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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Litera" > Rubric "Question at hand"
Question at hand
Zheng L. - Particularities of Healthy Lifestyle Promotion in China's Printed Media (the Case Study of The Popular Medicine Journal) pp. 1-9

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.1.25098

Abstract: At the age of the social and economic development of modern China, the issues of physical and mental health and healthy lifestyle values are growing especially important. The present article is devoted to the role played by Chinese general audience medical publications in promotion of health-saving technologies. In this regard, the author of the article pays special attention to the general review of the genesis and gradual development of Chinese general audience medical publications in accordance with particular sociohistorical periods. The author focuses on modern printed media that transmit today's China's health care policy. The author provides results of the analysis of typological and substantial particularities of The Popular Medicine Journal issues that have been published since 2006 till 2016. This journal is a long tradition and today has a dominant position in China's printed media. The Journal publishes articles and researches of respected representatives of modern Chinese medicine. The author emphasizes the important role and main provisions of traditional Chinese medicine, and their importance for health and well-being of a modern person. 
Klyuev N.A. - The Social Media Category in Corpus Linguistics (the Case Study of the Russian National Corpus) pp. 1-16

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.4.26682

Abstract: The subject of this research is the structure of the social media category in Russian linguistic consciousness. In his research Klyuev pays attention to the components of the social media category (subconcepts of social networks and messengers and their particular examples), their conceptual content and semantic cognitive links. The purpose of the research is to analyze semantics of linguistic units that nominate the social media category, their cognitive interpretation and to define how these units relate in practical use. The research material involved data from the Russian National Corpus. The main research method used by the author for his conceptual analysis was the computer-based content analysis of cases when the expression 'social media' have been used in the Russian National Corpus followed by their cognitive interpretation. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author makes a first attempt to provide a systemic description of conceptual relations between components of the social media category in Russian linguistic consciousness. The mai nconclusions of the author is that there is a certain initial stage in the development of the (sub) concepts in Russian linguistic consciousenss as well as the obvious semantic relationship between nominations that objectify (sub) concepts and cognitive relationship between these (sub) concepts in the minds of users. 
Zavialova I. - Functions Performed by Transformations that Appear in the Process of Translating German Article Headlines on Deutschland.de to Russian pp. 1-5

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2019.2.28867

Abstract: Because of different standards of the source and target languages, literal translation is often impossible. When facing difficulty, a translator uses translation transformations. The subject of the research is translation transformations that are used to translate headlines on Deutschland.de. The author examines peculiar functions of such translation transformations as substitution, supplementation, transposition, omission and their combination as well as discovers the frequency of particular kinds of tranformations used in the German-Russian translation. To select the research material, the author has used the random sampling technique. The main research methods included description, comparision of the source text and translation, and statistic-linguistic analysis. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the researcher analyzes transformations based on the comparison of headlines in the source and target languages, in particular, articles posted on Deutschland.de. The results of analyzing the research material demonstrate that the most commonly used translation transformations are substitutions, mostly grammatical substitutions. Supplementations, transpositions, omissions and complex transformations are used less frequently.
Balaeva S.V. - Search for Giacomo Leopardi's Poetic Language pp. 1-7

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2019.4.30288

Abstract: The subject of the research is the concept of poetic language developed by an Italian poet and philologist Giacomo Leopardi. Analysis involves his Leopardi's philosophical works about the language and historical development of the mankind as well as his poetic works on ancient plots, first of all, his 'Operetti Morali' and 'Zibaldone'. Leopardi's concept of poetic language is one of the least studied topics in the Italian poet's creative writing. Based on the analysis of Leopardi's works, the author of the article views the process of creation of Leopardi's concept of poetic language as a late response to The Quarrel of the Ancients and the Moderns. In her article Balaeva uses the methodology of theoretical poetics that is aimed at systems analysis of Giacomo Leopardi's concept of poetic language. The concept of poetic language is one of the central topics in theoretical and philosophical works of the Italian author. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that this is an understudied aspect of creative work of the Italian's poet and philospher. The main conclusion of the research is the proof of the relationship between The Quarrel of the Ancients and the Moderns and late works of Giacomo Leopardi. Giacomo Leopardi's concept of the poetic language viewed in terms of The Quarrel reveals mechanisms of the union of philosophy and poetry in theoretical (Zibaldone) and literary (Operetti Morali) works of the Italian poet. 
Balaeva S.V. - pp. 9-15

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2019.5.30849

Abstract:
Tymchuk E.V. - Article Deixis and its Role in Expressing the Conceptual Category of the General and Singular pp. 10-19

