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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Theoretical and Applied Economics" > Rubric "Production branches and markets economics"
Production branches and markets economics
Elshin L.A., Prygunova M.I. - Evaluation and Prospects for the Development of the Investment Potential of Russia's Chemical Industry: Structure-Logical Analysis pp. 11-33


Abstract: Object of research are features and regularities of formation of foreign investments in chemical industry. As object of research the chemical industry of the Russian Federation in general and its separate types of economic activity acts. Authors in detail consider such aspects of a subject as dependence between the level of specialization of chemical industry of the region and its investment appeal, and on this basis critical values of the indicators of specialization attractive to growth of investment activity from foreign investors come to light.The special attention is paid to questions of the analysis of volatility of chemical production Russian Federation as a result of change of external and internal tactical factors, for definition of a complex assessment of investment appeal of the analyzed economy sector. The methodology of research is based on use of tools of mathematical statistics, and also methods of the structural and logical analysis defining interrelations and interdependence between the studied phenomena. The main conclusion of the conducted research is justification of a hypothesis of inverse relationship of level of specialization of capital-intensive productions of chemical industry and level of the attracted foreign investments. Special contribution of authors is development of methodological approaches to studying and justification of the main mechanisms of an intensification of investment activity from foreign agents. Novelty of research consists in justification of need of carrying out the structural transformations directed on growth of a share of the productions of chemical industry generating the high level of a value added. These sectors of chemical production are capable to create the favorable conditions of attraction of investments directed on growth of global competitiveness of products. Production with the low level of repartition doesn't promote the motivational growth of optimization of economic processes owing to their high competitiveness in the world markets in view of limitation of resources and developments of investment activity don't create progressive conditions.
Chernyshev A.I. - Metallurgical Industry of Russia's Economy: Modern Problems and Prospects pp. 14-19


Abstract: In his article Chernyshev examines the current problems and prospects for the development of branches of the metallurgical sector in Russia. As it is known, the development of modern economy follows the path of the formation of cross-industry network - tightly interconnected industries, with the overall result of production and economic relations developed. Metallurgical industry is one of such industries. The industry has huge economic significance and belongs to the basic and strategically important industries. The role of metallurgy in the territorial organization of the economy is crucial. When writing the article the author used the following methods of research: observation, comparison, analysis, generalization, systematization, and classification. Analyzing the development of the metallurgical industry in Russia, the author makes a conclusion that the industry has almost completely overcome the effects of the financial crisis, restored cooperation ties and production potential. Some branches of the metallurgical industry especially non-ferrous metallurgy managed not only to reach the pre-crisis production volumes, but to exceed them.
Nesterenko I. - Modern Problems of State Strategical Planning of the Construction Industry Development pp. 20-26


Abstract: In this research Nesterenko touches upon the problems of the state strategic planning, in particular developments of the construction sphere, under the conditions of the escalating economic crisis. The object of the research is the system of state strategic planning in the Russian Federation. A subject – are processes of development and updating of documents of the state strategic planning in the construction sphere. The author has in details considered the main problems constraining development of the state strategic planning in the country that is especially actual under the conditions of crisis manifestations in the national economy. Special emphasis is put on studying modern positions of the state, business and science concerning development and implementation of documents of the state strategic planning as well as efficiency evaluation of the existing system of state planning in the country. Methodical and methodological basis of the research includes the analysis of data of Rosstat including assessment of dynamics of the index of entrepreneurial confidence in construction, synthesis of estimates of representatives of the state, business and science concerning development and implementation of documents of the state strategic planning, and also instruments of scenario planning and forecasting that has allowed to draw, within the system approach to management, a number of conclusions and to develop recommendations about enhancement of documents of strategic planning in the construction sphere. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author defines endemic problems of formation and development of the state strategic planning in the country, mainly in the sphere of construction that is especially actual in case of implementation of the requirements set by the Federal Law of the Russian Federation dated June 28, 2014 No. 172-FZ "About strategic planning in the Russian Federation" and the Federal Law dated November 12, 2014 No. 488-FZ "About industrial policy in the Russian Federation".
Gorbatenko S.A., Komov V.G., Sviridov V.I. - Russia's Food Strategy Needs to Be Improved pp. 34-44


