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Question at hand
Zheng L. - Particularities of Healthy Lifestyle Promotion in China's Printed Media (the Case Study of The Popular Medicine Journal) pp. 1-9

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.1.25098

Abstract: At the age of the social and economic development of modern China, the issues of physical and mental health and healthy lifestyle values are growing especially important. The present article is devoted to the role played by Chinese general audience medical publications in promotion of health-saving technologies. In this regard, the author of the article pays special attention to the general review of the genesis and gradual development of Chinese general audience medical publications in accordance with particular sociohistorical periods. The author focuses on modern printed media that transmit today's China's health care policy. The author provides results of the analysis of typological and substantial particularities of The Popular Medicine Journal issues that have been published since 2006 till 2016. This journal is a long tradition and today has a dominant position in China's printed media. The Journal publishes articles and researches of respected representatives of modern Chinese medicine. The author emphasizes the important role and main provisions of traditional Chinese medicine, and their importance for health and well-being of a modern person. 
Klyuev N.A. - The Social Media Category in Corpus Linguistics (the Case Study of the Russian National Corpus) pp. 1-16

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.4.26682

Abstract: The subject of this research is the structure of the social media category in Russian linguistic consciousness. In his research Klyuev pays attention to the components of the social media category (subconcepts of social networks and messengers and their particular examples), their conceptual content and semantic cognitive links. The purpose of the research is to analyze semantics of linguistic units that nominate the social media category, their cognitive interpretation and to define how these units relate in practical use. The research material involved data from the Russian National Corpus. The main research method used by the author for his conceptual analysis was the computer-based content analysis of cases when the expression 'social media' have been used in the Russian National Corpus followed by their cognitive interpretation. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author makes a first attempt to provide a systemic description of conceptual relations between components of the social media category in Russian linguistic consciousness. The mai nconclusions of the author is that there is a certain initial stage in the development of the (sub) concepts in Russian linguistic consciousenss as well as the obvious semantic relationship between nominations that objectify (sub) concepts and cognitive relationship between these (sub) concepts in the minds of users. 
Zavialova I. - Functions Performed by Transformations that Appear in the Process of Translating German Article Headlines on Deutschland.de to Russian pp. 1-5

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2019.2.28867

Abstract: Because of different standards of the source and target languages, literal translation is often impossible. When facing difficulty, a translator uses translation transformations. The subject of the research is translation transformations that are used to translate headlines on Deutschland.de. The author examines peculiar functions of such translation transformations as substitution, supplementation, transposition, omission and their combination as well as discovers the frequency of particular kinds of tranformations used in the German-Russian translation. To select the research material, the author has used the random sampling technique. The main research methods included description, comparision of the source text and translation, and statistic-linguistic analysis. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the researcher analyzes transformations based on the comparison of headlines in the source and target languages, in particular, articles posted on Deutschland.de. The results of analyzing the research material demonstrate that the most commonly used translation transformations are substitutions, mostly grammatical substitutions. Supplementations, transpositions, omissions and complex transformations are used less frequently.
Balaeva S.V. - Search for Giacomo Leopardi's Poetic Language pp. 1-7

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2019.4.30288

Abstract: The subject of the research is the concept of poetic language developed by an Italian poet and philologist Giacomo Leopardi. Analysis involves his Leopardi's philosophical works about the language and historical development of the mankind as well as his poetic works on ancient plots, first of all, his 'Operetti Morali' and 'Zibaldone'. Leopardi's concept of poetic language is one of the least studied topics in the Italian poet's creative writing. Based on the analysis of Leopardi's works, the author of the article views the process of creation of Leopardi's concept of poetic language as a late response to The Quarrel of the Ancients and the Moderns. In her article Balaeva uses the methodology of theoretical poetics that is aimed at systems analysis of Giacomo Leopardi's concept of poetic language. The concept of poetic language is one of the central topics in theoretical and philosophical works of the Italian author. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that this is an understudied aspect of creative work of the Italian's poet and philospher. The main conclusion of the research is the proof of the relationship between The Quarrel of the Ancients and the Moderns and late works of Giacomo Leopardi. Giacomo Leopardi's concept of the poetic language viewed in terms of The Quarrel reveals mechanisms of the union of philosophy and poetry in theoretical (Zibaldone) and literary (Operetti Morali) works of the Italian poet. 
Danilova V.A., Shikhalkina T.G. - M-learning in the process of studying English for specific purposes (ESP): methodological approaches and performance assessment pp. 1-13

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2020.3.32646

Abstract: The subject of this research is the methods of m-learning in teaching English language for specific purposes to students of the higher educational institution. The authors examine a range of questions related to digitalization of educational environment, as well as the relevance of implementation of mobile technologies into the process of teaching English language. The article analyzes various methods of m-learning and present a broad array of tasks developed by the authors. The efficiency of m-learning method is determined based on the results of questionnaire of students of the School of Design of the Higher School of Economics, after taking the course with application of mobile technologies over three-year period. The scientific novelty consists in examination of m-learning as a pedagogical innovation within the framework of university education. The authors attempt to invest into development of new teaching methodology through in-depth study of the possibilities and effectiveness of m-learning in foreign language teaching. The results of this research demonstrate that in the period from 2017 to 2019 there was a growth in student interest towards m-learning. Majority of students of the Higher School of Economics preferred taking the classes using mobile technologies, as they believe mobile learning is more efficient. Classes become more interactive and contribute to rapid development of language skills. However, some of the students take a cautious approach to this novelty, as they feel that traditional methodologies of teaching English language are more effective.
Bugorskaia V. - To the question of central conflict in M. Y. Lermontov’s novel “Vadim” pp. 1-8

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2020.8.33494

Abstract: This article examines the unfinished Mikhail Lermontov’s novel “Vadim”. This oeuvre is one of the signature works of the writer: on the one hand, it recapitulates the earlier period of Lermontov’s works, while on the other – represents a stepping stone, characterized by mastering new genres and reflecting general trends of Russian literature of the beginning of the 1830’s. The goal consists in the analysis of central conflict unfolded between the protagonists Vadim and Olga, which reflects choice of a person between good and evil. The historical-literary and hermeneutic methods are applied in the course of this research. The novelty lies in the author’s suggestion to examine romantic conflicts in the context of Christian worldview. The implications of M. Y. Lermontov’s novel are decoded via attraction of the texts of Holy Scripture, which leads to the conclusion that the beginning of work on the novel “Vadim” coincides with Lermontov’s heightened interest to the problem of good and evil in Christian understanding. Mastering the new prosaic genre, the writer continues to amplify the common to his works theme of interaction of the Divine, angelical, demonic and human beginnings.
Kropacheva K.A. - The establishment of literary canon of French dramaturgy of the XVI century pp. 1-7

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2020.10.33800

Abstract: This article reviews gradual development of the literary canon of French theater of the Renaissance Era, which in many ways predetermined the emergence and further evolution of classicistic dramaturgy. The subject of this research is the principles of dramaturgical art formulated by the poets and theoreticians of the XVI century within the framework of poetic texts and treatises. The goal consists in description of the stages in establishment of the theatrical canon in France of the Renaissance Era, juxtapose its principles to the medieval theater, determine to which stage is attributed the emergence of representations on the classical theater, and highlight the factors that influenced its development. The novelty of this research lies in the attempt of comprehensive analysis of the poetic texts and treatises that allow reconstructing the processes unfolded in the XVI century in French theater, as well as comparing them to medieval tradition, as well as to gradually forming classicism. The relevance is substantiated by the need that occurred in literary studies to understand the formation of classical principles of French dramaturgy based on the materials of poetic works of the Renaissance Era. The author delineates three staged in the process of formation of the canon of French theatre of the Renaissance Era. The first is associated with the publication of Joachim du Bellay's manifesto, which indicates the “gap” in French literature in the area of drama and appeals to fill it. For realization of the second stage, pivotal becomes the figure of Étienne Jodelle, the author of tragedy “Cléopâtre Captive”, which epitomized an attempt to revive of antique tragedy, and comedy “Eugène”.. So in France of the XVI century. This led to the emergence of French national theatrical tradition that can be considered a literary canon. The third stage of its formation became the recognition of Jodelle's achievements in the theory of poetry. In 1555, Jacques Peletier in “Art Poétique” cited both compositions as the examples of tragedy and comedy, which contributed to consolidation of the canon.
Zou H., Novospasskaya N.V. - Classification of the elements of linguoculturological information in the polycode text of print advertising based on the material of Russian and Chinese languages pp. 1-10

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.2.35001

Abstract: The subject of this research is the polycode text, viewed from the perspective of value in cross-cultural communication. Research material con block of social and commercial advertising (40 units in Russian and 40 units in Chinese), in which linguoculturological information can be the subject of advertising, as well as the background for the advertised goods, service or idea. In course of research, the author employed comparative analysis of the verbal component of the two languages, method of comparison of the content and carrying out the elements of iconic level, semantic analysis of the verbal component of polycode text of print advertising. The novelty of this work lies in establishment of the impact of polycode of advertising texts upon the audience, which consists in formation of representations on the national values, including physical-geographical, figurative, cultural-historical, material and spiritual aspects. The conclusion is made that the polycode text of print advertising is the effective means of conveyance and acquisition of information on cultural specificity of the nation, as well as the tool that reflects the state of another culture through application of semantic and linguistic techniques. The indicated elements of linguoculturological information are lucidly presented as a combination of visual and textual means.
Chen K. - “Mercilessly passing time” (To the question of the comedic in A. P. Chekhov’s play “Three Sisters”) pp. 1-5

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.5.35539

Abstract: This article turns special attention to the problem of the comedic in Chekhov's dramaturgy based on the play “Three Sisters”. The author reviews the theories of the comedic in historical context, highlights “inconformity” and “contradiction” as an important foundation of the comedic in real life, characterizes the forms of inconformity, such as between illusion and reality, between false and genuine, etc. Attention is also drawn to the theme of “time” in the play “Three Sisters”, complaints of the heroes about the passing time. The author reveals the contradiction between the characters of the play and the lapse of time. The novelty of this work consists in associating the contradiction between the illusion of the characters in the play “Three Sisters” and the lapse of time with A. P. Chekhov’s poetics of the comedic in his dramaturgy. The concept of the comedic is viewed as an objective category, “objective truth”, which does not depend on the will of the characters. The conclusion is made that one of the principles of the comedic in the play “Three Sisters” consists in the contradiction between human and the objective lapse of time. Powerlessness of the characters before reality is not only tragic, but also comedic.
Guo C. - Project study of transformations in the works of F. Kafka and M. A. Bulgakov (“The Metamorphosis” and “Heart of a Dog”) pp. 1-11

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.7.35794

Abstract: The subject of this research is the literary works of F. Kafka “The Metamorphosis” and M. A. Bulgakov “Heart of a Dog”. The object of this research is the metaphor of transformation in the aforementioned novels. The article employs comparative, analytical, and descriptive methods. The methodological framework is comprised of the works of Russian and Chinese scholars. The study is founded on the compilation of research experience of such Chinese authors as Liang Kun, Wen Wenwen, Zhao Lijun, and Zhang Meng), and determines the peculiarities of transformations in the works of F. Kafka and M. A. Bulgakov from the perspective of project study. Practical importance of this research lies in application of the acquired results for creating various methodological textbooks, including cross-cultural direction, for the purpose of bringing Chinese and Russian people together, improving communication, and studying Russian (or Chinese) language on the example of classical literature and analysis of the literary works by Chinese researchers. This work is also valuable for the linguists, as it enriches the knowledge in the area of foreign language research and creation of literary works. The conclusion is made that the use of the metaphor of transformations in the novels “Heart of a Dog” and “The Metamorphosis” answer the social questions faced by Kafka and Bulgakov. Although, it is important to underline the differences in the use of this metaphor as a literary technique. The transformation is associated with the personality of the protagonist. Despite the different social origin of the writers, their works resemble a concern on the social status of a person, and describe emotional torments and life difficulties of the ordinary people. The work aims to broaden the theoretical framework of the research by synthesizing the results of analytics of the selected literary works, as well profound analysis towards seeking the additional meanings of transformation in the novels of F. Kafka and M. Bulgakov in “The Metamorphosis” and “Heart of a Dog”.
Marjanovic D. - The formation of stylistic peculiarities of the language of religious texts of the Russian and Serbian Orthodox Churches on the example of liturgical texts and folklore spiritual verses pp. 6-14

