Agriculture
12+
Journal Menu
> Issues > Rubrics > About journal > Authors > About the Journal > Requirements for publication > Peer-review process > Article retraction > Ethics > Online First Pre-Publication > Copyright & Licensing Policy > Digital archiving policy > Open Access Policy > Open access publishing costs > Article Identification Policy > Plagiarism check policy > Editorial Board > Council of editors > AGRIS
Journals in science databases
About the Journal
MAIN PAGE > Back to contents
Publications of Rednikova Tatiana Vladimirovna
Legal Studies, 2021-8
Kozhokar' I.P. - On the relevance of improving legal regulation of the turnover of shares in the right of common ownership of the agricultural land plots from pp. 28-37

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7136.2021.8.36231

Abstract: This article explores the problem of regulation of the turnover of shares in the right of common ownership of land plots of agricultural designation. The author substantiates the relevance of improving the current legislation, first and foremost due to annual increase in the number of unclaimed shares of agricultural lands and the impossibility of their use in civil circulation. Analysis is conducted on the existing procedure of recognizing the land shares unclaimed and their transfer to municipal ownership, indicating its inefficiency. The article considers a proposal on the amendment of civil and land legislation with regards to simplification of the grounds for transferring such objects to municipal ownership via their possible recognition as unowned property, changing the procedure for transferring such shares to municipal ownership, as well as specifying the grounds for terminating the ownership right of the subjects to unclaimed land shares in the right of common ownership of land plots of agricultural designation. The article analyzes criticism of the experts towards such initiative, objections against possible application of the Article 225 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation to subjective rights, since it contradicts the existing concept that allows usage of rules on acquisition of the unowned property only to physical objects, as well as potential extension of the rules on terminating the property ownership. which cannot belong to an individual, in cases when the share holder in the right of common ownership on the unleased land plot of agricultural designation, would not allocate a plot assigned to him within a certain period of time.
International Law and International Organizations, 2020-4
Rednikova T.V. - Formation of unified approaches towards legal protection of biological diversity and its components in the Arctic: to articulation of the problem pp. 11-20

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0633.2020.4.34851

Abstract: This article examines the questions associated with protection of Arctic biodiversity, framework international legal documents, and documents of strategic planning of the Arctic countries. It is underlined that despite the unique ability to adapt to the severe climatic conditions, the ability of Arctic ecosystems and their components to self-restoration is significantly lower, which indicates the need to minimize the negative impact of various factors, as well as ensure the maximum level of ecosystem protection, including legal remedies. At the same time, considering the uniformity of natural environment of the Arctic region and ongoing processes, the peak efficiency in environmental protection of the Arctic can be achieved only by pooling and coordinating the efforts of all Arctic countries. The data on the state of Arctic environment allows determining major threats to the state of biological diversity of the region. In this regard, special role is played by climatic changes, which create a number of global challenges. Climate warming inevitably initiates ice melting in the Arctic, shrinkage or total deglaciation of certain areas, which leads to such consequences as decrease in abundance of species, namely aquatic mammals, the life cycle of which directly depends on the existence of ice. Global warming is inextricably linked with the process of displacement of latitudinal boundaries of the Arctic ecosystems towards north, which poses a risk for penetration of biological species that traditionally dwell to the south. This can lead dysfunction of ecosystems due to the dominance of alien species over the indigenous species.
Agriculture, 2020-4
Ustyukova V.V. - Administrative liability for the violation of legislation in the field of handling and disposal of animal and biological waste pp. 12-20

