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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Man and Culture" > Rubric "Cultural heritage, tradition and innovation"
Cultural heritage, tradition and innovation
Slabukha A.V. - Establishment of the historical and cultural value of objects of historical and cultural heritage, part 1: organizational and methodical problems pp. 1-8


Abstract: This research is dedicated to the relevant issues of organization of the methodical provision of state measures on establishment of the historical and cultural value of the objects of cultural heritage (monuments of architecture). The problems are being examined in accordance with the requirements of the Federal Law “On the objects of cultural heritage (monuments of culture and history)" of people of the Russian Federation”. The attention is focused on the initial stage of identification of the valuable historical and cultural heritage – substantiation of a decision by the regional authorities of state preservation of the monuments regarding the inclusion of the objects into the list of the identified objects of cultural heritage. The methods of this work include the study of the existing federal legislation and organization of practical work of the government authorities in the area of the objects of cultural heritage. The author determines that there is now developed system for establishment of value of the objects pf heritage for the purpose of its implementation at the initial stage of decision-making by the regional authorities of preservation. The article explains the need for formulation of the formalized the methodical provision for establishment of the value of the object. The author expresses propositions on the improvement of the forms of efficient work regarding the establishment of the historical and cultural value of an object that has signs of the object of historical heritage.
Slabukha A.V. - Establishment of the historical and cultural value of objects of architectural heritage (part II): criteria and method in the modern expert practice pp. 9-22


Abstract: This research is dedicated to the methodical issues of the establishment of historical and cultural value of the objects of cultural heritage in accordance with the Federal Law “On the objects of cultural heritage (monuments of culture and history)" of people of the Russian Federation”. The work is focused on the question of methodic of the appraisal at the stage of decision-making by the regional authorities about the inclusion of the object (monument of architecture) into the list of the identified objects of cultural heritage”. There have been established various ideas about the criteria of the historical and cultural value of the monuments, however, there is no generally accepted methodic of their appraisal. Based on the research experience, the author presents the certified expert methodic for establishment of the historical and cultural value of a monument, which contains the complex of value characteristics and criteria of the appraisal. It can be relevant for substantiation of a decision regarding the inclusion of the object into a list of the identified objects of cultural heritage; and as a result – into the public register of the objects of cultural heritage.
Zhigaltsova T. - Village of Vorzogory – historical settlement of Onezhskoye Pomorye of Arctic zone of the Russian Federation pp. 21-31


Abstract: This article examines the historical settlement Vorzogory of Onezhsky District in Arkhangelsk Oblast as a subject of historical-cultural heritage of the European North and Arctic during the process of formation of the community and traditional culture of the Russian subethnos – the Pomors. The work is conducted within the framework of scientific project “Comprehensive Research of Establishment and Transformation of the Historical-Cultural Heritage in Ethno-Social Dynamics of the European North and Arctic” based on the archival and expeditionary material. The theoretical-methodological foundation of the study in accordance with its interdisciplinary character contains a set of methods: systemic, historical-typological, cultural-historical, sociocultural, ethno-culturological, architectural-art, historical-archive, architectural-ethnographic exploration of the historical settlements of Onezhsky District. As a result of this study the author determines the peculiarities of spatial organization, typology “pogost with villages”, toponymic and planning structure of the historical settlement Vorzogory of Onezhsky District; describes the historical-architectural attributes of the cult and housing architecture of the village of Vorzogory; analyzes and adapts the materials of special expedition to Onezhsky District in Arkhangelsk Oblast (2018);  collects and analyzes the new archival sources from the State Archive of Arkhangelsk Oblast and Research and Development Center of Preservation of Historical Monuments and Culture of Arkhangelsk Oblast.
Danilova O.N., Kayak A.B. - Representation of the heritage of proto-design of costumes of indigenous peoples of the Russian Far East in information-creative space of Pacific Rim: glocalizational context pp. 22-30


Abstract:  The subject of this research is the transformation process of the heritage of proto-design of costumes of indigenous peoples of the Russian Far East in the conditions of globalization, which required examination of the current local differences of the culture of indigenous peoples, their ethno-national traditions, genesis and conditions of preservation of the mechanisms of translation of ethnocultural heritage from generation to generation. Therefore, the author uses the term of “glocalization” that allows in contrast with the macro-scale globalizational dynamics of events, study the problematic of Pacific Rim and specificity of sociocultural processes taking place within this regional space at the micro-level. Methodological foundations is the concept of cross-cultural and cross-civilizational interaction, as well as a number of analytical instruments, including the concept of “information and creative space”, which in the course of this researched proved its theoretical and applied purposefulness and universality. The use of this concept contributed to the efficient carrying out of comparativist analysis of the problematic of inheriting the proto-design of costume of indigenous peoples. Within its framework, the author was able to determine the sociocultural trends and mechanism of inheriting the principles of formation of the objects of costume’s proto-design in the area of ethno- and eco- design of a modern costume. This defines the innovative importance of research, which also demonstrated the instrumentality and optimal theoretical-methodological significance of sincresis of the indicated methodological patterns.
Fedorova S.N. - Characteristics of the model of ethnocultural tourism in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) pp. 42-49