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.25783

Abstract: The subject of the research is the role of deixical words (articles) in the process of expressing the conceptual category of the general and singular in the English language. The author of the article focuses on the universal nature of the aforesaid conceptual category emphasizing that this conceptual category compiles the verbal categorization of all world's languages. The category gives an opportunity to perform the process of nomination in the language when the thought moves from particularities to generals. Vice versa, this conceptual caregory allows to differentiate between a generalized representation of an item and singular mention thereof which lies at the heart of communication in any language. The methodological basis of the research includes linguistic research methods such as methods of comparative-historical, comparative, semantic and stylistic analysis as well as methods of lexicographical and textologicval analysis and corpus research method. The novelty of this research is caused by the scientific problem raised by the author. The conceptual category of the general and singular is viewed in the English language from the piont of view of the deixical relations expressed by articles. The author concludes that the relationship between the general and singular representations is demonstrated in the English language through opposing a zero article to two positive articles, definite and indefinite articles. The author concludes that unlike other languages that have articles, contemporary English has got a tendency towards endless extension of the scope of application of a zero article.  
Klyuev N.A. - The Social Media Concept in Russian Linguistic Consciousness (Based on the Literature Analysis and Psycholinguistic Experiment) pp. 11-21

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.3.26680

Abstract:  The subject of this research is the structure of the social media concept in Russian linguistic consciousness. The purpose of this research is to present the structure of the social media concept from the point of view of cognitive interpretation of linguistic units that comprise the nominative area thereof. According to the author of the article, social media is the phenomenon that is interesting not only for basic users but also professional researchers and specialists of different spheres (marking, journalism, philology, communication, etc.). The research method used by the author for his research was the comparative analysis of professional literature and results of psycholinguistic experiment. Experimental material has been collected by using the method of direct interpretation of words in a form of a network survey. The results of the research have demonstrated that the social medial concept refers to the categorial type of conceptual structures and the key classification features of social media are people, communication and Internet resource. Nominations that denote these features comprise the core of the concept categorial structure. Bright cognitive features also include the 'network' feature that acts as a prototype for the social media category which has been proved by other researchers. 
Timizhev K.T., Bozieva N.B. - Aesthetical Models of Ethnos that Define the Philosophical Category of Beautiful pp. 15-21

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2019.2.29423

Abstract: The subject of the research is Z. Naloev's novellas. The authors of the article examine features of transformation of the genre system and individual artistic consciousness in the Kabardian literature based on works of a famous prose writer Z. Naloev. The aim of the article is to analyze the literary succession and innovations and how trends of small genres developed. Within the framework of this research beauty is viewed not only as the best and most sensual expressino of the main idea but also as adherence to traditions of Aygei ethnic aesthetics, thus extending the concept of beauty as it is and the ethnocultural interpretation of beautiful. To achieve the research targets, the authors have applied the comparative historical method to analyze novellas of the Kabardian writer. They have also given an artistic evaluation of ethnopsychology and described aesthetical models used by the Adygei (the Circassians) to define the philosophical category of beautiful as part of the Kabardian prose. The singuliarity of creative individuality and general patterns of national literary process are of great importance for the literature of the peoples living in the South of Russia. The research results can be used for the development of special courses, disciplines at high and secondary schools as well as analysis of the dynamics of national literary process. The main outcome of the research is that the authors have defined peculiarities of the worldview of the Kabardian ethnos about the beauty in terms of Z. Naloev's works and the great variety of images in small genres of the Kabardian literature.  
Shi J. - Comparative Analysis of Toponyms of China's and Russia's Capitals (the Case Study of Peking's and Moscow's Street Names) pp. 20-31

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2019.3.30124

Abstract: Modern Chinese language may reveal a lot about onomasiological categories, in particular, toponyms as an element thereof. The author of this article carries out a comparative analysis of toponyms, street names in Chinese People's Republic and Russian Federation, particularly, Peking and Moscow. The aim of this research is to compare toponyms of Moscow and Peking and discover similarities and differences as well as methods of creation of street names in Russia's and China's capitals. Using description and comparative analysis, the researcher has studied semantics of street names in these two capitals. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author of the article offers his own classification of Peking and Moscow street names depending on the degree of their prior research. The results of the research include the author's conclusions about the influence of culture, picture of the world and history on the creation of street names in aforesaid cities. 
Manyanina E. - 'The Lesson in the Museum' after Nikolay Gogol's 'Deal Souls' Poem as a Practical Implementation of the Genius Loci Concept pp. 21-27

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2017.4.24376

Abstract: The first part of the article is devoted to the author's experience in applying the state program 'The Lesson in the Museum' after Nikolay Gogol's 'Deal Souls' at Gogol's Museum. In particular, the author analyzes the contents of the lesson, how it fits into the school curriculum and what interdisciplinary connections it has. The second part of the article is devoted to the analysis of this education project as the way to implement the concept of Genius Loci that means the need to study a particular locus (place) in the process of analyzing an artist's (genius') creative life and biography. The methodological basis of the research implies the method of interpretation and description to analyze the influence of the writer's environment on his creative process and visual-analytical method as a summary of the author's observations related to the exposition of the writer's memorial museum and interaction with visitors to a museum. The research contributes to a deeper analysis of the issue concerning the importance of the lesson 'Dead Souls. Heart-to-Heart Conversation' carried out at Gogol's Museum. According to the author, the lesson has a significant advantage compared to a regular school esson because school students interact with a particular locus, the place where Gogol lived. As the implementation of the Genius Locus concept, 'The Lesson in the Museum' reveals the connection between Gogol's personality and his memorial place (locus) as a necessary condition for a deeper and fuller analysis of Gogol's creativity. 
Bondarenko M. - The War Theme in Robert Graves' Creative Writing pp. 26-33

