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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Litera" > Rubric "Comparative-historical studies of literature"
Comparative-historical studies of literature
Sharapova D.D., Krinitsyn A.B. - The Synthesis of the Gothic and 'Light Novel' Influence on Fedor Dostoevsky's Writing pp. 16-25


Abstract: In this article the authors speak about elements of the Gothic and light literature in Dostoevsky's novels as well as synthesis of those. According to the authors, the Gothic literature had a double influence on Dostoevsky's novels. There were the direct influence of the writers belonging to the aforesaid literary school and indirect influence of the light literature which was also influenced by Gothic novels. The authors of the article define the features proving the influence of the Gothic literature on Dostoevsky's writing such as the themes of the castle, ghost, vampire, demon, devil, Gothic villain, etc. reflected in Fedor Dostoevsky's five books as well as the influence of the features of light literature such as characters and heroes typical for that kind of literature (poor aristrocrat, 'fallen' yet pure-hearted woman, poor family). In their analysis the authors have used the methods of comparative-historical and compartive-typological literary studies. They have found the points where the influence of those two genres met based on the examples of such characters as Svidrigailov and Stavrogin who had both the features of the Gothic villain and 'light novel' aristocrat. Noteworhy that Stavrogin also resembles a vampire both by his appearance and behavior which is one of the forms of demon. The authors also describe the features of the ghost motif which, despite its Gothic origin, is closer to the ghost from the light novel. Another example is the motif of demon reflected in the image of Devil (The Brothers Karamazov) which again has the features of both a Gothic demon and Devil from Frederic Soulie's novel 'Memoirs of the Devil'. 
Shen' Y. - Daniel Kharms and Lao Tzu about the Aesthetical Perception of the World pp. 110-117


Abstract: The subject of the research is the comparison of some leading features of Daniel Kharms' picture of the world to the images and ideas of Taoism, in particular, the idea of the 'perfect present' (item that can be the object of aesthetical pleasure) as being independent and practically senseless; the idea of plasticity or 'fluidity' of reason; the idea of aesthetical perception of the world as the denial of the borders between one's Self and the surrounding world. The author of the article also touches upon such issues as the evolution of Kharms' concepts whose late period of creativity gave a tragic emotional tone to the aforesaid ideas and images. The main target of critical analysis is the fictional prose, poems and articles written by Kharms as well as the ancient Chinese treatise Zhuang Zhou. The main research methods used by the author are the hermeneutical and comparative analysis. The article is of interdisciplinary nature: the author analyzes and compares literary and philosophical texts as well as texts of uncertain genre (ancient Chinese treatises). The author summarizes, clarifies and completes opinions of philologists and philosophy historians regarding the 'Taoism' in Kharms' aesthetics and offers his own comparisons. This particular research demonstrates not only similarity of some very important ideas of Kharms and Taoism but also crucial differences in the emotional coloring of these ideas in ancient Western philosophy and artwork of the Europeans of the XXth century. 
Semenov V.B. - About the Latin Derivation of European Rhyming Stanzas: Pro at Contra pp. 156-164


Abstract: The object of the research is one of the hypotheses about derivation of European rhyming stanzas, in particular, the one saying that Provencal trobadouresques got that type of stanzas as a heritage from the Dark Ages and Early Medieval poetry. in his research Semenov analyzes the milestones of that hypothesis development in the history of literature as well as variants of that hypothesis in reserches by the leding experts in Western European Medieval studies of the 19th - 20th centuries. The author defines differences between different methods of proving that hypothesis, in particular, the non-literature method and literature argumentation method. As the connecting elements of the Latin poetry that existed prior to end-stanzas, the author anayzes leonine rhymes and end homaioteleuton. In his reserch Semenov has used the comparative historical approach to describing rhyming stanzas as a text phenomenon as well as has covered the most important events in that period of literary history that related to old Provencial poetry. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the fact that for the first time in the academic literature the history of existence of so-called 'Latin thesis' is represented as the process that had its internal development logic. The author also analyzes pros and contras of the Latin derivation of European rhyming stanzas. In conclusion, the author states that the aforesaid hypothesis never became popular because there are too few examples proving it, besides, there is a fundamental difference between Latin rhymes and  trobadouresque poetry. 
Song Y. - Confucius and Gogol: Dialogue about Art Through Ages pp. 221-227


Abstract: The article is devoted to discovering accordances between ideas of Confucius and Nikolay Gogol about art. Sun makes a hypothesis about universal values of Chinese and Russians that may contribute to cross-cultural dialogue between these two nations. At the same time, the researcher demonstrates different aesthetics of these two writers caused by peculiarities of Chinese and Russian cultures. It is important to understand their principal difference and keep it in mind during cross-cultural dialogue and exchange of ideas. Based on the comparative analysis of texts written by these two writers, Sun discovers opinions the writers had in common regarding the role of art in personal and society's development. Studying their expressions about art, the researcher concludes that firstly, Confucius and Gogol emphasized the great role of art in moral education. According to them, art must also contribute to personal development and growth. Secondly, aesthetics of Confucius and Gogl have some political nature, too. They both believed that conveying an ethical dominant, art may play an important role in the reinforcement of political power and further development of society. Thirdly, Gogol gave a religious meaning to the word 'writer'. His idea of art was closely related to Orthodox belief and personality of God while such meaning is not typical for Confucius or Chinese culture. 
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