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.5.35425

Abstract: The subject of this research is the analysis of formation of stylistic peculiarities of the language of religious texts of the Russian and Serbian Orthodox Churches on the example of liturgical texts and folklore spiritual verses. The object of this research is the stylistic peculiarities of the language in religious sphere of Russia and Serbia. The goal is to describe the current state of the functional style that serves the religious sphere of Russia and Serbia on the example of liturgical texts and folklore spiritual verses through the prism of their development. The author examines the church religious style, the concept of religious text in Russian and Serbian cultures. Attention is given to the concept of Russian and Serbian religious verse. The relevance of the selected topic is defined by its considerable contribution to the poorly studied areas of modern Slavic philology, as well as to the development of common culture and cooperation of the countries in the religious sphere. The acquired results can serve as the theoretical foundation for further study of the religious lexicon, as well as practically implemented in the special courses and research work. The conclusion is made that the analysis of formation of stylistic peculiarities of the language of religious texts of the Russian and Serbian Orthodox Churches on the example of liturgical texts and folklore spiritual verses is a relevant, although poorly studies area of research, from the perspective of linguistics, Slavic philology, and folklore studies, as well as pivotal area for studying religious lexicon within the framework of stylistics as part of common culture, literature, language, history, and religion of peoples.
Balaeva S.V. - Lucian and Leopardi: problems of reception pp. 9-15

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2019.5.30849

Abstract: The subject of this research is the problem of anthropocentrism in the dialogues of the “Small Moral Works” of the Italian author and philologist Giacomo Leopardi, in comparison with the satirical works of the Greek writer Lucian. Special attention is also given to the character of influence exerted by Lucian upon Leopardi, as well as authors living in different countries throughout different historical periods (Bernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle, Henry Fielding, Matteo Maria Boiardo, Leon Battista Alberti, Christoph Martin Wieland, and others). The author demonstrates the difference between the characters of Lucian’s satire and satire of his successors, pointing out the general human problematic of the works of the Greek writer. The novelty of this research consists in reference to the sparsely studied topic of the influence of Lucian’s works upon Leopardi, who not only uses Lucian’s characters, but also enters into a dialogue with the Greek author, analyzing his criticism of humanity. The main conclusion of the conducted research lies in the determined connection between Leopardi and Lucian, consisting in the fact that both authors perceive humanity outside of time, as metaphysical phenomena in the universe.
Liu J., Elshennawi M.B. - Peculiarities of teaching Chinese literature and Chinese language to Egyptian students (Analysis of teacher polling) pp. 9-19

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2020.1.31942

Abstract: In the year 1954. In accordance with the agreement on cultural cooperation signed by the Chinese and Egyptian governments, Chine sent the first teacher to Cairo University in Egypt. The subject of this research is the analysis of the existing system of teaching Chinese language and literature to Egyptian students. The author seeks to contribute to development of the topic by analyzing the existing system of education and discovering a new efficient method of teaching Chinese language and literature to Egyptian students with consideration of certain important peculiarities therein. The questionnaire-based survey involved 15 pedagogues – 9 women and 6 men. Based on studying various research dedicated to teaching Chinese language and literature in Egypt, acquired experience of learning Chinese language and literature in Egypt and China, as well as adding survey results from the Suez Canal University in Egypt, the author analyzes the peculiarities used lately in teaching Chinese language and literature to Egyptian students in the universities of Egypt. The analysis of data collected in both Chinese language faculties of the Suez Canal University demonstrate that over the recent time, the teaching system applied by the Chinese language departments of the Suez Canal University does not contribute to achievement of the best possible educational outcomes in teaching Chinese language and literature.
Dai M. - “Oriental” specificity of in the works of A. A. Fet: comparative analysis of the verbless poems of A. A. Fet and ancient Chinese poets pp. 9-19

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.8.36090

Abstract: The subject of this research is the works of A. A. Fet, namely verbless poems, which are used as manifestation of his interest in the Orient and ancient Chinese poets. Analysis of A. A. Fet’s works from the perspective of projection on the compositions of Chinese poets and reflection of oriental specificity in his poems is a widespread topic in cross-cultural studies on the peculiarities of the establishment of literature. Multiple Chinese scholars keep seeking similar motifs as the factors mutual interest in depiction landscapes and surrounding reality. The acquired results allow interpreting the works of the poets belonging to different cultures. The scientific novelty of this research lies in combining different opinions on studying the oriental specificity in the poems of A. A. Fet, placing emphasis on the analysis of one his verbless poems. The article presents a compilation of various approaches towards examination of the works of A. A. Fet. The materials can be valuable for those interested in the creative path of the Russian poet. In future structuring the route of interaction and enrichment of knowledge in the field of cross-cultural communication, the obtained result of the works of authors of foreign cultures contributes to the understanding of culture, strengthens relations between the cultures, as well as improves the quality of translation, which is also important in the dialogue of cultures.
Tymchuk E.V. - Article Deixis and its Role in Expressing the Conceptual Category of the General and Singular pp. 10-19

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.25783

Abstract: The subject of the research is the role of deixical words (articles) in the process of expressing the conceptual category of the general and singular in the English language. The author of the article focuses on the universal nature of the aforesaid conceptual category emphasizing that this conceptual category compiles the verbal categorization of all world's languages. The category gives an opportunity to perform the process of nomination in the language when the thought moves from particularities to generals. Vice versa, this conceptual caregory allows to differentiate between a generalized representation of an item and singular mention thereof which lies at the heart of communication in any language. The methodological basis of the research includes linguistic research methods such as methods of comparative-historical, comparative, semantic and stylistic analysis as well as methods of lexicographical and textologicval analysis and corpus research method. The novelty of this research is caused by the scientific problem raised by the author. The conceptual category of the general and singular is viewed in the English language from the piont of view of the deixical relations expressed by articles. The author concludes that the relationship between the general and singular representations is demonstrated in the English language through opposing a zero article to two positive articles, definite and indefinite articles. The author concludes that unlike other languages that have articles, contemporary English has got a tendency towards endless extension of the scope of application of a zero article.  
Klyuev N.A. - The Social Media Concept in Russian Linguistic Consciousness (Based on the Literature Analysis and Psycholinguistic Experiment) pp. 11-21

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.3.26680

Abstract:  The subject of this research is the structure of the social media concept in Russian linguistic consciousness. The purpose of this research is to present the structure of the social media concept from the point of view of cognitive interpretation of linguistic units that comprise the nominative area thereof. According to the author of the article, social media is the phenomenon that is interesting not only for basic users but also professional researchers and specialists of different spheres (marking, journalism, philology, communication, etc.). The research method used by the author for his research was the comparative analysis of professional literature and results of psycholinguistic experiment. Experimental material has been collected by using the method of direct interpretation of words in a form of a network survey. The results of the research have demonstrated that the social medial concept refers to the categorial type of conceptual structures and the key classification features of social media are people, communication and Internet resource. Nominations that denote these features comprise the core of the concept categorial structure. Bright cognitive features also include the 'network' feature that acts as a prototype for the social media category which has been proved by other researchers. 
Savinova D. - Methodological approach towards studying the concept of “directing plan” pp. 12-17

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2020.2.32378

Abstract: This article examines the concept of “directing script” from the theoretical-textological perspective, as attempts to determine the types of text transformation from the author’s plot to stage impersonation. At the same time, transformation is understood as a complex process of structuring a new type of text, created by the director during staging a spectacle. At the current stage, the theoretical problems of the analysis of transformation of literary text as a theatrical text remain unresolved and require due attention. The article explores the ways of interpretation of literary text by the directors, as well as demonstrates an attempt to create classification of the types of directing scripts. The study is based on the semiotic method. Research is conducted on the functional-semantic type of existence of stage art, reflected in such type of text as a directing script. Using analytical method, the author collected and classified the types of directing scripts. The scientific novelty consists in there is yet no theoretical-literary substantiation to the questions related to recoding of literary text into theatrical. Therefore, the author attempts to analyze the type of directing scripts that formed due to transformation of the literary text into its stage version.
Timizhev K.T., Bozieva N.B. - Aesthetical Models of Ethnos that Define the Philosophical Category of Beautiful pp. 15-21

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2019.2.29423

Abstract: The subject of the research is Z. Naloev's novellas. The authors of the article examine features of transformation of the genre system and individual artistic consciousness in the Kabardian literature based on works of a famous prose writer Z. Naloev. The aim of the article is to analyze the literary succession and innovations and how trends of small genres developed. Within the framework of this research beauty is viewed not only as the best and most sensual expressino of the main idea but also as adherence to traditions of Aygei ethnic aesthetics, thus extending the concept of beauty as it is and the ethnocultural interpretation of beautiful. To achieve the research targets, the authors have applied the comparative historical method to analyze novellas of the Kabardian writer. They have also given an artistic evaluation of ethnopsychology and described aesthetical models used by the Adygei (the Circassians) to define the philosophical category of beautiful as part of the Kabardian prose. The singuliarity of creative individuality and general patterns of national literary process are of great importance for the literature of the peoples living in the South of Russia. The research results can be used for the development of special courses, disciplines at high and secondary schools as well as analysis of the dynamics of national literary process. The main outcome of the research is that the authors have defined peculiarities of the worldview of the Kabardian ethnos about the beauty in terms of Z. Naloev's works and the great variety of images in small genres of the Kabardian literature.  
Nguyen T.H., Perfilieva N.V. - Conceptual structural metaphors in economic discourse in the titles of Vietnamese and Russian newspapers pp. 15-26

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.1.34820

Abstract: The goal of this research is the analysis of structural metaphors in economic discourse in the titles of Vietnamese and Russian newspapers, as well as determination of the principal metaphoric models in the titles of Vietnamese and Russian media. The article employs the material from the original sources. The main research methods include component analysis, comparative analysis, and method of continuous sampling. As a result, the author highlights the peculiarities of conceptual structural metaphor and principal metaphorical models in the titles of Vietnamese and Russian economic texts: economics is the battlefield; economics is the weather; economics is the health condition; economics is the sports. Description is given to the peculiarities of conceptual structural metaphors in the titles of the leading Vietnamese and Russian economic newspapers. The acquired materials can be applied in translation practice, as well as textbooks on the stylistics of Vietnamese and Russian languages. The conducted research is also valuable for comparing linguocultures of the two languages. The conclusion is made that the conceptual structural metaphors are actively used in the titles of Vietnamese and Russian publicistic articles of economic nature.
Shagbanova K.S. - Analysis of personality of the hero on the example of hagiography of Grand Prince Alexander Nevsky pp. 19-27