Abstract: The subject of the research is the food market of the country functioning in the conditions of embargo action. It is revealed that any of the main components of food strategy of Russia isn't carried out in full. It is caused by primary support of large agricultural producers while small forms of agrobusiness need it, first of all. Low efficiency of anti-sanctions measures is proved, need of their cancellation is proved. It is also established that because of a low share of producers of agricultural raw materials in the price of finished goods, rural toilers have no sufficient motivation in increase in production and it is one of the reasons of shortage of the food in the country. A methodological basis of work were dialectic and system approach, and also econometric methods of research (abstract and logical, economical and statistical, etc.) . Justification of need of cancellation of preferential crediting of economic entities of agrarian and industrial complex because of a high corruption component of the mechanism of distribution of soft loans, and the direction of the released funds for decrease in a uniform credit rate for all agricultural producers therefore equal conditions of managing in branch will be created is result of research. New approaches in subsidizing of the created wholesale distribution centers at the heart of which priority formation of the municipal cooperative logistic centers in close proximity to agricultural producers, at 50% to the state support are offered. The received results of research can be used when forming food strategy at the federal and regional level in the conditions of geopolitical uncertainty.
Elshin L.A., Safiullin M.R., Abdukaeva A.A. - The Fourth Industrial Revolution in the Russian Federation: assessment of prospects based on structuring long-term cycles of cutting-edge development pp. 53-69


Abstract: The subject of this research is the mechanisms of structuring long-term economic cycles of cutting-edge development that form representation and forecasting assessment regarding the prospects and horizons of phase shifts of the ecosystem in the future. The object of this research is the evolution of the national economy in the context of modelling long-term economic cycles. Using modeling mechanism of long-term prospects of economic agents for the period of 1962-2000, the authors determine the trajectories of the phase shifts in the national economic system. This allowed not only identifying the character of cyclic development of national economy within the examined timeframe, but also scientifically substantiating the prospects and parameters of the arrival of the so-called Fourth Industrial Revolution in the Russian Federation. It is proved that based on the developed methodology of structuring cycles of cutting-edge development and its trial on the system of statistical data of national economy over the recent 60 years, that the socioeconomic crisis of the 1990’s was caused not only by the institutional transformations, but also the fact that during this period the long-term economic cycle entered the decline phase, which transformed on the brink of the end of 2000’s and beginning of 2010’s into the inclination phase, allowing substantiation of the conclusion that the phase of long-term growth in Russian economy will not arrive before 2020-2025.
Delakhova A.M., Egorova T.P. - Impact of the transportation factor upon pricing on the local markets of petroleum products of the Northern region pp. 70-78


Abstract: This article reflects the results of a research on the impact of the transportation factor upon the functionality of the local markets on the example of the petroleum products market in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). Due to absence of local production on the territory of the region, functionality of the local petroleum products markets completely depend on the level of development of the transportation system with the specificities of the “Northern territories”. The peculiarities of the pricing and specific organizational economic relations within the transportation-logistical system are the results of the impact of the transportation factor. The object of the research is the local markets of petroleum products in the Republic of Sakha. The issues of research of the impact factors of the transportation system upon optimal functionality and development of the local markets with consideration of the specificity of the Northern regions have not been sufficiently studied. The authors determine the key causes of problems in pricing of the petroleum products market, which consists in the territorial disproportions of the level of transportation system and access to these markets; high coefficient of logistics costs of the arctic group of regions in the final pricing of the petroleum products, which leads to uneven competitive conditions in the main petroleum products market.
Abramov R.A. - Innovative Potential of Industrial Clusters in the regions of the Central Federal District pp. 75-95


Abstract: The subject of the research is the mechanisms of cluster principles applied to organisation of industrial interaction at the regional level, in particular, the mechanisms that influence the innovative potential of the Central Federal District regions. The object of the research is the clusters of industrial regions in the Central Federal District. The author of the article covers such aspects as increasing innovative activity of regions and industrial clusters. He pays special attention at the  evidence base that the strategy of increasing economic competitiveness of the Russian Federation in general and RF regions in particular implies developing efficient industrial network systems and promoting cluster principles of industrial interaction organisation at the regional level. This provides better opportunities to both raise competitiveness of local business and boost up efficiency of the regional economic policy. The methodology of the research involves analytical, forecasting, and expert methods as well as the method of mathematical modelling of cluster evaluation. The scientific novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author proves the need to conduct particular activities to create cluster-based innovative network clusters, to include measures aimed at developing priorities of national and regional clusters as part of the region's development programs and to involve scientific and educational centers into studying the global experience of clusters and training specialists to work under conditions of economy clusterization. According to the author, development of cluster compounds should be based on strategic solutions aimed at monitoring a profit zone related to the stages of social reproduction process.
Boltaevskii A.A., Pryadko I.P. - Growth driver: agriculture and prospects for developing modern economy pp. 88-95


Abstract: The subject of this article is to study the strategy of food security primarily on the example of Russia. The urgency lies in the fact that the current situation in Russia, due to sanctions against it as not seen in recent years, has drastically increased demand for state support of agriculture. Despite numerous program international instruments prohibiting the use of food supplies as a tool of political pressure, the events of recent decades suggests otherwise. In this regard, particular attention is paid to the study of the historical perspective of the complex measures used by Russian authorities in order to achieve the main goal: providing the population with high-quality food products based on its own resources. The methodological base of the research consists of the comparative-historical method and system analysis method. The main conclusion of the study is the need to build multistructure approach in Russia, combining small farms and large agricultural holdings. It is stated that during the XX century both Soviet and Russian authorities made crucial miscalculation, which focused on one fundamental factor in the development of agriculture: the destruction of communities and the planting of private land ownership, forcing mass collectivization under Stalin's rule. It is shown that in modern conditions, an important factor in increasing the marketability of agricultural production will shift towards a "green economy".
Abdiev M.Z. - The regulation of price mechanism in agrarian sector of economy pp. 90-97


