Litera - rubric Poetics
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Spektor D.M. - Writing and Time. Way of Golem pp. 71-83


Abstract: The subject of the study is represented by triple ratio referentsii- mimesisa- story, traceable on the text of P. Ricoeur's "time and the story." The study proved that chronological time is closely related to the body-space reference and co-compliant activities. "Story" in opposition to it (reference) other (non-chronological) time (other-world), the "collection-itself" in the subject position. This procedure is related to the re-reading of the text, including the re-viewing the incident arising from the formation of subjectivity-and-retrospective differentiation-occurring entities. The article made an attempt this reconstruction (the qualitative) time in its projection on the structure of the narrative-the story.The method of investigation is connected with the analysis and theoretical reconstruction of the concept of "mimesis" in the treatment of "soul" and "spirit". This ratio is assumed in the base of the temporal structure of the reconstruction.The scientific novelty of the research is to develop the concept of time-the story of language, events, plot, genre typology of characters and stories. With the "treatment" of subjectivity / entity mapped "conversion" to the original, word, seen in perspective "vanishing point" as a reference point "pro-of-knowledge", and the starting point of historical intelligence (humanitarian properties).
Spektor D.M. - Historical Roots of Dramatic Poetry pp. 100-135


Abstract: In this article the treatment according to which scenic action in one way or another "displays" is analyzed deeply implanted in classical philosophy or "expresses" life, the tragedy and the comedy act as typical forms of such reflection — as well as typical forms of expressiveness which the limelight gives often to the banal vital phenomena – "condensing" them, rejecting routine, not typical and minor, and exposing most "essential" on the foreground.Overcoming of the general metafizichnost and spirit of Education induces to address to real historical roots of tragic action. Removal it from under exclusive aegis of a panlogizm allows to plan the real bases of poetics. As the main method thus acts the historical reconstruction in no small measure connected with search and the statement of "basis", in which real and historical conditions of an origin still directly visible. They, according to the author, are connected with initiation of a special condition of ecstasy (in a number of researches identified with a spiritualizing), releasing its testing from influence of the instincts which indissolubly binding existence with are (isolated) life - in - a body. Framework similar experience caused emergence of special (virtual) reality – as realities of possible interactions (opposite reality of coexistence of ranks of the separate isolated beings and sushchnost). Universality of human life forms such space of opportunities creating beings from the endured - the relations (for example, such subject, as a community – earlier in the nature not existing)
Fedotova K.S. - Poetics of Proper Names Catalogues in Works Written by Nikolay Gumilev pp. 149-159


Abstract: The article deals with proper names catalogues in poetry by Nikolay Gumilev. The catalogue is defined as a complex variety unifided in semantics and syntax manners, and also involved in composition of literary text. Poetonyms as nominative units of artistic speech became the subjects of this paper. The author of the article specified peculiar features of organisation of proper names catalogues in poetry by Nikolay Gumilev. Poetonyms functioning in a structure of nominative lists have been analysed. The author of the paper has shown that the last name of catalogue is often instrumental in list, and that the whole catalogue as a unified varety is often contradistinguished to one poetonym used in title or in main part of text. Comparative method, methods of description and context interpretation have been used in this research. Poetonyms have been analysed due to their contextual functions and co-operation with their epithets and descriptions. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the poetics of proper names catalogues has not been yet attentively analysed. The case study of poetry by Nikolay Gumilev has shown that the proper names catalogue is a polycomponent variety which is seamlessly involved in the literary text architectonics and took part in the expression of the artistic conception. In proper names catalogue the poet creates the unit image with its special semantics sphere which could be understood due to the analyse of each poetonym in the list, the cooperation of poetonyms and the role which the catalogue plays in a composition of literary text.
Karpov I.P. - Mari and Russian Poetry in Critical Commentaries of A. Tudorovskaya (the Article 'The Poet's Mastery' Published in 1944) pp. 163-170


Abstract: During the Great Patriotic War, several literary critics and critics lived in the Republic of Mari El, who were evacuated from Moscow and Leningrad. They made a definite contribution to the development of the Mari and Russian literatures in the republic. The activity of the critic and folklorist E. A. Tudorovskaya was especially fruitful. The article analyzed the Mari and Russian texts and put important theoretical problems (the ratio of form and content, the integrity of the poetic work). The content and value of the article is disclosed in this publication. The study uses the authorological methods of text analysis, in which the author is considered as a subject of activity, and the text as the objectification of the author’s existential forces. In this article, for the first time in the domestic literary criticism, the critical heritage of E. A. Tudorovskaya, the article “The Poet's Mastery”, which was published in the Mari almanac “For the Motherland” in 1944, is analyzed. The significance of this article for the development of Mari and Russian literatures is determined. The author of the article comes to the conclusion that the work of E. A. Tudorovskaya was one of the first experiences of intellectual criticism in the republic, a significant contribution to the history of criticism of Mari El.
Feng M. - Peculiar Features of the Documentary Biographical Sports Literature of the XXth Century (the Book of Selected Works 'Sportsmen' From the Series 'Lives of Great People' pp. 243-250


Abstract: The literature about sports and sportsmen of the XXth century still remains an understudied issue. The author of the article demonstrates that sports essays unite the documentary writing and literary writing when an author describes the world of sports based on sports facts and biographical memories. In the XXth century researchers often referred to the synthesis of documentary and literary beginnings in works of different genres and themes, however, the nature of the documentary-literary prose is sitll difficult to be defined. The subject of this research is the synthesis of the documentary and literary in essays about sportsmen as well as the conceptual and genre peculiarities of a series of essays 'Sportsmen' from the Lives of Great People. The author has applied the following methods and approaches: biographical that implies interpretation of an essay as reflection of biographical and personal features of famous sportmen as well as problem thematic and comparative methods. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that for the first time in the academic literature the researcher views sports documentary literature in the form of essays. The main conclusions of the research are the following. The results of the analysis demonstrate that essays from the Sportsmen collection presents a synthesis of documentary and literary methods and genres. The researcher describes particular means and method used by the author to depict important sports events that played a great role for the entire country and reveal personal traits and biographies of sportsmen. Some essays combine analytical and essay-like free narration form that is based on complex association relations and figurative generalisations. These and other aspects define peculiarities of the literary manner of essay writers. 
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