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.9.36398

Abstract: The article discusses the problem of depicting personality of the hero based on the hagiographic material of Grand Prince Alexander Nevsky. The author outlines the genre peculiarities of “The Tale of the Life of Alexander Nevsky”. The author actualizes the role of personality of Grand Prince Alexander Nevsky in formation of the value attitudes of our contemporaries. Depiction of the real historical figure is the foundation for the development of image of the hero as a spiritually whole person in literature. Multifacetedness and complexity of the phenomenon of heroism are revealed through the behavioral model of Grand Prince Alexander Nevsky, through people’s perception of the results of his rule, through the characteristic of the unchangeable constants of heroic traits demonstrated by him. In the context of patriotic education, special place belongs to the broad term “heroism”, which since olden days expresses high morale, loyalty to duty, unconquerable will, national and personal dignity, willingness to self-sacrifice in the name of the Homeland. The article offers possible ways to improve the educational work among younger generation based on the literary heritage dedicated to the image of our outstanding compatriot. The importance of the impact of Russian literary works upon the formation of patriotic qualities of the Russians is underlined.
Shi J. - Comparative Analysis of Toponyms of China's and Russia's Capitals (the Case Study of Peking's and Moscow's Street Names) pp. 20-31

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2019.3.30124

Abstract: Modern Chinese language may reveal a lot about onomasiological categories, in particular, toponyms as an element thereof. The author of this article carries out a comparative analysis of toponyms, street names in Chinese People's Republic and Russian Federation, particularly, Peking and Moscow. The aim of this research is to compare toponyms of Moscow and Peking and discover similarities and differences as well as methods of creation of street names in Russia's and China's capitals. Using description and comparative analysis, the researcher has studied semantics of street names in these two capitals. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author of the article offers his own classification of Peking and Moscow street names depending on the degree of their prior research. The results of the research include the author's conclusions about the influence of culture, picture of the world and history on the creation of street names in aforesaid cities. 
Manyanina E. - 'The Lesson in the Museum' after Nikolay Gogol's 'Deal Souls' Poem as a Practical Implementation of the Genius Loci Concept pp. 21-27

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2017.4.24376

Abstract: The first part of the article is devoted to the author's experience in applying the state program 'The Lesson in the Museum' after Nikolay Gogol's 'Deal Souls' at Gogol's Museum. In particular, the author analyzes the contents of the lesson, how it fits into the school curriculum and what interdisciplinary connections it has. The second part of the article is devoted to the analysis of this education project as the way to implement the concept of Genius Loci that means the need to study a particular locus (place) in the process of analyzing an artist's (genius') creative life and biography. The methodological basis of the research implies the method of interpretation and description to analyze the influence of the writer's environment on his creative process and visual-analytical method as a summary of the author's observations related to the exposition of the writer's memorial museum and interaction with visitors to a museum. The research contributes to a deeper analysis of the issue concerning the importance of the lesson 'Dead Souls. Heart-to-Heart Conversation' carried out at Gogol's Museum. According to the author, the lesson has a significant advantage compared to a regular school esson because school students interact with a particular locus, the place where Gogol lived. As the implementation of the Genius Locus concept, 'The Lesson in the Museum' reveals the connection between Gogol's personality and his memorial place (locus) as a necessary condition for a deeper and fuller analysis of Gogol's creativity. 
Bondarenko M. - The War Theme in Robert Graves' Creative Writing pp. 26-33

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2019.1.28708

Abstract: In this article Bondarenko traces back the development of the war theme in the creative writing of an English author Robert Graves. Graves' interest in war was caused by two factors. Firstly, the writer had his own experience as a military officer. Secondly, his interest related to the mythological concept of the White Goddess when the poet died and then resurrected as the lover of the Goddess (Muse). Bondarenko focuses on Graves' description of his 'trench' years. The research involves quite a vast number of texts which is explained by the domination role of the war theme in the English writer's lyrics and prose. Taking into account specific features of the war theme and personal experience of Graves, Bondarenko has selected such research methods as biographical and hermeneutical analysis. The methodological basis of the research included researches of D. Carter, J. Jacobson, D. Hoffman, etc. The main conclusions of the research is that the development of the war theme in Graves' creative writing was based on the writer's reflection of his personal military experience. The writer depicted the war as a large-scale catastrophe and absolutely unreasonable sacrifice. The war theme is not only an individual theme in his writing. It also relates to Graves' conflict with the religion. Many aspects of his war theme are typical for the literature of the 'lost generation'. 
Lyu V. - Evolution of language interpretation technique in China pp. 27-37

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.1.34762

Abstract: This article traces the evolution of teaching language interpretation in China. The author analyzes the dynamic effect of Soviet and Western cultures upon Chinese culture. The conclusion is formulated that the evolution of language interpretation technique in China is closely related to the processes taking place in the world. The article focuses on the four stages of evolution in teaching language interpretation: origination (late 1970’s – late 1980s), early development (1990s), new period (first decade of the XXI century), and period of diversified development (second decade of the XXI century). The article reveals similar and mutually infiltrating techniques of language interpretation in the three cultural geographical regions: Russia, China, and the West. An attempt is made to forecast further development of language interpretation technique in China. The evolution of language interpretation technique in China would certainly be affected by the era of digitalization, which promotes the advancement of research on machine translation, artificial intelligence, and big data. The contemporary era of big data and new technologies has considerable impact upon the technique of language interpretation; the interpreters should learn to search for information necessary for their profession.
Manyanina E. - Mikhail Pogodin's as a Cultural-Historical Phenomenon or Nikolay Gogol's Moscow Refuge pp. 28-37

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2017.4.24885

Abstract: The article is devoted to the analysis of a literary salon run by the professor and editor Mikhail Pogodin in the cultural and historical context. The author pays special attention to such aspect of the topic as Gogol's visits to Pogodin's salon. The writer quite often stayed at Pogodin's during his visits to Moscow. The author of the article also touches upon the cultural importance of the wing of Pogodin's Manor that is now famous as 'Pogodin's Izba'. The author analyzes how it was built and what future the architectural memorial has. In the course of the research the author has applied the following research approaches: theoretical analysis of literary and academic sources, their classification and comparative analysis. The question about Pogodin's Izba that is located in the former Pogodin's Manor is an understudied topic in Moscow Studies even though this toponym can be often found in local history studies. The present article is a contribution to the analysis of this question from the point of view of literary studies and the main provisions of the research can be used to study Gogol's biography and creative life as well as to teach the history of the Russian literature. 
Kurakova I.A. - The image of a teenage girl in Chuck Palahniuk’s novel “Cursed” pp. 28-43

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2020.6.33068

Abstract: The goal of this research is determination of specificity of the image of the heroine in the novel by a contemporary American writer Chuck Palahniuk “Cursed”. The article analyzes such aspects as the inner world of the character, relationship with parents, agemates and society in the two contrasting words: real world, during the lifetime of the heroine, and surreal, in hell, after her death. Detailed description of the character allows seeing two different guises of the heroine, while application of literary analysis allows analyzing the traits of the protagonist and place within the system of artistic world of Chuck Palahniuk’s prose. The paper presents a review of scientific pursuits of the Russian and foreign scholars dealing with the works of Chuck Palahniuk. The novelty of this research consists in determination of dual nature of the image of a teenager reflected in the two-world realm created by C. Palahniuk. The analysis demonstrated that in to contrasting worlds, the image of a teenager transforms and manifests differently. In the real world, it is a modest girl, with multiple feelings of inferiority, who has complicated relationships with parents and surrounding people. In the surreal world, she attains new traits, such as authoritativeness, courage, ability to maintain friendships. The conclusion is made that that Chuck Palahniuk creates two images of the heroine. Paradox lies in the fact that an unsuccessful individual in a real world becomes successful in the afterlife. Practical value of this article is defined by its contribution into the theory of literary image, particularly, future development of the methodology for studying the image of the character in transgressive prose.
Malakhovskii A.K., Durgam N. - Peculiarities of the Syrian media space in the time of armed conflict pp. 28-36

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.9.36417

Abstract: The subject of this research is the Syrian mass media at the current stage. The object is the Syrian media space in the time of armed conflict (2011 – to the present). The goal lies in determining the peculiarities of functionality of the Syrian media during the armed conflict. The authors traces the path of establishment of the Syrian modern mass media system, to examines its peculiarities prior to the conflict and at the time of its escalation, examines the key groups of mass media that became parties to the conflict. Such aspect as the fragmentation of the Syrian media space by military-political grounds is discussed. The conclusion is made that throughout several decades of the rule of the Ba'ath Party under the leadership of Hafez al-Assad, the country has established the single-party system of control over mass media; slow transformations have been noticed after his son Bashar al-Assad came to power. The armed conflict that began in 2011 divided the country and its media space into three areas: governmental, oppositional, and Kurdish. It is extremely difficult to overcome such fragmentation of media space with its versatile narrative and agendas in the conditions of protracted armed conflict.
Vazhenina O.A. - Linguostylistic Interpretation of Media Texts Related to Autism Issues pp. 32-44

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.26039

Abstract: The subject of the research is autism as it is described by Russian media today. The author of the article examines theoretical and practical aspects of the problem such as the essence and main features of media texts, general features of media texts devoted to autism, and locuses of media texts that focus on autism. The author pays special attention to the comparative analysis of stylistic features and rhetorical techniques used in professional Internet media texts and social 'new media' on autism. The research is based on the stylistic and rhetorical analysis of strong stands of media texts such as headings, crossheadings, ledes and conclusions. As a result of the research, the author discovers the difference between professional media texts and social media texts not only in terms of overall literacy or rich vocabulary or clarity of the matter but rather in terms of stylistic and rhetorical techniques beign used. Being professional publishing means, autochthonous Internet media tend to non-professional media texts in social media both in style and rhetorically. These media use less laconic and clearer phrases, less objective argumentation, more eristical techniques, more emotional expressions compared to online portals of media agents that exist or were created in a 'traditional' form. The content of these media texts demonstrates that such publications do not only perform educative or informative function usually performed by mass media but also performs a humanistic mission (this is why these texts try to get the readers involved emotionally and thus use expressive stylistic means). 
Savinova D. - To the question of transformation of literary texts into stage version (“Three Years” of A. P. Chekhov in theatrical interpretation of S. V. Zhenovach) pp. 33-41

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2020.9.33751

Abstract: This article is dedicated to the question of text transformation from authorial intent to stage impersonation. Despite the established tradition of studying the questions of recoding of literary text into theatrical, there is yet no theoretical-literary substantiation. Recoding is considered a complex process of creating a new type of text by the theatre director for staging a play. Therefore, an attempt is made to analyze the elements of transformation of literary text into its stage version, using the example of S. V. Zhenovach’s unpublished manuscript for stage direction based on A. P. Chekhov’s novella “Three Years”. The novelty of this research consists in determination of the patterns in transformation of literary text into stage version. The tools and means of expression applied in theatre and literature are different. If in literature it is possible to set several task and solve them all within the framework of the novel, then in theatre, it must be one ultimate task that organizes the action. Identification of the key peculiarities of existence of such type of text as “stage direction” on the example of transformation of the novella “The Years” from the authorial intent to stage impersonation demonstrated its significance for not only theatre studies, but also the theory of literature.
Alsalibi R.M. - Communication in social networks of St. Petersburg as a means of adaptation of ethnocultural communities pp. 38-55

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.1.34869

Abstract: The subject of this research is the specifics, forms and functions of interaction in social media groups between the representatives of ethnic communities. The goal consists in determination of the role of social networks in adaptation of ethnocultural communities of St. Petersburg. The research is based on the polling technique for acquisition of information on the cognitive, emotional, and behavioral state of a person. The survey was conducted via distribution of questionnaires among the representatives of ethnic groups. The article also employs the method of systematic scientific observation over the social media groups, topic raised therein, as well as reading and analysis of the comments. The scientific novelty of this work consists in outlining of the nature, trends and development prospects of cross-cultural communications as the channel for ethnocultural interaction.  The main conclusions, which touch upon users from various ethnic communities who do not have enough experience in organization of activity of social media groups, demonstrate that it causes the loss of the sense of security, accumulation of prejudices and escalation of interethnic conflicts, as well as preference of the with restricted access, which contributes to lock down of the group and impedes adaptation in the accepting society. Stabilization of situation can be achieved by improvement of the quality of content posted in the social media, as well as level of their administration.
Merzlyakova K. - The Concept of Empoderamiento and How It is Represented in the Discourse of Female Spanish Glamour pp. 42-49

