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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Architecture and design" > Contents of Issue № 01/2021
Contents of Issue № 01/2021
Philosophy of architecture
Sondueva S.R. - Historical development of the concept of segmentation in the housing market and emergence of approaches towards segmentation pp. 1-8

DOI:
10.7256/2585-7789.2021.1.37145

Abstract: The subject of this research is the development of the concept of segmentation in the housing market and emergence of approaches towards segmentation. The object of is the term “segmentation” and approaches towards this method. The author examines the historical development of this concept, as well as the criteria for segmentation of commodities. Description is given to the methods of segmentation in the marketing sphere. The author determines the methods used for segmentation of real estate objects, as well as the variants of structurization and segmentation of the real estate market. The advantages of market segmentation in comparison with the traditional method of mass marketing are outlined. The author reveals that the concept of segmentation has existed for over 70 years. There are two traditional methods of segmentation used worldwide: “post hoc” and “a priory”. Segmentation of residential market is conducted via “a priory” method. The author detects the method used for segmentation of residential objects and the criteria in studying the residential market. The need for segmentation of residential objects is substantiated by the fact that consumer requirements change over time, and segmentation allows determining the target audience and preferences of the potential customers.
History of architecture
Mingareeva R.R. - The development of normative requirements for buildings of preschool educational institutions pp. 9-19

DOI:
10.7256/2585-7789.2021.1.37140

Abstract: Preschool education is intended for acquiring primary skills and knowledge. This is facilitated by the conditions in preschool educational institutions. The subject of this research is the normative requirements for preschool educational institutions. The goal lies in analysis of the development of normative requirements for preschool educational institutions. The task is to examine the basic technical regulations in the sphere of preschool education, as well as determine the changes in normative regulations. The research leans on the scientific materials on the topic and the content of the normative legal acts. The research material includes the results of scientific research on this topic and the content of regulatory legal acts. The article provides general characteristics to the development of normative requirements for pre-school buildings. The concept of “kindergarten” is introduced in the Building Code II-64-80. The normative legal acts outline the layout and architectural solutions of the buildings. Relevance of this topic is substantiated by the development of pre-school education aimed at improving accessibility and availability of place in preschool educational institutions; for this purpose the new ones will be built. The research relies on the historical development of architectural regulations, standard projects of Soviet period, sanitary and epidemiological requirements, greening of territories, modern architecture; reconstruction of preschool buildings in modern urban environment. The conducted analysis of the scientific works of the experts reveals the following peculiarities: historical development of architecture of preschool buildings in the Soviet period and emergence of new types; requirements for land allocated for this purpose; reconstruction of the existing preschool buildings. The first technical regulations set the basic requirements for project design and allocated land, standard values for indoor areas, noise and insolation levels; sanitary and epidemiological rules were established later on.
Modern urban development
Kozhevnikova M.S. - Utilization of tangible heritage of the XXIX World Winter Universiade in Krasnoyarsk pp. 20-28

DOI:
10.7256/2585-7789.2021.1.37138

Abstract: The holding of such large-scale world events as the Olympic Games, Universiades, and championships require major capital investments in the development of infrastructure of the host city, which in the future becomes the so-called heritage. The article analyzes the experience of utilization of heritage after holding major sports events in other countries and Russian cities, examines the planned and actual use of the heritage of the XXIX World Winter Universiade held in Krasnoyarsk in March 2019 with regards to sports facilities built, reconstructed or renovated for the World Student Games afterwards.  The novelty of this research consists in the analysis of utilization of the heritage of the XXIX World Winter Universiade held in Krasnoyarsk in March 2019 almost two years after the competition. The conclusion is made that the sport facilities built for the World Student Games are actively used by the city residents for public skating or skiing, professional sports, as well as commercial events, such as concerts, exhibitions, etc. The developed sports infrastructure created for the World Student Games allows Krasnoyarsk hosting all-Russian and world athletic events. The XXIX World Winter Universiade had a positive impact upon the social and economic development of Krasnoyarsk.
Urban reconstruction
Vasileva A. - The experience of converting former industrial sites to housing facilities pp. 29-35

DOI:
10.7256/2585-7789.2021.1.37139

Abstract: The subject of this research is the process of converting former industrial sites to residential facilities. The object is the housing stock of Moscow. The author explores the theoretical aspects of reproduction of housing stock, giving special attention to conversion of the category of industrial buildings to residential category, which expands the quantitative characteristics of the housing stock. Analysis is conducted on the statistical data of conversion of industrial sites to residential facilities, as well as the available examples of redevelopment of the industrial sites. The conclusion is made that the housing stock is an interlink between many life spheres and the development of its characteristics is required on a permanent basis, which in essence is the reproduction of housing stock through reconstruction, modernization or total building renovation. The implementation of such method as conversion of former industrial sited into residential facilities would contribute to the expansion of the real estate market and increase in the number of residential units, minimizing many issues in the housing stock. The author proves the feasibility of solving issues in the housing stock of the city through conversion of former industrial sites to housing facilities. The novelty of this research lies in the fact that many authors view such method as the solution of disused former industrial buildings, rather than from the perspective of minimization of issues in the housing stock.
Construction and architecture
Yur Y.G. - Structural development of tourist recreational spaces in Siberia (on the example of Krasnoyarsk Krai) pp. 36-43

DOI:
10.7256/2585-7789.2021.1.36680

Abstract: The goal of this article lies in the analysis of the natural peculiarities of Krasnoyarsk Krai that comprise the tourist recreational potential of Siberia on the example of the Putorana State Natural Reserve, which is recognized by UNESCO as a World Natural Heritage Site. Research methodology employs the theoretical methods of analysis, generalization and synthesis of scientific methods with the use of data from scientific sources. The main results of the conducted research are as follows: 1) classification of tourist recreational zones by typological and taxonomic characteristics; 2) substantiation of the forms and types of tourism and recreation in the conditions of specially protected natural areas. The acquired results can be implemented in planning the efficient utilization of natural resources in Krasnoyarsk Krai and Siberian regions that have natural heritage sites. The scientific novelty and conclusions are associated with determination of natural resources of Krasnoyarsk Krai attractive for the development of tourism and recreational activities; as well as analysis and substantiation of the forms and types of tourism and recreation that are geared towards the vector of activity of natural heritage sites (specially protected natural areas) located in the region. It is noted that the measures carried out for organizing tourist recreational activity, without taking into account the peculiarities of functionality of natural heritage sites, increase the risks of anthropogenic impact and require constant monitoring and control of their implementation.
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