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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Man and Culture" > Contents of Issue № 05/2021
This issue is currently being formed. All articles presented on this page have already been included in this issue, are considered published, and will remain unchanged in the final version of the issue along with other metadata of the articles.
Учредитель: Даниленко Василий Иванович, w.danilenko@nbpublish.com
Главный редактор: Азарова Валентина Владимировна, Doctor of Art History, azarova_v.v@inbox.ru
Contents of Issue № 05/2021
Symbol, word, speech, language
Kotliar E.R. - Jewish branch of cultural text of the Crimean ethnic ornament pp. 1-12

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2021.5.33470

Abstract: The subject of this research is the continuum of ethnic symbols of the ornament of the Crimean Jews. The object is the traditional decorative and applied art of the peoples of Crimea following Judaism: Ashkenazi Jews, Karaite and Krymchaks. The symbolism of ethnic art is viewed based on the analysis of traditional decor. The article employs the methods of comparative analysis, analysis of previous research, method of synthesis in conclusions pertinent to connotations of symbols. The author explores the morphology and semantics of visual symbols in decorative and applied art of the aforementioned people, as well as connotations of symbols. Special attention is given to aspects that characterize polyethnic cultural landscape of Crimea in the context of phylogenesis. The main conclusions are as follows: 1. Crimea is a polyethnic region with various cultural processes – from reception to inculturation and integration of ethnoses, which ultimately formed the Crimean cultural landscape. Its peculiarities are represented by ethnic ornament, such as decorated household items and ritual attributes  2. Symbolism of the elements of traditional art of Ashkenazi Crimean Jews, Karaite and Krymchaks has common connotations due to the Torah that underlies the religious confession of all three ethnoses, as well as similar morphology. The art of Karaite and Krymchaks are more identical to each other than to Jewish.The author’s special contribution lies in systematization of the morphology of visual symbols in the art of the three ethnoses. The scientific novelty consists in carrying out a comparative analysis of the art of three Crimean ethnoses, revealing foundations of the genesis and continuum of its elements, their similarities and differences.
Culture and cultures
Khabarova I. - Anton Chekhov Theater in the perception of Harbin Russians pp. 13-21

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2021.5.36494

Abstract: This article examines the criticism and publicistic writing about A. P. Chekhov’s dramaturgy and theatre conducted by the Harbin Russians in the early XX century. Russian immigrants of that time did not break ties with the native culture seeing it as a source of spiritual revival and hopes for returning to Russia. Chekhov was an integral part of their intellectual and cultural life. The ideological and aesthetic views of Harbin Russians resonated with the views of Western immigrants, although indicating certain differences. The publications of Eastern immigrants rarely contain skeptical arguments about Chekhov's role in the hierarchy of classics; for Harbin Russians, Chekhov resembles the pride of the Russian literature. The author analyzes the most characteristic articles, considering the fact that they were published in newspapers “on the occasion”. The conclusion is made that the topic  of “Eastern Immigration and the Chekhov” is poorly studied, which defines its scientific relevance, contributes to more extensive coverage of literary heritage of the white émigré, and enriches the knowledge on personality of the writer, his prose, and theater.
Cultural heritage
Terebilov M. - The role of non-governmental institutions in protection of medieval fortification architecture of Germany pp. 22-31

DOI:
10.25136/2409-8744.2021.5.34089

Abstract: The subject of this research is the activity of non-profit organizations in aimed at preservation and promotion of the monuments of medieval fortification as an integral part of the cultural heritage of the country of their location. The author carries out the classification of non-profit organizations in Germany dealing with the preservation of monuments of fortification architecture of the Middle Ages. Methodological framework is comprised of typological and systemic analysis used for selecting organizations as the key objects of research, as well analyzing the main vectors of their activity. The author explores most significant projects of the selected organizations, their contribution to preservation of the monuments of fortification architecture on the national and international levels. Special attention is given to the analysis of official Internet resources of such organizations in the German and English languages, as well as to the work with digital databases of the objects under review. The novelty lies in conducting classification of non-governmental communities engaged in preservation of the monuments of medieval fortifications in Germany, which allows systematizing them for considering the experience of foreign colleagues within the framework of the approach towards organizing public projects aimed at preservation of the sites of historical and cultural heritage. The author outlines several priority vectors for providing support to the objects of fortification architecture: informational, scientific, financial and tourist. As a result, the author compiles a chart of classification of non-profit organizations, demonstrates interdependence of public initiatives related to preservation of cultural heritage sites on the ongoing globalization processes that take place in the society. Attention is also turned to the differentiated approach towards preservation of cultural heritage on the national and international levels.
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