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2019.3.30034

Abstract: The article is devoted to the analysis of the concept of empoderamiento and how it is represented in Spanish female glamour magazines. In her article Merzlyakova analyzes the story behind the term and gives different interpretations of the concept of empoderamiento as well as analyzes how it is represented in glamour female magazines. She provides examples of articles that touch upon the idea of extension of female rights and opportunities. Merzlyakova also discusses the influence of the female beauty cult on the interpretation of empoderamiento by founders of gender periodicals and analyzes how Spanish female glamour accomplishes the mission of creation a 'socially responsible' well-balanced female image. The methodological basis of the research includes researches of J. Rowelands, Gallego Ayala, Gaudino Fallager, and Orsini Vargas. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that Russian studies of Spanish culture do not pay due attention to the cocnept of empoderamiento. The main conclusions of the research are the following: female glamour magazines do not cover so many activities a woman performs and do not focus on women's rights, the latter being an important social order nowadays. 
Kropacheva K.A. - “Livre qui traictera de toutes sortes de poëmes”: list of genres of the “French Poetic Art” by Pierre Laudun d'Aigaliers pp. 42-48

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2020.8.33594

Abstract: This article is dedicated to the specificity of functionality of normative poetics in France at the turn of the XVI – XVII centuries on the example of “French Poetic Art” by of Pierre Laudun d'Aigaliers. Despite the fact that the author of the treatise raises a wide range of questions, the subject of this research becomes the narrow aspect of gradual systematization of genres in France of the XVI century. The goal is to examine the list of genres of the “French Poetic Art”, determine what makes it unique, as well as find out the role played by this treatise in the process of formation of the system of genres. The novelty of this work lies in an attempt of comprehensive evaluation of the question of gradual establishment and formation of the genre system in French poetry. Laudun’s poetic art did not receive due attention within the Russian literary tradition, thus this research is aimed at broadening the perspective on the theoretical texts of French Renaissance. The author reveals a number of characteristics, which underline a special role of the treatise in formation of the French system of genres: 1) Pierre Laudun d'Aigaliers describes the modern status of genres, which contributes to reconsideration of the meaning of one or another form within the gradually forming system; 2) he includes into the list of genres the solid forms, such as virile, coque à l'âne, blason, rehected by La Pléiade poets; 3) “French Poetic Art” stands out among other treatises due to the desire to capture the actual situation of modern poetry by describing the new genres that have not been previously mentions in the theoretical treatises. Therefore, the “French Poetic Art” by Pierre Laudun d'Aigaliers presents the original list of genres, one of the driving purposes of which was summarization of the evolution of national literature and theory of poetry towards the end of the XVI century.
HAITONG P. - Comparative Study of the Concepts of Russian and Chinese Linguocultures: Results and Problems pp. 44-52

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2019.2.29598

Abstract: This article is devoted to the comparative study of the concepts of Russian and Chinese linguocultures. The author of the article notes that it is necessary to study these concepts from the point of view of cross-cultural communication and language picture of the world. The researcher focuses on the monolingual and polylingual analysis of the concepts. The researcher underlines that Russian-Chinese cross-cultural language relations is an understudied topic and thus is of great interest to researchers. The article is of theoretical nature and based on such research methods as analysis of researches and descriptive method. The main conclusions of the research are the following: comparative conceptology is a relatively new sphere of linguistics, however, much research has been already done in this sphere. However, Russian-Chinese cross-cultural language relations are still an understudied topic that lacks fuller research and better systematization. All this proves the importance of further researches in this sphere. 
Liu L., Rybakov M.A. - Color symbolism in Russian and Chinese languages and semantics of hydronyms with a color component pp. 44-55

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2020.6.33075

Abstract: The goal of this article is the characteristics of color symbolism as the means for creating imagery in a discursive aspect. In the course of this research, the following questions were addressed: 1) generalization of the semantics of color designation in the linguistic context; 2) characterization of linguistic specificity of color designations in the Chinese language, and comparison with the Russian language; 3) determination of intralinguistic and extralinguistic factors impacting the functionality of color designations in media discourse; 4) systematization of means and specificity of creation of imagery in the TV series “Story of Yanxi Palace” using the color designations; 5) characterization of metaphorical potential of Chinese words for color designation in the context of TV series “Story of Yanxi Palace”. The key color designations in the Russian language are white, black, red, blue, yellow, and green. It also suits the Chinese language. The meaning of color is closely related to people’s psychology and national culture. Although the Russians and Chinese have common understanding of the true nature of color, due to the differences in cultural traditions, customs, geographical conditions, traditional national and cultural way of thinking, prevailing religious ideas and language expressions, color designations have different symbolic meanings. Having studied the words that express “color”, the author determined that each culture has its own comprehension and interpretation of various colors, particularly, based on the example of geographical names.
Kofanova G.P. - Discourse Analysis of the 'Integration' Concept Based on the Analysis of German Mass Media pp. 46-55

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.4.27475

Abstract: The subject of the research is the concept of refugee integration in Germany. The object of the research is the discourse represented by on-line editors. The author analyzes such aspects of the topic as the need to integrate refugees into the German society, challenges that may arise in the process of integration, analysis of the aforesaid discourse, description of the concepts that form the basic concept of integration, and interpretation of conceptual structures and cognitive mechanisms of the concept development. Kofanova focuses on the interpretation of conceptual structures as the elements that represent the ideology of the German community, and analysis of linguistic means that explicate the concept of integration in the German language. The research is based on the method of cognitive discursive analysis because these are very useful methods to analyze the concepts of conceptualization and categorization. The main conclusions of the research are the following: the discourse about the German refugees is represented mostly by two points of view. The official point of view is that integration of refugees is necessary, and the other point of view is that integration of refugees is impossible. The author's special contribution to the topic is that using the means of cognitive linguistics, she tries to define the role and the place of the concept of integration in the German linguistic consciousness and gives an evaluation of this project in the German society, and attitude towards it. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author appeals to the most important problem today's Europe is facing, and the author's attempt to describe the nature of the problem using the linguistic means. 
Lenkhoboeva T.R., Namsaraeva V.T. - The criteria for assessing the effectiveness of social reportage on regional television (the example of the Republic of Buryatia) pp. 51-58

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2020.10.33677

Abstract: The subject of this research is the criteria for the effectiveness of social reportage. The goal of this work consists in development of an algorithm for assessing social journalism materials. The article examines the concepts of “effectiveness” and “social TV reportage”, as well as the key criteria for assessing social live broadcast on regional television. Quality assessment criteria for live TV broadcast include the following: topic selection, choice of interlocutors and locations; staginess (content of questions, their wording, composition of reportage), work on camera (freedom of behavior of the reporter; language and style of presentation: speech technique, speech culture, sense of screen time). The criteria for the effectiveness of social live television broadcast include solution of the discussed problem ; a promise given by the parties responsible for its solution; a promise to think the problem over; full or partial admission of the problem by the competent persons; rejection of the fact that the problem exists. An attempt to develop the algorithm for assessing social live television broadcasts and its testing would allow improving forms of presentation of the materials and increasing the interest of mass media target audience, which defines the scientific novelty and relevance of this work. The research consists of several stages: the first stage is an attempt to develop the algorithm for assessing effectiveness of social live television broadcasting; the second stage marks their classification by the type social problems; the last stage implies analysis of the quality of social reportage. Conclusions are formulated on the algorithm for analysis of social live television broadcasts.
Tymchuk E.V., Gamayeva L.A. - The concept of definiteness and its lexical-grammatical representation in the modern English-language scientific discourse pp. 51-63

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.35385

Abstract: The subject of this research is the concept of definiteness and its lexical-grammatical representation in the scientific discourse of the modern English language. The author notes the universal nature of this concept, since it is a crucial component of communication in any culture, any human society. It was always important for the one who talks and the one who listens to indicate the objects of physical and mental world associated with the world of their things and notions. It is underlined that the development of society and transition from the communal to egocentric perception of the world changed the understanding of the concept of “definiteness”. The novelty of this this research consists in a specific articulation of the scientific problem. The concept of definiteness is viewed within the English scientific discourse, taking into account the crucial facts of lexical-grammatical implementation of this concept in other cognate languages. It is concluded that the changes in the concept of “definiteness” substantiated the peculiarities of the use of positive articles in the modern English-language scientific discourse, and also contributed to the widespread use of the zero article. The methodological framework is comprised of the methods of linguistic research: comparative-historical and comparative analysis; as well as methods of lexical-semantic and syntactic analysis of texts from the English-language scientific discourse.
Sklyarova O.S., Gorina I.I. - Classification Features of Antonyms as Part of the Monologue Text pp. 53-59

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2019.2.29467

Abstract: The subject of the research is the classification features and peculiar functions of antonyms as part of semantic-syntactical and expressive means in both fiction and journalism. The authors of the article focus not only on the constructive function of antonyms in the text organisation but also their clarification ability to underline particular features of images. Word combinations  (pairs) with direct meaning within contextual antonymy may perform a special stylistic function and bear emphatic load. The main research method used by the author is the descriptive method, they have also applied the methodology that is based on peculiarities of language antonymy. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the peculiarities of language and author antonyms that are the functional binarity and semantic pragmatic meanings of opposition and conflict. In a text antonyms become an organic part of speech communication and connecting components. The main contribution of the authors is their in-depth analysis of peculiar semantic and cognitive pragmatic links in the structure of a literary text. 
Fedotova N. - Virtual exhibition as a means of implementing cultural function of the library pp. 55-63

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.6.35726

Abstract: This article examines the transformation of cultural function of the libraries of pedagogical universities, considering challenges and changes in the digital educational environment. Leaning on the modern scientific research on creation and content arrangement of web resources, the author analyzes the libraries of 38 pedagogical universities nationwide, as well as interrelation between cultural function and thematic headings. The object of this research is the description of peculiarities of implementing cultural function of the library in the common information space of an educational institution. The subject of this research is the virtual book exhibitions as an instrument of promoting publishing projects and a synthesis of traditional and innovative ways of conveying information to the readers. The main conclusions are as follows: in implementation of cultural function, the university library pursues the goal development of spiritual and moral personality traits. The libraries make a considerable contribution to the becoming and socialization of an individual by preserving and augmenting cultural wealth of literary sources. The implementation of cultural function should take into account the abundance and availability of information in modern world. The stylistics of messages and sources does not always correspond to generally accepted norms and morals. The libraries also aim to draw interest to cultural environment and develop the in skills of working with literary sources among the readers, as well as form a deliberate cultural assessment of the surrounding reality.
Khomyakov S.A. - Architectonics of the Frame Text (the Analysis of Anna Ahmatova's 'Poem Without a Hero') pp. 57-68

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.3.26923

Abstract: The subject of this research is the structure elements (the frame), in particular, in Anna Ahmatova's 'Poem Without a Hero'. In his research Khomyakov focuses on such elements of the 'frame text' as the title, epigraphs, dedications, nota benes that have their own semantics and serve the purpose to tell the reader about preceding events. Specific features of using a particular frame element are predetermined by genre peculiarities of Ahmatova's literary work. Elements included by the poet in the text of Poem Without a Hero conform with a strict hierarchy and model the space-and-time relations between one another and within the tissue of the main text in each of three parts of the literary work. The analysis of Anna Ahmatova's Poem Without a Hero is based on the comparative analysis and structural-semantic method. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the researcher analyzes all 'frame' elements of the final (the 9th) edition of Anna Ahmatova's Poem Without a Hero. The researcher offers an improved definition of a text as a literary work as well as definitions of literary work tissue and text tissue, as a result of his in-depth analysis of Anna Ahmatova's final literary work.  
Liudmila I.M. - The Image of Jonathan Swift as a National Enlightener in Yeats' Play 'Words Upon the Windowpane' pp. 60-67

