Статья 'Парагенезы криогенных образований воронок газового выброса (2 Часть). Криогенный фактор в формировании воронок газового выброса ' - журнал 'Арктика и Антарктика' - NotaBene.ru
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Arctic and Antarctica
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Parageneses of cryogenic formations of gas emission funnels (Part 2). Cryogenic factor in formation of gas funnels

Khimenkov Aleksandr Nikolaevich

PhD in Geology and Mineralogy

Leading Scientific Associate, the Institute of Geoecology of the Russian Academy of Sciences

101000, Russia, Moskva oblast', g. Moscow, ul. Ulanskii Proezd, 13, stroenie 2

a_khimenkov@mail.ru
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Koshurnikov Andrei Viktorovich

PhD in Geology and Mineralogy

Leading Scientific Associate, faculty of Geology, the department of Geocryology, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University

119991,, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Leninskie Gory, 1

msu-geophysics@mail.ru
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Stanilovskaya Yuliya Viktorovna

Permafrost Infrastructure Interaction Specialist, Total

101000, Russia, Moscow, Ulanskii Pereulok Street 13

e-mailyulia.stanilovskaya@total.com
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DOI:

10.7256/2453-8922.2021.3.35505

Review date:

14-04-2021


Publish date:

02-11-2021


Abstract: The subject of this research is frozen rocks that compose gas emission funnels in the north of Western Siberia. The object of this research is the cryogenic factor that causes the formation of gas emission funnels. The authors substantiate the thesis that gas emission funnels are cryogenic phenomenon, and the processes preparing the explosion cannot be accurately interpreted without taking these features into account. The analysis of research materials on gas emission funnels, discovered in the north of Western Siberia, allows concluding that surface conditions may have a significant impact upon the formation of gas emission funnels. Special attention is given to consideration of the hypothesis of formation of gas emission funnels due to local heat penetration and gas supply from the depth. The necessary conditions are described. The article provides the examples of using geophysical methods for detecting of gas supply channels. It is concluded that gas emission funnels are the result of self-development of fluid-dynamic geosystems, which represent local, ice subsurface gas-saturated formations that are in a inequilibrium thermodynamic state with respect to the enclosing permafrost formations. The authors' special contribution consists in examination of the external and hidden mechanisms of the emergence of inequilibrium conditions od the mechanism that launches an explosion. The novelty of this research lies in the development of technique for determining the processes that cause the emission of underground gas, based on the analysis of cryogenic formations, which compose the walls of gas emission funnels.


Keywords: ice ground saturated geosystems, fluid geodynamics, gas fluids, gas filtration, dissociation of gas hydrates, heat flux, plastic deformations, permafrost, stage of development, paragenetic relationships
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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