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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Healthcare" > Rubric "Preventive care and medicine"
Preventive care and medicine
Aslynbaeva E.M. - On some questions of modern transplantology in the Russian Federation pp. 21-26

DOI:
10.7256/2453-8914.2016.1.20158

Abstract: This article is dedicated to the research of the questions of transplantation of human organs and tissues in the Russian Federation. The work claims that the definition of the concept of transplantation in the modern Russian legislation seems to be incomplete, although it allows scholars to highlight exclusively the transplantation of separate organs or tissues from one human (donor) to another as the key component of transplantation. The author believes that the complex of transplantations is aimed at curing the patient and is conducted within the framework of provision of medical aid. The notion of “medical aid”, being broader in comparison to the notions of “medical work” and “medical service”, is part of the concept of “medicine”. Thus, transplantation of organs and tissues serves as one of the types of medical aid that incorporates administering medical services and carrying out work of medical nature, aimed at restoration of the health of the recipient trough transplantation of organs or tissues from the donor.
Zasyad'ko K.I., Flenov E.A., Vonarshenko A.P., Yazlyuk M.N. - The methods of air staff physical training for the formation of psychophysical tolerance to the impact of aerobatic acceleration forces pp. 52-62

DOI:
10.7256/2453-8914.2016.2.19800

Abstract: The research subject is the problem of air staff physical training for the impact of aerobatic acceleration forces within the scheduled psychophysical training of air staff of maneuver aviation as a component of the flight safety provision system. Tolerance to the negative effects of acceleration forces during aerobatic flights after long intervals between the flights can be improved with the help of the skills of maximum muscular straining, static conditioning, tolerance of the physiological systems of the body to maximum static straining and special breathing together with muscular straining. The aim of the paper is to study of the possibility to improve psychophysical training of the Yakovlev Yak-52 pilots for aerobatic flights by means of the set of special physical exercises. The authors apply the methods of aviation medicine, occupational physiology, sports medicine, rehabilitation medicine and the methods of mathematical statistics for the analysis of the research results. The authors develop the method of the increase of functional tolerance of pilots to aerobatic acceleration forces, that can be used within the system of psychophysical training of sports aviation pilots for the refreshment of skills of aerobatic pilotage for the purpose of the increase of their functional abilities and thus improve the flight safety. 
Vonarshenko A.P., Yazlyuk M.N., Zasyad'ko K.I. - Use of yoga practice for physical rehabilitation of women suffering from essential hypertension pp. 98-107

DOI:
10.7256/2453-8914.2016.2.21455

Abstract: The research subject is the effect of regular aerobic training in the form of yoga practice on the effectiveness of rehabilitation of patients suffering from essential hypertension. Despite a large number of proved positive effects of yoga practice on arterial tension, cholesterol level (high-density lipoproteins and triglycerides) and endothelium-dependent vasodilation, these data need to be further verified. The previously conducted studies considered yoga practice as a primary prophylaxis and did not pay enough attention to the potential of yoga practice as a component of drug-free treatment of essential hypertension. The given study is devoted to this aspect. The author applies the methods of rehabilitation medicine, physical rehabilitation, rehabilitation exercises, functional diagnostics and evidence-based medicine. The research demonstrates that the use of complex physical rehabilitation including rehabilitation exercises and hatha yoga practice promotes blood pressure normalization, a well-coordinated work of cardiovascular system, the normalization of excitatory and inhibitory processes in central nervous system, the increase of performance efficiency and the improvement of subjective state of health of female patients. This fact allows considering hatha yoga practice as an adequate principle of nosotropic therapy and the method of the improvement of rehabilitation of female patients suffering from stage 1 hypertension. 
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