Theoretical and Applied Economics
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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Theoretical and Applied Economics" > Rubric "Innovative economy"
Innovative economy
Ubushiev E. - Economic security in various technological modes pp. 1-21


Abstract:  The subject of this research is the issues of economic security in various technological modes. Considering the periodical alternation of technological modes within the global technical and economic development, the author determines the key characteristics of these technological modes, as well as the issues of economic security at the time of dominance of each mode. Moreover, the article provides a detailed description of hypothetical core of a new, sixth technological mode, the transition to which is substantiated by attenuation of the current model of capitalistic development and the need for reconfiguration around the modern socioeconomic demands. Special attention is given to the assessment of research and development potential of the Russian economy. The author reveals the main threats to economic security in terms of the untimely transition to the new technological wave, as well as concludes that Russia currently experiences the dominance of the third and fourth technological modes, while the fifth mode is yet to achieve the pinnacle of its development. The author believes that if in the nearest future Russia will concentrate the existing resources on the key promising directions of the sixth technological mode, then alongside the global technological shifts, it will create the “window of opportunity” for technological breakthrough and bring about the “Russian economic wonder”.  
Voloshina L.A. - Business incubation in the conditions of a university as a form of small entrepreneurship and means for providing competitive ability of an educational institution pp. 13-27


Abstract: The article analyzes business incubation as a form of small entrepreneurship. The subject analyzed is functioning of business incubators in the conditions of a university and provision of competitive ability of this university with the help of these incubators. The author gives a detailed analysis of the social significance of a business incubator as a support for a small business, as well as its role in innovative economy. Especial attention is paid to the aims and mechanisms of functioning of incubators in Russia and in the world in whole, as well as in concrete universities. The method used by the author is social and economic analysis of universities’ activities in business incubation. The author also bases on empirical data attained by him within several years of his work in a number of universities.The author’s main conclusions are that the Russian system of higher education has large possibilities for providing competitive ability of universities and influence the formation of innovative culture and innovative mentality, as well as the development of a multilevel coaching of personnel for innovative economy, with the help of business incubation.The novelty of the article is that it shows business incubation as an economic phenomenon in the conditions of a university in the context of a wide range of economic, social and political problems.
Vasin S.M., Gamidullaeva L.A. - Innovative Capacity of the Modernization of Economy in the Volga Federal District pp. 16-42


Abstract: Under the conditions of the world globalization the scale of such tasks as modernization and innovative development of all branches of economy gains the special importance. Thus efficiency of functioning of innovative system of the country in general, its competitiveness substantially depend on a dinamization of innovative processes at the level of concrete regions. Thus, the crucial role in a question of innovative development of Russia is played by effective use of innovative capacity of regions, as caused its research for the purpose of modernization of economy of regions of the Volga Federal District. As a methodological basis of research the methodology of system approach was applied. As the private methods of the system analysis and synthesis, induction, deduction, the comparative, factorial analysis and other methods were used. On the basis of the comparative analysis of the main socio-economic indexes of development of regions of the district in dynamics authors generalize the existing problems and tendencies of development of innovative potential of modernization. The factors defining ability of economy of the district to join in an innovative trend are allocated. By results of the carried-out analysis conclusions are drawn and the general recommendations for increase of efficiency of use of innovative capacity of regions of the Volga Federal District are made.
Naugolnova I.A. - Theoretical and methodological foundations of cost management in production of high-tech and innovative products pp. 25-34


Abstract: The article analyzes the innovation activity of Russian organizations by types of economic activity for 2010-2015, and discusses cost management features for the production of high-tech and innovative products. The work substantiates the necessity for an integrated and systematic approach, and determines the advantages of the functional cost analysis and method of standard cost compared to Russian normative method. As a result of this research, the author added and disclosed the principles of cost management system, which consists in identification and maximization of the value of production, optimization of the value stream, as well as application of advanced tools and techniques, ensuring methodological unity and correlation of the costs with the strategic enterprise objectives and involvement of the cost management process of employees, optimization of the use of resources and minimization of waste, forecasting and planning costs in order to prevent irrational and formation of "eddicient" culture in correlation between management, accounting and taxation.
Rasskazova A.V. - Innovation-Driven Economic Development and Assessment of Enterprises' Innovative Capacity pp. 27-37


Abstract: The object of the research is the innovatve development of Russia and assessment of innovative capacity of domestic companies. Set of the program documents describing the main objectives and directions of innovative development at the macro and micro levels acts as the subject of the present research. The author in detail considers theoretical approaches to interpretation of innovation, innovative capacity, innovative capacity assessment inventory, and legal and regulatory framework (first of all, state programs in the sphere of innovative development), development programs and financial reports provided by OAO (JSC) RZD (Russian Railways). Special attention is paid to the implementation of "The Strategy of Innovative Development of the Russian Federation 2020" and assessment of innovative capacity of JSC RZD. The theoretical and methodological basis of this research is constituted by the complex analysis and systems approach to studying primary sources as well as methodological developments of Russian scientists and specialists. The main conclusions of research are offers and recommendations made on the basis of the analysis of innovative development programs which should contribute to the improvement of the economic situation at the macro and micro level. Based on the analysis of statistical data the results of the implementation of the first stage of "The Strategy of Innovative Development of the Russian Federation 2020" are also presented. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author carries out an in-depth study of innovative development: at the level of the state and at the level of private enterprises.
Alekseev I.V. - Reengineering of business processes of a franchising enterprise on the basis of introducing internet technologies pp. 28-41