DOI:
10.7256/2453-8809.2020.4.35337

Abstract: The subject of research in this article is social relations in the field of ensuring biological safety by means of administrative actions for the violations of legislation in the field of handling and disposing of animal and biological waste. The purposes of the research are: analysis of doctrinal approaches to defining the terms “animal waste” and “biological waste”; legal assessment of using the provisions of the Administrative Offences Code of Russia establishing responsibility for the violation of rules of handling and disposing of the above mentioned types of waste; formulation of proposals aimed at the clarification of particular provisions of veterinary rules. The research is based on general scientific and specific research methods (analysis, generalization, the formal-legal, comparative-legal and historical methods). They help the author to consider the evolution of the term “biological waste”, and to define its merits and flaws during the operation of the 1995 Veterinary rules for the collection and utilization of biological waste as compared with the current rules of 2020. The author analyzes disputable issues appearing in judicial practice when considering cases of the violation of veterinary and sanitary rules of biological waste disposal, and describes her own opinion which is not always in line with the position of commercial and regular courts. The scientific novelty of the research consists in the conclusion about the common goals of legal regulation of responsibility in the field of handling and disposing of animal and biological waste and the necessity to regulate them in one chapter of the Administrative Offences Code, rather than in different chapters as they are regulated now. The author states the necessity to clarify the terms “biological waste” and “animal waste” and to consider some of it as recyclable materials. The author attempts to differentiate between the types of waste under study and other types of waste (including food waste of animal origin).  
Agriculture, 2020-3
Kuznetsova I.N. - Minimization of damage at agriculture objects (vineyards) by using hunting birds of prey as bio-repellents pp. 7-13

DOI:
10.7256/2453-8809.2020.3.33311

Abstract: Wine-growers often face the necessity of fighting the insects, diseases, and pests threatening their business, and of protecting each racemation of their future harvest. Among the most frequent threats are the flocks of birds considering vineyards as a source of forage, which can eliminate the crop very fast. For many years, wine-growers have used various on-trend ways of repelling to avoid the destruction of harvest and plants, including the noisy air guns, laser emitters, holographic tapes, nets covering grapevines, acoustic systems, and even kites. However, the above mentioned means lose their effectiveness sooner or later, and their repelling effect lasts less than it is necessary for harvest ripening and preservation. It is explained by birds’ and animals’ adaptation to the changes in the environment - birds stop paying attention to the threats that haven’t been proved in reality or haven’t caused death. The forming adaptation leads to ignoring, birds and animals focus on foraging, and the harvest becomes at risk again. Meanwhile, the most significant results in harvest preservation are achieved by using a time-tested method of repelling, which doesn’t require any weird technologies - that is falconry. Based on a natural fear of a predator, the bio-repellent method doesn’t build up a tolerance. A centuries-old tradition of falconry is effective and fully in line with the current international standards in the field of environmentally safe products manufacturing.  
Agriculture, 2020-3
Solovyanenko N.I. - Issues of Legal Regulation of the Use of Digital Technologies in Agricultural Business pp. 46-53

DOI:
10.7256/2453-8809.2020.3.35336

Abstract: The modern agrarian revolution means the introduction of high-tech solutions, which play a significant role as a factor of sustainable development in the field of food security, agriculture, and the rational use of natural resources. The digital transformation of agriculture covers the use of a wide range of technologies in the production of agricultural products and food (the Internet of Things, robotics, artificial intelligence, big data analysis, e-commerce, and a number of others). The legislation lags behind the digital technologies being introduced, which are constantly improved and are a "moving target " in terms of regulation. An essential task is to create an up-to-date regulatory framework that will strengthen confidence in digital agriculture. Digital strategies define regulatory objectives. In Russia, the creation and development of the national platform "Digital Agriculture" is a part of the legal mechanism of strategic planning. It is aimed at the creation of conditions for the intensification of productivity and the reduction of operating expenditures by means of using high-tech solutions. Digital agriculture activities should be supported by updated basic legislation. The state information system of sectoral data collecting and analyzing "One-stop window" is projected as the incoming data source for the national platform "Digital Agriculture". 
Agriculture, 2020-2
Yushchenko M.S., Visloguzova I.V. - Legal peculiarities of agricultural activity in the Baikal natural area and the prospects for organic products manufacturing pp. 24-32