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2019.1.28708

Abstract: In this article Bondarenko traces back the development of the war theme in the creative writing of an English author Robert Graves. Graves' interest in war was caused by two factors. Firstly, the writer had his own experience as a military officer. Secondly, his interest related to the mythological concept of the White Goddess when the poet died and then resurrected as the lover of the Goddess (Muse). Bondarenko focuses on Graves' description of his 'trench' years. The research involves quite a vast number of texts which is explained by the domination role of the war theme in the English writer's lyrics and prose. Taking into account specific features of the war theme and personal experience of Graves, Bondarenko has selected such research methods as biographical and hermeneutical analysis. The methodological basis of the research included researches of D. Carter, J. Jacobson, D. Hoffman, etc. The main conclusions of the research is that the development of the war theme in Graves' creative writing was based on the writer's reflection of his personal military experience. The writer depicted the war as a large-scale catastrophe and absolutely unreasonable sacrifice. The war theme is not only an individual theme in his writing. It also relates to Graves' conflict with the religion. Many aspects of his war theme are typical for the literature of the 'lost generation'. 
Manyanina E. - Mikhail Pogodin's as a Cultural-Historical Phenomenon or Nikolay Gogol's Moscow Refuge pp. 28-37

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2017.4.24885

Abstract: The article is devoted to the analysis of a literary salon run by the professor and editor Mikhail Pogodin in the cultural and historical context. The author pays special attention to such aspect of the topic as Gogol's visits to Pogodin's salon. The writer quite often stayed at Pogodin's during his visits to Moscow. The author of the article also touches upon the cultural importance of the wing of Pogodin's Manor that is now famous as 'Pogodin's Izba'. The author analyzes how it was built and what future the architectural memorial has. In the course of the research the author has applied the following research approaches: theoretical analysis of literary and academic sources, their classification and comparative analysis. The question about Pogodin's Izba that is located in the former Pogodin's Manor is an understudied topic in Moscow Studies even though this toponym can be often found in local history studies. The present article is a contribution to the analysis of this question from the point of view of literary studies and the main provisions of the research can be used to study Gogol's biography and creative life as well as to teach the history of the Russian literature. 
Vazhenina O.A. - Linguostylistic Interpretation of Media Texts Related to Autism Issues pp. 32-44

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.26039

Abstract: The subject of the research is autism as it is described by Russian media today. The author of the article examines theoretical and practical aspects of the problem such as the essence and main features of media texts, general features of media texts devoted to autism, and locuses of media texts that focus on autism. The author pays special attention to the comparative analysis of stylistic features and rhetorical techniques used in professional Internet media texts and social 'new media' on autism. The research is based on the stylistic and rhetorical analysis of strong stands of media texts such as headings, crossheadings, ledes and conclusions. As a result of the research, the author discovers the difference between professional media texts and social media texts not only in terms of overall literacy or rich vocabulary or clarity of the matter but rather in terms of stylistic and rhetorical techniques beign used. Being professional publishing means, autochthonous Internet media tend to non-professional media texts in social media both in style and rhetorically. These media use less laconic and clearer phrases, less objective argumentation, more eristical techniques, more emotional expressions compared to online portals of media agents that exist or were created in a 'traditional' form. The content of these media texts demonstrates that such publications do not only perform educative or informative function usually performed by mass media but also performs a humanistic mission (this is why these texts try to get the readers involved emotionally and thus use expressive stylistic means). 
Merzlyakova K. - The Concept of Empoderamiento and How It is Represented in the Discourse of Female Spanish Glamour pp. 42-49

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2019.3.30034

Abstract: The article is devoted to the analysis of the concept of empoderamiento and how it is represented in Spanish female glamour magazines. In her article Merzlyakova analyzes the story behind the term and gives different interpretations of the concept of empoderamiento as well as analyzes how it is represented in glamour female magazines. She provides examples of articles that touch upon the idea of extension of female rights and opportunities. Merzlyakova also discusses the influence of the female beauty cult on the interpretation of empoderamiento by founders of gender periodicals and analyzes how Spanish female glamour accomplishes the mission of creation a 'socially responsible' well-balanced female image. The methodological basis of the research includes researches of J. Rowelands, Gallego Ayala, Gaudino Fallager, and Orsini Vargas. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that Russian studies of Spanish culture do not pay due attention to the cocnept of empoderamiento. The main conclusions of the research are the following: female glamour magazines do not cover so many activities a woman performs and do not focus on women's rights, the latter being an important social order nowadays. 
HAITONG P. - Comparative Study of the Concepts of Russian and Chinese Linguocultures: Results and Problems pp. 44-52