Abstract: The article examines the problem of ethnocultural tourism in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia), which goal lies in the analysis of theoretical aspects and practical provisions that reveal the specificity of the regional ethnocultural tourism, adjustment of the acquired results for preservation of the natural and cultural heritage of cities of the republic, as well as the use in tourism for its future improvement and development. This work presents the only aspect of research – the model of ethnocultural tourism in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia). Methodological foundation contains the principles of systemic-structural, cultural-geographic, historical, civilizational, and culturological approaches. The scientific novelty lies in determining and characterizing the resource potential of the types of ethnocultural tourism of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) as the culturally and socially effective forms of using the preserving the natural-cultural heritage in the modern conditions. The specific attributes of ethnocultural tourism are described.
Kudryashov S.M. - Swedish Model of Relations Between Church and State pp. 53-80


Abstract: Peculiarity of the Swedish Church is its acive participation in implementation of state programs such as preservation of cultural legacy, elimination of consequences after crises and catastrophes and care about graveyards regulated by the government. Participation of the Swedish Church in implementation of these projects helps the Church to retain its influence and reputation in the society despite global secularization ongoing in the world now. 
Mulyzeva A.B. - Ethnical Singularity of Anthropomorphic Images Presented in Samara Clay Toys pp. 56-72


Abstract: The author of the article analyzes anthropomorphic images in clay toys in terms of their mental ethnic features and semantics. These are the souvenirs made by modern craftsmen who live in the Samara Region. Their artwork reflects the polyethic composition of the people living within the Volga Territory. The analysis is made by using the methods of cultural research, ethnography and history. The following three classifications of the toy are offered: depending in the form, structure and decorating technique. 
Shchuplenkov N.O. - Preservation of national and cultural identity and the search for new forms of emigration in the pp. 58-84


Abstract: The article discusses the main activities for the conservation of the national cultural identity of Russian emigrants of 1920–1930. Caught in a cultural environment, the Russian diaspora was forced to create new patterns of behavior are often conflicting with the former way of life that threatened social fragmentation, conflict with other countries, denationalization. Deep concern about the thinking part of the Russian diaspora loss of national ideals, national and cultural traditions determined the active search for spiritual scrapie. In today's Russian historical memory of the recent experience preservation of national and cultural identity of Russian emigrants of 1920–1930 may help to understand the best ways to the development of society.Retrospective method allows you to restore the historical space, against which there was a process of conservation of national and cultural identity.The role of Russian traditions of the Russian Orthodox Church in the formation and maintenance of national and cultural identity of immigrants. Highlighted several levels that make up the identity of the Russian emigrants, which allowed them a long time to maintain identity in a cultural environment: verbal, psychological and structural level and the cultural value of awareness. The role of the Russian emigration "cultural bridge" between Western civilization and Russia.
Smirnova E.A. - V. V. Magar’s spectacle “Othello” (Sevastopol Academic Russian Dramatic A. Lunacharsky Theatre, 2011) pp. 59-72


Abstract:   The subject of this research is the poetic style of the spectacle “Othello” created by Vladimir Magar in 2011 in the Sevastopol Academic Russian Dramatic A. Lunacharsky Theatre. The article analyzes the main peculiarities of the theatre director’s artistic manner: creation of the atmosphere of a game and romantic two-worldness; use of multicomponent literary-dramaturgical basis of performance; mounting composition and music structure; combination of various ways of actor’s existence, leitmotif system, etc. The author examines the role of scenography, music, and other components of a dramatic act. The work applies the comparative-historical method, personal spectator’s experience of the author and analysis of print media dedicated to the spectacle. Works of the Sevastopol theatre director Vladimir Magar are absolutely unstudied, and this article manifests as a continuation of research of the poetic style of his spectacles. The analysis of poetic style of the spectacle “Othello” is essential for comprehending the key principles of Magar’s directing activity. The research of his directing manner helps restoring the obscured pages in the history of Russian theatre.   
Bleikh N.O. - Educational trends in the work of the founder of Ossetian literature Kosta Levanovich Khetagurov pp. 64-72


Abstract: The subject of this article is the creative heritage of Kosta Levanovich Khetagurov. Based on the archival research and documentary materials examined his life and educational legacy. The author carefully examines the pedagogical beliefs of the thinker, who not being a pedagogue, made a significant contribution into the spiritual heritage of the Caucasian nations. Special attention is turned to his views on questions of national education in South Ossetia: the expansion of chain of schools, didactic principles of teaching, training of national personnel. Methodology if this work is presented by the philosophical terms of correlation between the social development and education regarding the historical and social consituation of pedagogical thought, as well as tole of personality in history. The conducted research demonstrated that Kosta Levanovich Khetagurov was a critic of the existing system of education and upbringing of the young citizens, offering his original view upon the structure of the new school. The conclusion is made that the idea of Kosta Khetagurov on the development of school learning are still relevant and have great practical value.
Kimeeva T.I., Polevod V.A. - Methods of actualization of the historical-cultural and natural heritage in activity of university museum pp. 72-79