DOI:
10.7256/2453-8809.2020.2.33301

Abstract: Agriculture in the Central ecological zone (CEZ) of the Baikal natural area is not a leading economic sector, but at the same time plays an important role in the economic life of the local population.The Baikal natural area has a special legal regime of environmental management and environmental protection, and there are significant restrictions on the development of agriculture hindering the development of the Baikal macroregion. The use of plant protection products and mineral fertilizers is prohibited, and restrictions are imposed on the placement of agricultural objects. It is also necessary to observe environmental technologies of land cultivation. One of the ways out of this situation can be the development of organic agriculture in the Baikal natural area, which implies responsible agriculture helping to avoid negative processes leading to soil and ecosystem degradation (the tilling of minor soils, the use of moldboard plowing of hillside landscapes, deforestation, the lack of wood lines, inconsistent use and overuse of grazing areas, fires on agricultural lands, etc.).  At the same time, the transition from conventional agriculture to the organic one takes several years and is expensive. As a transitional period, the authors suggest manufacturing green brands on the territory of the Baikal natural area, which are subject to less strict requirements than the organic products.  
Agriculture, 2020-2
Ustyukova V.V. - Subsidiary responsibility of the members of agricultural cooperative societies pp. 1-9

DOI:
10.7256/2453-8809.2020.2.33840

Abstract: The research subject is social relations in the field of establishing and applying the subsidiary responsibility measures in agricultural cooperative societies. The purposes of the research are: legal assessment of the provisions of the Federal law “ On agricultural cooperation” about subsidiary responsibility of members of cooperative societies and their application by courts; analysis of doctrinal views of lawyers and economists on the problems of subsidiary responsibility in general and such responsibility in agricultural cooperative societies in particular; development of scientifically grounded suggestions on the improvement of legislation in this sphere which will allow correcting law-enforcement practice. Using general and specific legal methods of research, the author arrives at the conclusion that the proposals about the cancellation of subsidiary responsibility in agricultural cooperative societies can hardly be implemented in the current conditions. In this situation it seems more reasonable to correct the provisions of the current legislation in the following directions: equal responsibility of all members of a cooperative society should be established in the Law rather than that depending on their share; it should be clearly stated that subsidiary responsibility of the members of the cooperative society is not solidary; the order of making additional contributions for covering losses should be regulated in detail; subsidiary responsibility for the cooperative society’s debts should be imposed not only the newly adopted members, but also on the leaving ones (for losses formed during their membership) during five years upon their withdrawal. The authors substantiate constructive ideas proposed earlier in specific literature, and formulate new suggestions which can make agricultural and consumer cooperative societies more attractive for agricultural workers.  
Agriculture, 2020-2
Mel'nikov N.N. - On the concept and characteristics of a multi-boundary agricultural land plot pp. 42-47

DOI:
10.7256/2453-8809.2020.2.33843

Abstract: Special attention is paid to the concept, characteristics and specificity of multi-boundary agricultural land plots. In law enforcement practice, a multi-boundary land plot is an object of land relations, while the regulatory framework of the Russian Federation is characterized by significant gaps in regulating the regime of this plot. In particular, the Land code of the Russian Federation and other provisions of current legislation do not contain rules on the concept of a multi-boundary plot, the procedure for its formation and the legal regime. Features of the regime of multi-boundary agricultural land plots are also characterized by incomplete legal regulation.The problem of permissibility of border crossing of multi-boundary land plots and populated areas and (or) municipal formations is also characterized by lacunae which may lead to the placement of parts of a multi-boundary plot within various categories of lands. The article analyzes a number of controversial issues, including the multi-boundary plot as an object of rights and the economic need for the formation of such land plots in the absence of legally established criteria. In practice, there are examples of identifying a part of a multi-boundary plot with an ordinary land plot, which makes it difficult to distinguish these objects. In the author’s opinion, the question of multi-boundary land plots formation reasonability and the necessity to change and amend the Land Code of Russia with the corresponding provisions, is a topical question. The author arrives at the conclusion that it should not be acceptable if parts of multi-boundary agricultural lands come under various categories of lands.  
Agriculture, 2020-1
Rednikova T.V. - Agricultural production of genetically modified products as a means of ensuring food security: European experience in legal regulation pp. 42-53