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2019.2.29892

Abstract: The subject of the article is the image of Jonathan Swift as a national enlightener in Yeats' play 'Words Upon the Windowpane'. The rationale of the research is caused by the fact that this is the late play of Yeats that is left understudied by the Russian science, besides, creative individualty of Jonathan Swift is of great interest due to the artistic dialogue between two literary epochs, Modernism and Enlightenment. In the course of the research Makarova has analyzed spatiotemporal coordinates of the play, the main heroes, the meaning of the play title and the main function of the image of Jonathan Swift as a national enlightener in the Irish culture of the early XXth century. The study of the image of Jonathan Swift in Yeats' play is based on the combination of the structured system method, comparative historical method and hermeneutics. The novelty of the research is caused by the following: the analysis of the image of Swift as a national enlightener in Yeats' play 'Words Upon the Windowpane' has allowed to see the phenomenon of estrangement of the writer's figure which is an expected consequence of processes that were going on in the Irish literary movement of Enlightenment. The ideas of moral tenacity, freedom and responsibility defended by Johathan Swift were replaced with other values, ignorance of culture and despiritualization. Interpretation of the image of Jonathan Swift's fate as an 'outcasted' writer brings us closer to better understanding of the playwright's opinion on the fate of Ireland. 
Romanova L.N. - Poetry book and ensemble unity in Yakut women’s poetry at the turn of the XX – XXI centuries pp. 61-73

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2020.12.34525

Abstract: The object of this research is the women's poetry of Yakutia of the turn of the XX – XXI centuries. The subject of this research is the evolution of the lyrical poetry book in modern Yakut women's poetry. Works of the two leading lyricists of modernity Natalia Kharlampieva and Olga Koryakina-Umsuura served as the material for this research. Comparative-typological analysis of their works is aimed at determination of genre characteristics of the lyric poetry book and the ensemble unity of the poetry book of various years. The author examines the specificity of the lyric poetry book as a metagenre and its genre characteristics. Special attention is given to the ideological-thematic, architectonic and leitmotif components that unite the works into a single, holistic literary text. The author also explores the problem of formation of the ensemble unity of books of poems within the limits of works of a single author, which unifying principle is a lyrical metaplot that develops from book to book. The lyrical poetry book is presented as a form of authorial self-identification. The main conclusions of consists in determination of specificity of formation of the lyric poetry book and ensemble unity in Yakut women's poetry, its individual authorial and ethnic unique features. The comparative material allows revealing the dominant genre attributes of metagenre formations that imply “novelism” of the entirety of poetry books by Natalia Kharlampieva, and the cyclicity, intertextual coherence of the books by Umsuura. The author’s special contribution consists in elaboration of the methods for analyzing book macrocyclic forms through the prism of their motif-leitmotif systematicity and architectonic completeness. The novelty of this work is defined by the fact that for the first time in Yakut literary studies, Yakut women's lyrics is described as a developing system, aiming for “larger” macro-forms as an opportunity to systemically present the fullness of authorial worldview.
Bozieva N.B. - Poetry of Boris Kagermazov pp. 64-73

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.1.34521

Abstract: The subject of this article is the analysis of poetry of Boris Kagermazov. The object of this research is the genre, plot, composition, and thematic peculiarities the epic works of Boris Kagermazov. The goal of this article is to reveal the specific features of the poems, their compositional structure, novelties s in poetics, and role of this genre in the works of Boris Kagermazov. Detailed examination is conducted on peculiarities of the poems “Echo of the War”, “Grief and Anger”, “Harmonist”. Attention is given to the analysis of poetic theme and problematic of the poems, as well as to their composition and artistic skill of B. Kagermazov. The relevance of the selected topic is defined by the crucial role of B. Kagermazov in evolution of the genre of poem in the Kabardian-Circassian literature of the XX century, the depth of artistic conceptualization of the historical process, and embrace of the system of philosophical, spiritual- ethical, and aesthetic values of his ethnic group. The acquired results may serve as the theoretical foundation in the further examination of the works of B. Kagermazov and studying the Adyghe poetry, namely lyrical and lyrical-epic works; their practical application can be found in specialized courses, research works of the pedagogues, postgraduates and students. The conclusion is made on the novelties introduced by the poet in creation of original modifications of the poem, which is reflected in the diffusion of genres, simultaneous use of certain elements of lyrics, epic, and drama. The poet's artistic pursuits made significant contribution to enrichment of the national literature.
Zinina Y.M. - Analysis of “Word of the Year” phenomenon in the English and Russian languages (based on the data from English-language explanatory dictionaries, Yandex Internet portal, Pushkin State Russian Language Institute, Expert Council of the Center for Creative Development of the Russian Language) pp. 64-75

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.6.35901

Abstract:  The article discusses “Word of the Year” phenomenon in the English and Russian languages. The analysis is based on the data of modern sociolinguistic phenomenon – “Word of the Year” campaign. The author employs descriptive and comparative data processing methods for the period 2016–2020 from the portals of British English-language explanatory dictionaries Cambridge Dictionary, Oxford Dictionary, Collins Dictionary as well as Yandex Internet portal Pushkin State Russian Language Institute, Expert Council of the Center for Creative Development of the Russian Language headed by Mikhail Epstein. The article aims to find out whether a particular word, word of the year, as a linguistic unit, can reflect the essence of the annual life cycle of a country, and as a lexical unit – determine the linguistic aspect, actual impact on the language. Based on the analysis of acquired data, the author presents a table with classification of words of the year into conceptual milestones that indicate the important areas of social life – economic-political, sociopolitical, socio-psychological, environmental, healthcare, post-pandemic, entertainment and recreation, where the semantic field of words of the year must reflect the events in the corresponding sphere. The conclusion is made that “Word of the Year” as a linguistic unit convey the conceptual identity of annual cycle of the particular society or language, by creating new set expressions and mainstream words with semantic increment; while as a lexical unit – shapes semantic dominants, determines linguistic aspect by replenishing lexical resource, and has impact on the language. Words of the year not only reflect the crucial political, economic, sociocultural events and phenomena that take place in social life during a particular time interval, but also set new, significant elements of linguocultural worldview mobile in a constantly changing semantic system of the language. 
Mzhel'skikh M.K. - Argumentative Potential of Nominative Adjectives of Prototypical and Non-Prototypical Qualities (Pilot Study) pp. 66-71

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.26393

Abstract: This research is devoted to the analysis of the 'Human' prototypical category in the linguistic consciousness of Russian linguoculture representatives. The research was carried out on the basis of experimental data received from Russian respondents. The purpose of the research is to test a hypothesis about certain prototypical views about qualities being present in the linguistic consciousness of the linguocultural community; as a consequence, adjectives that denote these qualities have a stronger implicit argumentative potential in the speech of language speakers. This is technically in evidence in using them as an argument to prove a thesis in an argumentative discourse. The object of the research is the fragment of a prototypical worldview of Russian 'human'. The subject of the research is the peculiarities of implementing the argumengative potential of adjectives that denote prototypical qualities in written discourses. In the course of the research the author has used such methods as the association experiment, Ducroz and Anscombre value-based semantic experiment as well as the method of argumentative analysis. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author clarifies the definition of the prototypical worldview as well as creates and practically implements the procedure of the value-based semantic experiment in linguistic research that was theoretically described by O. Ducroz, J. C. Anscombre and A. Kolmogorova. The series of experiments and argumentative analysis carried out by the author have proved the hypothesis that Russian-speaking men and women have a different notion on prototypical qualities which affects the linguistic and speech argumengative potential of adjectives that denote these qualities. 
Shi J. - Criteria for classifications of geographical names of Russia and China pp. 66-77

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2019.6.31332

Abstract:   This article describes the criteria for classification of geographical names of the People’s Republic of China and the Russian Federation. The author carefully examines the scientific significance of classification of geographical names, criteria for their classification, and various classifications of geographical objects. The question on classification of geographical names is not only the most topical and complicated problem of onomastics, but also plays an important role in studying the comparative-historical, typological and comparative linguistics. Application of the descriptive and comparative methods allow examining the classification of geographical names of Russia and China. The main result consist in the achievement of concrete results pertaining to the differences and similarities of geographical names of Russia and China through comparison of the classification of toponyms in accordance with the semantic meaning in the form of a table.  
Korol E.V., Yacovets T.Y. - Means of the Creation and Borrowing of the Jargon in Game Chats pp. 68-75

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.4.27563

Abstract: This article is devoted to a linguistically complex phenomenon of modern life, texts of game chats and jargonic formations used in communication. The authors of the article analyze the main methods of the development of this vocabulary and formation of new units in the course of communication based on the structural and component analysis. The authors describe the means of borrowings of lexemes and collocations from English vocabulary, problems of their assimilation in the Russian language and opportunities of translation of the computer jargon. The subject of the research is jargonisms that are used by Russian-speaking players in the process of communication on game chats. The research involves the units selected by the continuous sampling method from game chats 'Discord' and online dictionaries of game terms, jargonisms and abbreviations. The main research methods is the structural and component analysis of verbal units tkaing into account functional and grammatical aspects. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author applies the standard method of analyzing the structure, sign-oriented and semantic forms to actively developing and constantly changing vocabulary layer, youth game jargon. Based on the results of their analysis, the authors conclude that verbal English elements are actively borrowed and assimilated in the Russian game communication, however, their semantic meanings are not taken into account (and sometimes even modified). This makes their translation difficult. 
Pradid O. - The Language of Law: Questions of Stylistic Qualification pp. 68-77

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2019.2.29913

Abstract: The subject and the aim of the research is the official business style of modern Russian used as the language of law and other legal acts and regulations. The author of the article focuses on the stylistic qualification of law-making and law-enforcement texts and explains the grounds for using the term 'legal substyle'. Pradid also analyzes the interaction between business style and publicist writing style used within one document or presentation. The results of the research have a wide scope of application in the sphere of law-making and law-enforcement, in particular, in the process of legal linguistic expertise and research, office paperwork and business correspondence, and editorial revision, as well as teaching different linguistic disciplines and preparation of disciplines for students majoring in journalism and law. The research is based on findings in law linguistics, research in different spheres of language studies and use of methods, techniques and approaches including systems, functional, parametric approaches and etc. The research proves the language of law to be an independent functional style (substyle of business style) and gives the grounds for calling this substyle 'legal substyle'. Moreover, apart from secondary texts under modern conditions of the development of communicative abilities, their methods, techniques and strategies, another essential and important role for the social needs is played by the 'product' of shifting from business and publicistic style within the same document, or integral informative presentation that implies the use of not only documents but also additional means such as video clip. 
Anikyan T. - Expressive potential of prosody in the inaugural rhetoric (on the material of 2021 Joe Biden speech) pp. 70-80

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.8.36334

Abstract: The subject of this research is the expressive potential of prosody in the 2021 inaugural speech of Joe Biden. Analysis is conducted on the peculiarities of functionality of such prosodic means as melody, accentuation, pausation, rhythm and other. Assessment is given to their interaction with the widespread stylistic techniques, as well as their role in carrying out the traditional functions for inaugural rhetoric that determine its genre distinctness. The article employs the method of auditory scene analysis of speech of the political, which vividly illustrates the significance of modifications of suprasegmental parameters for conveying the communicative intent of the speech. The scientific novelty lies in studying the expressive capabilities of prosodic means within a specific variety of political discourse – the inaugural speech as a genre of epideictic rhetoric, viewing the implementation of specific functions in the unity of linguistic and extralinguistic factors. Attention is given to the general peculiarities of discursive practice of the inaugural speeches, as well as the context of a specific communicative situation – unprecedented circumstances of delivering speech by the the 46th President of the United States, as well as the personal traits of the speaker. The acquired results demonstrate the expressive potential of prosodic modifications in the oral speech, which can be used in teaching students majoring in philology the principles of text analysis of the political discourse through the prism of prosody, expressive syntax, stylistics, and rhetoric.
Chun j. - De-reification as a Poetical and Philosophical Concept in Vladimir Makyakovsky's Poem 'Backbone Flute' pp. 72-81

