Litera - rubric Symbolism
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Symbolism
Li X. - The Wind Motif in the Language of M.Y. Lermontov's Works pp. 147-159

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2023.2.39675

EDN: CQSFGB

Abstract: The article is devoted to the motivic analysis of literature. The object of the study is the linguistic means reflecting the components of the wind in literature, and their identification in Lermontov's texts. The subject of the study is the most significant works of Lermontov in the 1831-1841s, including words with the semantic component Сwind'. The scientific novelty of the work lies in the fact that it attempts to identify the linguistic means of implementing the wind motif in M.Y. Lermontov's poetic and prose texts. The purpose of this work is to determine the artistic role of these words and identify their stylistic features. To achieve this goal, the continuous sampling method, the method of classification, analysis and generalization are used in the course of the work. Thus, the presented material allows us to conclude that motivic analysis is especially promising when studying Lermontov's work. The motif of the wind performs an important symbolic function in his works: the wind is not only the movement of the air, but also a symbol of freedom, will, happiness, life's adversities and emotional experiences. Russian literature results can be used in the process of learning the language of Russian fiction, including the work of M.Y. Lermontov, they are also important for mastering the vocabulary of the Russian language.
Kuzmina Y.A. - "The babbitry of professors' humble abodes": Representation of Everyday Life of the "Positivist Father" in Memoirs of Russian Symbolism pp. 193-203

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2023.7.43551

EDN: TPNNNI

Abstract: The formation of symbolism as an artistic and worldview phenomenon took place in intellectual and cultural opposition to the tradition of Russian academic positivism. In the article positivism and symbolism are viewed as two discourses competing for influence in the Russian intellectual environment, the competition of which often took on the features of a conflict between "fathers and children". One of the ways of " battle for the authority" was the construction of the image of "father-positivist" in memoirs and diary notes by symbolists. The object of the study is the representation of the everyday culture of the conventional "father" in the memoirs of A. Beliy, G. I. Chulkov, V. Y. Brusov, N. Petrovskaya, B. M. Runt and Z. N. Gippius. The subject is those discursive mechanics, through which the representation of otherness and "othering" of such everyday life are achieved. The methodology of the work is built around the optics of the translation turn, which allows us to look at the scenes from the memoirs as "third space", where the battle of discourses unfolds at the expense of representational practices. The novelty of the research is manifested both in drawing attention to this problem and in the development of an actual methodological base. Based on the results of the analysis, the following mechanics of "othering" were identified: unification and generalization, binarity and asymmetry, giving the Other the status of timelessness and non-historicity, the use of pejorative categories, the narrative technique of double representation and concealment. The aim of the fathers "othering" was the construction of personal identity and selfhood, as well as the attempt to define oneself through the constitutive Other.
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