DOI:
10.7256/2453-8809.2020.1.33298

Abstract: The article deals with the issues of legal regulation of the use of genetically modified organisms in the process of agricultural production in the European Union.The solution to the problems of agricultural production intensification is primarily possible through the use of new modern intensive technologies of crop production, animal husbandry and fisheries, which are also developed on the basis of the latest achievements of the biotechnological industry. One of the directions of intensification of agricultural production is the use of genetically modified crops, which allows increasing the profitability of growing plants, ensuring their increased resistance to negative climatic conditions, pathogens of infectious diseases, etc. The possibility of using such technologies is related to the need to assess their potential risk to the environment and human health.For almost 20 years, the European Union has had a fairly developed system of regulations governing various aspects of the use of genetically modified organisms in agriculture. However, their commercial use in the European Union for various reasons (complexity of administration, negative attitude in society, etc.) has not become widespread over time, and in most member States has now been banned. Taking into account the European experience, the author concludes that it is necessary to use other methods to intensify agricultural production, and the ban on the commercial use of genetically modified organisms in food production is justified due to insufficient scientific data on their safety for human health and the environment
Agriculture, 2020-1
Stepanova A.A. - Features of the legal regulation of harvesting wild plants as a type of entrepreneurial activity pp. 33-41

DOI:
10.7256/2453-8809.2020.1.33299

Abstract: In addition to timber harvesting, Russian laws also provide for other types of forest management that have a less harmful impact on forest ecosystems. The forests of our country have a high potential for wild forest resources. The demand for this type of product is growing every year. Berries and nuts exported from Russia have gained popularity in foreign markets. This industry is economically and socially significant, and its development will contribute to employment and income growth, regional development, and the creation of an organic market in our country. The legislator considers it necessary to develop and support entrepreneurs engaged in harvesting wild plants. But, to date, this industry is still poorly developed. This is facilitated by an insufficiently developed legislative framework that does not take into account the nuances of this industry, confusion in the powers of state authorities that are responsible for this area of business, the unavailability of state support measures for people engaged in harvesting non-wood forest resources, the complexity of assessing the potential of wild forest food and medicinal resources in the forest area, the complexity of legalizing activities for harvesting and processing wild plants, the lack of funds for deep processing of wild plants, as well as a number of environmental issues, economic and social factors. The article analyzes the problems that are an obstacle to the development of this branch of business in the harvesting of forest food resources and medicinal plants and suggests possible ways to solve them.
Agriculture, 2020-1
Popova O.V. - Legal regulation of agricultural insurance pp. 25-32

DOI:
10.7256/2453-8809.2020.1.33300

Abstract: The development of the risk insurance system in agriculture, which is named as the main direction of state support for agriculture and the development of agricultural territories, is carried out only in the form of state subsidies for insurance premiums, which cannot be assessed as sufficient. The concept of further development of the risk insurance system has not been developed. At the same time, the need to develop the legal institution of agricultural insurance in a changing climate is becoming more and more obvious. Further development of agricultural insurance is proposed not only through the system of subsidizing part of the cost of insurance premiums, but also through the development of insurance cooperation, increasing the variability of insurance products. In addition, the issue of the need to create a transparent system of compensation payments to agricultural producers from the budget in the event of large-scale emergencies is raised.The functions of the state are those of ensuring national security, which means food security, and thus ensuring emergency response. Compensation for damage to agricultural producers in the event of large-scale natural disasters and natural disasters should be provided from the Federal budget or with its support.It is impossible to predict exactly how much money will be required to eliminate the consequences, this issue must be subjected to economic analysis and even interdisciplinary scientific research. But this is a matter of national importance, and the organization of such research should also be a function of the state.
International Law, 2019-4
Shinkaretskaya G.G., Rednikova T.V. - The impact of international organizations with regards to human genome studies upon the legislative development of foreign countries pp. 27-34

DOI:
10.25136/2644-5514.2019.4.30942

Abstract: The subject of this research is the norms of international law regulating the questions of study and modification of human genome, as well as their impact upon the development of national legislation of various countries. The authors analyze the law enforcement practice of the European Court on Human Rights, which arrived at certain decisions considering the provisions of international legal acts in the area of genome research, particularly the Oviedo Convention. The article describes the existing in international community approaches to legal regulation of reproductive human cloning and its potential transformations. Based on the conducted comparative analysis of legal approaches to regulation of genome research on the international level along with their impact upon the formation of national legislation in this field, the authors come to the following conclusions: the international legal acts steer the government towards the formation of legal policy in the area of genome research, and creation of the national normative acts that on one hand do not unduly impede the further advancement of the scientific progress, and on the other would resolve the attendant problems of ethical, legal and social character, as well as adhere to human rights. It is recommended to continue formulating the legal and ethical questions in the field of genome research on the international level, comprehensively assessing the risks and variety of the existing problems.
Agriculture, 2019-3
Lipski S.A. - Legal measures ensuring rational use of agricultural lands and some other aspects of the current correlation of the regulations of agricultural and land law at federal and regional levels pp. 15-20