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.26450

Abstract: The object of the research is the peculiarities of the philosophical interpretation of the historical reality in the poem 'Backbone Flute'. The subject of the research is the process and the method used by Mayakovsky to create the image in his poem from the point of view of artistic trends of the 20th century. In this research Chun traces back the artistic interpretation of the philosophy of de-reification and specific features of item itself in terms of Mayakovsky's anthropocentrism. Among other aspects, the author of the article focuses on 'living thing' (inner form) that are destroyed by the theory of futurism but revive and take a new meaning in Mayakovsky's poetry. The author has applied the historico-philological method that treats the process of de-reification as the fight against the 'dead' predetermined use of thing, leaving the theory of futurism and ascension to spirituality. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the author's interpretation of the process of de-reification not as the process of dehumanization but revivification of thing as well as the author's appealing not to futuristic concepts but philosophy, Hegelianism and Tantra. The author also focuses on peculiarities of the main hero's attitude to and treatment of women and things. Chan also emphasizes immensity and thing-like nature of Mayakovsky's poetry, dramatical plot of leaving the 'earthly' and ascention to the 'divine' and 'eternal', reflection of the writer's love and creative illusions and their complex interplay with the reality. At the end of the research Chan emphasizes the importance of the empirical side of existence through 'living word' and make conclusions about the existential message of the poem and reflection of the main hero's inner world through the world of things and the process of de-reification. 
Milyukova A. - Narrative analysis of media discourse of a special event (on the example of Robert Rozhdestvensky Altai Regional Literary Festival) pp. 74-83

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.1.34780

Abstract: Leaning on the narrative analysis of media materials, this articled examines the peculiarities of the narrative of regional literary festival of Robert Rozhdestvensky. Research methodology employs narrative analysis, which being a variety of qualitative content analysis, implies characteristics of the following textual elements: narrator: hero/narrator / author; characters, their types; events (plot functions); type of narrative strategy; time; space; intertext, precedent texts, metanarrative; dichotomies, presuppositions, ideologemes. The object of this analysis is media article dedicated to the regional literary festival of Robert Rozhdestvensky, material publications (345 units) cover the period from June 8, 2007 to December 31, 2019. Four types of narrative elements of discourse of a special event are characterized: personal experience of familiarization with R. Rozhdestvensky’s poetry; national narrative of the Great Patriotic War; history of emergence of his poems in the context of other belongings that were transferred to the museum. Narrative elements within the discourse structure are brief and curtailed. The article explores narrative potential of a social conflict in generating the narrative of a special event in the media. It is demonstrated that the narrative is composed by stories associated with Robert Rozhdestvensky, while the subjects of media discourse are the prominent participants, cultural workers, and narrators. The conclusion is drawn that the narrative and mythological components within the structure of media discourse are attributed to different objectives.
Mironov A. - Change the character’s value focus as the concept of theme of an epic poem pp. 75-93

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2020.1.32154

Abstract: The subject of this research is the axiological worldview of the Russian epos, while the subject is value focus of the epic character (namely the Three Bogatyrs in the Kievan-Rus' epic poem cycle). Main attention is given to changeability of inner world of the epic poem (bylina) characters, substantiated by the bard’s representation on the presence of causal relationship of the hero’s specific motives with his actions and consequences of these actions. The author interprets the particular themes that comprise the variants of epic poems, as a sensible artistic solution of a storyteller aimed at realization of the genre function of bylina and dictated by the parameters of communication situation. The article uses the method of axiological analysis of epic poems, examining the difference of assessments of the epic character, bard, and listener. For each of the analyzed epic poems, the author determines: the vector of inner conflict (specific weakness or passion that overwhelms a character and he has to fight; usually it is what evokes sympathy in the listener); moment of captivity with sinful desire; moment of committing a wrongful action; demonstration of the effect of religious law that links crime with punishment; punishment of the hero – repentance or demise. The author’s contribution consists in the axiological determination of epic motif alongside principles of the new classification of bylina themes, as well as the statement that the goal of a bard lies in changing value coordinates of the same action of the character in mind of a listener. It is concluded that the traditional act of performing an epic poem could begin with selection of a set of themes by a bard, based on his own assessment of the weak and strong sides of the listeners, their age, profession, social and family status.
Shi S. - The Images of the 'New Person' in Anton Chekhov's Plays 'Three Sisters' and 'The Cherry Orchard' pp. 76-84

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.3.27042

Abstract: The article describes the typical features of the new man on the example of the dramatic characters of Chekhov. The subject of the research is Chekhov's play “Three Sisters” and “The Cherry Orchard”. The object of the study was the type of "new person" in the dramaturgy of the writer. Particular attention is paid to the plays of the early twentieth century, where the author presents heroes corresponding to the typological characteristic of the “new person”. The purpose of the work is the image of the “new person” in Chekhov's plays “Three Sisters” and “The Cherry Orchard”. In the course of the work, it was found out that the images of “new people” that appeared in Russian literature of the 19th century are vividly shown in the dramatic works of Chekhov. When considering the dramatic heritage of the most popular playwright of the twentieth century. applied comparative typological method of research. The method of research used by the author is the holistic analysis of the texts. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author considers the work of Chekhov from the perspective of the original author's point of view, in revealing the author's vision of the characters of the two plays, which are very popular. The practical significance of our study lies in the possibility of using its results and conclusions at elective classes on Chekhov's work.
Rev K.A., Volkhonskii B.M. - Russian case system against the background of the Sinhalese language tradition: linguodidactic aspect pp. 76-85

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.6.35913

Abstract: The subject of this research is the relevant questions of teaching Russian language in Sri Lanka. The analysis of curriculum for teaching Russian language developed by the Maharagama National Institute of Education (Colombo) together with the leading teachers of the University of Kelaniya demonstrates that learning Russian language in Sri Lanka carries not only educational, but also universal cultural significance, which corresponds to the national objectives in the area of education and is an integral part of their solution. The biggest difficulty faced by Sinhalese students in studying Russian language is the Russian case system, which differs substantially from the grammatical system of their native language. The article examines the peculiarities of Sinhalese case system. Leaning on the extensive linguistic material, the author analyzes and classifies the key peculiarities of the Sinhalese inflection of noun. The conclusion is drawn that one of the most effective methods of teaching Russian language to Sinhalese students lies in application of comparative approach. The analysis of meanings and functions of cases, understanding the differences between the Russian and Sinhalese grammatical systems allows identifying the most effective approaches towards teaching Russian as a foreign language. The comparative approach contributes to successful learning of prepositional-case system of the Russian language, and prevents consistent grammatical errors in the speech of foreign students.
Kerimov I.A., Memetova L.A. - New touches to the biography of the educator Ismail Gaspirali pp. 80-86

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2020.8.33563

Abstract: The subject of this research is the details of biography of Ismail Gaspirali, preserved in the Arabographic notes of the contemporaries, which allow adding new touches to his biographical portrait. The goal of this article lies in analysis and introduction into the scientific discourse of certain episodes from the life of Ismail Gasprali, which are of special value in comprising his full scientific biography. The dominant method for this work became the biographical research based on studying the persona of Ismail Gaspirali in the context of his life journey and relationships with other people. The principle of historicism allowed defining the stages of evolution of national mentality as a result of progressive activity of the reformer and his supporters. The author was able to determine the previously unknown episodes from the life of Ismail Gaspirali, trace the challenges that faced in implementation of his conceptual views, outline the circle of close associates who shared his aspirations figure, and were next to him to the last days. The scientific novelty lies introduction into the discourse of new details on the life of Ismail Gaspirali, which can be used in comprising his scientific biography, as well as further research of ideological-aesthetic views of Gaspirali and his supporters. The acquired results contribute augment the existing knowledge on versatile personality of Ismail Gaspirali, as well as positively affect modern research on his persona.
Guo C., Chistyakov A.V. - On the status of research of M. A. Bulgakov’s works in China pp. 82-91

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2020.6.33181

Abstract: Since the very beginning of research of M. A. Bulgakov’s works in China, has not received due recognition; however, the interest of literary historians to studying and interpretation of his immortal classic has seen recent increase. The subject of this article is the studying of Bulgakov’s satiric literature in China. The object is Bulgakov’s satiric literature and characters of his works. At first, study of Bulgakov’s works in China was limited just by “obtaining information”. The author meticulously examines such aspects demonstrated Bulgakov’s texts, as aesthetics, ethnocultural tradition, figures, practical importance. The author divides the works of M. A. Bulgakov into chronological periods, as well as underlines recent transformation in the views pertinent to his oeuvres within the Chinese literary studies. It is concluded that the analysis of Bulgakov’s novels at the three aforementioned stages of Chinese literary studies demonstrates the transition from the “stage of acceptance” to the “stage of comprehensive analysis” in multifaceted and multidimensional articulation, which testifies to the fact that literary research of M. A. Bulgakov’s novels continues to surge.
Dzyuba A.A. - Cyberspace of B. Winters' Intertextual Novel 'Android Karenina' pp. 87-95

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2019.1.28987

Abstract: The subject of the research is the mashup artistic space in terms of intertextuality as its feature. The author of the article focuses on the dialogical nature of a pretext and secondary text that are reflected in modern transformation of genres. The process of mutual influence gradually reinforces the signs of a new genre form which causes the transformation of the genre structure. Literary assimilation, in its turn, creates intertextual genres, mashup being one of them. This genre can be viewed as a new hybrid literary trend. The present research is devoted to the genre peculiarities of the mashup and specific features of intertextual relations therein. The linguistic research is based on the intertextual analysis, method of contextual interpretative analysis as well as descriptive mthod that involves a combination of tools such as observation, comparison and theoretical summary of the results. As a result of the research, the author discovers that the basic category for the development of the mahsup space in B. Winters' work is intertextuality. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the basic material for the implementation of intertextual relations is the lexical calque of a pretext with the elements of new narrative twists in the horror genre. The research is based on the analysis of B. Winters' novel 'Android Karenina'. 
Chen L. - Linguistic analysis of translation of Chinese phraseologisms in the Analects of Confucius (论语) pp. 92-100

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2020.12.34642

Abstract: The object of this research is 56 phraseologisms of the treatise “Analects of Confucius”, and versions of their translation into the Russian language by L. S. Perelomov, selected for the analysis using the method of continuous sampling, as well as such method of linguistic studies as structural-semantic. The translation of phraseologisms of Confucius is described and analyzed within the framework of the concept of V. N. Komissarov; phraseological units are classified in accordance with the five types of equivalence of translation. The goal of this work is consists in determination of conditions that allow  preserving the semantic accuracy in translation of  phraseologisms of Confucius from Chinese to Russian. The research is carried out at the intersection of linguistics and philosophy. The novelty consists in the fact that this article is first to examine V.  N. Komissarov’s translation of phraseologisms of Confucius. Insufficient study of the translation of this philosophical text into the Russian language defines the relevance of this research. Based on the quantitative analysis it is concluded that phraseologism of Confucius are usually translated into Russian in accordance with the fifth type of the concept of V. N. Komissarov; i.e. literal translation of hieroglyphs into Russian, equivalence is founded on preservation of the meaning contained in the original. First and foremost, the translator tries to convey and preserve the pragmatic focus of the text.
Liu L. - Methods and motives for nominating geographical sites in the Chinese and Russian languages pp. 97-105