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2019.2.29598

Abstract: This article is devoted to the comparative study of the concepts of Russian and Chinese linguocultures. The author of the article notes that it is necessary to study these concepts from the point of view of cross-cultural communication and language picture of the world. The researcher focuses on the monolingual and polylingual analysis of the concepts. The researcher underlines that Russian-Chinese cross-cultural language relations is an understudied topic and thus is of great interest to researchers. The article is of theoretical nature and based on such research methods as analysis of researches and descriptive method. The main conclusions of the research are the following: comparative conceptology is a relatively new sphere of linguistics, however, much research has been already done in this sphere. However, Russian-Chinese cross-cultural language relations are still an understudied topic that lacks fuller research and better systematization. All this proves the importance of further researches in this sphere. 
Kofanova G.P. - Discourse Analysis of the 'Integration' Concept Based on the Analysis of German Mass Media pp. 46-55

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.4.27475

Abstract: The subject of the research is the concept of refugee integration in Germany. The object of the research is the discourse represented by on-line editors. The author analyzes such aspects of the topic as the need to integrate refugees into the German society, challenges that may arise in the process of integration, analysis of the aforesaid discourse, description of the concepts that form the basic concept of integration, and interpretation of conceptual structures and cognitive mechanisms of the concept development. Kofanova focuses on the interpretation of conceptual structures as the elements that represent the ideology of the German community, and analysis of linguistic means that explicate the concept of integration in the German language. The research is based on the method of cognitive discursive analysis because these are very useful methods to analyze the concepts of conceptualization and categorization. The main conclusions of the research are the following: the discourse about the German refugees is represented mostly by two points of view. The official point of view is that integration of refugees is necessary, and the other point of view is that integration of refugees is impossible. The author's special contribution to the topic is that using the means of cognitive linguistics, she tries to define the role and the place of the concept of integration in the German linguistic consciousness and gives an evaluation of this project in the German society, and attitude towards it. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author appeals to the most important problem today's Europe is facing, and the author's attempt to describe the nature of the problem using the linguistic means. 
Sklyarova O.S., Gorina I.I. - Classification Features of Antonyms as Part of the Monologue Text pp. 53-59

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2019.2.29467

Abstract: The subject of the research is the classification features and peculiar functions of antonyms as part of semantic-syntactical and expressive means in both fiction and journalism. The authors of the article focus not only on the constructive function of antonyms in the text organisation but also their clarification ability to underline particular features of images. Word combinations  (pairs) with direct meaning within contextual antonymy may perform a special stylistic function and bear emphatic load. The main research method used by the author is the descriptive method, they have also applied the methodology that is based on peculiarities of language antonymy. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the peculiarities of language and author antonyms that are the functional binarity and semantic pragmatic meanings of opposition and conflict. In a text antonyms become an organic part of speech communication and connecting components. The main contribution of the authors is their in-depth analysis of peculiar semantic and cognitive pragmatic links in the structure of a literary text. 
Khomyakov S.A. - Architectonics of the Frame Text (the Analysis of Anna Ahmatova's 'Poem Without a Hero') pp. 57-68

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.3.26923

Abstract: The subject of this research is the structure elements (the frame), in particular, in Anna Ahmatova's 'Poem Without a Hero'. In his research Khomyakov focuses on such elements of the 'frame text' as the title, epigraphs, dedications, nota benes that have their own semantics and serve the purpose to tell the reader about preceding events. Specific features of using a particular frame element are predetermined by genre peculiarities of Ahmatova's literary work. Elements included by the poet in the text of Poem Without a Hero conform with a strict hierarchy and model the space-and-time relations between one another and within the tissue of the main text in each of three parts of the literary work. The analysis of Anna Ahmatova's Poem Without a Hero is based on the comparative analysis and structural-semantic method. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the researcher analyzes all 'frame' elements of the final (the 9th) edition of Anna Ahmatova's Poem Without a Hero. The researcher offers an improved definition of a text as a literary work as well as definitions of literary work tissue and text tissue, as a result of his in-depth analysis of Anna Ahmatova's final literary work.  
Liudmila I.M. - The Image of Jonathan Swift as a National Enlightener in Yeats' Play 'Words Upon the Windowpane' pp. 60-67

