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Argumentative Potential of Nominative Adjectives of Prototypical and Non-Prototypical Qualities (Pilot Study)
Mzhel'skikh Mariya Konstantinovna

senior lecturer of the Department of Roman Languages and Applied Linguistics at Siberian Federal University of the Institute of Philology and Crosscultural Communication

660041, Russia, Krasnoyarskii krai, g. Krasnoyarsk, pr. Svobodnyi, 82a

mary.sharowa@gmail.com

Abstract.

This research is devoted to the analysis of the 'Human' prototypical category in the linguistic consciousness of Russian linguoculture representatives. The research was carried out on the basis of experimental data received from Russian respondents. The purpose of the research is to test a hypothesis about certain prototypical views about qualities being present in the linguistic consciousness of the linguocultural community; as a consequence, adjectives that denote these qualities have a stronger implicit argumentative potential in the speech of language speakers. This is technically in evidence in using them as an argument to prove a thesis in an argumentative discourse. The object of the research is the fragment of a prototypical worldview of Russian 'human'. The subject of the research is the peculiarities of implementing the argumengative potential of adjectives that denote prototypical qualities in written discourses. In the course of the research the author has used such methods as the association experiment, Ducroz and Anscombre value-based semantic experiment as well as the method of argumentative analysis. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author clarifies the definition of the prototypical worldview as well as creates and practically implements the procedure of the value-based semantic experiment in linguistic research that was theoretically described by O. Ducroz, J. C. Anscombre and A. Kolmogorova. The series of experiments and argumentative analysis carried out by the author have proved the hypothesis that Russian-speaking men and women have a different notion on prototypical qualities which affects the linguistic and speech argumengative potential of adjectives that denote these qualities. 

Keywords: prototypical quality, associative experiment, lexeme, argumantative potential, linguoculture, world map, semantic experiment, prototype, category, prototypical world map

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8698.2018.2.26393

Article was received:

28-05-2018


Review date:

31-05-2018


Publish date:

31-05-2018


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Kolmogorova, A.V. Normativnye effekty prototipicheskoi kartiny mira/A.V. Kolmogorova// Obshcheteoreticheskie i tipologicheskie problemy yazykoznaniya: sb. nauch. statei. 2014. Vyp. 3. S. 19–24.
2.
Kolmogorova, A.V. Prototipicheskaya yazykovaya kartina mira i semantika slova «po umolchaniyu»: opyt eksperimental'nogo issledovaniya/A.V. Kolmogorova// Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Filologiya. – 2015. – № 6 (38). – S. 29-42.
3.
Uryson, E.V. Soyuz no, ili chto takoe «obmanutoe ozhidanie»?/E.V. Uryson// Komp'yuternaya lingvistika i intellektual'nye tekhnologii. – M.: Nauka, 2005. – S. 469-481.
4.
Ducrot, O. Les modificateurs déréalisants/O. Ducrot // Journal of Pragmatics. – 1995. – № 24. – Pp. 145– 165.
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