Litera - rubric Fiction
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Litera" > Rubric "Fiction"
Ignatova I.V. - Government as the Sphere of Representation of the Concept of 'Power' in Youth Dystopian Novels of the Early XXIst Century (Anaylsis of Suzanne Collins' The Hunger Games' Trilogy) pp. 9-17


Abstract: Subject of the analysis of article is language representation of a concept "power" at the description of a state system of society in art work anti-Utopia of the beginning of the 21st century. The political concept "power" verbalized in all languages which carriers live in the society operated on the basis of the imperious relations is one of the most difficult owing to the ambiguity and valuable orientation. Having assumed that the sphere of the state is extremely significant for creation of a picture of the fictional world in anti-utopian novels, the author describes ways of verbalization of the studied concept on material of the popular youth trilogy anti-Utopia S. Collins "Hungry Games". The interpretative analysis of the revealed means of verbalization of a concept "power" including as key words-reprezentanty, so their wide and narrow contextual environment proves multidimensionality, complexity and valuable orientation of the studied mental essence, and also confirm the thesis about dual essence of the power: the "ideal" state, as a rule, the democracy, exercises "the power for" the people, achievement of social justice in society, freedoms, happiness, welfare; his contrast (the totalitarian state with the governor despot) realizes the "power for the sake of the power" installation through "the power over" the individual and society by means of tyranny, system of punishments, deprivation or extreme restriction of vital resources, shadowing, standards of behavior and the interpersonal relations. Novelty of work consists in the choice as material of research of the concept "power" which is typically staticized in a political discourse, the text of youth art work anti-Utopia of the beginning of the 21st century, definition of the leading imperious installations for the sphere of the state which are staticized as "the power over" a people at large for the purpose of providing "the authorities for" the tyrant.
Bondarenko Y. - Quasi-Autobiographical nature of PR-Biography pp. 49-62


Abstract: PR-biography is a new speech genre that was created as a result of adaptation of a traditional biographical narration to PR-dicourse essense and purposes. The subject of this research is the main grammar, lexico-semantic and textual linguistic means that indirectly demonstrate the speech situation and discursive context in which PR-biography texts and genres are created and function. These means also indicate transformations that happen to the biographical narration model as a result of its being included in the PR-discourse. Along with observation, induction and deduction, the author of the article has also used the method of explanatory description that is based on discovering relations between linguistic facts and extra-linguistic (communicative) situation that combines communicative features of both biography and autobiography in one text. The author of the research also describes how these features are demonstrated through the first-person and third-person narrations that become stylistic means of modelling a distance between a hero and audience, particular implementation of an authorship category and means of expressive a positive attitude developed by PR-biography. The results of the research can be used to clarify existing classifications of PR-biographies as well as to develop recommendations about how to write PR-biographical texts. 
Jazokova J. - Lexico-stylistic features of the expression of indignation in a fiction and its film version: comparative analysis pp. 250-257



Abstract: The subject of the study is the lexical means of expressing indignation. The object of the study is statements with the intention of indignation. The theoretical basis of the study is the idea of perturbation as an integral part of conflict communication. The study reveals the most general patterns of changes in statements with the intention of indignation during the screening of fiction. The analysis is carried out in the comparative aspect of the statements of the characters of the literary work with the statements of the characters of the film adaptation of the literary work. The author examines in detail such aspects of the topic as lexical changes in the text of a work of fiction during its film adaptation. Special attention is paid to the reasons for changing the literary text in its screen version. The novelty of the research lies in the fact that for the first time a comparative analysis of statements with the intention of indignation is carried out, the analysis is carried out in comparison of the text of fiction with its film adaptation. The following transformations were identified: verbatim preservation of lexical composition, omission of lexical units, addition of lexical units and their replacement. The main conclusions of the study are the reasons for the identified transformations, which are due to the desire of the creators of the film adaptation to have a greater emotional impact on the audience - for this reason, the characters of the film adaptation are more emotional in expressing their feelings and experiences, their statements are more categorical, and there is more speech aggression in the film adaptation. Transformations occur due to changes in the details of the content of situations. Finally, the film adaptation has more features peculiar to oral colloquial speech: there is more colloquial vocabulary in the film adaptation, and the characters speak more briefly, since this is due to the general tendency of oral colloquial speech to save speech resources.
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