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2019.2.29892

Abstract: The subject of the article is the image of Jonathan Swift as a national enlightener in Yeats' play 'Words Upon the Windowpane'. The rationale of the research is caused by the fact that this is the late play of Yeats that is left understudied by the Russian science, besides, creative individualty of Jonathan Swift is of great interest due to the artistic dialogue between two literary epochs, Modernism and Enlightenment. In the course of the research Makarova has analyzed spatiotemporal coordinates of the play, the main heroes, the meaning of the play title and the main function of the image of Jonathan Swift as a national enlightener in the Irish culture of the early XXth century. The study of the image of Jonathan Swift in Yeats' play is based on the combination of the structured system method, comparative historical method and hermeneutics. The novelty of the research is caused by the following: the analysis of the image of Swift as a national enlightener in Yeats' play 'Words Upon the Windowpane' has allowed to see the phenomenon of estrangement of the writer's figure which is an expected consequence of processes that were going on in the Irish literary movement of Enlightenment. The ideas of moral tenacity, freedom and responsibility defended by Johathan Swift were replaced with other values, ignorance of culture and despiritualization. Interpretation of the image of Jonathan Swift's fate as an 'outcasted' writer brings us closer to better understanding of the playwright's opinion on the fate of Ireland. 
Mzhel'skikh M.K. - Argumentative Potential of Nominative Adjectives of Prototypical and Non-Prototypical Qualities (Pilot Study) pp. 66-71

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.26393

Abstract: This research is devoted to the analysis of the 'Human' prototypical category in the linguistic consciousness of Russian linguoculture representatives. The research was carried out on the basis of experimental data received from Russian respondents. The purpose of the research is to test a hypothesis about certain prototypical views about qualities being present in the linguistic consciousness of the linguocultural community; as a consequence, adjectives that denote these qualities have a stronger implicit argumentative potential in the speech of language speakers. This is technically in evidence in using them as an argument to prove a thesis in an argumentative discourse. The object of the research is the fragment of a prototypical worldview of Russian 'human'. The subject of the research is the peculiarities of implementing the argumengative potential of adjectives that denote prototypical qualities in written discourses. In the course of the research the author has used such methods as the association experiment, Ducroz and Anscombre value-based semantic experiment as well as the method of argumentative analysis. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author clarifies the definition of the prototypical worldview as well as creates and practically implements the procedure of the value-based semantic experiment in linguistic research that was theoretically described by O. Ducroz, J. C. Anscombre and A. Kolmogorova. The series of experiments and argumentative analysis carried out by the author have proved the hypothesis that Russian-speaking men and women have a different notion on prototypical qualities which affects the linguistic and speech argumengative potential of adjectives that denote these qualities. 
Shi J. - pp. 66-77

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2019.6.31332

Abstract:
Korol E.V., Yacovets T.Y. - Means of the Creation and Borrowing of the Jargon in Game Chats pp. 68-75

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.4.27563

Abstract: This article is devoted to a linguistically complex phenomenon of modern life, texts of game chats and jargonic formations used in communication. The authors of the article analyze the main methods of the development of this vocabulary and formation of new units in the course of communication based on the structural and component analysis. The authors describe the means of borrowings of lexemes and collocations from English vocabulary, problems of their assimilation in the Russian language and opportunities of translation of the computer jargon. The subject of the research is jargonisms that are used by Russian-speaking players in the process of communication on game chats. The research involves the units selected by the continuous sampling method from game chats 'Discord' and online dictionaries of game terms, jargonisms and abbreviations. The main research methods is the structural and component analysis of verbal units tkaing into account functional and grammatical aspects. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author applies the standard method of analyzing the structure, sign-oriented and semantic forms to actively developing and constantly changing vocabulary layer, youth game jargon. Based on the results of their analysis, the authors conclude that verbal English elements are actively borrowed and assimilated in the Russian game communication, however, their semantic meanings are not taken into account (and sometimes even modified). This makes their translation difficult. 
Pradid O. - The Language of Law: Questions of Stylistic Qualification pp. 68-77

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2019.2.29913

Abstract: The subject and the aim of the research is the official business style of modern Russian used as the language of law and other legal acts and regulations. The author of the article focuses on the stylistic qualification of law-making and law-enforcement texts and explains the grounds for using the term 'legal substyle'. Pradid also analyzes the interaction between business style and publicist writing style used within one document or presentation. The results of the research have a wide scope of application in the sphere of law-making and law-enforcement, in particular, in the process of legal linguistic expertise and research, office paperwork and business correspondence, and editorial revision, as well as teaching different linguistic disciplines and preparation of disciplines for students majoring in journalism and law. The research is based on findings in law linguistics, research in different spheres of language studies and use of methods, techniques and approaches including systems, functional, parametric approaches and etc. The research proves the language of law to be an independent functional style (substyle of business style) and gives the grounds for calling this substyle 'legal substyle'. Moreover, apart from secondary texts under modern conditions of the development of communicative abilities, their methods, techniques and strategies, another essential and important role for the social needs is played by the 'product' of shifting from business and publicistic style within the same document, or integral informative presentation that implies the use of not only documents but also additional means such as video clip. 
Chun j. - De-reification as a Poetical and Philosophical Concept in Vladimir Makyakovsky's Poem 'Backbone Flute' pp. 72-81

