Статья 'Интерпретация присутствия фонемы б /b/ в марийских языках' - журнал 'Litera' - NotaBene.ru
по
Journal Menu
> Issues > Rubrics > About journal > Authors > About the Journal > Requirements for publication > Editorial collegium > Editorial board > Peer-review process > Policy of publication. Aims & Scope. > Article retraction > Ethics > Online First Pre-Publication > Copyright & Licensing Policy > Digital archiving policy > Open Access Policy > Open access publishing costs > Article Identification Policy > Plagiarism check policy
Journals in science databases
About the Journal

Публикация за 72 часа - теперь это реальность!
При необходимости издательство предоставляет авторам услугу сверхсрочной полноценной публикации. Уже через 72 часа статья появляется в числе опубликованных на сайте издательства с DOI и номерами страниц.
По первому требованию предоставляем все подтверждающие публикацию документы!
MAIN PAGE > Back to contents
Litera
Reference:

Interpreting the Status of the Phoneme б /b/ in Mari Dialects

Berdinskaya Irina Arsenyevna

associate professor at Mari State University

424000, Russia, Republic of Mari El, Yoshkar-Ola, str. Kremlevskaya, 44, of. 305

irbis_28@list.ru
Zorina Zoya Georgievna

Doctor of Philology

professor at Mari State University

424002, Russia, Republic of Mari El, Yoshkar-Ola, str. Kremlevskaya, 44, of. 305

zorinazoia@mail.ru

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8698.2017.3.23268

Review date:

07-06-2017


Publish date:

03-10-2017


Abstract: The subject of the research is the status of the phoneme /b/ in Mari dialects. There is a traditional belief that, firstly, the phoneme /b/ does not have an independent status in Mari dialects because it is a borrowing from the Russian language; 2) Mari people do not distinguish between bilabial stop consonant /b/ and bilabial fricative consonant /ß/; 3) in Mari dialects  /b/ is substituted with /р/ or /ß/. The purpose of the research is to prove the status of the phoneme /b/ as the original individual unit. The research is based on the theoretical material related to functioning of labial consonants /p, b, m, ф, ß/ as well as field records of highland and meadow living speech. The authors analyze records using aural and statistical methods in order to get a clear picture of practical implementations of labial consonants in Mari dialects. The results of the research prove that: 1) the phoneme /b/ has an independent status in Mari dialects and is not borrowed from the Russian language, however, it has certain restrictions in distribution: it is always combined with the labial consonant /m/ and always stands after it. Modern Mari-Russian bilingualism which is so wide-spread today, has practially eliminated all limitations in the distribution of the phoneme /b/ in Mari dialects. 2) Aural and statistical anaylsis has demonstrated that Mari people clearly differentiate between bilabial stop consonant /b/ and bilabial fricative consonant /ß/. 3) At the initial stage of Mari-Russian relations the Russian language (in this case, the Northern Russian dialect) had an unclear differentiation between phonemes /p, b, ф, ß/. For example, such words as Poris (Boris) and pagor (bagor) and others appeared in Mari dialects exactly the same as they were in the Russian language. Thus, it was the Russian language itself but not Mari dialects that created the basis for substituting /b/ with /р/. 


Keywords: sound combination, sonorant, bilabial consonants, consonant vocalization, distribution, borrowing, status of the phoneme, Mari dialects, phonetic systems, phoneme
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Alekseev S.T. Vedicheskaya grammatika. Roman-esse. – M.+ OOO Izdatel'stvo: «Straga Severa», 2015. – 288 s.
2.
Vostrikov O. V. Finno-ugorskii substrat v russkom yazyke. – Sverdlovsk, 1990. – 99 s.
3.
Gruzov L.P. Fonetika dialektov mariiskogo yazyka v istoricheskom osveshchenii. – Ioshkar-Ola: Marknigoizdat, 1965. – 244 s.
4.
Zinder L.R. Obshchaya fonetika. – L.: Izd-vo LGU, 1960. – 336 s.
5.
Osnovy finno-ugorskogo yazykoznaniya: (mariisk., perm. i ugorsk.). – M.: Nauka, 1976. – 463 s.
6.
Pengitov N.T. Sopostavitel'naya grammatika russkogo i mariiskogo yazykov. Ch. I. Vvedenie, fonetika, morfologiya. – Ioshkar-Ola: Marknigoizdat, 1958. – 175 s.
7.
Russkaya dialektologiya/ Pod red. N.A. Meshcherskogo. – M.: Vysshaya shkola, 1972. – 302 s.
8.
Russkaya dialektologiya/ Pod red. V. I. Avanesova i V. T. Orlovoi. – Izd. 2-e. – M.: Nauka, 1965. – 305 s.
9.
Russkaya dialektologiya/ Pod red. V. V. Kolesova. – M.: Vysshaya shkola, 1990. – 207 s.
10.
Savatkova A.A. Russkie zaimstvovaniya v mariiskom yazyke. – Ioshkar-Ola: Izd. Marknigi, 1969. – S. 3-130.
11.
Tkachenko O.B. Ocherki teorii yazykovogo substrata. – Kiev: Naukova DuMKa, 1989. –207 s.
12.
Khaidu P. Ural'skie yazyki i narody / Pod. red. K.E. Maitinskoi. – Moskva: Progress, 1985. – 430 s.
Link to this article

You can simply select and copy link from below text field.


Other our sites:
Official Website of NOTA BENE / Aurora Group s.r.o.
"History Illustrated" Website