DOI:
10.7256/2453-8809.2019.3.32456

Abstract: At present, there are several problems of correlation between agricultural and land law. More specifically, regulatory acts contain mutual references, dublications and regulation gaps; provisions of land law are also included in legislative acts of agricultural law at federal and regional levels. The author assesses the modern state of these branches of law at federal level and considers the character of their correlation, and the presence (or the absence) of the provisions of land law in the acts of agricultural legislation at federal and regional levels. The research is based on general scientific methods and special methods of jurisprudence, including formal legal and comparative-legal research methods. At present, legislative drafts are being developed which would ensure rational use of agricultural lands (e.g., On land organization, On land clearing). However, the author notes that these draft laws have significant drawbacks. The author substantiates the proposals for clarification of the provisions of agricultural and land legislation ensuring rational use of agricultural lands.
Agriculture, 2019-3
Samonchik O.A. - Some aspects of using agricultural land withdrawal rules for the purpose of subsurface resources management
pp. 21-27

DOI:
10.7256/2453-8809.2019.3.32477

Abstract: The author analyzes the use of land withdrawal rules for the purpose of subsurface resource management giving special attention to the withdrawal of agricultural lands which are the essential factor of rural territories substantial development and the basis of a country’s food safety. The author touches upon such unsettled or unclear aspects of land withdrawal as the fact that if an organization has a licence to use subsurface resources, it can’t be a reason for land withdrawal per se, and the fact that the interests of the agricultural sector in the preservation of valuable agricultural land plots are not taken into account when making subsurface sites available for use, and others. The research is based on the formal legal, abstract logical,  historical legal and comparative legal research methods. Based on the analysis of judicial practice, the author arrives at the following conclusions. The forcible withdrawal of lands from bona fide owners can only be justified by extraordinary state or municipal concern or public interests. Such a justification should be contained in the request of a subsurface user for land withdrawal; this should be established in chapter 7.1 of the Land Code of the Russian Federation describing the procedure of withdrawal of lands for public needs. This requirement would help prevent the withdrawal of valuable agricultural lands from the agricultural sector.  
Agriculture, 2019-3
Teplyashin I.V., Bogatova E.V. - Legal innovations in the agro-industrial sector of Russia: directions of implementation
pp. 1-6

DOI:
10.7256/2453-8809.2019.3.32478

Abstract: The article considers the legal grounds of innovations in the agricultural sector of modern  Russia; the authors formulate a definition of agricultural policy which establishes static characteristics of this kind of policy, and the dynamic content of the state’s activity in the agricultural field. The authors suggest establishing the key parameters of a legal innovation as a definite system of legal means and legislative solutions meant to strengthen legal regulation in the socio-economic, political, administrative and other fields of state-legal development. The authors also emphasize the content of a legal innovation of the agricultural sector of Russia which is determined by scientific and technological, geographical and biological peculiarities of spatial development and the changes of agricultural turnover, and is based on the decisions of representative authorities mainly. The authors use the formal-legal, abstract-logical, historical-legal, and comparative-legal research methods. On the basis of the peculiarities of legal regulation in the agricultural field and the peculiarities of implementation of food safety policy in modern Russia, the authors classify legal innovations in the agro-industrial sector. The article substantiates the development of the agricultural sector with account for technical innovations, system technical transformations and consideration for the interests of Russian agricultural producers. The proposals aimed at the implementation of legal innovations in the agro-industrial sector are based on the strategy of autonomous and sustainable development of Russia’s agro-industrial complex and agricultural market.  
Agriculture, 2019-3
Vladimirov I.A. - Legal problems of the development of agricultural entrepreneurship pp. 28-37

