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Arctic and Antarctica
Reference:

The influence of Arctic air masses on climatic conditions of the snow accumulation period in the center of the European territory of Russia

Chizhova Yuliya Nikolaevna

PhD in Geography

Senior Research Fellow at Moscow State University

109017, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Staromonetnyi Pereulok, 35, of. 102

eacentr@yandex.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2453-8922.2021.1.35112

Review date:

23-02-2021


Publish date:

13-04-2021


Abstract: The subject of this article is exmination of the influence of the Arctic air flow on the climatic conditions of the winter period in the center of the European territory of Russia (Moscow). In recent years, the question of the relationship between regional climatic conditions and such global circulation patterns as the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) and the Arctic Oscillation (AK) has become increasingly important. Based on the data of long-term observations of temperature and precipitation, the relationship with the AK and NAO was considered. For the winter months of the period 2014-2018, the back trajectories of the movement of air masses were computed for each date of precipitation to identify the sources of precipitation. The amount of winter precipitation that forms the snow cover of Moscow has no connection with either the North Atlantic Oscillation or the Arctic Oscillation. The Moscow region is located at the intersection of the zones of influence of positive and negative phases of both cyclonic patterns (AK and NAO), which determine the weather in the Northern Hemisphere. For the winter months, a correlation between the surface air temperature and NAO (r = 0.72) and AK (r = 0.66) was established. Winter precipitation in the center of the European territory of Russiais mainly associated with the unloading of Atlantic air masses. Arctic air masses relatively rarely invade Moscow region and bring little precipitation (their contribution does not exceed 12% of the total winter precipitation).


Keywords: North Atlantic Oscillation, Arctic oscillation, source of air masses, Moscow, precipitation, air temperature, snow accumulation period, winter precipitation, European territory of Russia, climate change
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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