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.5.35607

Abstract: The goal of this research is to determine the characteristics of methods in nominating geographical sites in the Chinese and Russian languages. Toponyms (geographical names) are a subsystem in the national language lexicon that describes the vast territory of each country, as well as the names of various specific geographical sites recognized in the geographical environment. Toponyms, being proper names, represent not only geographical nomenclature units, but are rich in historical and cultural connotations. The development of toponymy as an independent scientific field has an extensive background. In the course of time, the toponymic research was often reinforced by scientific data in different fields, such as comparative-historical linguistics, history, geography, and other. In continuation of previous research, this article analyzes the similarities and differences between the Russian and Chinese toponyms. The scientific novelty of the research consists in the following: 1) generalization of the data on the semantics of toponyms from linguistic perspective; 2) characterization of language specifics and significance of toponyms in the Chinese and Russian languages; 3) description of toponyms in connotative and linguocultural aspects. The relevance of the selected topic is substantiated by cultural importance of the Russian and Chinese toponyms, which are analyzed in accordance with principle of nominating motives. The comparison of toponyms in the indicated aspect is of particular importance for broadening the areas of research in toponymy and the theory of cross-cultural communication. As a result, the author reveals the similar and different types of the meanings of toponyms in the Russian and Chinese languages.
Chemezova E.R. - “Toxic” American literature pp. 97-103

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.10.36271

Abstract: The subject of this research is the behavior model of the characters in modern American literature. The goal lies in examination of the key attributes of “toxicity” as an element of artistic world resembled in modern American literature. The object of this research is the prose of Chuck Palahniuk. It is established that “toxicity” is one of the plotline components for building the characters of the heroes in modern American literature. The conducted analysis of the images of heroes and the components of artistic world of C. Palahniuk’s prose allows concluding that “toxicity” is not only the binding element in the artistic world of American literature, but also a construct that forms the dynamic development of the heroes. The scientific novelty consists in the fact that this article is first to analyze “toxicity” as an artistic element of modern American literary texts. Prior to that, “toxicity” as a phenomenon was viewed from the perspective of psychological, sociological, and philosophical research. Therefore, the study of the phenomenon of toxicity in literature is of particular relevance due to its interdisciplinarity. The author believes that the types ad peculiarities of “toxicity” as an element of the artistic world in modern American literature, as well as interaction of other structural elements should be also viewed on the example of other works of modern American literature. The characteristic features that unite the works as a transgressive prose should be determined and compared.
Kurakova I.A. - The image of a teenager in the educational novel “Paper Towns” by John Green pp. 116-127

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2019.6.31619

Abstract: The subject of this research is the image of a modern American teenager described in John Green’s novel “Paper Towns”, which represents the coming-of-age story of a young man. The article analyzes the inner world of the protagonist, his relationship with patterns and friends, demonstrates the difficulties he faces on the path of becoming a new person. The theoretical framework contains the works of Russian (M. M. Bakhtin, A. V. Dialektova, Y. S. Kamardina, N. V. Osipova, N. S. Shalimova) and foreign scholars (C. Morgenstern, W. Dilthey, M. Hirsch, D. Buckley) dedicated to the history and theory of the novel. The research is conducted on the basis of literary method of analysis with the elements of linguistic. The scientific novelty consists in the fact that the author is first to analyze the image of a teenager and his personal becoming in John Green’s educational novel “Paper Towns”.  It is established that transformation of the inner world of the protagonist and moving into adulthood takes place under the influence of the feelings of love and trials associated with them. In the course of the research, the author determines the storyline elements reflecting such events in the character’s transition into adulthood as first love, wanderings and disappointments.
Sukhanova I.Y. - The dynamics of using thematic group “Religion” in the works of K. G. Paustovsky pp. 118-126

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.35295

Abstract: The subject of this research is the dynamics of using thematic group “Religion” in the literary works of K. G. Paustovsky. The eight-volume collection of the writer's works served as the material for this research. The goal is to characterize the specificity of functionality of the lexicon with the semantics of religion in the works of K. G. Paustovsky. The article employs the following methods: descriptive-analytical, system description, inductive-hypothetical, contextual analysis and qualitative analysis; observation and interpretation techniques. The practical value of this research lies in the possibility to use its results in the university disciplines, such as “Philological Analysis of the Text”, “Modern Russian Language”, “History of the Russian Literary “Language”, and “Stylistics”. The scientific novelty consists in studying the lexicon of the thematic group “Religion” in the works of K. G. Paustovsky in the dynamic aspect (the author offers the methodology of three-stage analysis). It is determined that the linguistic unit pertaining to “Religion” in the works of K. G. Paustovsky indicate a significant dynamics of their application relate to a particular period of his creative path, functions of a literary work,  levels of artistic usage, division of nominations into subgroups and micro-groups. All of the aforementioned characteristics are interrelated. The presented material will be valuable in the Paustovsky’s studies, theory of poetic speech, functional-semantic research.
Samosyuk N.L. - Cinematographic Narration Elements Used to Create the Collective Hero Image in the Novel 'Troublemaker' from L. Soloviev's Book 'The Tale of Hodja Nasreddin' pp. 123-132

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2019.1.29058

Abstract: The subject of this research is the textual structure of L. Soloviev's novel 'Troublemaker'. The aim of the research is to demonstrate means of the development of the 'ornament masse' phenomenon in the narration structure of a literary text, this phenomenon representing the aesthetics of collective forms in the performance art of the social realism era. The author of the article focuses on the analysis of linguistic means used in the episodes when the collective hero image is created having both positive and negative connotations. Moreover, the researcher analyzes the role of the perspective as the means that organizes the modelled spacial construct in a literary work. Specific features of a conceptually created world prove that the keynote is used as a style-formation element. By applying the method of conceptual analysis, the author of the article proves the main provisions of Jon Krakauer's aesthetics who viewed the collective image of a hero as the means of realisation of ideological views and ideas. Comparing the conclusions made by the German researcher and results of this research, the author proves the extension of the term 'ornament prose' and involvement of cinematographic narration texts into such analysis. The author's contribution to the topic is the linguistic analysis that describes the mechanism of adaptation of visual effects to a text. The novelty of the research is caused by the author's analysis of perceptive mechanisms typical for the visual art forms in a literary text. 
Gotovtseva A.G., Karpov E.S. - Linguosemiotic peculiarities of the text in TikTok: “the word of others” in the new multimedia reality pp. 127-134

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.4.35321

Abstract: The subject of this research is the tendency towards formation of a new semiotic code of entertainment content, observed in the Russian segment of Tiktok social network. The goal of this research is to determine the new trends in recreational segment of the modern social network, the popularity of which depends on the number users’ likes and reposts. The research material contains the continuous sampling of videos for the period from February to March 2021. The analysis of videos of the Russian-speaking users allows revealing the tendency towards the emergence of a new type of recreational content at the intersection of plagiarism and parody. This implies voice-covering of the fragments of stand-up show in a different context: for example, a fragment from comedy show is lip-synced by a woman while preparing meal. In other words, the authors of such content do not claim to be original, they virtually lip-sync with synchronization of another person's speech (moreover, the TikTok format allows seeing the link to the original soundtrack). At the same time, such content is far from parodic, as there is no mimicking or gesturing of the original. This rather implies the renovation of the open text tradition, which historically accompanies the emergence of a new form of broadcasting information. Such content also indicates common features with the folklore: the author's story  is voice-covered by various users repeatedly, like an anecdote or the history of urban folklore. The conclusion is made on the emerging semiotic tendency of the polycode multimedia text, which on the one hand has deep historical roots, while on the other hand is substantiated by the modern technological capabilities and ways of broadcasting information.
Maksudova U.A. - Paronymic relations in the Russian proverbs with anthroponyms (structural aspect) pp. 132-140

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.5.35550

Abstract: The subject of this research is the paronymic relations in paremiological units (proverbs and sayings) with anthroponyms as the structural-semantic component. The goal of this article consists in the analysis of structural specificity of paronyms in the Russian paremiological units, including anthroponyms and their functions performed in the text. The research material contains the Russian proverbs and sayings, selected through the method of continuous sampling from the Large dictionary of Russian Proverbs edited by V. M. Mokienko and the book “Russian Proverbs and Sayings” edited by V. P. Anikin. The analysis employs 145 paremiological units – proverbs and sayings. The relevance of this work is defined by the fact that the problem of paronymy in the Russian folklore texts, namely in paroemias, which provide quite an extensive description of paronymic relations, has not received a sufficient scientific coverage. The author applies the method of linguistic description for compartmentalization of paronymic units in proverbs and sayings, as well as structural-semantic method for clarification of the structural, semantic and functional peculiarities of paronyms as a part of paroemias. The novelty of this research lies in the attempt of a three-level (phonetic, morphological and syntactic) structural classification of paronyms in the Russian paronyms with anthroponyms. In the Russian proverbs and sayings, the author indicates the process of paronymic convergence of anthroponyms with other components of paroemias. This process in paroemias is represented by paronymic attraction, paronomasia, and paronymic sound game. Paronymic convergence of the proper names in the Russian proverbs carries out pragmatic functions - mnemonic, satirical, and expressive. The acquired results broaden the scientific representations of paronymy in the folklore texts, and can be used in teaching general linguistics, stylistics and lexicology in the university.
Lu Z. - Motivational-imagery component of the meaning of some verbal phraseological units with the abstract substantive ‘thought’ in the modern Russian language pp. 141-151

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2021.5.35683

Abstract: This research is dedicated to the analysis of some verbal phraseological units, in which an object is expressed by the abstract substantive 'thought', from the perspective of motivational-imagery component. The article presents the results of study of the motivational-imagery component in the semantics of a number of verbal phraseological units with the abstract name 'thought', which is based on linguoculturological method developed by V. N. Telia and her supporters and presented in the “Large Phraseological Dictionary of the Russian Language”. The author explores the phraseological units within the framework of Chinese linguoculture for more determining the characteristics the Russian units. For this analysis, the author filtered out the phraseological units contained in the Russian National Corpus (https://ruscorpora.ru/new/), which include the abstract noun ‘thought’ that performs the function of the object of action, and the verbs “come / reach / run into / lead / point. The following conclusions were formulated: 1) the considered phraseological units reflect the metaphorical understanding of thought as a static object that outside the human body, the move towards which is performed by an individual, especially active is in relation to thought; 2) all phraseological units analyzed in the article demonstrate that thought is described as an intellectual product acquired by a human either through targeted mental activity, or influenced by external circumstances; 3) in general, the phraseological units under review act as a stereotypical representation on thought process of a person under the influence of certain external or internal factors.
Golubina A.B. - The Analysis of the Communicative Goal of Secular Conversation Based on the Analysis of Literary Texts of the XIXth Century pp. 154-162

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.3.27320

Abstract: The subject of the research is the genre analysis of literary texts containing small talk. This study provides only a part of the analysis devoted to the communicative goal. The author considers such aspects of the main topic as identifying three existing approaches to the description of speech genres. The model of the speech genre of T. V. Shmeleva is considered in more detail. In the analyzed texts, the types of speech genre (informative, evaluative, imperative and etiquette) are highlighted, which influence the formation of the communicative goal of secular conversation. In the course of writing the article, Golubina uses genre analysis including descriptive-analytical, contextual, comparative and interpretive methods. General scientific methods and techniques, such as analysis, synthesis, typology, etc., were also actively involved. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author analyzes the communicative goal of secular conversation. The main conclusions of the study are the use of the estimated and informative genre in the course of small talk which is an indicator of the ambiguity of the goal of “the desire to entertain the interlocutor”. So the author reveals the complex nature of the speech genre of social conversation that has not been sufficiently studied in modern linguistics.
Otsomieva Z.M. - Geographical terminology in the Avar toponymy pp. 167-176