Abstract:  The subject of this research is the work of university museum “Archeology, Ethnography, and Ecology of Siberia” pertaining to actualization of the objects of historical-cultural and natural heritage in form of ethnographical and entomological collections of the museum, which in turn are viewed as the object of this research. The goal of the article consists in determination of the peculiarities of actualization of heritage within the framework of cultural-educational activity of the museum, as well as substantiation of the approaches, methods, and recommendations that contribute into optimization of the activity, when the collections based on museum methods are included into the modern sociocultural space. Analysis of actualization of museum collection as a whole, considering the specific characteristics of ethnocultural and natural heritage, is based on the systemic methodological approach. Scientific novelty of this article manifests in the necessity of identification of opportunities to include the various types of heritage into the modern museum space, as well as improve the theoretical base on actualization of such heritage with regards to the museum practices. The research reveal the extensive opportunities and prospects of actualization not just the ethnographical materials, but also entomological collections.   
Nazanyan K.G. - Trends in establishment of the system of historic preservation in Russia during the late XIX century: the role of Orthodox clergy pp. 73-79


Abstract: This article examines the gradual realization of the need for preserving the relics of ancient times among the secular expert and representatives of the Orthodox clergy, as well as the steps made by the state and Russian Orthodox Church (as a part of government) regarding the conservation of ancient church monuments in the XIX – early XX centuries. The analysis of literary sources allows drawing a conclusion about the creation of a unified system of historic preservation, which was previously impeded by the Russian revolutionary events of 1917. The article names the causes that hindered the establishment of the national system of historic preservation. The scientific novelty is characterized by the analysis of the indicated sources and literature: from the periodical press of the XIX century until the contemporary research. The author introduces into the academic discourse the fact about the activity of unrenowned personalities of clerical hierarchy.  
Rusanov V.V. - Confessional Challenge as a Mean of Self-Identification (the Case Study of the Altaian Nation) pp. 95-104


Abstract: In the present article the author considers ways of national self-determination of the Altai people within the movement of Burkhanism. Under the influence of historical events, the national choice of Mountain Altai moved from aspiration to ethnic self-determination on the religious base, to national politically registration of idea of independent Mountain Altai. The author, considers the deep reasons and a confessional situation in the foreign environment. Specifics of the public relations of the population of Mountain Altai at the beginning of the XX century are opened. The interrelation of events in the context of historical memory and national and cultural mentality of the Altai people is shown. Proceeding from nature of modern historical and legal knowledge, the author aspired to organic compound of elements of the social analysis, cultural and anthropological approach. The general scientific principles of historicism and objectivity were the basis for research. Scientific novelty is that in the offered research, the religious way of self-identification in the territory of Mountain Altai, is presented as uniform - continuous ethnonational search. Ways of national self-determination of the Altai people at the beginning of the XX century, are considered not only in a complex that earlier wasn't undertaken, but the main thing – with reflection of internal essence of the occurring events and the phenomena.
Faritov V.T. - Pushkin and Nietzsche: Perspectives of comparative literary and philosophical studies pp. 100-125


Abstract: This article discusses the prospects and trends of comparative literary and philosophical study of creative legacy A.S. Pushkin and F. Nietzsche. The parallels to the world outlook of the Russian poet and the German philosopher identified by comparing the facts of life and work; attitude to antiquity, atheism, paganism and Christianity; views on human rights and modern culture. The purpose of the comparative study is explication of the philosophical significance of Pushkin's poetic world in the context of Nietzsche's ideas as the founder of the non-classical paradigm of modern philosophy. The article used the methodological principles and guidelines of such approaches as comparative literature, deconstruction and hermeneutics. The result of the study is the explication of common motifs in the outlook of Pushkin and Nietzsche. The philosophical significance of Pushkin's poetry is revealed not only on the basis the national philosophical thought (Soloviev, V. Rozanov, D. Merezhkovsky, etc..) but also in the context of European philosophy. Thus, disclosed prospects for identifying global significance of Pushkin.
Kenya I.A. - Dialogue of Cultures between Russian and French Civilizations: Names and Fortunes pp. 147-165


Abstract: The article is devoted to symbolic figures in a dialogue of cultures between Russian and French civilizations. These are such authors and poets as Fyodor Tyutchev, Aleksey Tolstoy, Ivan Bunin, political leaders Mikhail Stakhovich, Vyacheslav Tenishev, philsopher and theologist Sergey Bulgakov,  philanthropists and educators the Tenishevs. Their activities are associated with the Bryansk and Orlov regions. The author of the article describes their contribution to development of cooperation between Russia and France in culture, sciene, social sphere and politics. 
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