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Man and Culture

Victorian country house as a mirror of the Victorian lifestyle

Sokolova Mariya Vasil'evna

PhD in Art History

Senior Educator, the department of World History of Art, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University

119991, Russia, g. Moscow, Lomonosovskii prospekt, 27, of. 4

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Abstract: This article is dedicated to the social aspect in the history of British manor architecture. The author examines the design of a Victorian country house, which fairly accurately reflects a particular lifestyle common to the English landlord of Victorian era. The article gives detailed characteristics to the two main elements of the English manor house – the so-called master unit and service facilities; as well as analyzes the structure of each part, and what role their elements played in everyday life of the manor’s owner. Besides the traditional for the art history method such as formal analysis, the author resorts to the meticulous study of layout concepts, using the historical-cultural methods. Despite the fact that the Victorian manor house often became the subject of detailed research, there are very few attempts to trace the correlation between its architectural concept and peculiarities of lifestyle of a specific social class in a specific era.  Pragmatic thinking, characteristic to the era of positivism, generates the desire to find the most rational solution corresponding to the requests of a Victorian family.

Keywords: British manor, planning, English estate, social structure of the household, Victorian age, country house building, country house, national tradition, British household, English architecture
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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Franklin J. The Gentleman's Country House and its Plan.1835-1914.L.,1981.
Girouard M. The Victorian Country House. New Haven and L., 1985.
Gloag J. Victorian Comfort.A Social History Design from 1830-1900.NY, 1961.
Logan T. Victorian Parlour.L., 2001.
Yorke T. The Country House Explained. Newbury, 2003.
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