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2019.6.31444

Abstract: The subject of this research is a review of the system of microtoponyms created on the basis of the local geographical terminology; they vary considerably forming an interim lexical layer, transitional between the nominal lexis (appellatives) and onomastic (toponyms). Examination of toponymic terminology has two interrelated sides, comprised of the terms that are defined differently: they are simultaneously the indicators, nomenclatural, nominal, folk, etc. This lexicological study determines the role of geographical terms in the toponymy of Bezhtinsky, Gergebilsky, Gumbetovsky, Kazbekovsky, Tlyaratinsky, Khunzakhsky and Tsumadinsky districts of Dagestan. The scientific novelty consists in the fact that appellatives take active part in formation of the own geographical names. It is easy to distinguish two categories among the geographical terms: 1) class terms denote landscapes, large terrain elements, hydrographies, soil and vegetation cover, and others that generalize geographical phenomena and objects; 2) specific terms characterize narrower elements of natural environment, types of landscapes, rather than their zonal structure. Grammatically, the terms in toponymies may be in the second position. The areas of toponymic names of Bezhtinsky, Gergebilsky, Gumbetovsky, Kazbekovsky, Tlyaratinsky, Khunzakhsky and Tsumadinsky districts of Dagestan often do not comply with the boundaries of dialects established by appellatives.
Asanova E.R. - Gabriel Allon Series by Daniel Silva: the genre nature pp. 177-184

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2019.6.31620

Abstract: This article provides a review of the works of the modern American writer, particularly the genre nature of his novels. Daniel Silva is the author of over twenty epic works, which are referred by literary critics to the genre of spy novel. Nineteen out of them comprise the series united by the main protagonist Gabriel Allon – the fine art restorer, who besides his main activity was an agent for Israeli intelligence services in various European countries. First appearance of Gabriel takes place in the novel “The Kill Artist”, which drastically transforms the traditional semantics of espionage in mass literature. Each year Daniel Silva publishes a new novel, relocating the character into various countries and posing new challenges, which often do not fit the framework of the familiar forms of intelligence activity seen on the pages of spy novels. The genre affiliation of all D. Silva’s works is epos; although in a more meticulous way, attention should be paid to publicistic style. Novelistic feature prevail on the genre level; though, the hero is presented “ready to go”, which again, also unlocks the rigid genre boundaries of the works of D. Silva. The storyline events demonstrate the elements of various genre forms – spy novel, detective, thriller, suspense, actions, political novel. Examination of their mutual influence and coexistence within the framework of a single work, along with identification of the scope of D. Silva’s novels, allows understanding the phenomenon of his works.  
Shchekochikhina M.A. - Jean Mabillon and the Philosophy of Rationalism pp. 178-183

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.3.26629

Abstract:  The article is devoted to the influence of rationalistic philosophy on Jean Mabillon. Although some researchers are appealing to Mabillon's "cartesan", this topic has not yet received coverage in Russian and foreign academic literature. However, without studying this question, it seems impossible to understand the method of Jean Mabillon that had a great impact on his work “Diplomacy” in which the Benedictine scientist was able to lay the foundation of such sciences as paleography, codicology, diplomatics and sphragistics. The researcher focuses on the work of Jean Mabillon "Diplomacy" and "Treatise on the sciences in monasteries." The author of the article uses the method of compariso to compare the arguments of Mabillon to the philosophical and linguistic works of those times as well as the hermeneutic method. The main conclusion of the study is the statment that the rationalism philosophy had a strong influence on the development of the method of Jean Mabillon. Jean Mabillon actively used the philosophical dictionary of his time and was well acquainted with the works of rationalism philosophers. The contribution of the author of the article is the establishment of parallels in the writings of Jean Mabillon and other philosophers and rationalist scientists on the example of specific contexts.
Mineeva I.N. - On the Poetics of the Title of Ivan Shmelev's Novel 'To the Sun' pp. 182-193

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.4.28096

Abstract: Recent decades of modern science have marked a new stage in understanding both famous and yet to be published novels of Ivan Shmelev from the point of view of new research paradigms. Mineeva focuses on the review of the philosophical and axiological component of the writer's worldview and discovery of literary/poetical novations. For this regard, Ivan Shmelev's novel 'To the Sun' is of special importance and interest for the history of literature. Within the framework of this research of early Ivan Shmelev's creative writing, Mineeva analyzes the poetics of the title 'To the Sun' (1905). She pays attention to the analysis of ontological and axiological features of the title, its genesis, systemic relations with the textual/extra-textual reality and narrative strategies. The research methodology includes historico-literary, semantic-functional, nomination and textual approaches which provides an insight into specific features of the writer's axiology and allows record its development and define novations in the sphere of poetics. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the researcher suggests and proves her statement that this is the novel the image of the sun first appeared. The image is based on the word image, mini-text that gradually conveys the message of the writer. The sun is shown in different capacities: cosmic (celestial body) and literary-philosophical (symbol). At the initial stage, it has no religious meaning at all and is expressed in the material, intuitive or psychological form in the first place. The title of the novel conveys the writer's intentions and message. In the course of the analysis the researcher has appealed to the archives of the Russian State Library that have never been published before. 
Maikova T. - Preservation of Co-Reference as the Means of Text Cohesion During Translation pp. 201-208

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.4.28044

Abstract: The article is devoted to the preservation of message and text cohesion during translation of nonfiction. This is performed by using co-reference units as elements of the text referring to one element of the reality.  The research is based on the hypothesis that differences in the structural organisation of languages along with different degrees of awareness of recipients of original and translated texts create the need in translation transformations. The subject of the research is the preservation of co-reference in nonfiction when the latter are being translated from English into Russian. The material of the study was the original texts of journalistic style in English and Russian languages. Were offered and analyzed versions of the translation of the source text from English into Russian, taking into account and without taking into account the need to preserve the reference to the same referent. It was shown that the ability of a receptor to efficiently decode individual elements of the text, both belonging to the same referent, depends on their knowledge of the language and its system resources, and, in some cases, on their possession of extralinguistic information. In addition, the work shows that, in the aspect of translation, the preservation of reference is more important than the communication of additional knowledge about the referent, and should be ensured primarily including at the expense of some semantic losses. 
Gutorenko L.S. - On the Question about Ambivalent Nature of Trolling and Using Trolling in Comic Creolised Internet Memes pp. 244-250

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.4.27846

Abstract: The subject of this research is the analysis of the definition of "trolling" in the works of Russian researchers, its transformation in the public consciousness, the goal-setting of virtual communication users when using trolling as well as the specifics of using trolling (in the broad sense of this term) in comic creolized Internet memes (based on the analysis of the Russian language). The analysis of the use of trolling was carried out based on the example of comic creolized Internet memes in Russian using case law, political and universal (everyday problems, gender relations, the conflict of generations). To achieve this goal, the following research methods were used: definitional, analysis and synthesis, synthesis and systematization, as well as descriptions. The novelty of the study is caused by the presentation of a broad interpretation of the phenomenon of trolling, as well as in the study of its use in comic creolized Internet memes. The analysis made it possible to come to the conclusion about the transformation of the notion of "trolling" and the popularity of its use in a broad sense (as irony and sarcasm addressed to the reader or case law personalities) in comic creolized Internet memes for the purpose of receiving pleasure from intellectual game, creativity, comic rethinking of problem situations as well as reflection on them. The results of this work can be used for further study from a linguistic and pragmatic point of view of communication on the Internet in general and comic creolized Internet memes in particular.
Zholudeva L.I. - Baldassare Castiglione's Treatise 'About the Courtier': The Concept of the 'Courtier' Language and Italian Cultural Identity pp. 251-258

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.4.28102

Abstract: In this article, the subject of the research is the treatise of B. Castiglione “On the Courtier” (1528); it is of interest not only in connection with the position that the writer touches upon the Italian “dispute of the language” of the XVI century, but also as one of the evidences of the transformation of Italian national cultural identity. The purpose of this work is to research how the theory of the “court” language, which Castiglione was a supporter of, was inscribed in its system of views on the social significance and historical role of the Italian educated class of 'courtiers' in the broad sense of the word. The research methodology is of a combined nature, since the material under study is interesting from the standpoint of the external history of the Italian language, as well as from the point of view of the history of linguistic teachings. An analysis of the text of the treatise, taking into account the sociocultural context of the epoch and comparing with alternative points of view expressed by contemporaries of Castiglione, allows us to conclude that the generally accepted idea of the "defeat" of Castiglione and his associates in disputes about language, at least, needs to be clarified. If on a practical level, the model of codification of a literary language that was proposed by P. Bembo won an unconditional victory, then as regards the nature of the functioning of a literary language, its social role and its transformation into a component of national identity, B. Castiglione’s concept demonstrated its viability throughout the history of the Italian language. 
Abdul'manova A., Lekomtseva I. - The Creative Legacy of Geoffrey Chaucer and Russian Translations of His Works in Terms of the World Culture pp. 259-265

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.4.28242

Abstract: The article is devoted to the description of the creative heritage of medieval English poet Jeffrey Chaucer through the prism of his internationality. Describing the attitude of representatives of the English-speaking culture to the role of the poet in the formation of the national English language and English national literature, the authors pay attention to the works of the so-called “Chaucer canon”, offering them a brief overview. Describing the reflection of the plots of Jeffrey Chaucer’s works in the traditional culture of medieval Europe (the work of ancient, Italian, French authors) as well as examining popular adaptations in today's popular culture (art and animated films based on “Canterbury Tales”, texts intended for the general reader, etc. .), the authors of the article emphasizes the “internationalism” of the writer's creativity. The focus of the study is the story of the emergence of translations of works of the poet into Russian. The research methodology involves the description of works of mass art based on the works of this author, as well as Russian translations of his works in order to prove the "internationalism" of Jeffrey Chaucer and the importance of his work for the modern Russian-speaking reader. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that for the first time in the academic literature the authors have made an attempt to systematize and implement a comprehensive description of the well-known Russian-language translations of the works of Jeffrey Chaucer. The relevance of the research is due to the unceasing interest in the poet's work, which is emphasized by the emergence of modern translations, film, video adaptations and editions of his works. The research methodology involves the description of works of mass art based on the works of this author, as well as Russian translations of his works in order to prove the "internationalism" of Jeffrey Chaucer and the importance of his work for the modern, including Russian-speaking, reader. The novelty of the research is seen in the fact that for the first time an attempt is being made to systematize and implement a comprehensive description of the well-known Russian-language translations of the works of Jeffrey Chaucer. The relevance of the research is due to the unceasing interest in the poet's work, which is emphasized by the emergence of modern translations, film, video adaptations and editions of his works.
Bedirkhanov S.A. - The concept of “life” as an existential basis of Aziz Alem’s poetry of the 1960’s – 1970’s pp. 270-279

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2020.1.27910

Abstract: The object of this research is the concept of “life” as an existential basis of poetic consciousness. The subject of this research is the poetry of the prominent Lezgin author Aziz Alem. The article traces the sociocultural realities that determined the existential grounds of Lezgin poetry in the 1960’s – 1980’s; examines the transformational state of ethnopoetic consciousness of the Lezgins,referred to the ontological problems of human existence. The analysis of poems reveals the artistic means and principles of realization of the concept of “life” in Aziz Alem’s poetry. The set objectives are attained within the framework of research approaches based on the cultural-historical, comparative, and analytical methods of humanistic thought. Such approaches suggest presence of a strong theoretical framework that ensures optimal structuring of value-semantic dominants of life environment of the Lezgin poet. The main conclusion lies in the statement that sociocultural processes of the 1960’s – 1980’s define the possibility for rationalization of mental structures of ethnopoetic spirit, which resulted in mainstreaming of “eternal” problems at the time of supremacy of the Communist ideology.
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