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.26450

Abstract: The object of the research is the peculiarities of the philosophical interpretation of the historical reality in the poem 'Backbone Flute'. The subject of the research is the process and the method used by Mayakovsky to create the image in his poem from the point of view of artistic trends of the 20th century. In this research Chun traces back the artistic interpretation of the philosophy of de-reification and specific features of item itself in terms of Mayakovsky's anthropocentrism. Among other aspects, the author of the article focuses on 'living thing' (inner form) that are destroyed by the theory of futurism but revive and take a new meaning in Mayakovsky's poetry. The author has applied the historico-philological method that treats the process of de-reification as the fight against the 'dead' predetermined use of thing, leaving the theory of futurism and ascension to spirituality. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the author's interpretation of the process of de-reification not as the process of dehumanization but revivification of thing as well as the author's appealing not to futuristic concepts but philosophy, Hegelianism and Tantra. The author also focuses on peculiarities of the main hero's attitude to and treatment of women and things. Chan also emphasizes immensity and thing-like nature of Mayakovsky's poetry, dramatical plot of leaving the 'earthly' and ascention to the 'divine' and 'eternal', reflection of the writer's love and creative illusions and their complex interplay with the reality. At the end of the research Chan emphasizes the importance of the empirical side of existence through 'living word' and make conclusions about the existential message of the poem and reflection of the main hero's inner world through the world of things and the process of de-reification. 
Shi S. - The Images of the 'New Person' in Anton Chekhov's Plays 'Three Sisters' and 'The Cherry Orchard' pp. 76-84

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.3.27042

Abstract: The article describes the typical features of the new man on the example of the dramatic characters of Chekhov. The subject of the research is Chekhov's play “Three Sisters” and “The Cherry Orchard”. The object of the study was the type of "new person" in the dramaturgy of the writer. Particular attention is paid to the plays of the early twentieth century, where the author presents heroes corresponding to the typological characteristic of the “new person”. The purpose of the work is the image of the “new person” in Chekhov's plays “Three Sisters” and “The Cherry Orchard”. In the course of the work, it was found out that the images of “new people” that appeared in Russian literature of the 19th century are vividly shown in the dramatic works of Chekhov. When considering the dramatic heritage of the most popular playwright of the twentieth century. applied comparative typological method of research. The method of research used by the author is the holistic analysis of the texts. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author considers the work of Chekhov from the perspective of the original author's point of view, in revealing the author's vision of the characters of the two plays, which are very popular. The practical significance of our study lies in the possibility of using its results and conclusions at elective classes on Chekhov's work.
Dzyuba A.A. - Cyberspace of B. Winters' Intertextual Novel 'Android Karenina' pp. 87-95

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2019.1.28987

Abstract: The subject of the research is the mashup artistic space in terms of intertextuality as its feature. The author of the article focuses on the dialogical nature of a pretext and secondary text that are reflected in modern transformation of genres. The process of mutual influence gradually reinforces the signs of a new genre form which causes the transformation of the genre structure. Literary assimilation, in its turn, creates intertextual genres, mashup being one of them. This genre can be viewed as a new hybrid literary trend. The present research is devoted to the genre peculiarities of the mashup and specific features of intertextual relations therein. The linguistic research is based on the intertextual analysis, method of contextual interpretative analysis as well as descriptive mthod that involves a combination of tools such as observation, comparison and theoretical summary of the results. As a result of the research, the author discovers that the basic category for the development of the mahsup space in B. Winters' work is intertextuality. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the basic material for the implementation of intertextual relations is the lexical calque of a pretext with the elements of new narrative twists in the horror genre. The research is based on the analysis of B. Winters' novel 'Android Karenina'. 
Kurakova I.A. - pp. 116-127

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2019.6.31619

Abstract:
Samosyuk N.L. - Cinematographic Narration Elements Used to Create the Collective Hero Image in the Novel 'Troublemaker' from L. Soloviev's Book 'The Tale of Hodja Nasreddin' pp. 123-132

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2019.1.29058

Abstract: The subject of this research is the textual structure of L. Soloviev's novel 'Troublemaker'. The aim of the research is to demonstrate means of the development of the 'ornament masse' phenomenon in the narration structure of a literary text, this phenomenon representing the aesthetics of collective forms in the performance art of the social realism era. The author of the article focuses on the analysis of linguistic means used in the episodes when the collective hero image is created having both positive and negative connotations. Moreover, the researcher analyzes the role of the perspective as the means that organizes the modelled spacial construct in a literary work. Specific features of a conceptually created world prove that the keynote is used as a style-formation element. By applying the method of conceptual analysis, the author of the article proves the main provisions of Jon Krakauer's aesthetics who viewed the collective image of a hero as the means of realisation of ideological views and ideas. Comparing the conclusions made by the German researcher and results of this research, the author proves the extension of the term 'ornament prose' and involvement of cinematographic narration texts into such analysis. The author's contribution to the topic is the linguistic analysis that describes the mechanism of adaptation of visual effects to a text. The novelty of the research is caused by the author's analysis of perceptive mechanisms typical for the visual art forms in a literary text. 
Golubina A.B. - The Analysis of the Communicative Goal of Secular Conversation Based on the Analysis of Literary Texts of the XIXth Century pp. 154-162