Abstract: The goal of this research is the systemic examination of theoretical bases and practical issues pertinent to regulation of price mechanism of the economic management of agrarian sector in the conditions of development of market relations, considering their peculiarities and formulation of practical recommendations and methodical framework for their implementation in Chuy Region of the Kyrgyz Republic. The subject and object of this research is the complex of organizational-economic problems associated with the formation of price mechanism in agro-industry. The author makes emphasis on the development of specific proposals on pricing with regards to agrarian sector. The theoretical and methodological foundation contains the works of the classics of economic theory, leading foreign and Kyrgyz academic economists, legislative bills of the Kyrgyz Republic on the questions of development of agrarian economy. In the course of this study, the author applies the statistical and economic data, as well as the materials of agro-industries collected in Chuy Region of the Kyrgyz Republic. The scientific novelty is defined by formulation of the conceptual approaches towards improvement of pricing in agrarian sphere of economy; as well as suggestion to implement the experience of foreign countries, particularly the United States, on state regulation of price disparity in the agrarian sector.
Degtyareva I., Sazykina M., Beschastnova N. - Strategic Tasks of Developing the Metallurgical Sector in the Republic of Bashkortostan in Terms of Russian and World Tendencies pp. 103-120


Abstract: The object of the research is enterprises of ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgical production in the Republic of Bashkortostan. The subject of the research is the competitive ability of these enterprsies on the Russian and international markets. The authors of the article examine such aspects of the topic as development trends in non-ferrous metallurgical production constituting holdings and corporations. Special attention is paid to non-ferrous metallurgical enterprises in the Republic of Bashkortostan including: 1) OAO 'Uchalinsky GOK', manufacturer of zinc concentrate, copper concentrate, sulphurous flotation pyrite and building broken rock. 2) OOO 'Bashkir Copper' that deals with extraction and copper ore recovery in Podolsky and Yubileny deposits. 3) ZAO 'Buribaevsky GOK' that supplies ore and zinc concentrate to Russian and foreign metallurgical plants. 4) Siberian branch of OAO 'Uchalinsky GOK' that deals with extraction and treatment of polymetallic ore in the New Sibaisky and other deposits. 5) Bashkir sinking administration. 6) ZAO 'Bashkir gold-mining company'. Analysis of statistical reports, corporate development strategies, foreign economic activity using M. Porter's competitive ability inventory, and assessment of the influence of various factor groups on the development of foreign economic activity (SWOT-analysis). The author of the article conducts qualitative and quantitative analysis of the metallurgical production in the Republic of Bashkortostan. The author also gives evaluation of the current status and development trends and defines the structure and role of the economic sector in the Republic of Bashkortostan. The author also analyzes the resource base and efficiency of the sector and evaluates the contribution of small and medium businesses in the development of the aforesaid sector as well as studies investment and innovation activity in this sector. The author also makes particular recommendations regarding the development of the sector such as developing technologies of complex waste management of mineral-processing industries (refinement tailings) for non-ferrous metallurgical enterprises, production of ferrous alloys and development of low-tonnage production as well as creation of joint enterprises. 
Soboleva Y.P. - Improving the Marketing Approach to Analyzing Demands for Food Products on the Regional Market pp. 130-140


Abstract: Object of research are the revealed and created needs of the population of regions of the Russian Federation for food products. The economic relations arising in the course of consumption by the population of food products act as an object of a research. The purpose of this work consists in optimization of widely known marketing approach to a research of needs of buyers. The author performed the theoretical overview of approaches to studying of consumer potential as element of the investment climate of the region. Special attention in article is paid to assessment of results of the carried-out questioning and its optimization for the purpose of elimination of the revealed shortcomings. Statistical materials of Rosstat, and also results of the conducted questionnaire formed information base of accomplishment of a research. Marketing approach to identification of the factors creating needs of buyers is the basis for methodology of a research. On the basis of comparative, statistical and settlement methods by the author of article the model of enhancement of marketing approach to detection of consumer preferences in the regional food market is developed. Scientific novelty of the received results consists in development of methodical approaches to a research of system of consumer preferences and assessment of degree of satisfaction of consumers with the goods offered in the market for the purpose of increase in the consumer demand. The practical importance of the results received during writing of article consists that they can form a theoretical and methodical basis for carrying out researches in the field of studying of needs of buyers and optimization of system of assessment of consumer preferences.
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