Litera - rubric Phenomenology
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Faritov V.T. - Poetic Creativity as the Will to Eternal Return: Imagination and Memory pp. 80-89


Abstract: The article is devoted to the study of the problem of the interrelation between the phenomenon of creativity and the Nietzschean idea of eternal return. The subject of the study is the poem of Lermontov "From under the mysterious cold half-mask ...". Through the analysis of the antithesis of the mask and voice, the author of the article realizes the problem of time. Disclosure of the connection between imagination and memory and creativity makes it possible to identify Lermontov's idea of eternal return. An analysis of the poetic text is supported by the author referring to the conceptual developments of Hegel and Nietzsche as well as M. Bakhtin, N. Berdyayev, E. Husserl, J. Sartre, K. Jung, J. Derrida and J. Deleuze. The author of the article applies the methodology of intertextual and motivational analysis. The main method can be defined as a philosophical analysis of a literary text. The main conclusion of the study is the position of the creative nature of memory and its connection with the phenomenon of imagination and the idea of eternal return. Memory is seen as the will to perpetuate being created by imagining the perspectives of existence and values. The author of the article shows that memory, imagination and creation constitute the main motives for the idea of eternal return, which is revealed in poetic creativity.
Shestakova I. - Methods Used in Russian Prose of the XX - Early XXIst Century to Convey the Phenomenological Vision of the World pp. 205-214


Abstract: The articlei s devoted to the methods used in Russian prose to convey the phenomenological world view based on the example of M. Shishkin's stories from the 'Coat with Half-Belt' series and V. Kazakevich's novel 'The Unicorn Will Come For Me'. Using sensor reactions of the main characters, the researcher proves the specific nature of phenomenological poetics based on acute perception of the surroudning world which has become the expression of ethic escapism. The researcher also describes the continuity of modern authors and classical writers such as Bunin and Nabokov whose creative works became a certain response to social cataclysms and disasters. The researcher has applied the descriptive research method as well as comparison of M. Shishkin's and V. Kazakevich's prose. This has allowed to answer the question why the XXIst century, the era of relative peace and social stability, faced interest in the phenomenological prose. For example, while Kazakevich's motif was to enrich the gloom village reality with the help of child's fantasy, Shishkin's character coping with the death of his close one became emerged in his own feelings up to erasing the borders with the surrounding world but always remaining his self. As a result of the research, the author comes to the conclusion that phenomenological prose has become a rather important part of today's prose. 
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