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Publications of Khabibullina Zilya Rashitovna
Culture and Art, 2019-12
Khabibullina Z.R. - Gender aspect of pilgrimage (Hajj) in Islam pp. 46-51


Abstract: The subject of this research is the gender regime in Hajj – pilgrimage to Mecca, the fifth and last pillars of Islam comprising the basis of religion and foundation of Muslim community, prescribed to complete at least once in a lifetime (depending on financial and physical capabilities of the believer). Islam establishes special rules for women completing Hajj. On the examples of female religiosity in the large Islamic areal in Russia – Southern Ural, the author examines the gender peculiarities of Islamic pilgrimage. Interviews conducted with the pilgrims allowed analyzing the role of Hajj in the modern Muslim community, assess the impact of pilgrimage upon religiosity, behavior and status of women in Islam. Rituals and daily life of the believers are strictly regulated; Islam is characterized by the strong gender division that are vividly reflected in Hajj. As a matter of fact, Hajj enhances the gender differences; women, most often, return as devout Muslims, opt for meticulousness of carrying out the religious rituals, wearing veil and traditional clothes, obedience and humbleness with regards to men.
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