Abstract: The subject analyzed in this article is business processes of a franchising enterprise and their reengineering on the basis of introducing internet technologies. The aim of the article is to prove that the transferring of theoretical and practical knowledge of an enterprise in an innovative branch demands certain structural changes and reengineering of еру business processes. The author suggests an algorithm of reengineering of business processes of a franchising enterprise on the basis of introducing internet technologies and analyses the integration of an electronic form of maintaining the business into the operating activities of an economic entity for the sphere of franchising.The method used by the author is an analysis of scientific literature and description of the algorithm of reengineering of business processes of a franchising enterprise on the basis of internet technologies.The main conclusion of the author is that internet technologies are of considerable importance for contemporary franchising enterprises because using of them can play a decisive role for achieving the planned strategic aims. However, integration of innovative instruments into the internal structure of an economic unity is a rather complicated process. This peculiarity is determined by dynamism of the system of internet technologies, the creation of which demands a work of qualified experts and elaboration of certain technological standards. The novelty of the article consists in the fact that it suggests an algorithm of reengineering of business processes of a franchising enterprise on the basis of introducing internet technologies and analyzes the integration of the electronic form of conduct of business and operating activities of an economic entity for the sphere of franchising. The author also determines the “accelerators” of such an integration.
Egorov N., Kovrov G.S., Nikiforova V.V. - The Main Directions of Technological Development of the Russian North During the Transition to the Sixth Technological Order (the Case Study of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)) pp. 37-45


Abstract: The object of the research in this article is the innovative-based technological development of economy of the Far North constituents. The subject of the research is peculiarities of economic development in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) during the transition to the sixth technological order. The aim of this work is to identify possible structural elements of the sixth technological order (the key factors-carrying sector of the regional economy) on the basis of analyzing theoretical and methodological grounds of formation and development of the technological structure as well as regional characteristics and the current state of innovation-technological development of the region.The research methodology is the factor analysis of statistical indicators. The authors of the article give an analytical review of the methodologies described by foreign and domestic scientists and economists. They also describe the regional peculiarities of Sakha and the basic indexes characterizing the level of the innovative-based technological development in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). It is shown that these indicators over the period 2005-2015 in general have a positive linear trend which indicates the prospects of further development of economy of the Republic on the basis of using innovation and technology. As an example, the authors give an analysis and assessment of the development of the information technology industry in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) up to 2030. The authors also outline the possible structure elements of the new technological order and emphasizes the need to improve educational programs for training and retraining of specialists adapted to work in the industries of the sixth technological order.
Zhebit E.V. - Risks in development of the international scientific megaprojects pp. 79-90


Abstract: This article provides the research results of the economic peculiarities of large-scale scientific mega-class projects. The main features of scientific megaprojects and their difference from the ordinary mega-class projects are considered. The author examines the risk characteristics in implementation of the scientific megaprojects, specificity and problems of management with allowance for risk. The article provides the systematization of the types of risks and measures on their minimization, as well as recommendations for the pre-project analysis of the problem or risks substantiated by the internal and external factors affecting the systemic sustainability of a project. The author presents a new methodological approach for assessing the risk factors, which is based on perceiving megaproject as an unbalanced system of stochastic nature. Presence of a high number of risks accompanying the implementation of the large scientific projects requires its precise identification, distribution of responsibility, as well as a certain set of methods for analyzing risks. The shift of technological and financial risks towards the nongovernment participants of megaprojects in terms of the public-private partnership will allow considering the interests of all participants, including the interests and mission of megaproject itself.
Gainanov D.A., Klimenteva A.Y. - The development of regional innovative subsystem based on the imbalance model pp. 91-99


Abstract: This article examines the regional innovative subsystem as a complex of interconnected elements, conditions and factors that initiate and carry out production, distribution and application of the new knowledge ensuring the development of regional economy and its subsystems. The authors review the process of transferring scientific research to the economy that ensures the socioeconomic efficiency of regional development. The article describes substantial essence of the resource provision (personnel, scientific-informative, material-technical) and systemic gaps emerging in the process of transferring scientific knowledge presented in form of the imbalance model. In accordance with the staged of innovative process, the model allows revealing the following imbalances: structural-competent – inconformity of the demand and availability of scientific personnel; demand and supply of scientific research – lack of demand in the industry scientific developments; lack of demand for scientific research – absence of demand in new products. The authors suggest the basic measures for eliminating or reducing the systemic strategic gap and thus ensuring the effective transfer of scientific research into the regional economy.
Batkovskiy M.A., Kravchuk P.V. - Economic evaluation of technological innovations pp. 98-109


Abstract: The subject of this study is the management of innovation and technological development of economic systems. The object of the study is a tool for the economic evaluation of technological innovations. Despite the substantial research conducted on this topic, until now, many of its aspects have not received a theoretical solution. There is a wide range of opinions of foreign and Russian scientists regarding the tool for the economic evaluation of technological innovation. The article analyzes the experience of this assessment in highly developed countries. It is noted that in most cases only the direct costs of the developer company are accounted for, and not public costs.The main directions of development of methodology and toolset for assessing technological innovations are determined. It was suggested to determine the effectiveness of their implementation in the production process, with consideration of the discounting of effects (results) and costs. It is based on an assessment of the impact of technological innovation on the tactical and technical characteristics of products created with its help. A multi-stage algorithm for estimating the data of results and costs, taking into account the life cycle of innovations, is proposed.The scientific novelty of the results obtained is determined by the use of a methodology that takes into account the interrelationship of technological innovations and the tactical and technical characteristics of products created with their help. A verbal-numerical scale of the values of the coefficient of their interrelation has been developed. The proposed evaluation indicators and algorithms from the calculation are an effective economic and mathematical tool for improving the management efficiency of the innovation and technological development of the economy.
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