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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Man and Culture" > Rubric "Historical culturology and the history of culture"
Historical culturology and the history of culture
Tsareva E.S. - Cultural-educational societies in the Yeniseisk Province and their involvement in the region’s musical life of the late XIX – early XX centuries pp. 35-58


Abstract: The subject of this study is the cultural-educational societies of Yeniseisk Province as a local form of self-organizing social processes. The object is the musical life of the cities of Yeniseisk Province of the late XIX – early XX centuries. The goal of this article consists in analysis of the activities of a number of cultural-educational societies of Krasnoyarsk Krai (music admirers, care for elementary education, volunteer firefighters, sobriety), as well as understanding of its impact upon the establishment of the region’s musical platform. Leaning on the wide range of unpublished scientific works (archive documents, pre-revolutionary printed publication), the article gives characteristic to the cultural-educational societies are described as a phenomenon of the Russian history of pre-Soviet period, briefly reviews its genesis, notes the regional Siberian specificity, outlines the organizational structure and functions, and reveals the previously unknown aspects pf the musical artistic activity of the educational societies in Yeniseisk Province.  The scientific novelty of the study lies in the following conclusions: 1) The development of musical life in the Yeniseisk Province (alongside many other peripheral territories of the country), not being a part of direct interest of the local authorities, was extensively supported by the public initiative, thus, the cultural-educational non-state unions as the centers of social self-organization manifested as the crucial and dominant catalyst of its dynamics, while in county cities – practically singular; 2) Yeniseisk Province, unlike many neighboring Siberian territories, was not able to establish the essential conditions for sustainable and long-term functioning of the art admirers unions, which are an intrinsic part of the local musical life; the lack was partially compensated by the non-musical educational societies that conducted an extensive cultural work.
Tinyakova E.A. - The Classics, History and Modern Times in the Theatre Arts pp. 38-55


Abstract: The article is devoted to specific features of the theatre arts compared to other branches of art. Special attention is paid to modern tendencies in development of the theatre arts. Specific features of this branch of art are being viewed from the very moment of its origin. It is underlined that the classical Russian theatre is based on Konstantin Stanislavky's method. By studying the performances and history of Kursky Regional Drama Theatre N. A. Alexander Pushkin, the author of the article provides facts from the history of the Russian threatre in general. 
Sineokii O.V. - Rock as a Symbolic Element of «Yugonostalgia» – In Our Interpretation through the Prism of the Concept of Slovenian Cultural Studies Professor M. Velikonja pp. 44-106


Abstract: The article analyzes the history of rock culture in Yugoslavia with position of socio-cultural communications. At the first time the author is discussed in detail lesser known pages of the history of the Yugoslav rock music. Special attention is paid with the concept of the Slovenian professor of cultural studies Mitja Velikonja of communicative and symbolic nature of the Yugonostalgia. In this article with a position of the humanitarian knowledge Recording is investigated as a social construct in a broad multicultural mediaspace. The place of this institution is determined in the system of mass communications. The scholar gives a characteristic of the social-communicative essence of the sound recording system. He researches the regularities of development and the functioning of the sound recording institutions (Record Labels) in the system of social communications in times of socialism. The scientist analyzes the business model of music-publishing corporations of Yugoslavia in the second half of the twentieth century. The article deals with problems of interaction between senders and recipients in musical subsector of media space based on a systemic understanding of multichannel communications in the sphere of music sound recording. The author outlines the priorities of the information strategies to promote the phonographic releases, including special role of PR-technology and «feedback» in the music business. In conclusion he offers the understanding of Recording as a complex cluster of media sphere, in which stable rules, historical regularities as well as specific principles were formed.
Arapov A.V. - Pictures in Mitreums and Their Interpretation pp. 51-63


Abstract: Object of research are images in the mitreumakh - places, гдн Mitre mysteries were made. The author claims that in each mitreum the central place was taken by the image of the Mitre, the killing sacred bull, and also that the second for value after a tavroktoniya the image in a mitreuma is the image of a feast. On this image the Mitre and the Sun feasting over the killed bull are shown, tasting various parts of his body. One more often found image according to the author: the Mitre birth from a stone. A miter it is represented by the young man appearing from a stone with a dagger in one hand and with a torch in another. In article it is also approved that the mitraistskikh of images is one of the most characteristic also leontotsefat: the naked man's figure with the lion's head twisted with a snake or two snakes as a caduceus. In research are used the comparative analysis, classical and modern researches of mitraistsky symbolism are considered. Article shows a current state of a problem of interpretation of images from mitreum. The author draws a conclusion that, the only thing that reliably is established at interpretation of a tavroktoniya is that the bull is a sacrificial animal. And to the middle of the 1970th dominating the concept of "transfer" which is put forward by Frans Kyumon was classical. In article conclusions of Kyumon who believed are also investigated that the mitraizm represented transfer of the Persian cult on the Roman soil. Mysteries of the Mitre were according to him "the Roman form of Zoroastrianism". The author notes that in the second half of the XX century on the first place interpretation according to which astronomical and astrological symbolism have key value in Mitre mysteries in general and in a tavroktoniya, in particular moved forward. Assumed Yulens that Mitr is symbolized by Perseus's constellation which in the stellar sky is located directly over constellation of the Bull. Mikael Shpaydel offered other interpretation within astronomical approach. In his opinion, Mitr corresponds to constellation of Orion. Roger Beck criticized Shpaydel and Yulansi for bukvalistsky cartographical logic of their interpretations. According to Beck Mitr is the sun which passes through constellations. Now among the academic researchers there is no consensus concerning interpretation of tauroctony. 
Brykina Y. - Marital relationship in merchant family in the early works of A. N. Ostrovsky pp. 56-63


