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The Struggle for National Identity and Multilingualism in Terms of Globalization Processes (the Case Study of France)

Kiselev Sergei Sergeevich

post-graduate student of the Department of Roman Philology at St. Petersburg State University

199034, Russia, Sankt-Peterburg, g. Saint Petersburg, nab. Universitetskaya, 11




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Abstract: The subject of the research is the arguments against the Toubon law of 1994 that the authors compare to the most recent major  language policy decisions made by the government of France. The Toubon law is viewed as the geopolitical (defense of national culture) and domestic security means (ensurance of the social order). Nevertheless, discussions around this law demonstrate that it lacks a distinct policy and consensus about the areas of future development of the French language. The conservative Toubon law opposes to liberal attempts to simply French spellling in 1990 and the Fioraso law of 2013 that permitted teaching disciplines in English. The author of this article analyzes arguments of the followers and opponents of the above mentioned laws and provides a rich illustrative socio-political material that proves theoretical provisions of the research. In his research the author has applied methods of contextual and discursive analysis as well as the methods of observation, generalisation and description. As a result of the research, the author concludes that the ideological fight to defend the national culture from globalization processes and ensurance of the public order through unifying of the national language seems to be lot. Despite all the laws issued, France does not support the defence of the French language openly and admits teaching disciplines in English at Franch universities under the influence of globalization, world economy and European Union. Thus, a new vector of France's language policy is being formed. 

Keywords: Toubon law, globalization, European union, the English language, the French language, national identity, language policies, Fioraso law, linguistic anthropology, education
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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