DOI:
10.7256/2453-8809.2019.3.32479

Abstract: The author finds out that the modern jurisprudence falls behind the pace of development of the real industrial sector, including that of Russia’s agricultural economy, therefore, all that scientists can do is to scientifically describe the objective reality. The author notes that the problem of legal regulation of agricultural entrepreneurship is aggravated by the complex character of normative regulation of this field the practice of which includes the provisions of civil, entrepreneurial, tax, labour, land, environmental and agricultural legislation. The author uses the method of analysis of legal regulations to detect the meaning of the legal provision and define the degree of its impact on the development of social relations involving the subjects of agricultural entrepreneurship. The author uses the comparative-legal method to compare, characterize and detect the peculiarities of the legal status of the subjects of agricultural entrepreneurship, and to compare the constitutional and legal provisions of foreign states regulating agricultural business. The author studies the works of foreign authors in the field of study. Based on them and on the analysis of the works of Russian scientists, the author substantiates the agricultural business legal regulation concept. The author formulates the definitions of the terms “agricultural entrepreneurship”, “agricultural business entity”, “legal regulation of agricultural business”, “agricultural organization”. The author defines the basis of legal regulation of agricultural entrepreneurship.  
Agriculture, 2019-3
Rednikova T.V. - Plant genetic resources in agriculture: problems of legal regulation pp. 7-14

DOI:
10.7256/2453-8809.2019.3.32534

Abstract: Conservation of plant genetic resources is an important component in addressing the challenges of ensuring food security in each state. Special attention is paid to the analysis of the use of banks of plant genetic resources as one of the effective methods of preserving the genetic diversity of both cultivated and wild plants. Traditionally existing institutions such as Botanic gardens and specially protected areas play a role in the conservation of plant genetic resources in situ. The author uses general scientific and special methods of jurisprudence including the formal-legal and comparative-legal methods, to analyze the state of legal regulation of the treatment of plant genetic resources both at the international and national level. Scientific achievements in the field of genetic research are developing at a rapid pace. Legal regulation in the field of handling plant genetic resources needs to be significantly improved. When developing legislation in this area, it is necessary to take into account its interdisciplinary nature and draw on the experience of scientists and practitioners involved in the management of plant genetic resources.Legislation in the field of handling genetic resources, including the creation of genetically modified organisms with specified properties, should be as comprehensive as possible, as well as provide a comprehensive assessment of possible risks to the environment and human health, as well as unified approaches to the organization of scientific research in this area.
Police and Investigative Activity, 2019-2
Rednikova T.V., Averina K.N. - Topical problems of legal protection of natural reserves in the Russian Federation pp. 40-47

DOI:
10.25136/2409-7810.2019.2.29872

Abstract: The research subject is the problem aspects of legal protection of natural reserves in the Russian Federation. The authors consider the evolution of the legislation in this area and the current legal norms of the Russian Federation in the area of environmental protection regulating the creation of natural reserves, the formation of their legal regimes, which are the object of criminal infringement formalized in the article 262 of the Criminal Code of Russia. The authors search for the problem aspects of law-enforcement of this regulation and also for the ways to improve it. The conclusions of the research are based on the results of the analysis of international, Russian and foreign legislation in the area of protection of the environment and biological diversity and its components, regulating the usage of natural reserves and the peculiarities of imposing criminal responsibility for the violation of the natural resources regime. Legal responsibility is a traditional instrument with a preventional impact, on the one hand, which prevents people from illegal actions, and, on the other hand, it guarantees a punishment proportional to the severity of the crime committed. The absence of clear criteria of the severity of the damage to natural reserves in the current legislation hampers the enforcement of the article 262. The authors suppose it would be reasonable to specify the criteria of the severity of the damage in the comments to the article. It is considered necessary to organize the approaches to the classification of crimes committed on the territory of natural resources, including those based on uniform application of regulations.  
Agriculture, 2019-2
Zemlyakova G.L. - On the procedure for calculating the time periods of non-exploitation of agricultural lands at their withdrawal from users pp. 39-46

