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Genesis: Historical research
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Publications of Zharov Sergei
Genesis: Historical research, 2017-2
Zharov S. - Ivan Petrovich Liprandi on corruption and the struggle against it pp. 22-29

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2017.2.21856

Abstract: The object of this research is the ideas on the struggle against corruption, expressed by the active state counsellor of the late XIX century I. P. Liprandi. The subject of this research is the scientific report published in the Imperial Society for History and Russian Antiquities under the Moscow University. The author carefully examines the dynamics in relation of the ration legislator towards bribery, as well as emergence of the ideas about the criminal character of such action. Special attention is given to the pointed by Liprandi difficulties in the struggle against this vice alongside the measures of this fight. The article applied the method of interpretation of the legal ides. The diachronic comparison allowed revealing the genesis of bribe in the Russian law from the virtually lawful to the understanding of a bribe as a dangerous state crime. The scientific novelty is defined by the fact that for the first time, the unrenowned publication on the topic relevant in modern juridical science, is subjected to academic analysis. The conclusion is made about the high relevance of the expressed by I. P. Liprandi ideas and propositions. The work also demonstrates certain steps of the Russian legislator towards the fight against corruption.
Genesis: Historical research, 2017-1
Starikov I. - Historical experience of constitutional structuring of the unrecognized state (on the example of the Far Eastern Republic Constitution of 1921) pp. 18-30

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2017.1.17450

Abstract: The subject of this research is the historical experience of constitutional structuring under the conditions of civil war and foreign intervention of the unrecognized state of Far Eastern Republic (1920-1921). The author examines the process of establishment of the state and development of Constituent assembly of the Main Law (Constitution) by the constitutional commission. The article analyzed the impact of Soviet and bourgeois principles upon the content of main provisions of the Far Eastern Republic Constitution of 1921. The system of supreme and local authorities of the Far Eastern Republic, as well as main directions, forms, and methods of their work are being studied. The author notes the consolidation of the new economic policy in the Articles of the Far Eastern Republic Constitution of 1921. The article underlines the absence within the Soviet and modern historical legal scientific literature of the comprehensive research that are able to determine the specificities of the Main Law of the Far Eastern Republic in comparison with the Constitution of the Russian Socialist Federated Soviet Republic of 1918. The conclusion is made that the Far Eastern Republic Constitution of 1921 could become the legal foundation of the future democratic legal state and justly holds a special place in the country’s constitutional history.
Genesis: Historical research, 2015-5
Odegov A.E. - Influence of the revolutionary terrorism of the late XIX century upon the transformation of the judiciary of the Russian Empire pp. 91-102

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2015.5.15932

Abstract: The object of this research is the complex topic, in which two key aspects can be highlighted. The first aspect is the phenomenon of the revolutionary terrorism in the Russian Empire of the late XIX century, precisely specific terrorist acts aimed against the emperor, imperial government, and government officials. The second aspect consists in changes in the judiciary of the Russian state and associated with them transformations of the administrative, criminal and penal legislation of the Russian Empire during the aforementioned period. The interconditionality between the state phenomena compile the subject of this research, while the goal of this work is the determination of these connections and regularities. The scientific novelty lies in the fact, that currently the question on the direct effect of the revolutionary terror as a whole, including the separate terroristic acts upon the precise changes in the judiciary of the Russian Empire is still understudied. In the conclusion, the author reveals the direct cause-effect connections between the terrorist acts of the revolutionaries and the changes in the judicial system of the Russian Empire, which were not spontaneous, but rather systemic and gradual, at the same time carrying an evident reactional character.
Genesis: Historical research, 2015-5
Parsukov V.A. - Role of the Separate body of border patrol of the Russian Empire in counteraction against terrorism and contraband pp. 79-90

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2015.5.15931

Abstract: This article examines the experience of the Separate body of the border patrol in counteraction against terrorism and contraband during the period of XIX-XX centuries. Special attention is given the analysis of the legal acts regulating the activity of border patrols throughout the various parts of the Russian border. Based on the conducted analysis of the normative legal acts, the author concludes that the Separate body of border patrol plays a significant role in increasing the efficiency in the fight against terrorism and contraband in the Russian Empire. Scientific novelty of this work consists in the examination of the questions related to the legal regulation of organization of the service of border patrol, in the interest of protection the population from terrorism and political contraband. The author is the first to conduct such analysis within the Russian historical legal science. The legal aspects of protection of national borders of the Russian Empire are being researched.
Genesis: Historical research, 2015-4
Zharov S. - Legal Basis for State Security in the Urals Before the War (The Analysis of A. V. Gotsulenko's Thesis 'Procedural and Institutional Grounds for State Security in the Ural Region (1934 - 1941) pp. 494-507

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2015.4.15935

Abstract: Activity of the state security agencies in premilitary years repeatedly became a subject of scientific researches. However it is necessary to notice that the main attention some authors, especially the last two decades, turned on the distortions of the principle of legality taking place in the sphere of ensuring state security. The reviewed work, mentioning regrettable incidents, an object of research has process of legal regulation of providing external and internal security. The Ural region in this regard is special as it is rather removed from the center and at the same time is quite subject to control from the central bodies. As a methodological basis of the reviewed research the set of methods, general scientific and special is attracted. First of all it is necessary to call the principles of historicism and objectivity, methods of historical and legal comparison, especially norms of the central and local bodies, the analysis and synthesis, deduction and induction, statistical and so forth. Scientific novelty is caused by three complementary factors. First, the historical and legal analysis of the regulations of People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs and its local bodies concerning an object of research published so far is carried out by the author for the first time. Secondly, in a scientific turn the array of the archival documents still not known to scientific community is introduced for the first time. The author of the article undertook the main thing, research of history of legal regulation of activity of the state security agencies, at the high scientific level, the employee of these bodies with very extensive practice of similar activity
Genesis: Historical research, 2015-3
Zharov S. - About the political leader Ahmet Zeki Velidi pp. 246-254

DOI:
10.7256/2409-868X.2015.3.14840

Abstract: The object of the research of the given article is a political activity of a well-known leader of the Russian culture and science, one of the leaders of the Bashkir nationalists Ahmet Zeki Velidi from the kin of Togan in 1917-1923 on the territory of the Soviet State. Validi’s memories about his own activity, opinions of his contemporaries who knew the turcologist, texts by contemporary researchers providing the point of view of the heads of Bashkortostan Republic and its scientific institutions are the subject of the research.  Special attention is paid to the influence of Velidi’s ideas and activity on forming the modern Russian federalism. The methodological basis of the research consists of historical method, historical comparative method in its kinds, diachronic and synchronic comparison foremost.  The main conclusion of the research is a scientifically proved author’s opinion that Ahmet Zeki Velidi of the kin of Togan is undoubtedly an outstanding turcologist, a well-known man of Russian science and culture. But it is an obvious exaggeration to announce him a creator of the Russian federalism and a father of the modern Bashkir nationhood. 
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