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.3.27320

Abstract: The subject of the research is the genre analysis of literary texts containing small talk. This study provides only a part of the analysis devoted to the communicative goal. The author considers such aspects of the main topic as identifying three existing approaches to the description of speech genres. The model of the speech genre of T. V. Shmeleva is considered in more detail. In the analyzed texts, the types of speech genre (informative, evaluative, imperative and etiquette) are highlighted, which influence the formation of the communicative goal of secular conversation. In the course of writing the article, Golubina uses genre analysis including descriptive-analytical, contextual, comparative and interpretive methods. General scientific methods and techniques, such as analysis, synthesis, typology, etc., were also actively involved. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author analyzes the communicative goal of secular conversation. The main conclusions of the study are the use of the estimated and informative genre in the course of small talk which is an indicator of the ambiguity of the goal of “the desire to entertain the interlocutor”. So the author reveals the complex nature of the speech genre of social conversation that has not been sufficiently studied in modern linguistics.
Shchekochikhina M.A. - Jean Mabillon and the Philosophy of Rationalism pp. 178-183

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.3.26629

Abstract:  The article is devoted to the influence of rationalistic philosophy on Jean Mabillon. Although some researchers are appealing to Mabillon's "cartesan", this topic has not yet received coverage in Russian and foreign academic literature. However, without studying this question, it seems impossible to understand the method of Jean Mabillon that had a great impact on his work “Diplomacy” in which the Benedictine scientist was able to lay the foundation of such sciences as paleography, codicology, diplomatics and sphragistics. The researcher focuses on the work of Jean Mabillon "Diplomacy" and "Treatise on the sciences in monasteries." The author of the article uses the method of compariso to compare the arguments of Mabillon to the philosophical and linguistic works of those times as well as the hermeneutic method. The main conclusion of the study is the statment that the rationalism philosophy had a strong influence on the development of the method of Jean Mabillon. Jean Mabillon actively used the philosophical dictionary of his time and was well acquainted with the works of rationalism philosophers. The contribution of the author of the article is the establishment of parallels in the writings of Jean Mabillon and other philosophers and rationalist scientists on the example of specific contexts.
Mineeva I.N. - On the Poetics of the Title of Ivan Shmelev's Novel 'To the Sun' pp. 182-193

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.4.28096

Abstract: Recent decades of modern science have marked a new stage in understanding both famous and yet to be published novels of Ivan Shmelev from the point of view of new research paradigms. Mineeva focuses on the review of the philosophical and axiological component of the writer's worldview and discovery of literary/poetical novations. For this regard, Ivan Shmelev's novel 'To the Sun' is of special importance and interest for the history of literature. Within the framework of this research of early Ivan Shmelev's creative writing, Mineeva analyzes the poetics of the title 'To the Sun' (1905). She pays attention to the analysis of ontological and axiological features of the title, its genesis, systemic relations with the textual/extra-textual reality and narrative strategies. The research methodology includes historico-literary, semantic-functional, nomination and textual approaches which provides an insight into specific features of the writer's axiology and allows record its development and define novations in the sphere of poetics. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the researcher suggests and proves her statement that this is the novel the image of the sun first appeared. The image is based on the word image, mini-text that gradually conveys the message of the writer. The sun is shown in different capacities: cosmic (celestial body) and literary-philosophical (symbol). At the initial stage, it has no religious meaning at all and is expressed in the material, intuitive or psychological form in the first place. The title of the novel conveys the writer's intentions and message. In the course of the analysis the researcher has appealed to the archives of the Russian State Library that have never been published before. 
Maikova T. - Preservation of Co-Reference as the Means of Text Cohesion During Translation pp. 201-208

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.4.28044

Abstract: The article is devoted to the preservation of message and text cohesion during translation of nonfiction. This is performed by using co-reference units as elements of the text referring to one element of the reality.  The research is based on the hypothesis that differences in the structural organisation of languages along with different degrees of awareness of recipients of original and translated texts create the need in translation transformations. The subject of the research is the preservation of co-reference in nonfiction when the latter are being translated from English into Russian. The material of the study was the original texts of journalistic style in English and Russian languages. Were offered and analyzed versions of the translation of the source text from English into Russian, taking into account and without taking into account the need to preserve the reference to the same referent. It was shown that the ability of a receptor to efficiently decode individual elements of the text, both belonging to the same referent, depends on their knowledge of the language and its system resources, and, in some cases, on their possession of extralinguistic information. In addition, the work shows that, in the aspect of translation, the preservation of reference is more important than the communication of additional knowledge about the referent, and should be ensured primarily including at the expense of some semantic losses. 
Gutorenko L.S. - On the Question about Ambivalent Nature of Trolling and Using Trolling in Comic Creolised Internet Memes pp. 244-250