DOI:
10.7256/2453-8809.2019.2.32449

Abstract: The subject of the research is the legal norms regulating the procedure for calculating the terms of non-use of agricultural lands, which allow state authorities to apply the procedure for their withdrawal from unscrupulous owners. In this regard, the author performs a retrospective analysis of the law regulating the turnover of agricultural land, taking into account all the changes and amendments, and identifies the shortcomings in the legal regulation of this sphere which prevent the involvement of land plots in agricultural turnover.The study is based on such general scientific methods as analysis, synthesis, generalization, comparison, as well as the following special scientific methods: historical-legal, formal-legal.The author concludes that repeatedly introduced amendments to article 6 of the Federal law of July 24, 2002 No. 101-FZ "on the turnover of agricultural land" have specified the rules governing the procedure for the withdrawal of unused land plots from owners. However, it has not solved the problem of non-use of land suitable for agricultural production.
Agriculture, 2019-2
Kudelkin N. - Legal protection of plants from hazardous organisms pp. 33-38

DOI:
10.7256/2453-8809.2019.2.32451

Abstract: The author studies the issues of legal protection of plants from hazardous organisms including alien species, whose invasions threaten biodiversity. Such a situation determines the complex research object - the relations emerging in the field of protection of plants from hazardous organisms. The problem of protection of plants from hazardous organisms is a complex problem, as it threatens crop plants as well as forests, and flora out of forests. Such relations are regulated at the international and national levels. The author uses a set of various methods, logical techniques, and means of cognition: general scientific and special legal including the formal legal and comparative legal research methods. At present, there’s a need in Russia for the development of the legislation guaranteeing an appropriate level of protection of crop plants from hazardous organisms, which are not quarantine objects. This problem can be regulated as in a fleshed-out law and together with the questions related to plant quarantine. The development and adoption of the law “On Flora” with a special attention given to the issues of the protection of out-of-forests flora, and their protection from hazardous organisms, are topical for the Russian Federation. The author suggests that, for the purpose of the increase of effectiveness of the struggle against hazardous organisms, the use of toxic substances should be allowed in forests if the use of other means is ineffective, and the potential risk of the use of toxic substances is lower than the expected useful effect.  
Agriculture, 2019-2
Kasprova Y.A. - Problems of teaching the discipline Agricultural Law in institutions of higher education pp. 28-32

DOI:
10.7256/2453-8809.2019.2.32452

Abstract: The subject of the research is the peculiarities of teaching the discipline “Agricultural Law” in institutions of higher education oriented towards the training of bachelors in the field of agriculture and agro-industrial complex. The author analyzes the Federal Educational Standard in Jurisprudence (bachelor degree course), educational standards of institutions of higher education authorized to develop them, and the curricula of some institutions of higher education for the presence of the discipline “Agricultural Law”. The author also gives attention to the up-to-date scientific literature in this discipline. The research is based on the methods of analysis, observation, description, the formal-legal method and sociological method. The author arrives at the following conclusions: 1) in specialized agricultural universities, even if they have the faculty of law, the discipline “Agricultural law” is often not taught in bachelor degree courses. The author suggests introducing the compulsory discipline “Agricultural Law” in field-oriented educational institutions (primarily those under the Ministry of Agriculture). 2) the author notes students’ low motivation for studying this discipline. 3) there’s a lack of up-to-date agricultural law textbooks.  
Agriculture, 2019-2
Voronina N.P. - Agricultural cooperation: problems of legal regulation pp. 1-6

