positivism. Later existentialism also had a significant influence on it.  The conservative paradigm as we know it was formed in the XIX century as a reaction to the spread of the liberal paradigm. The conservative hermeneutic paradigm is related to the conservative theological and metaphysical position in Protestantism.  These paradigms are the object of studies in this article. The article uses social philosophical analysis, comparative analysis, psychological analysis, and general scientific methods. Social and philosophical analysis allowed to uncover the influence of social and political elements on the later interpretation of sacral texts. With its help the author defines specific historical prerequisites for the development of hermeneutic strategies. The conservative movement has the most influence among the clergy, and interpretation based on conservative approach is often used in the preaching practice: for preaching, counseling talks and missionary work. Liberal approach has more influence in the academic circles. The two movements have mutual distrust towards each other. From the standpoint of conservative Protestants, the representatives of the liberal movement are doubtful Christians.  And from the standpoint of the liberal Protestant the conservative approach towards the Bible interpretation is hardly scientific.  The conservative approach is irrational (while not being mystical). At the same time, it should be noted that in the late XX century fundamentalism merged with the postmodernism, since these two approaches similarly distrust critical mindset.

Keywords: hermeneutics, Bible studies, Protestantism, fundamentalism, conservativism, liberalism, existentialism, Rudolf Karl Bultmann, Karl Barth, semiotics
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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