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.4.27846

Abstract: The subject of this research is the analysis of the definition of "trolling" in the works of Russian researchers, its transformation in the public consciousness, the goal-setting of virtual communication users when using trolling as well as the specifics of using trolling (in the broad sense of this term) in comic creolized Internet memes (based on the analysis of the Russian language). The analysis of the use of trolling was carried out based on the example of comic creolized Internet memes in Russian using case law, political and universal (everyday problems, gender relations, the conflict of generations). To achieve this goal, the following research methods were used: definitional, analysis and synthesis, synthesis and systematization, as well as descriptions. The novelty of the study is caused by the presentation of a broad interpretation of the phenomenon of trolling, as well as in the study of its use in comic creolized Internet memes. The analysis made it possible to come to the conclusion about the transformation of the notion of "trolling" and the popularity of its use in a broad sense (as irony and sarcasm addressed to the reader or case law personalities) in comic creolized Internet memes for the purpose of receiving pleasure from intellectual game, creativity, comic rethinking of problem situations as well as reflection on them. The results of this work can be used for further study from a linguistic and pragmatic point of view of communication on the Internet in general and comic creolized Internet memes in particular.
Zholudeva L.I. - Baldassare Castiglione's Treatise 'About the Courtier': The Concept of the 'Courtier' Language and Italian Cultural Identity pp. 251-258

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.4.28102

Abstract: In this article, the subject of the research is the treatise of B. Castiglione “On the Courtier” (1528); it is of interest not only in connection with the position that the writer touches upon the Italian “dispute of the language” of the XVI century, but also as one of the evidences of the transformation of Italian national cultural identity. The purpose of this work is to research how the theory of the “court” language, which Castiglione was a supporter of, was inscribed in its system of views on the social significance and historical role of the Italian educated class of 'courtiers' in the broad sense of the word. The research methodology is of a combined nature, since the material under study is interesting from the standpoint of the external history of the Italian language, as well as from the point of view of the history of linguistic teachings. An analysis of the text of the treatise, taking into account the sociocultural context of the epoch and comparing with alternative points of view expressed by contemporaries of Castiglione, allows us to conclude that the generally accepted idea of the "defeat" of Castiglione and his associates in disputes about language, at least, needs to be clarified. If on a practical level, the model of codification of a literary language that was proposed by P. Bembo won an unconditional victory, then as regards the nature of the functioning of a literary language, its social role and its transformation into a component of national identity, B. Castiglione’s concept demonstrated its viability throughout the history of the Italian language. 
Abdul'manova A., Lekomtseva I. - The Creative Legacy of Geoffrey Chaucer and Russian Translations of His Works in Terms of the World Culture pp. 259-265

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8698.2018.4.28242

Abstract: The article is devoted to the description of the creative heritage of medieval English poet Jeffrey Chaucer through the prism of his internationality. Describing the attitude of representatives of the English-speaking culture to the role of the poet in the formation of the national English language and English national literature, the authors pay attention to the works of the so-called “Chaucer canon”, offering them a brief overview. Describing the reflection of the plots of Jeffrey Chaucer’s works in the traditional culture of medieval Europe (the work of ancient, Italian, French authors) as well as examining popular adaptations in today's popular culture (art and animated films based on “Canterbury Tales”, texts intended for the general reader, etc. .), the authors of the article emphasizes the “internationalism” of the writer's creativity. The focus of the study is the story of the emergence of translations of works of the poet into Russian. The research methodology involves the description of works of mass art based on the works of this author, as well as Russian translations of his works in order to prove the "internationalism" of Jeffrey Chaucer and the importance of his work for the modern Russian-speaking reader. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that for the first time in the academic literature the authors have made an attempt to systematize and implement a comprehensive description of the well-known Russian-language translations of the works of Jeffrey Chaucer. The relevance of the research is due to the unceasing interest in the poet's work, which is emphasized by the emergence of modern translations, film, video adaptations and editions of his works. The research methodology involves the description of works of mass art based on the works of this author, as well as Russian translations of his works in order to prove the "internationalism" of Jeffrey Chaucer and the importance of his work for the modern, including Russian-speaking, reader. The novelty of the research is seen in the fact that for the first time an attempt is being made to systematize and implement a comprehensive description of the well-known Russian-language translations of the works of Jeffrey Chaucer. The relevance of the research is due to the unceasing interest in the poet's work, which is emphasized by the emergence of modern translations, film, video adaptations and editions of his works.
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