DOI:
10.7256/2453-8809.2019.2.32453

Abstract: In modern conditions of import substitution and increased export of agricultural products, it is important to ensure proper legal support for agricultural cooperation as a mechanism that allows combining economic opportunities and sharing risks of agricultural entities. Foreign experience shows that agricultural cooperation is a complex socio-economic mechanism that solves not only economic but also social problems. Legislative regulation of agricultural cooperation has many legal approaches. But in most countries, legal regulation is of a special nature. This makes it possible to reflect the legal features of agricultural cooperatives and form a mechanism for state support. In modern conditions of the proposed unification of legislation on cooperatives, the conclusion that there are objective prerequisites for the preservation of the Federal law "On agricultural cooperation" is justified.  In this article, through the prism of the analysis of Russian pre-revolutionary and Soviet legislation, as well as Russian and foreign doctrines of agricultural cooperation, the author reveals the problems of legal regulation of agricultural cooperation and formulates suggestions about the improvement of legal regulation of agricultural cooperation.  This led to the conclusion that it is possible to reflect the features of the legal status of agricultural cooperatives as subjects of agricultural activity only through differentiated legal regulation of agricultural cooperation. However, shortcomings of legal regulation require a new version of Federal law "n agricultural cooperation".
International Law, 2018-3
Kudel'kin N.S., Rednikova T.V. - The Arctic and non-Arctic countries: environmental-legal and international legal aspects on the example of Chinas Arctic policy pp. 7-19

DOI:
10.25136/2306-9899.2018.3.27585

Abstract: Currently, the Arctic becomes a territory of the conflict of interest for a wide variety of countries, including those located far from the polar circle. The goal of this work is the analysis of tasks and goals of such countries in the Arctic, as well as the possible consequences of escalation of their activities. The White Paper “China’s Arctic Policy” declares the interest to cooperation in the following spheres: climate change, environment, scientific research, use of sea routes, resource survey and exploitation, security and international relations, as well as emphasizes China’s reliance on environmental situation in the Arctic. Due to the conflict of interests between the Arctic and non-Arctic states and desire of the latters to take strong positions in the region, a question on the adoption of special international document that would regulate the order and limits of activities of all subjects becomes urgent. The authors believe that collaborative work of the Arctic and non-Arctic states aimed at preservation of nature of the Arctic, can become a powerful environment-oriented instrument, which allows applying the scientific and economic potential of the entire humanity. At the same time, the realization of environment-oriented activity should not grant the priority right to the subjects for the natural resource development. The non-Arctic countries can also significantly contribute to preservation of the Arctic nature through introduction of the domestic policy aimed at minimization of their negative impact on the environment. Such measures can become more efficient for the protection of Arctic environment, than the measures implemented directly in this region.  
International Law and International Organizations, 2018-2
Rednikova T.V., Kudelkin N., Ma X. - State policy of the Russian Federation and the Peoples Republic of China in the area of the Arctic environmental protection: prospects of international and bilateral cooperation pp. 17-31

DOI:
10.7256/2454-0633.2018.2.25919

Abstract: In the conditions of economic globalization and integration, the relevant issues of ensuring sustainable development to the region can be resolve through the international and transnational cooperation. The article analyzes the regulations of state policy of Russia and China in the area of the Arctic environmental protection, as well as attempts to find the vectors of joint activity of the countries. Such analysis demonstrated that the acknowledgement at the highest level of the serious environmental threats testifies to the intention to overcome them. The Russian political doctrine contains an extensive of measures on environmental protection and ensuring sustainable development to the region. The claimed goal can be achieved exceptionally through improving the system of legal regulation of all types of activities in the Arctic. The article also analyzes the positions of the White Paper “The Arctic Policy of China” in the area of environmental protection, dedicated to China’s involvement in solution of the environmental issues of the region. Comparing the political doctrines of Russia and China pertinent to the Arctic environmental protection, the authors underline the similarity of the tasks and goals contained within. Currently, the most topical are the struggle against pollution, preservation of the Arctic ecosystems, and the fight against global warming. Cooperation between the countries can be realized on the basis of international, as well as bilateral agreements. In order to ensure the interests of the Russian Federation in the Arctic, the authors find reasonable to formulate and sign a separate regional bilateral agreement, dedicated to the problems of environmental protection in the Arctic.
Politics and Society, 2011-1
Rednikova T.V. -
Abstract:
International Law and International Organizations, 2010-12
Rednikova T.V. -
Abstract:
International Law and International Organizations, 2010-9
Rednikova T.V. -
Abstract:
Law and Politics, 2009-12
Rednikova T.V. -
Abstract:
Law and Politics, 2009-11
Rednikova T.V. -
Abstract:
Other our sites:
Official Website of NOTA BENE / Aurora Group s.r.o.
"History Illustrated" Website