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MAIN PAGE > Journal "Healthcare" > Contents of Issue є 01/2016
Contents of Issue є 01/2016
Question at hand
Smirnova V.V., Padenok A.V. - Artificial termination of pregnancy as violation of the natural right to life pp. 1-6

DOI:
10.7256/2453-8914.2016.1.20149

Abstract: This article is dedicated to the legal aspects of the artificial termination of pregnancy and its permissibility from the position of natural human rights. The article explores such aspects as justification of various positions on this issue from the perspectives of law, religion and science. Analysis is carried out on the Russian and foreign legislations (on the examples of the Constitutions of Germany, Ireland, and other European countries), as well as the norms of the international law. The authors highlight the contradictions in the Russian legislation pertaining to the issues of artificial termination of pregnancy. The authors substantiate the positions why artificial termination of pregnancy should not be considered a natural right of a woman, while at the same time point out that this procedure is a violation of the human right to life. As the conclusions the authors determine the contradictions in the Russian legislation regarding the status of an unborn child, predominantly its dissonance with the norms of international law that regulate this issue, which leads to a complete violation of the natural right of any human – the right to live, through legal artificial termination of pregnancy. A proposal is made for a concrete solution for elimination of the existing contradictions at the level of the Constitution of the Russian Federation by changing the formulation of its Article.
CitizensТ rights in the area of medicine and healthcare
Bratanovskii S.N., Zakurdaeva A.Y. - Legal regulation of the supply and technical equipment in administering first aid pp. 7-20

DOI:
10.7256/2453-8914.2016.1.20004

Abstract: The subject of this research is the complex of laws that regulate the public relations in the area of supplies and technical equipment in administering first aid. The authors explore the key legal mechanisms and sources of equipment of all categories of potential parties to administration of first aid with first aid kits and basic emergency medical equipment. Analysis is conducted on the licensing process related to such equipment. A special attention is given to the legal issue pertaining to the absence of the legal requirement for the contents of the first aid kits and required emergency medical equipment, as well as the low level of equipment preparedness of the potential members of administration of first aid, even with existence of the established requirements for administration of first aid. Among the main conclusions is the claim that the gaps in the legal support, and in a number of cases complete absence of norms, is a serious organizational legal problem, and certainly decreases the quality of administration of first aid. The scientific novelty of this work consists in a complex and comprehensive research of the problem of optimization of the legal support in the sphere of technical equipment in administration of first aid.
Preventive care and medicine
Aslynbaeva E.M. - On some questions of modern transplantology in the Russian Federation pp. 21-26

DOI:
10.7256/2453-8914.2016.1.20158

Abstract: This article is dedicated to the research of the questions of transplantation of human organs and tissues in the Russian Federation. The work claims that the definition of the concept of transplantation in the modern Russian legislation seems to be incomplete, although it allows scholars to highlight exclusively the transplantation of separate organs or tissues from one human (donor) to another as the key component of transplantation. The author believes that the complex of transplantations is aimed at curing the patient and is conducted within the framework of provision of medical aid. The notion of “medical aid”, being broader in comparison to the notions of “medical work” and “medical service”, is part of the concept of “medicine”. Thus, transplantation of organs and tissues serves as one of the types of medical aid that incorporates administering medical services and carrying out work of medical nature, aimed at restoration of the health of the recipient trough transplantation of organs or tissues from the donor.
Rest and sanatoriums
Pozdnyakova U.S. - On some questions of organization of entertainment activities in the sports institutions within the system of prevention of deviant and delinquent behavior of children pp. 27-31

DOI:
10.7256/2453-8914.2016.1.20253

Abstract: This article is devoted to the analysis of some questions of organization of entertainment activities in the sports institutions within the system of prevention of deviant and delinquent behavior of children. The author believes that the modern dynamic development of Russian society is impossible without the development and implementation of complex measures for the improvement and growth of "human capital", because man, his rights and freedoms are the supreme value that is enshrined in the second article of the Constitution of the Russian Federation. It seems clear that the improvement and growth of "human capital" in our country is impossible without providing adequate conditions for education, upbringing, rehabilitation and organization of leisure of the younger generation. A huge problem today, in the world in general, and in the Russian Federation, is the increase in the number of minors with deviant behavior, especially juvenile offenders. An important place in the education system, the education and recreation of children through the work of the children's sports organizations is the entertainment activity that is modern, comprehensive and innovative vector in this area. According to the author, the problems of the organization of the entertainment activities of sports organizations in the system of prevention of deviant and delinquent behavior of children can be solved by constructing and establishing a model of the organization of animation activities in children's sports organizations as part of the system of prevention of deviant and delinquent behavior of children and ways of their solution on the example of the Russian Federation.
Physical exercise and sport
Pozdnyakova U.S. - The essence, goals, objectives, functions and elements of the system of prevention and avoidance of deviant and delinquent behavior of children in children's sports organizations pp. 32-44

DOI:
10.7256/2453-8914.2016.1.20140

Abstract: This article is devoted to the study of the nature, goals, objectives, functions and elements of the system of preventive measures and avoidance of deviant and delinquent behavior of children in children's sports organizations in the Russian Federation. The author substantiates the position that one of the most important areas in children's sports organizations is the activities related to psycho-physiological health, moral education, cultural and creative development and education of children in difficult life situations (including adolescents with deviant behavior and delinquency). In this regard, special attention should be paid to analysis of peculiarities of formation and functioning of system of prevention and prevention of deviant and delinquent behavior of children in activities of children's sports organizations. According to the author, only the implementation of the totality of measures in children's sports organizations can prevent deviant and delinquent behavior of children and avoid violation of social norms by minors with deviant behavior in the future, but reveal their cultural, creative and educational potential, to make them full members of civil society with socially useful behavior.
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