Abstract:  The subject of this article is the marital relations of various generations in a merchant family described in the early compositions of A. N. Ostrovsky. In the literary world, Ostrovsky holds a role of the “daily life writer” of the merchant class. His contemporaries perceived the plays of the dramaturge not just as artistic oeuvres, but also “paintings of life”. Having responded to the emerged in society interest for the life of different social classes, Ostrovsky, being well familiarized with various aspects of merchant life, made it open for the wide audience. Dramaturge’s plays were considered as sketches from the daily life, and established a new stereotype in the perception of merchants. The goal of this work consists in determination of the level of authenticity in depicting one of the personal aspects of a merchant family – the marital relationship. The author examines the descriptions of the relationship between wife and husband in the early compositions of A. N. Ostrovsky (“The Young Man's Morning”, “Celebratory Sleep Is That Before Dinner”, “The Storm”, “Picture of a Family Happiness”, etc.), as well as the reminiscences of representatives of the merchant class of the mid-XIX century). The scientific novelty of this research consists in the use of dramaturgical compositions as a historical source alongside the attempt to reveal the nature of marital relationships of the older and younger generations of the merchants over the period of 1840’s – 1860’s. The work demonstrates that the pattern of family life of the merchants of older generation, described in the early works of Ostrovsky, was based on the traditional principle taking its roots from “Domostroy” – full authority of the head of family and servile obedience of the wife. Marital relations of the younger representatives of the merchants were more diverse. Memoirs of the representative of merchant class of this time are extremely poor in description of the relationship between husband and wife, which can be explained either by the desire to keep their life private, or in lack of vivid memories.  
Kandaurova T.N. - The Russian businessmen of XIX – the beginning of the XX centuries: whether the encyclopedia of one family is possible? pp. 86-99


Abstract: The object of research is the families of the Russian businessmen (Aprikosov, Botkin, Bakhrushin, Tretyakov, Mamontov, etc.) who were involved not only in the field of industrial production, trade and banking, but also in the sphere of development of Russian culture and social sphere of the post-reform period. In the article the possibility of formation of encyclopedias of one family which made the significant contribution to development of Russian culture is considered. Such kind of encyclopedic practice can be of interest as in respect of preparation of reference works, and widening of information field of historical and cultural research. The methods of historical cultural research were used. The principle of historicism and separate elements of the comporative method were used as well. The author's contribution was the analysis of format of the encyclopedic edition devoted to families of the Russian merchants and businessmen including the analysis of possibilities of representation of various information massifs, sections and blocks which will allow to reflect the main stages of life and activity of big families and their certain representatives. Teoretical and methodological bases of possibility of the encyclopedic edition devoted to a separate family were proposed.
Sertakova E.A. - The Concept of the City in Russian Culture pp. 97-126


Abstract: Object of research - a city concept in the context of history of the Russian culture. The analysis of researches in the field of the concept "concept" is carried out, various theories of a concept are considered. The concept of the city reveals through integration of various definitions of the city, its understanding in annalistic and works of painting of Old Russian culture. Modern theories of the city as welfare phenomenon are considered. The understanding of the city as cultural space is offered, genesis of modern culturological understanding of the city in the context of the analysis of Old Russian chronicles and picturesque miniatures is considered. The main method - the analysis of concepts (Yu.S. Stepanov's technique, A.A. Sitnikova). The terminological analysis of the concept "city" is used, elements of cultural researches (N. P. Koptseva's technique), the art criticism analysis of texts of Old Russian art (V. I. technique of Zhukovsky) are applied. Scientific novelty of work consists in integration of culturological, conceptual, art criticism methods of research. The Old Russian understanding of a concept "city" on material of the analysis of concrete Old Russian picturesque miniatures is specified. The synthetic culturological methodology connected with synthesis of theoretical and applied methods of cultural researches is used. The conceptual analysis of the city is supplemented with the art criticism analysis of works of art.
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