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Arctic and Antarctica
Reference:

Cryogenic soils in the Vilyuy River Valley (Yakutia)

Vasil'chuk Yurii Kirillovich

Doctor of Geology and Mineralogy

Professor, the department of Geochemistry of Landscapes and Soil Geography, Lomonosov Moscow State University

119991, Russia, Moscow, ul. Leninskie Gory, 1, of. 2009

vasilch_geo@mail.ru

 

 
Vasil'chuk Jessica Yur'evna

ORCID: 0000-0002-4855-8316

Junior Scientific Associate, the department of Geochemistry of Landscapes and Geography of Soils, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University

119991, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Leninskie Gory, 1, of. 2007

vasilch_geo@mail.ru
Ginzburg Alexander Pavlovich

Engineer, the department of Geochemistry of Landscapes and Geography of Soils, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University

119991, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Leninskie Gory, 1, of. 2007

alexandrginzburg13154@yandex.ru

DOI:

10.7256/2453-8922.2021.3.36671

Review date:

20-10-2021


Publish date:

02-11-2021


Abstract: The object of this research is the cryogenic soils of the territory located in Central Yakutia, in the middle reach of Vilyuy River nearby Makhatta Tukulan with middle-taiga larch woods landscapes. In July 2021, on the right and left banks of the Vilyuy River, twelve soil sections have been formed, which relate to turf-podzols and turf-sub-units of the illovial-ferruginous, sod and alluvial sod, psammozems and stratozems according to to classification and diagnostics of Russian soils (2004). On the slope of the river valley was also formed the soil catena that included elementary geochemical landscapes of river terraces tops and slopes surfaces, as well as middle and high floodplains on the slopes of thermofusional funnels. Soil sections were also formed in flooded beam bottom and well-drained ravine bottom, on sub-horizontal Makhatta Tukulan surface, bottoms and  slopes of thermo-suffosional funnels. The study involves 46 soil samples for measuring the acidity level (pH), electric conductivity (EC), and concentration of total disolved solids (TDS). The explored soils are characterized with pH ranging from 2.81 to 7.78, with most common fluctuations of 5.5–5.6. TDS rates were often within the limit of 10 mg L-1 and rarely exceeded that threshold, however, there were single valyes higher than 50 mg L-1. Thus, the highest EC values (over 100 μS/cm) were measured in surface and subsurface horizons with high organic matter content, whereas mostly mineral horizons had typical E values within the limit of 20 μS/cm.


Keywords: dissolved and soluble salts concentrations, electric conductivity, acidity, soil-geochemical catena, elementary geochemical landscapes, Permafrost, soils, organic matter content, Vilyuy River, Yakutia
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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